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/*
* Copyright (c) 2011, Code Aurora Forum. All rights reserved.
*
* Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
* modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are
* met:
* * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
* notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
* * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above
* copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following
* disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided
* with the distribution.
* * Neither the name of Code Aurora Forum, Inc. nor the names of its
* contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived
* from this software without specific prior written permission.
*
* THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED
* WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
* MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NON-INFRINGEMENT
* ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS
* BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR
* CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF
* SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR
* BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY,
* WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE
* OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN
* IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
*/
#include <stdint.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <syslog.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <linux/random.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/poll.h>
#include <linux/capability.h>
#include <sys/prctl.h>
#include <private/android_filesystem_config.h>
#ifdef ANDROID_CHANGES
#include <android/log.h>
#endif
#ifndef min
#define min(a,b) (((a)>(b))?(b):(a))
#endif
typedef unsigned char bool;
#define TRUE 1
#define FALSE 0
#define RANDOM_DEVICE "/dev/random"
#define RANDOM_DEVICE_HW "/dev/hw_random"
/* The device (/dev/random) internal limits 4096 bits of entropy, 512 bytes */
#define MAX_ENT_POOL_BITS 4096
#define MAX_ENT_POOL_BYTES (MAX_ENT_POOL_BITS / 8)
#define MAX_ENT_POOL_WRITES 128 /* write pool with smaller chunks */
///* Burst-mode timeout in us (micro-seconds) */
//#define BURST_MODE_TIMEOUT 100000 /* 100ms */
///* Idle-mode wait in us (micro-seconds) */
//#define IDLE_MODE_WAIT 10000 /* 10ms */
/* Buffer to hold hardware entropy bytes (this must be 2KB for FIPS testing */
#define MAX_BUFFER 2048 /* do not change this value */
static unsigned char databuf[MAX_BUFFER]; /* create buffer for FIPS testing */
static unsigned long buffsize; /* size of data in buffer */
static unsigned long curridx; /* position of current index */
/* Globals */
//static bool read_blocked = FALSE;
//static pid_t qrngd_pid;
/* User parameters */
struct user_options {
char input_device_name[128];
char output_device_name[128];
bool run_as_daemon;
};
/* Version number of this source */
#define APP_VERSION "1.01"
#define APP_NAME "qrngd"
const char *program_version =
APP_NAME " " APP_VERSION "\n"
"Copyright (c) 2011, Code Aurora Forum. All rights reserved.\n"
"This is free software; see the source for copying conditions. There is NO\n"
"warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.\n\n";
const char *program_usage =
"Usage: " APP_NAME " [OPTION...]\n"
" -b background - become a daemon (default)\n"
" -f foreground - do not fork and become a daemon\n"
" -r <device name> hardware random input device (default: /dev/hw_random)\n"
" -o <device name> system random output device (default: /dev/random)\n"
" -h help (this page)\n";
/* Logging information */
enum log_level {
DEBUG = 0,
INFO = 1,
WARNING = 2,
ERROR = 3,
FATAL = 4,
LOG_MAX = 4,
};
/* Logging function for outputing to stderr or log */
void log_print(int level, char *format, ...)
{
if (level >= 0 && level <= LOG_MAX) {
#ifdef ANDROID_CHANGES
static int levels[5] = {
ANDROID_LOG_DEBUG, ANDROID_LOG_INFO, ANDROID_LOG_WARN,
ANDROID_LOG_ERROR, ANDROID_LOG_FATAL
};
va_list ap;
va_start(ap, format);
__android_log_vprint(levels[level], APP_NAME, format, ap);
va_end(ap);
#else
static char *levels = "DIWEF";
va_list ap;
fprintf(stderr, "%c: ", levels[level]);
va_start(ap, format);
vfprintf(stderr, format, ap);
va_end(ap);
fputc('\n', stderr);
#endif
}
}
static void title(void)
{
printf("%s", program_version);
}
static void usage(void)
{
printf("%s", program_usage);
}
/* Parse command line parameters */
static int get_user_options(struct user_options *user_ops, int argc, char **argv)
{
int max_params = argc;
int itr = 1; /* skip program name */
while (itr < max_params) {
if (argv[itr][0] != '-')
return -1;
switch (argv[itr++][1]) {
case 'b':
user_ops->run_as_daemon = TRUE;
break;
case 'f':
user_ops->run_as_daemon = FALSE;
break;
case 'r':
if (itr < max_params) {
if (strlen(argv[itr]) < sizeof(user_ops->input_device_name))
strcpy(user_ops->input_device_name, argv[itr++]);
else
return -1;
break;
}
else
return -1;
case 'o':
if (itr < max_params) {
if (strlen(argv[itr]) < sizeof(user_ops->output_device_name))
strcpy(user_ops->output_device_name, argv[itr++]);
else
return -1;
break;
}
else
return -1;
case 'h':
return -1;
default:
fprintf(stderr, "ERROR: Bad option: '%s'\n", argv[itr-1]);
return -1;
}
}
return 0;
}
/* Only check FIPS 140-2 (Continuous Random Number Generator Test) */
static int fips_test(const unsigned char *buf, size_t size)
{
unsigned long *buff_ul = (unsigned long *) buf;
size_t size_ul = size >> 2; /* convert byte to word size */
unsigned long last_value;
unsigned int rnd_ctr[256];
int i;
/* Continuous Random Number Generator Test */
last_value = *(buff_ul++);
size_ul--;
while (size_ul > 0) {
if (*buff_ul == last_value) {
log_print(ERROR, "ERROR: Bad word value from hardware.");
return -1;
} else
last_value = *buff_ul;
buff_ul++;
size_ul--;
}
/* count each random number */
for (i = 0; i < size; ++i) {
rnd_ctr[buf[i]]++;
}
/* check random numbers to make sure they are not bogus */
for (i = 0; i < 256; ++i) {
if (rnd_ctr[i] == 0) {
log_print(ERROR, "ERROR: Bad spectral random number sample.");
return -1;
}
}
return 0;
}
/* Read data from the hardware RNG source */
static int read_src(int fd, void *buf, size_t size)
{
size_t offset = 0;
char *chr = (char *) buf;
ssize_t ret;
if (!size)
return -1;
do {
ret = read(fd, chr + offset, size);
/* any read failure is bad */
if (ret == -1)
return -1;
size -= ret;
offset += ret;
} while (size > 0);
/* should have read in all of requested data */
if (size > 0)
return -1;
return 0;
}
/*Hold minimal permissions, so as to get IOCTL working*/
static int qrng_update_cap()
{
int retvalue = 0;
struct __user_cap_header_struct header;
struct __user_cap_data_struct cap;
memset(&header, 0, sizeof(header));
memset(&cap, 0, sizeof(cap));
prctl(PR_SET_KEEPCAPS, 1, 0, 0, 0);
if( 0 != setgid(AID_SYSTEM)){
fprintf(stderr, "setgid error\n");
return -1;
}
if( 0 != setuid(AID_SYSTEM)){
fprintf(stderr, "setuid error\n");
return -1;
}
header.version = _LINUX_CAPABILITY_VERSION;
header.pid = 0;
cap.effective = (1 << CAP_SYS_ADMIN) | (1 << CAP_NET_RAW);
cap.permitted = cap.effective;
cap.inheritable = 0;
retvalue = capset(&header, &cap);
if(retvalue != 0){
fprintf(stderr, "capset error\n");
return -1;
}
return 0;
}
/* The beginning of everything */
int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
struct user_options user_ops; /* holds user configuration data */
struct rand_pool_info *rand = NULL; /* structure to pass entropy (IOCTL) */
int random_fd = 0; /* output file descriptor */
int random_hw_fd = 0; /* input file descriptor */
int ent_count; /* current system entropy */
int write_size; /* max entropy data to pass */
struct pollfd fds[1]; /* used for polling file descriptor */
int ret;
int exitval = 0;
/*Hold minimal permissions, just enough to get IOCTL working*/
if(0 != qrng_update_cap()){
log_print(ERROR, "qrngd permission reset failed, exiting\n");
exitval = 1;
goto exit;
}
/* set default parameters */
user_ops.run_as_daemon = TRUE;
strcpy(user_ops.input_device_name, RANDOM_DEVICE_HW);
strcpy(user_ops.output_device_name, RANDOM_DEVICE);
/* display application header */
title();
/* get user preferences */
ret = get_user_options(&user_ops, argc, argv);
if (ret < 0) {
usage();
exitval = 1;
goto exit;
}
/* open hardware random device */
random_hw_fd = open(user_ops.input_device_name, O_RDONLY);
if (random_hw_fd < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Can't open hardware random device file %s\n", user_ops.input_device_name);
exitval = 1;
goto exit;
}
/* open random device */
random_fd = open(user_ops.output_device_name, O_RDWR);
if (random_fd < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Can't open random device file %s\n", user_ops.output_device_name);
exitval = 1;
goto exit;
}
/* allocate memory for ioctl data struct and buffer */
rand = malloc(sizeof(struct rand_pool_info) + MAX_ENT_POOL_WRITES);
if (!rand) {
fprintf(stderr, "Can't allocate memory\n");
exitval = 1;
goto exit;
}
/* setup poll() data */
memset(fds, 0 , sizeof(fds));
fds[0].fd = random_fd;
fds[0].events = POLLOUT;
/* run as daemon if requested to do so */
if (user_ops.run_as_daemon) {
fprintf(stderr, "Starting daemon.\n");
if (daemon(0, 0) < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "can't daemonize: %s\n", strerror(errno));
exitval = 1;
goto exit;
}
#ifndef ANDROID_CHANGES
openlog(APP_NAME, 0, LOG_DAEMON);
#endif
}
/* log message */
log_print(INFO, APP_NAME " has started:\n" "Reading device:'%s' updating entropy for device:'%s'",
user_ops.input_device_name,
user_ops.output_device_name);
/* main loop to get data from hardware and feed RNG entropy pool */
while (1) {
/* Check for empty buffer and fill with hardware random generated numbers */
if (buffsize == 0) {
/* fill buffer with random data from hardware */
ret = read_src(random_hw_fd, databuf, MAX_BUFFER);
if (ret < 0) {
log_print(ERROR, "ERROR: Can't read from hardware source.");
exitval = 1;
goto exit;
}
/* run FIPS test on buffer, if buffer fails then ditch it and get new data */
ret = fips_test(databuf, MAX_BUFFER);
if (ret < 0) {
buffsize = 0;
log_print(INFO, "ERROR: Failed FIPS test.");
}
/* everything good, reset buffer variables to indicate full buffer */
else {
buffsize = MAX_BUFFER;
curridx = 0;
}
}
/* We should have data here, if not then something bad happened above and we should wait and try again */
if (buffsize == 0) {
log_print(ERROR, "ERROR: Timeout getting valid random data from hardware.");
usleep(100000); /* 100ms */
continue;
}
/* Get current entropy pool size in bits and convert to bytes */
if (ioctl(random_fd, RNDGETENTCNT, &ent_count) != 0) {
log_print(ERROR, "ERROR: Can't read entropy count.");
exitval = 1;
goto exit;
}
/* convert entropy bits to bytes */
ent_count >>= 3;
/* fill entropy pool */
write_size = min(buffsize, MAX_ENT_POOL_WRITES);
/* Write some data to the device */
rand->entropy_count = write_size * 8;
rand->buf_size = write_size;
memcpy(rand->buf, &databuf[curridx], write_size);
curridx += write_size;
buffsize -= write_size;
/* Issue the ioctl to increase the entropy count */
if (ioctl(random_fd, RNDADDENTROPY, rand) < 0) {
log_print(ERROR,"ERROR: RNDADDENTROPY ioctl() failed.");
exitval = 1;
goto exit;
}
/* Wait if entropy pool is full */
ret = poll(fds, 1, -1);
if (ret < 0) {
log_print(ERROR,"ERROR: poll call failed.");
/* wait if error */
usleep(100000);
}
}
exit:
/* free other resources */
if (rand)
free(rand);
if (random_fd)
close(random_fd);
if (random_hw_fd)
close(random_hw_fd);
return exitval;
}