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Perl 6 GraphQL

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A Perl 6 implementation of the GraphQL standard. GraphQL is a query language for APIs originally created by Facebook.


Before we get into all the details, here's the Perl 6 GraphQL "Hello World"

use GraphQL;
use GraphQL::Server;

class Query
    method hello(--> Str) { 'Hello World' }

my $schema =;


You can run this with a GraphQL query on the command line:

$ perl6 --help
Usage: <query> [--filename=<Str>] [--port=<Int>] 

$ perl6 '{hello}'
  "data": {
    "hello": "Hello World"

You can even ask for information about the schema and types:

$ perl6 '{ __schema { queryType { name } } }'
  "data": {
    "__schema": {
      "queryType": {
        "name": "Query"

$ perl6 '{ __type(name: "Query") { fields { name type { name }}}}'
  "data": {
    "__type": {
      "fields": [
          "name": "hello",
          "type": {
            "name": "String"

Running as a server

That's fine for the command line, but you can also easily wrap GraphQL into a web server to expose that API to external clients. GraphQL::Server uses the Perl 6 web framework Bailador to do that:

$ ./
Entering the development dance floor:
[2016-12-21T13:02:38Z] Started HTTP server.

The server takes any GraphQL query sent with HTTP POST to /graphql, executes it against the GraphQL Schema, and returns the result in JSON.

There is one additional feature. If it receives a GET request to "/graphql", it sends back the GraphiQL graphical interactive in-browser GraphQL IDE.

You can use that to explore the schema (though the Hello World schema is very simple, that won't take long), and interactively construct and execute GraphQL queries.

More documentation

See eg/ for a more complicated example.

See slides from a presentation about Perl 6 GraphQL at the Philadelphia Perl Mongers.

GraphQL Documentation

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