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/*
* linux/fs/binfmt_aout.c
*
* Copyright (C) 1991, 1992, 1996 Linus Torvalds
*/
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/time.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/mman.h>
#include <linux/a.out.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/signal.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/file.h>
#include <linux/stat.h>
#include <linux/fcntl.h>
#include <linux/ptrace.h>
#include <linux/user.h>
#include <linux/binfmts.h>
#include <linux/personality.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/coredump.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <asm/system.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/cacheflush.h>
#include <asm/a.out-core.h>
static int load_aout_binary(struct linux_binprm *, struct pt_regs * regs);
static int load_aout_library(struct file*);
static int aout_core_dump(struct coredump_params *cprm);
static struct linux_binfmt aout_format = {
.module = THIS_MODULE,
.load_binary = load_aout_binary,
.load_shlib = load_aout_library,
.core_dump = aout_core_dump,
.min_coredump = PAGE_SIZE
};
#define BAD_ADDR(x) ((unsigned long)(x) >= TASK_SIZE)
static int set_brk(unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
{
start = PAGE_ALIGN(start);
end = PAGE_ALIGN(end);
if (end > start) {
unsigned long addr;
down_write(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
addr = do_brk(start, end - start);
up_write(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
if (BAD_ADDR(addr))
return addr;
}
return 0;
}
/*
* Routine writes a core dump image in the current directory.
* Currently only a stub-function.
*
* Note that setuid/setgid files won't make a core-dump if the uid/gid
* changed due to the set[u|g]id. It's enforced by the "current->mm->dumpable"
* field, which also makes sure the core-dumps won't be recursive if the
* dumping of the process results in another error..
*/
static int aout_core_dump(struct coredump_params *cprm)
{
struct file *file = cprm->file;
mm_segment_t fs;
int has_dumped = 0;
void __user *dump_start;
int dump_size;
struct user dump;
#ifdef __alpha__
# define START_DATA(u) ((void __user *)u.start_data)
#else
# define START_DATA(u) ((void __user *)((u.u_tsize << PAGE_SHIFT) + \
u.start_code))
#endif
# define START_STACK(u) ((void __user *)u.start_stack)
fs = get_fs();
set_fs(KERNEL_DS);
has_dumped = 1;
current->flags |= PF_DUMPCORE;
strncpy(dump.u_comm, current->comm, sizeof(dump.u_comm));
dump.u_ar0 = offsetof(struct user, regs);
dump.signal = cprm->signr;
aout_dump_thread(cprm->regs, &dump);
/* If the size of the dump file exceeds the rlimit, then see what would happen
if we wrote the stack, but not the data area. */
if ((dump.u_dsize + dump.u_ssize+1) * PAGE_SIZE > cprm->limit)
dump.u_dsize = 0;
/* Make sure we have enough room to write the stack and data areas. */
if ((dump.u_ssize + 1) * PAGE_SIZE > cprm->limit)
dump.u_ssize = 0;
/* make sure we actually have a data and stack area to dump */
set_fs(USER_DS);
if (!access_ok(VERIFY_READ, START_DATA(dump), dump.u_dsize << PAGE_SHIFT))
dump.u_dsize = 0;
if (!access_ok(VERIFY_READ, START_STACK(dump), dump.u_ssize << PAGE_SHIFT))
dump.u_ssize = 0;
set_fs(KERNEL_DS);
/* struct user */
if (!dump_write(file, &dump, sizeof(dump)))
goto end_coredump;
/* Now dump all of the user data. Include malloced stuff as well */
if (!dump_seek(cprm->file, PAGE_SIZE - sizeof(dump)))
goto end_coredump;
/* now we start writing out the user space info */
set_fs(USER_DS);
/* Dump the data area */
if (dump.u_dsize != 0) {
dump_start = START_DATA(dump);
dump_size = dump.u_dsize << PAGE_SHIFT;
if (!dump_write(file, dump_start, dump_size))
goto end_coredump;
}
/* Now prepare to dump the stack area */
if (dump.u_ssize != 0) {
dump_start = START_STACK(dump);
dump_size = dump.u_ssize << PAGE_SHIFT;
if (!dump_write(file, dump_start, dump_size))
goto end_coredump;
}
/* Finally dump the task struct. Not be used by gdb, but could be useful */
set_fs(KERNEL_DS);
if (!dump_write(file, current, sizeof(*current)))
goto end_coredump;
end_coredump:
set_fs(fs);
return has_dumped;
}
/*
* create_aout_tables() parses the env- and arg-strings in new user
* memory and creates the pointer tables from them, and puts their
* addresses on the "stack", returning the new stack pointer value.
*/
static unsigned long __user *create_aout_tables(char __user *p, struct linux_binprm * bprm)
{
char __user * __user *argv;
char __user * __user *envp;
unsigned long __user *sp;
int argc = bprm->argc;
int envc = bprm->envc;
sp = (void __user *)((-(unsigned long)sizeof(char *)) & (unsigned long) p);
#ifdef __alpha__
/* whee.. test-programs are so much fun. */
put_user(0, --sp);
put_user(0, --sp);
if (bprm->loader) {
put_user(0, --sp);
put_user(1003, --sp);
put_user(bprm->loader, --sp);
put_user(1002, --sp);
}
put_user(bprm->exec, --sp);
put_user(1001, --sp);
#endif
sp -= envc+1;
envp = (char __user * __user *) sp;
sp -= argc+1;
argv = (char __user * __user *) sp;
#ifndef __alpha__
put_user((unsigned long) envp,--sp);
put_user((unsigned long) argv,--sp);
#endif
put_user(argc,--sp);
current->mm->arg_start = (unsigned long) p;
while (argc-->0) {
char c;
put_user(p,argv++);
do {
get_user(c,p++);
} while (c);
}
put_user(NULL,argv);
current->mm->arg_end = current->mm->env_start = (unsigned long) p;
while (envc-->0) {
char c;
put_user(p,envp++);
do {
get_user(c,p++);
} while (c);
}
put_user(NULL,envp);
current->mm->env_end = (unsigned long) p;
return sp;
}
/*
* These are the functions used to load a.out style executables and shared
* libraries. There is no binary dependent code anywhere else.
*/
static int load_aout_binary(struct linux_binprm * bprm, struct pt_regs * regs)
{
struct exec ex;
unsigned long error;
unsigned long fd_offset;
unsigned long rlim;
int retval;
ex = *((struct exec *) bprm->buf); /* exec-header */
if ((N_MAGIC(ex) != ZMAGIC && N_MAGIC(ex) != OMAGIC &&
N_MAGIC(ex) != QMAGIC && N_MAGIC(ex) != NMAGIC) ||
N_TRSIZE(ex) || N_DRSIZE(ex) ||
i_size_read(bprm->file->f_path.dentry->d_inode) < ex.a_text+ex.a_data+N_SYMSIZE(ex)+N_TXTOFF(ex)) {
return -ENOEXEC;
}
/*
* Requires a mmap handler. This prevents people from using a.out
* as part of an exploit attack against /proc-related vulnerabilities.
*/
if (!bprm->file->f_op || !bprm->file->f_op->mmap)
return -ENOEXEC;
fd_offset = N_TXTOFF(ex);
/* Check initial limits. This avoids letting people circumvent
* size limits imposed on them by creating programs with large
* arrays in the data or bss.
*/
rlim = rlimit(RLIMIT_DATA);
if (rlim >= RLIM_INFINITY)
rlim = ~0;
if (ex.a_data + ex.a_bss > rlim)
return -ENOMEM;
/* Flush all traces of the currently running executable */
retval = flush_old_exec(bprm);
if (retval)
return retval;
/* OK, This is the point of no return */
#ifdef __alpha__
SET_AOUT_PERSONALITY(bprm, ex);
#else
set_personality(PER_LINUX);
#endif
setup_new_exec(bprm);
current->mm->end_code = ex.a_text +
(current->mm->start_code = N_TXTADDR(ex));
current->mm->end_data = ex.a_data +
(current->mm->start_data = N_DATADDR(ex));
current->mm->brk = ex.a_bss +
(current->mm->start_brk = N_BSSADDR(ex));
current->mm->free_area_cache = current->mm->mmap_base;
current->mm->cached_hole_size = 0;
install_exec_creds(bprm);
current->flags &= ~PF_FORKNOEXEC;
if (N_MAGIC(ex) == OMAGIC) {
unsigned long text_addr, map_size;
loff_t pos;
text_addr = N_TXTADDR(ex);
#ifdef __alpha__
pos = fd_offset;
map_size = ex.a_text+ex.a_data + PAGE_SIZE - 1;
#else
pos = 32;
map_size = ex.a_text+ex.a_data;
#endif
down_write(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
error = do_brk(text_addr & PAGE_MASK, map_size);
up_write(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
if (error != (text_addr & PAGE_MASK)) {
send_sig(SIGKILL, current, 0);
return error;
}
error = bprm->file->f_op->read(bprm->file,
(char __user *)text_addr,
ex.a_text+ex.a_data, &pos);
if ((signed long)error < 0) {
send_sig(SIGKILL, current, 0);
return error;
}
flush_icache_range(text_addr, text_addr+ex.a_text+ex.a_data);
} else {
if ((ex.a_text & 0xfff || ex.a_data & 0xfff) &&
(N_MAGIC(ex) != NMAGIC) && printk_ratelimit())
{
printk(KERN_NOTICE "executable not page aligned\n");
}
if ((fd_offset & ~PAGE_MASK) != 0 && printk_ratelimit())
{
printk(KERN_WARNING
"fd_offset is not page aligned. Please convert program: %s\n",
bprm->file->f_path.dentry->d_name.name);
}
if (!bprm->file->f_op->mmap||((fd_offset & ~PAGE_MASK) != 0)) {
loff_t pos = fd_offset;
down_write(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
do_brk(N_TXTADDR(ex), ex.a_text+ex.a_data);
up_write(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
bprm->file->f_op->read(bprm->file,
(char __user *)N_TXTADDR(ex),
ex.a_text+ex.a_data, &pos);
flush_icache_range((unsigned long) N_TXTADDR(ex),
(unsigned long) N_TXTADDR(ex) +
ex.a_text+ex.a_data);
goto beyond_if;
}
down_write(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
error = do_mmap(bprm->file, N_TXTADDR(ex), ex.a_text,
PROT_READ | PROT_EXEC,
MAP_FIXED | MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_DENYWRITE | MAP_EXECUTABLE,
fd_offset);
up_write(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
if (error != N_TXTADDR(ex)) {
send_sig(SIGKILL, current, 0);
return error;
}
down_write(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
error = do_mmap(bprm->file, N_DATADDR(ex), ex.a_data,
PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE | PROT_EXEC,
MAP_FIXED | MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_DENYWRITE | MAP_EXECUTABLE,
fd_offset + ex.a_text);
up_write(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
if (error != N_DATADDR(ex)) {
send_sig(SIGKILL, current, 0);
return error;
}
}
beyond_if:
set_binfmt(&aout_format);
retval = set_brk(current->mm->start_brk, current->mm->brk);
if (retval < 0) {
send_sig(SIGKILL, current, 0);
return retval;
}
retval = setup_arg_pages(bprm, STACK_TOP, EXSTACK_DEFAULT);
if (retval < 0) {
/* Someone check-me: is this error path enough? */
send_sig(SIGKILL, current, 0);
return retval;
}
current->mm->start_stack =
(unsigned long) create_aout_tables((char __user *) bprm->p, bprm);
#ifdef __alpha__
regs->gp = ex.a_gpvalue;
#endif
start_thread(regs, ex.a_entry, current->mm->start_stack);
return 0;
}
static int load_aout_library(struct file *file)
{
struct inode * inode;
unsigned long bss, start_addr, len;
unsigned long error;
int retval;
struct exec ex;
inode = file->f_path.dentry->d_inode;
retval = -ENOEXEC;
error = kernel_read(file, 0, (char *) &ex, sizeof(ex));
if (error != sizeof(ex))
goto out;
/* We come in here for the regular a.out style of shared libraries */
if ((N_MAGIC(ex) != ZMAGIC && N_MAGIC(ex) != QMAGIC) || N_TRSIZE(ex) ||
N_DRSIZE(ex) || ((ex.a_entry & 0xfff) && N_MAGIC(ex) == ZMAGIC) ||
i_size_read(inode) < ex.a_text+ex.a_data+N_SYMSIZE(ex)+N_TXTOFF(ex)) {
goto out;
}
/*
* Requires a mmap handler. This prevents people from using a.out
* as part of an exploit attack against /proc-related vulnerabilities.
*/
if (!file->f_op || !file->f_op->mmap)
goto out;
if (N_FLAGS(ex))
goto out;
/* For QMAGIC, the starting address is 0x20 into the page. We mask
this off to get the starting address for the page */
start_addr = ex.a_entry & 0xfffff000;
if ((N_TXTOFF(ex) & ~PAGE_MASK) != 0) {
loff_t pos = N_TXTOFF(ex);
if (printk_ratelimit())
{
printk(KERN_WARNING
"N_TXTOFF is not page aligned. Please convert library: %s\n",
file->f_path.dentry->d_name.name);
}
down_write(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
do_brk(start_addr, ex.a_text + ex.a_data + ex.a_bss);
up_write(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
file->f_op->read(file, (char __user *)start_addr,
ex.a_text + ex.a_data, &pos);
flush_icache_range((unsigned long) start_addr,
(unsigned long) start_addr + ex.a_text + ex.a_data);
retval = 0;
goto out;
}
/* Now use mmap to map the library into memory. */
down_write(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
error = do_mmap(file, start_addr, ex.a_text + ex.a_data,
PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE | PROT_EXEC,
MAP_FIXED | MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_DENYWRITE,
N_TXTOFF(ex));
up_write(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
retval = error;
if (error != start_addr)
goto out;
len = PAGE_ALIGN(ex.a_text + ex.a_data);
bss = ex.a_text + ex.a_data + ex.a_bss;
if (bss > len) {
down_write(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
error = do_brk(start_addr + len, bss - len);
up_write(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
retval = error;
if (error != start_addr + len)
goto out;
}
retval = 0;
out:
return retval;
}
static int __init init_aout_binfmt(void)
{
return register_binfmt(&aout_format);
}
static void __exit exit_aout_binfmt(void)
{
unregister_binfmt(&aout_format);
}
core_initcall(init_aout_binfmt);
module_exit(exit_aout_binfmt);
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
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