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Geometry-Free View Synthesis: Transformers and no 3D Priors


Geometry-Free View Synthesis: Transformers and no 3D Priors
Robin Rombach*, Patrick Esser*, Björn Ommer
* equal contribution

arXiv | BibTeX | Colab

Interactive Scene Exploration Results

Videos: short (2min) / long (12min)

Videos: short (2min) / long (9min)


For a quickstart, you can try the Colab demo, but for a smoother experience we recommend installing the local demo as described below.


The demo requires building a PyTorch extension. If you have a sane development environment with PyTorch, g++ and nvcc, you can simply

pip install git+

If you run into problems and have a GPU with compute capability below 8, you can also use the provided conda environment:

git clone
conda env create -f geometry-free-view-synthesis/environment.yaml
conda activate geofree
pip install geometry-free-view-synthesis/


After installation, running

will start the demo on a sample scene. Explore the scene interactively using the WASD keys to move and arrow keys to look around. Once positioned, hit the space bar to render the novel view with GeoGPT.

You can move again with WASD keys. Mouse control can be activated with the m key. Run <folder to select image from/path to image> to run the demo on your own images. By default, it uses the re-impl-nodepth (trained on RealEstate without explicit transformation and no depth input) which can be changed with the --model flag. The corresponding checkpoints will be downloaded the first time they are required. Specify an output path using --video path/to/vid.mp4 to record a video.

> -h
usage: [-h] [--model {re_impl_nodepth,re_impl_depth,ac_impl_nodepth,ac_impl_depth}] [--video [VIDEO]] [path]

What's up, BD-maniacs?

key(s)       action                  
wasd         move around             
arrows       look around             
m            enable looking with mouse
space        render with transformer 
q            quit                    

positional arguments:
  path                  path to image or directory from which to select image. Default example is used if not specified.

optional arguments:
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit
  --model {re_impl_nodepth,re_impl_depth,ac_impl_nodepth,ac_impl_depth}
                        pretrained model to use.
  --video [VIDEO]       path to write video recording to. (no recording if unspecified).


Data Preparation

We support training on RealEstate10K and ACID. Both come in the same format as described here and the preparation is the same for both of them. You will need to have colmap installed and available on your $PATH.

We assume that you have extracted the .txt files of the dataset you want to prepare into $TXT_ROOT, e.g. for RealEstate:

> tree $TXT_ROOT
├── test
│   ├── 000c3ab189999a83.txt
│   ├── ...
│   └── fff9864727c42c80.txt
└── train
    ├── 0000cc6d8b108390.txt
    ├── ...
    └── ffffe622a4de5489.txt

and that you have downloaded the frames (we downloaded them in resolution 640 x 360) into $IMG_ROOT, e.g. for RealEstate:

> tree $IMG_ROOT
├── test
│   ├── 000c3ab189999a83
│   │   ├── 45979267.png
│   │   ├── ...
│   │   └── 55255200.png
│   ├── ...
│   ├── 0017ce4c6a39d122
│   │   ├── 40874000.png
│   │   ├── ...
│   │   └── 48482000.png
├── train
│   ├── ...

To prepare the $SPLIT split of the dataset ($SPLIT being one of train, test for RealEstate and train, test, validation for ACID) in $SPA_ROOT, run the following within the scripts directory:

python --txt_src ${TXT_ROOT}/${SPLIT} --img_src ${IMG_ROOT}/${SPLIT} --spa_dst ${SPA_ROOT}/${SPLIT}

You can also simply set TXT_ROOT, IMG_ROOT and SPA_ROOT as environment variables and run ./ or ./ Take a look into the sources to run with multiple workers in parallel.

Finally, symlink $SPA_ROOT to data/realestate_sparse/data/acid_sparse.

First Stage Models

As described in our paper, we train the transformer models in a compressed, discrete latent space of pretrained VQGANs. These pretrained models can be conveniently downloaded by running

python scripts/ 

which will also create symlinks ensuring that the paths specified in the training configs (see configs/*) exist. In case some of the models have already been downloaded, the script will only create the symlinks.

For training custom first stage models, we refer to the taming transformers repository.

Running the Training

After both the preparation of the data and the first stage models are done, the experiments on ACID and RealEstate10K as described in our paper can be reproduced by running

python geofree/ --base configs/<dataset>/<dataset>_13x23_<experiment>.yaml -t --gpus 0,

where <dataset> is one of realestate/acid and <experiment> is one of expl_img/expl_feat/expl_emb/impl_catdepth/impl_depth/impl_nodepth/hybrid. These abbreviations correspond to the experiments listed in the following Table (see also Fig.2 in the main paper)


Note that each experiment was conducted on a GPU with 40 GB VRAM.


      title={Geometry-Free View Synthesis: Transformers and no 3D Priors}, 
      author={Robin Rombach and Patrick Esser and Björn Ommer},


Is a geometric model required to synthesize novel views from a single image?








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