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Module for Omeka S that adds data types "geometry" and "geography" to store markers and area highlights on images and maps with wkt

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Data type Geometry (module for Omeka S)

New versions of this module and support for Omeka S version 3.0 and above are available on GitLab, which seems to respect users and privacy better than the previous repository.

Data type Geometry is a module for Omeka S that adds five new data types for the properties: geography, geometry, geography:coordinates, geometry:coordinates, geometry:position. It allows to manage points and areas on images and maps.

The datatype for geographic coordinates uses the standard latitude/longitude, that is called nowadays "GPS" or even "Google coordinates".

The data types are managed with the standard WKT format.

The geometric position and geometric coordinates are similar, but the first uses the top left corner as base and allows only integer values, so it is adapted to describe images by pixel, and the second use the arithmetic plane with the bottom left corner as base and allows floats.

It is used by the module Annotate Cartography, that allows to point markers and to highlight images and maps. This module can be used independantly too.

It can be used with the module Mapping: a batch edit is added to convert literal data into geographical coordinates and vice-versa, so you can store markers as a standard rdf data in a property.

It can use an external database for performance.

Installation

Libraries

The module uses external libraries, so use the release zip to install it, or use and init the source.

See general end user documentation for installing a module.

The module Common must be installed first.

  • From the zip

Download the last release DataTypeGeometry.zip from the list of releases (the master does not contain the dependency), and uncompress it in the modules directory.

  • From the source and for development

If the module was installed from the source, rename the name of the folder of the module to DataTypeGeometry, go to the root of the module, and run:

composer install --no-dev

Unsupported geographic queries

MySql does not support all geographic queries, for example to search a point in a polygon for a sphere, so it is disabled by default in the config.

For MariaDB, because it supports only flat geometric queries, geographic search is disabled when it is used.

Omeka database or external database [work in progress]

The geometries can be saved in Omeka database or in an external one. It’s useful to share them with other GIS systems. It allows to do advanced search and to browse quicker too.

By default, related to minimal database versions, Omeka support spatial search, but not spatial indexing.

To support searches of geometries, (distance around a point, geometries contained inside another geometry), the version of the database should be minimum mySql 5.6.1 (2011-02) or mariaDB 5.3.3 (2011-12-21). Note that the minimum Omeka version until version 4.0 are mySql 5.6.4 (2011-11-20), and [MariaDB 10.0.5] (2013-11-07)). For Omeka S v4.1, the new minimum versions are mySql 5.7.9, and MariaDB 10.2.6 and is now fine to support spatial indexing.

For a precise support of geometry, see the spatial support matrix.

So if your install is lower than Omeka S v4.1, check if the database supports spatial indexing. It must be equal or greater than MariaDB 10.2.2 (2016-09-27) or mySql 5.7.5 (2014-09-25), for the engine InnoDB. Prior database releases can support spatial index too, but only with the engine MyIsam (that does not support referential integrity and is not used by Omeka). The choice between InnoDB and MyIsam is done automatically.

You may prefer to use an external database. To config it, set the parameters in the file config/database-cartography.ini, beside your main config/database.ini. See the file config/database-cartography.ini.dist for more information. The tables are named data_type_geometry and data_type_geography. Furthermore, if PostgreSql is used, the config/local.config.php should indicate it in [entity_manager][functions][numeric], by overriding keys of the mysql functions.

The support for MariaDB, mySql and PostgreSql is provided though doctrine2-spatial.

Usage

To use the new data types, select them for some template properties.

Batch edit

To convert existing literal coordinates into geographic coordinates, use the "batch edit" process and select the appropriate options.

The literal value must be formatted with a dot . as decimal separator and a comma , to separate the latitude and the longitude. Spaces are ignored.

So the value must be formatted latitude, longitude with latitude between -90 and +90 and the longitude between -180 and +180.

Geometry

Geometries are WKT data: POINT (2.294497 48.858252).

The geometries are saved as standard Omeka values and indexed in a specific table with a spatial index for quick search.

Warning: The geometry "Circle" is not managed by WKT or by GeoJSON, but only by the viewer. It is saved as a POINT in the database, without radius.

Only common sql spatial functions are enabled. Other ones can be enabled in the config of the module (via local.config.php).

Geography

Geography is a second data type to manage geographic data. It is the same than the geometry above, but an additional spatial referentiel identifier (srid) is saved, so the geometries are georeferenced. It allows to do precise searches on the Earth, in particular when the distances are longer than some dozen of kilometers.

Most of the time, the srid is 4326, because it’s the Mercator projection used by default in many expert geographic systems, included GPS. It is not the one used by OpenStreetMap and derivative web maps, that uses 3857. The module Annotate Cartography uses 4326 too.

Another value can be set in the main settings, and each value can set a specific one with the ewkt format: SRID=4326; POINT (2.294497 48.858252). It is not recommended to set it when it is the default one.

Warning: The data type Geography doesn’t support complex geometries (multipoint, multiline and multipolygon). In that case, it’s recommended to use collections.

Geographic coordinates

A geographic point is the latitude and longitude coordinates: 48.858252,2.294497.

In the user interface, this value is composed with two decimal values (xsd:decimal), separated by a ,. In the database, it is stored the same and as a geographic WKT point. In the api, the value is a string compliant with geo:kmlLiteral. Note: to avoid issues with json implementations of clients, check the cast to float when extracting it, in particular to be compatible with w3c geolocation api.

Important: Unlike the data type Geography, the order of values is latitude then longitude. WKT uses Point(x y), so the representation of a geographic point is Point(longitude latitude). The geographic point data type uses latitude,longitude, much more common for end users, in particular in historical data, in "coordinates GPS", in OpenStreetMap coordinates or in "Google map" as they are called now.

Geometric coordinates

A geometric point is a x,y pair: 2.294497,48.858252.

In the user interface, this value is composed with two decimal values (xsd:decimal), separated by a ,. In the database, it is stored the same and as a geometric WKT point. In the api, the value is a simple string.

Geometric position

A geometric position is a x,y pair: 2,48.

In the user interface, this value is composed with two positive integer values, separated by a ,. In the database, it is stored the same and as a geometric WKT point.

Warning: This point is based on bottom left corner, so the y is negated.

In the api, the value is a simple string.

JSON-LD and GeoJSON

According to the discussion on the working group of JSON-LD and GeoJSON, the GeoJson cannot be used in all cases inside a JSON-LD.

So the representation uses Omeka types and appends the data type http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#wktLiteral of the OGC standard. The deprecated datatype http://geovocab.org/geometry#asWKT is no more used. For geometric coordinates and position, no "@type" is appended. It appends the data type http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#kmlLiteral too for coordinates.

{
    "dcterms:spatial": [
        {
            "type": "geography",
            "@value": "POINT (2.294497 48.858252)",
            "@type": "http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#wktLiteral"
        },
        {
            "type": "geography:coordinates",
            "@value": "48.858252,2.294497",
            "@type": "http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#kmlLiteral"
        }
    ],
    "curation:data": [
        {
            "type": "geometry",
            "@value": "POINT (2.294497 48.858252)"
        },
        {
            "type": "geometry:coordinates",
            "@value": "48.858252,2.294497"
        },
        {
            "type": "geometry:position",
            "@value": "2,48"
        }
    ]
}

TODO

  • Remove doctrine:lexer from composer vendor.
  • Add a checkbox in resource form to append marker to map of module Mapping or a main option?
  • Add a button "select on map" in resource form to specify coordinates directly.
  • Add a js to convert wkt into svg icon (via geojson/d3 or directly).
  • Upgrade terraformer to terraformer.js (need a precompiled js).
  • Rename api keys to "geometry", "geography", "geography:coordinates" for Omeka S v4.
  • Support complex forms (multipoint, multiline, multipolygon)
  • Improve support of various srid for geography and enable search for geometry.
  • Store the srid in geography directly.
  • Fix parsing check for doctrine and terraformer, for example with an open polygon.
  • Make the minimum version of Omeka 4.1 and remove checks of the database.

Warning

Use it at your own risk.

It’s always recommended to backup your files and your databases and to check your archives regularly so you can roll back if needed.

Troubleshooting

See online issues on the module issues page on GitLab.

License

This module is published under the CeCILL v2.1 license, compatible with GNU/GPL and approved by FSF and OSI.

This software is governed by the CeCILL license under French law and abiding by the rules of distribution of free software. You can use, modify and/ or redistribute the software under the terms of the CeCILL license as circulated by CEA, CNRS and INRIA at the following URL "http://www.cecill.info".

As a counterpart to the access to the source code and rights to copy, modify and redistribute granted by the license, users are provided only with a limited warranty and the software’s author, the holder of the economic rights, and the successive licensors have only limited liability.

In this respect, the user’s attention is drawn to the risks associated with loading, using, modifying and/or developing or reproducing the software by the user in light of its specific status of free software, that may mean that it is complicated to manipulate, and that also therefore means that it is reserved for developers and experienced professionals having in-depth computer knowledge. Users are therefore encouraged to load and test the software’s suitability as regards their requirements in conditions enabling the security of their systems and/or data to be ensured and, more generally, to use and operate it in the same conditions as regards security.

The fact that you are presently reading this means that you have had knowledge of the CeCILL license and that you accept its terms.

Libraries

This module uses many open source leaflet libraries. See asset/vendor for details.

Copyright

  • See asset/vendor/ and vendor/ for the copyright of the libraries.
  • Some portions are adapted from the modules Numeric data types and Neatline.
  • Copyright Daniel Berthereau, 2018-2024, (see Daniel-KM on GitLab)

This module was built first for the French École des hautes études en sciences sociales EHESS. The improvements were developed for the digital library of the Campus Condorcet.

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Module for Omeka S that adds data types "geometry" and "geography" to store markers and area highlights on images and maps with wkt

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