The fastest weighted auto-completion trie known to...
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README.md

The fastest weighted auto-completion trie known to me.

Introduction

Yet another trie? "Why?" I hear you cry! I know, it's trie-ing...

For Superhuman we're building a product focussed around speed and productivity. To do this we need to run an auto-completer over your contacts, ordered by how recently you contacted them.

Most tries return results in alphabetical order, this trie returns them by descending score.

This trie structure can index my 285kb of contact data in ~11ms, and provide auto-completion results ordered by how recently I've communicated with them in ~0.25ms. This improves over the original linear search (which took ~40ms) and first stab at using a trie (~55ms index, ~20ms search).

Usage

First install. In this example I'm using npm, but browserify or copy-paste works just fine.

npm install trie-ing

Then use it

var Trie = require('trie-ing');

var trie = new Trie();

trie.add({
    key: "richard",
    value: {name: "Richard", ...},
    score: 5
});

trie.add({
    key: "rachael",
    value: {name: "Rachael", ...},
    score: 1
});

trie.add({
    key: "sarah",
    value: {name: "Sarah", ...},
    score: 3
});

trie.add({
    key: "sam",
    value: {name: "Sam", ...},
    score: 2
});

// The limit option limits the number of results.
// The unique option returns only the first result for each key
// (the trie can store multiple values per key)
trie.prefixSearch('r', {limit: 3, unique: true})
//=> [{name: "Richard", ...} , {name: "Rachael", ...}]

Efficiency

The problem with building a search tree for contacts is that the order of results is orthogonal from the search.

If I type "R", my dad ("Richard") should be the first auto-completion result, not my friend "Rachael" who I haven't spoken to for a year.

To do this nodes in the trie have their highest score attached:

                     + (4) rachael
           + (4) r --+ (1) richard
  root ----+
           + (3) s ---+ (3) a ---+ (3) sarah
                                 + (2) sam

To improve indexing time, sub-nodes are not sorted; so on the first access to each section of the tree you have to pay the cost of sorting the sub-nodes ( this is usually a very small sort, <5 entries, per node in the tree).

There's also a special case for nodes with one child, where we don't expand them out letter by letter. (An exercise for the reader would be to use a fully compressed trie, which would give us this optimization as a side-effect)

The search algorithm maintains a queue of nodes to visit based on score, and is truncated to the limit. The most expensive part of the search is merging the current node's children into the priority queue, and so the efficiency of lookup is dominated by the limit parameter, with some additional cost due to having to traverse many intermediate nodes (see note about implementing a compressed trie).

Meta-fu

This code base started out as the trie implementation from https://github.com/marccampbell/node-autocomplete packaged in a way I can use it in the browser, but has been significantly alterred.

See LICENSE for original copyright holder, changes are also released under the MIT license.