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Solr (module for Omeka S) [archived]

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Solr is a module for Omeka S that provides a Search adapter for Apache Solr.

IMPORTANT This fork of the module Solr of BibLibre is deprecated and replaced by the module Search adapter for Solr in order to manage improvements.


Uncompress the zip inside the folder modules and rename it Solr.

See general end user documentation for Installing a module.


  • Module Search
  • Solr PHP extension (>= 2.0.0). It must be enabled for the CLI as well as the web server.
  • A running Apache Solr 5 or 6 instance. The module works with Solr 5.5.5 (Java 1.7 u55) and Solr 6.6.6 (Java 1.8), but not Solr 7.2.1 (indexing works, not the search). This instance can be installed on the same server than Omeka, or provided by another server, a virtual machine, or a cloud service.

Quick start

  1. Installation
    1. Install Solr (see a Solr tutorial or documentation, or below for Debian).
    2. Create a Solr index (= "node", "core" or "collection") (see below "Solr management"), that is named omeka or whatever you want (use it for the path in point 2.1).
    3. Install the Search module.
    4. Install this module.
  2. In Solr admin
    1. A default node default is automatically added, and it is linked to the default install of Solr with the path solr/omeka. It contains a default list of mappings for Dublin Core elements too.
    2. Check if this node is working, or configure it correctly (host, port, and path of the Solr instance): the status should be OK.
    3. This default node can be customized if needed, for example to force the queries to be a "OR" query (default) or a "AND" query (more common).
  3. In Search admin
    1. Create an index
      1. Add a new index with name Default or whatever you want, using the Solr adapter and the default node.
      2. Launch the indexation by clicking on the "reindex" button (two arrows forming a circle).
    2. Create a page
      1. Add a page with name Default or whatever you want, a path to access it, for example search or find, the index that was created in the previous step (Default (Solr) here), and a form (Basic). Forms added by modules can manage an advanced input field and/or filters.
      2. In the page configuration, you can enable/disable facet and sort fields by drag-drop. The order of the fields will be the one that will be used for display. Note that some fields seem duplicated, but they aren’t. Some of them allow to prepare search indexes and some other facets or sort indexes. Some of them may be used for all uses. For example, you can use dcterms_type_ss, dcterms_subject_ss, resource_class_s, item_set_dcterms_title_ss, dcterms_creator_ss, dcterms_date_s, dcterms_spatial_ss, dcterms_language_ss and dcterms_rights_ss as facets, and Relevance, dcterms_title_s, dcterms_date_s, and dcterms_creator_s as sort fields.
      3. Edit the name of the label that will be used for facets and sort fields in the same page. The string will be automatically translated if it exists in Omeka.
      4. There are options for the default search results. If wanted, the query may be nothing, all, or anything. See the documentation.
  4. In admin or site settings
    1. To access to the search form, enable it in the main settings (for the admin board) and in the site settings (for the front-end sites). So the search engine will be available in the specified path: or in this example.
    2. Optionally, add a custom navigation link to the search page in the navigation settings of the site.

The search form should appear. Type some text then submit the form to display the results as grid or as list. The page can be themed.


The Search module does not replace the default search page neither the default search engine. So the theme should be updated.

Don’t forget to check Search facets and sort fields of each search page each time that the list of node fields is modified: the fields that don’t exist anymore are removed; the new ones are not added; the renamed ones are updated, but issues may occur in case of duplicate names.

Furthermore, a check should be done when a field has the same name for items and item sets.

Don’t forget to reindex the fields each time the Solr config is updated too.

Solr install

The packaged release of Solr on Debian is obsolete (3.6.2), so it should be installed via the original sources. If you have a build or a development server, it’s recommended to create a Solr package outside of the server and to install it via dpkg. The process is the same for Red Hat and derivatives.

Install Solr

The module works with Solr 5.5.5 (Java 1.7 u55) and Solr 6.6.6 (Java 1.8), but not Solr 7.2.1 (indexing works, not the search).

cd /opt
# Check if java is installed with the good version.
java -version
# If not installed, install it (uncomment)
#sudo apt install default-jre
# If the certificate is obsolete on Apache server, add --no-check-certificate.
# To install another version, just change all next version numbers below.
# Extract the install script
tar zxvf solr-6.6.6.tgz solr-6.6.6/bin/ --strip-components=2
# Launch the install script (by default, Solr is installed in /opt; check other options if needed)
sudo bash ./ solr-6.6.6.tgz
# Add a symlink to simplify management (if not automatically created).
#sudo ln -s /opt/solr-6.6.6 /opt/solr
# Clean the sources.sudo bash ./ solr-6.6.6.tgz
rm solr-6.6.6.tgz

Integration in the system

Solr may be managed as a system service:

sudo systemctl status solr
sudo systemctl stop solr
sudo systemctl start solr

The result may be more complete with direct command:

sudo su - solr -c "/opt/solr/bin/solr status"
sudo su - solr -c "/opt/solr/bin/solr stop"
sudo su - solr -c "/opt/solr/bin/solr start"

Solr is automatically launched and available in your browser at http://localhost:8983.

Solr is available via command line too at /opt/solr/bin/solr.

If the service is not available after the install, you can create the file "/etc/systemd/system/solr.service", that may need to be adapted for the distribution, here for Centos 8 (see the solr service gist):

# put this file in /etc/systemd/system/ as root
# below paths assume solr installed in /opt/solr, SOLR_PID_DIR is /data
# and that all configuration exists in /etc/default/ which is the case if previously installed as an init.d service
# change port in pid file if differs
# note that it is configured to auto restart solr if it fails (Restart=on-faliure) and that's the motivation indeed :)
# to switch from systemv (init.d) to systemd, do the following after creating this file:
# sudo systemctl daemon-reload
# sudo service solr stop # if already running
# sudo systemctl enable solr
# systemctl start solr
# this was inspired by
Description=Apache SOLR
ConditionPathExists=/opt/solr systemd-journald-dev-log.socket



ExecStart=/opt/solr/bin/solr start
ExecStop=/opt/solr/bin/solr stop


Note: In some Red Hat derivatives, the extension php-solr is not available and you may need to create a link. For example if you use the package "php72-php-pecl-solr2-2.5.0-1.el8.remi.x86_64" for Centos 8, you should add these links:

sudo ln -s /etc/opt/remi/php72/php.d/50-solr.ini /etc/php.d/50-solr.ini
sudo ln -s /opt/remi/php72/root/usr/lib64/php/modules/ /usr/lib64/php/modules/
# And restart services.
sudo systemctl restart php-fpm
sudo systemctl restart httpd

Protect access to Solr

You may need some more commands to protect install. Check the default port 8983. The simpler solution is to close this port with your firewall. Else, you may need to add a user control to the admin board. Search on your not-favorite search engine to add such a protection.

Upgrade Solr

Before upgrade, you should backup the folder /var/solr if you want to upgrade a previous config:

cd /opt
java -version
#sudo apt install default-jre
tar zxvf solr-6.6.6.tgz solr-6.6.6/bin/ --strip-components=2
# The "-f" means "upgrade". The symlink /opt/solr is automatically updated.
sudo bash ./ solr-6.6.6.tgz -f
rm solr-6.6.6.tgz
# See below to upgrade the indexes.

Uninstall Solr

When Solr is installed manually, there is no automatic uninstallation process. The next commands are dangerous, so check the commands above twice before executing, in particular don’t add whitespace after the slashs "/".

sudo systemctl stop solr
sudo update-rc.d -f solr remove
sudo rm /etc/init.d/solr
sudo rm /etc/default/
sudo rm -r /opt/solr
sudo rm -r /opt/solr-6.6.6
# Only if you want to remove your indexes. WARNING: this will remove your configs too.
# sudo rm -r /var/solr
sudo deluser --remove-home solr
sudo deluser --group solr

The config and the data located in /var/solr/data by default can be removed too.

Solr management

Create a config

At least one index ("node", "collection" or "core") should be created in Solr to be used with Omeka. The simpler is to create one via the command line to avoid permissions issues.

sudo su - solr -c "/opt/solr/bin/solr create -c omeka -n data_driven_schema_configs"

Here, the user solr launches the command solr to create the node omeka, and it will use the default config schema data_driven_schema_configs. This schema simplifies the management of fields, because they are guessed from the data.

You can check it via the web interface at http://localhost:8983/solr/#/omeka. Here, the path to set in the config of the node in Omeka S is solr/omeka.

The config files are saved in /var/solr/data by default.

Upgrade a config

If you choose a data driven schema, you can remove it and create a new one with the same name.

# Warning: These commands are used for data driven indexation. Else, backup your config first.
sudo su - solr -c "/opt/solr/bin/solr delete -c omeka"
sudo su - solr -c "/opt/solr/bin/solr create -c omeka -n data_driven_schema_configs"

If you have a special config, consult the Solr documentation.

After, an upgrade or any change in the config, go back to Omeka to reindex data.

Clean logs of Solr

If you keep the default config of Solr, the logs are stored on the main file system and after some months or years, the file system may be filled. So change the config or add a cron to stop/clean/restart Solr.

sudo /opt/solr/bin/solr stop
sudo rm /opt/solr/server/logs/solr-8983-console.log
sudo /opt/solr/bin/solr start


Use it at your own risk.

It’s always recommended to backup your files and your databases and to check your archives regularly so you can roll back if needed.

Note: the config of SolR is saved in /var/solr/data by default.


See online issues on the module issues page on GitHub.


This module is published under the CeCILL v2.1 licence, compatible with GNU/GPL and approved by FSF and OSI.

This software is governed by the CeCILL license under French law and abiding by the rules of distribution of free software. You can use, modify and/ or redistribute the software under the terms of the CeCILL license as circulated by CEA, CNRS and INRIA at the following URL "".

As a counterpart to the access to the source code and rights to copy, modify and redistribute granted by the license, users are provided only with a limited warranty and the software’s author, the holder of the economic rights, and the successive licensors have only limited liability.

In this respect, the user’s attention is drawn to the risks associated with loading, using, modifying and/or developing or reproducing the software by the user in light of its specific status of free software, that may mean that it is complicated to manipulate, and that also therefore means that it is reserved for developers and experienced professionals having in-depth computer knowledge. Users are therefore encouraged to load and test the software’s suitability as regards their requirements in conditions enabling the security of their systems and/or data to be ensured and, more generally, to use and operate it in the same conditions as regards security.

The fact that you are presently reading this means that you have had knowledge of the CeCILL license and that you accept its terms.


See commits for full list of contributors.

  • Copyright BibLibre, 2016-2017 (see BibLibre)
  • Copyright Daniel Berthereau, 2017-2020 (see Daniel-KM)
  • Copyright Paul Sarrassat, 2018


Module for Omeka S that implements a Solr adapter for the Search module





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