DLS SIG Proposal

Francesca Frontini edited this page Aug 18, 2017 · 4 revisions

Proposal for creating an ADHO-Special Interest Group (SIG) "Digital Literary Stylistics" (SIG-DLS)


Keywords

Stylistics, digital literary studies, authorship attribution, corpus linguistics, methods, epistemology, stylometry, hermeneutics, commons, standards, digitization, mixed methods, NLP, communication

Introduction

For centuries, the study of the style of literary works has been a core activity of literary critics and philologists across different scholarly communities. The study of style -- simply understood as "manner of writing/speaking" -- is both an important descriptive category for humanist scholars and a productive instance of meaning-making in culture.

There exists a considerable tradition of the study of textual style by computational means, ­especially if we consider "computational" in its etymological sense of 'counting', not necessarily aided by a machine. In particular, forensic linguistics and other fields have long established means for measuring textual patterns in order to answer classification questions. Despite this historical rooting of "computational stylistics", such approaches have recently been able to leave the sphere of forensics to become an instrument of legitimate literary analysis of style.

One of the oldest branches of computational humanistic studies, Digital Literary Stylistics is now an area of expanding inquiry and it offers a way to bring together exciting and diverse work in computational stylistics, authorship attribution, corpus stylistics, NLP, and digital hermeneutics.

In view of the growing interest for digital methods in the study of style, we propose to the Alliance of Digital Humanities Organizations (ADHO) to set up a SIG on "Digital Literary Stylistics", in order to bring together researchers from different perspectives to discuss theoretical, methodological and technical issues; share resources; and organize events and initiatives.

Tapping into these traditions, the proposed SIG will shed a fresh look at style. Literary style, as a pivotal cultural phenomenon, is a key descriptive category of academic study that now may be analyzed using arithmetic and algorithmic methods. This is not least due to the fact that large archives of digitized literary texts have become freely accessible and digital tools for text analysis are increasingly powerful, yet easy to handle.

While the SIG-DLS will have a clear focus on literary style, it will be a platform fostering the study of style in any type of discourse, register, and genre. This means we decidedly include the study of non-literary texts. From the current point of view, any description and theory of "literary texts", including any sub-categories and sub-groupings, benefits greatly from comparison to other domains of discourse (e.g., religious, journalistic, juridical, or political). A description of the "literariness" of singular texts, and groups of texts, is validated by a sufficient description of the "non-literary" (and its many facets). This holds true at quantitative and qualitative levels of description.

The need for taking a cross-discourse comparative perspective becomes even more obvious when considering the practices of domain adaption of NLP-tools: We increasingly understand that many literary texts, or possibly individual literary genres, have properties that make it necessary to take their specific makeup into account when designing computational methods for their analysis. For example, the algorithms used for Named Entity Recognition and Coreference Resolution that have been traditionally trained on newspaper materials cannot be used out of the box for novels. However, when running these types of automated analyses, we do not reinvent the wheel by designing entirely new procedures, but act upon methodologies developed for adjacent domains of discourse. Eventually, a reverse direction of tool adapation might be envisioned, with methods originating from algorithmic Digital Literary Stylistics being adapted for usage for other domains of NLP.

The time seems thus ripe to offer a space where the aesthetics- and hermeneutics-oriented approaches to style can interact with the computational ones, zooming in on a wide array of possible patterns of literary language use (and their potential functions in discourse and cognition).

Why a Digital Literary Stylistics SIG at ADHO

The wide interest in the topic within the DH community is well documented by the number of related papers at ADHO conferences. However, despite the evident importance of literary "style" analysis (within academia and society) and its new potential brought by vast digital data and statistical power, there is a lack of theoretical background (e.g., definition of "style", "author", "genre" etc.) and methodological standards. Also, people interested in style and using digital methods often come from slightly different traditions, including some that have not yet established digital commons. These factors have hindered seamless communication and successful collaboration.

The newly created "Digital Literary Stylistics" SIG will aim at bridging this gap, providing anyone interested in digital studies of style with a hub for conducting research that is both methodologically and theoretically sound. It also caters to research situated within an active and innovative peer community. This applies to scholars from "technical" (computational) backgrounds, as well as to those who have only recently formed an interest in the digital study of style.

As such, the SIG sees itself providing a core "DH" service - enabling cutting-edge research at the interface of hermeneutic and "computational" communities. Together, we will develop research infrastructures (text analysis pipelines; encourage use of community hubs such as GitHub, Zotero etc.), build and share corpora, and develop a shared conceptual and technical vocabulary to ensure that scholars taking distinct disciplinary approaches to style can grow from and build on one another’s work.

Goals of the SIG-DLS

The SIG aims to sponsor a new type of digital/computer-aided analysis of literary style. To do so, it facilitates inter- and transdisciplinary interaction between different fields of "style studies," including computational stylistics, authorship attribution, corpus stylistics, and digital hermeneutics. Thereby it fosters novel empirical findings, methodological and epistemological innovation, as well as advocacy and networking. It is interdisciplinary by nature.

The main goals of the SIG-DLS will be:

  • To define important, interesting, difficult questions for our group
  • Discussion of values and priorities (i.e., ‘what makes a digital literary scholar?’)
  • Outline a set of best practices for our research
  • Actively liaise with other, relevant initiatives
  • Provide an online home/hub for information about:
    • Best practices
    • Bibliographical information
    • Repository of seminal papers
    • Events, including Challenges
    • Research of interest
    • Pedagogy
    • Sharing corpora and code
    • Grants and Jobs

The SIG will take a strong stance on multilinguality, promoting and encouraging the cooperative creation of corpora for shared tasks in different languages.

Planned activities

The planned activities of the SIG in the short term include:

  • Curating workshop proceedings and a special issue on digital literary stylistics (see here)
  • Creating a technical/theoretical challenge or a shared task in order to foster best practices, methodological innovation and benchmarking
  • Sponsoring workshops, training events/schools, conference panels, other events
  • Curating a Stylometry Bibliography, including a list of recommended readings (on Zotero; see beta version here) and background information here
  • Keeping members in contact with one another and up to date about events and information of interest, e.g. via a mailing list

Moreover, the SIG will be a link between ADHO and other activities, notably the newly constituted Federation of Stylometry Labs (http://fosl.ijp.pan.pl/), whose aims are in line with those of this proposal.

Structure

The SIG will be initially constituted of the members issuing this proposal (see next section). A steering committee will be instituted to manage the SIG, and will be voted by majority. The steering committee will decide on any initiative that should either be carried out by the SIG or have the SIG endorsement. To coordinate activities, two chairs will be appointed each year choosing among the members of the steering committee.

Spokesperson

Initial Steering Committee (in office for one year)

  • Francesca Frontini - Laboratoire Praxiling - Université Paul-Valéry Montpellier 3
  • J. Berenike Herrmann - Digital Humanities Lab - Basel University
  • Natalie M. Houston - University of Massachusetts Lowell
  • Jan Rybicki - Jagiellonian University, Kraków
  • Christof Schöch - University of Würzburg

Initial members

  • Mark Andrew Algee-Hewitt
  • Sarah Danielle Allison
  • Anne Bandry Scubbi
  • Francesca Benatti
  • Carmen Brando
  • José Calvo
  • Fabio Ciotti
  • Maciej Eder
  • Stefan Evert
  • Paul J. Fields
  • Francesca Frontini
  • Jean-Gabriel Ganascia
  • Evelyn Gius
  • J. Berenike Herrmann
  • David L. Hoover
  • Natalie M. Houston
  • Fotis Jannidis
  • Matthew Jockers
  • Anouk Lang
  • Dominique Legallois
  • Suzanne Mpouli
  • John Nerbonne
  • Andrew Piper
  • Simone Rebora
  • Jonathan Reeve
  • Jan Rybicki
  • Christof Schöch
  • Karina van Dalen-Oskam

Resources

The SIG will be mostly self-sufficient, but may seek the support of the ADHO Infrastructure Committee, notably for:

  • hosting a private wiki which will be used for coordinating work (as opposed to a public-facing website);
  • setting up an official mailing list.
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