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#! /usr/bin/env python3
Tighten up an Ubuntu host box
import os
import sys
import re
import logging
import socket
import platform
DIST_PATH = os.path.join(os.path.dirname(__file__), "dist")
def runcmd(command, abort_on_failure=True):
logging.debug("RUNNING COMMAND: %s" % command)
ret = os.system(command)
if abort_on_failure and ret != 0:
logging.error("Command failed: '%s'" % command)
def modify_config(param_re, content_to_add, filenames, replace_if_exists=True, dotall=False):
if not isinstance(filenames, (list, tuple)):
filenames = [filenames,]
re_flags = re.MULTILINE | re.DOTALL if dotall else re.MULTILINE
for filename in filenames:
f = open(filename, 'r')
content =
if not, content, re_flags): #missing; add to config
if content[-1] != '\n': content += '\n'
content += content_to_add
elif replace_if_exists: #replace in config
content = re.sub(param_re, content_to_add, content, flags=re_flags)
f = open(filename, 'w')
def do_security_setup():
"""Some helpful security-related tasks, to tighten up the box"""
# modify host.conf
modify_config(r'^nospoof on$', 'nospoof on', '/etc/host.conf')
# enable automatic security updates
runcmd("apt-get -y install unattended-upgrades")
runcmd('''bash -c "echo -e 'APT::Periodic::Update-Package-Lists "1";\nAPT::Periodic::Unattended-Upgrade "1";' > /etc/apt/apt.conf.d/20auto-upgrades" ''')
runcmd("dpkg-reconfigure -fnoninteractive -plow unattended-upgrades")
# sysctl
runcmd("install -m 0644 -o root -g root -D %s/sysctl_rules.conf /etc/sysctl.d/60-tweaks.conf" % DIST_PATH)
# set up fail2ban
runcmd("apt-get -y install fail2ban")
runcmd("install -m 0644 -o root -g root -D %s/fail2ban.jail.conf /etc/fail2ban/jail.d/counterblock.conf" % DIST_PATH)
runcmd("service fail2ban restart")
# set up psad (this will install postfix, which will prompt the user)
runcmd("apt-get -y install psad")
modify_config(r'^ENABLE_AUTO_IDS\s+?N;$', 'ENABLE_AUTO_IDS\tY;', '/etc/psad/psad.conf')
modify_config(r'^ENABLE_AUTO_IDS_EMAILS\s+?Y;$', 'ENABLE_AUTO_IDS_EMAILS\tN;', '/etc/psad/psad.conf')
for f in ['/etc/ufw/before.rules', '/etc/ufw/before6.rules']:
r'^# End required lines.*?# allow all on loopback$',
'# End required lines\n\n#CUSTOM: for psad\n-A INPUT -j LOG\n-A FORWARD -j LOG\n\n# allow all on loopback',
f, dotall=True)
runcmd("psad -R && psad --sig-update")
runcmd("service ufw restart")
runcmd("service psad restart")
# set up chkrootkit, rkhunter
runcmd("apt-get -y install rkhunter chkrootkit")
runcmd('bash -c "rkhunter --update; exit 0"')
runcmd("rkhunter --propupd")
runcmd('bash -c "rkhunter --check --sk; exit 0"')
runcmd("rkhunter --propupd")
# logwatch
runcmd("apt-get -y install logwatch libdate-manip-perl")
# apparmor
runcmd("apt-get -y install apparmor apparmor-profiles")
# auditd
# note that auditd will need a reboot to fully apply the rules, due to it operating in "immutable mode" by default
runcmd("apt-get -y install auditd audispd-plugins")
runcmd("install -m 0640 -o root -g root -D %s/audit.rules /etc/audit/rules.d/counterblock.rules" % DIST_PATH)
modify_config(r'^USE_AUGENRULES=.*?$', 'USE_AUGENRULES="yes"', '/etc/default/auditd')
runcmd("service auditd restart")
# iwatch
runcmd("apt-get -y install iwatch")
modify_config(r'^START_DAEMON=.*?$', 'START_DAEMON=true', '/etc/default/iwatch')
runcmd("install -m 0644 -o root -g root -D %s/iwatch.xml /etc/iwatch/iwatch.xml" % DIST_PATH)
modify_config(r'guard email="root@localhost"', 'guard email="noreply@%s"' % socket.gethostname(), '/etc/iwatch/iwatch.xml')
runcmd("service iwatch restart")
if __name__ == "__main__":
if platform.dist()[0] != "Ubuntu":
logging.error("Script requires Ubuntu linux")