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* Merging ptvsd into dev profile

* Documentation minor update and script cleanup

* Updating helm charts to remove mentioned of ptvsd

* Updating docker documentation

* Adding comments in code

* pep8 fixes

* Update docker-compose dev to get port from env

* Keeping debug profile, with same entrypoint as dev

* Documentation adjustments

* Setting variable in helmchart to enable debug

* Final docs changes

* Update helm/defectdojo/templates/django-deployment.yaml

Co-authored-by: Damien Carol <damien.carol@gmail.com>

* Update requirements.txt

Co-authored-by: Damien Carol <damien.carol@gmail.com>

* Bump chart version, and rename value

* Rebasing from dev

* pep8 fixes

* Rebasing

Co-authored-by: Damien Carol <damien.carol@gmail.com>
15 contributors

Users who have contributed to this file

@aaronweaver @ptrovatelli @valentijnscholten @StefanFl @sergray @mtesauro @madchap @krbalag @alles-klar @devGregA @wurstbrot @damiencarol

Running with Docker Compose

The docker-compose.yml file in this repository is fully functional to evaluate DefectDojo in your local environment.

Although Docker Compose is one of the supported installation methods to deploy a containerized DefectDojo in a production environment, the docker-compose.yml file is not intended for production use without first customizing it to your particular situation. Running in Production gives advice on which adjustments are useful for performance and operational reliability.

Prerequisites

  • Docker version
    • Installing with docker-compose requires at least docker 18.09.4 and docker-compose 1.24.0. See "Checking Docker versions" below for version errors during running docker-compose.
  • Proxies

Setup via Docker Compose - introduction

DefectDojo needs several docker images to run. Two of them depend on DefectDojo code:

  • django service - defectdojo/defectdojo-django image
  • nginx service - defectdojo/defectdojo-nginx image

The nginx image is build based on the django image.

Before running the application, it's advised to build local images to make sure that you'll be working on images consistent with your current code base. When running the application without building images, the application will run based on:

Setup via Docker Compose - building and running the application

Building images

To build images and put them in your local docker cache, run:

docker-compose build

To build a single image, run:

docker-compose build uwsgi

or

docker-compose build nginx

NOTE: It's possible to add extra fixtures in folder "/docker/extra_fixtures".

Run with Docker compose in release mode

To run the application based on previously built image (or based on dockerhub images if none was locally built), run:

docker/setEnv.sh release
docker-compose up

This will run the application based on docker-compose.yml only.

In this setup, you need to rebuild django and/or nginx images after each code change and restart the containers.

Run with Docker compose in development mode with hot-reloading

For development, use:

docker/setEnv.sh dev
docker-compose build
docker-compose up

This will run the application based on merged configurations from docker-compose.yml and docker-compose.override.dev.yml.

  • Volumes are mounted to synchronize between the host and the containers :

    • static resources (nginx container)
    • python code (uwsgi and celeryworker containers).
  • The --py-autoreload 1 parameter in entrypoint-uwsgi-dev.sh will make uwsgi handle python hot-reloading for the uwsgi container.

  • Hot-reloading for the celeryworker container is not yet implemented. When working on deduplication for example, restart the celeryworker container with:

docker-compose restart celeryworker
  • The mysql port is forwarded to the host so that you can access your database from outside the container.

To update changes in static resources, served by nginx, just refresh the browser with ctrl + F5.

Notes about volume permissions

If you run into permission issues with the mounted volumes, a way to fix this is changing USER 1001 in Dockerfile.django to match your user uid and then rebuild the images. Get your user id with

id -u

Run with Docker compose in development mode with debugpy (remote debug)

The debug mode, offers out of the box a debugging server listening on port 3000

# switch to debug configuration
docker/setEnv.sh debug
# then use docker-compose as usual
docker-compose up

This will run the application based on merged configurations from docker-compose.yml and docker-compose.override.debug.yml.

Alternatively (if using docker for windows for example), you can copy the override file over (and re-create the containers):

cp docker-compose.override.debug.yml docker-compose.override.yml
docker-compose down
docker-compose up

The default configuration assumes port 3000 by default for debug.

But you can pass additional environment variables:

  • DD_DEBUG_PORT to define a different port
  • DD_DEBUG_WAIT_FOR_CLIENT - That's if you want to debugger to wait, right before calling django.core.wsgi.get_wsgi_application()

VS code

Add the following python debug configuration (You would have to install the ms-python.python. Other setup may work.)

  {
      "name": "Remote DefectDojo",
      "type": "python",
      "request": "attach",
      "pathMappings": [
          {
              "localRoot": "${workspaceFolder}",
              "remoteRoot": "/app"
          }
      ],
      "port": 3000,
      "host": "localhost"
  }

You can now launch the remote debug from VS Code, place your breakpoints and step through the code.

At present, 2 caveats:

  • Static will not be present. You would have to docker cp them over from the nginx container
  • For some reason, the page loading may hang. You can stop the loading and reload, the page will ultimately appear.

Access the application

Navigate to http://localhost:8080 where you can log in with username admin. To find out the admin password, check the very beginning of the console output of the initializer container by running:

docker-compose logs initializer | grep "Admin password:"

Make sure you write down the first password generated as you'll need it when re-starting the application.

Option to change the password

  • If you dont have admin password use the below command to change the password.
  • After starting the container and open another tab in the same folder.
  • django-defectdojo_uwsgi_1 -- name obtained from running containers using zsh docker ps command
docker exec -it django-defectdojo_uwsgi_1 ./manage.py changepassword admin

Logging

For docker-compose release mode the log level is INFO. In the other modes the log level is DEBUG. Logging is configured in settings.dist.py and can be tuned using a local_settings.py, see template for local_settings.py. For example the deduplication logger can be set to DEBUG in a local_settings.py file:

LOGGING['loggers']['dojo.specific-loggers.deduplication']['level'] = 'DEBUG'

Or you can modify settings.dist.py directly, but this adds the risk of having conflicts when settings.dist.py gets updated upstream.

          'dojo.specific-loggers.deduplication': {
            'handlers': ['console'],
            'level': 'DEBUG',
            'propagate': False,
        }

Debug Toolbar

In the dojo/settings/template-local_settings.py you'll find instructions on how to enable the Django Debug Toolbar. This toolbar allows you to debug SQL queries, and shows some other interesting information.

Exploitation, versioning

Disable the database initialization

The initializer container can be disabled by exporting: export DD_INITIALIZE=false.

This will ensure that the database remains unchanged when re-running the application, keeping your previous settings and admin password.

Versioning

In order to use a specific version when building the images and running the containers, set the environment with

  • For the nginx image: NGINX_VERSION=x.y.z
  • For the django image: DJANGO_VERSION=x.y.z

Building will tag the images with "x.y.z", then you can run the application based on a specific tagged images.

  • Tagged images can be seen with:
$ docker images
REPOSITORY                     TAG                 IMAGE ID            CREATED             SIZE
defectdojo/defectdojo-nginx    1.0.0               bc9c5f7bb4e5        About an hour ago   191MB
  • This will show on which tagged images the containers are running:
$ docker ps
CONTAINER ID        IMAGE                                 COMMAND                  CREATED             STATUS              PORTS                                NAMES
aedc404d6dee        defectdojo/defectdojo-nginx:1.0.0     "/entrypoint-nginx.sh"   2 minutes ago       Up 2 minutes        80/tcp, 0.0.0.0:8080->8080/tcp       django-defectdojo_nginx_1

Clean up Docker Compose

Removes all containers

docker-compose down

Removes all containers, networks and the database volume

docker-compose down --volumes

Run with docker using https

use your own Credentials

To secure the application by https, follow those steps

  • Generate a private key without password
  • Generate a CSR (Certificate Signing Request)
  • Have the CSR signed by a certificate authority
  • Place the private key and the certificate under the nginx folder
  • copy your secrets into:
        server_name                 your.servername.com;
        ssl_certificate             /etc/nginx/ssl/nginx.crt
        ssl_certificate_key        /etc/nginx/ssl/nginx.key;

*set the GENERATE_TLS_CERTIFICATE != True in the docker-compose.override.https.yml

  • Protect your private key from other users:
chmod 400 nginx/*.key
  • Run defectDojo with:
rm -f docker-compose.override.yml
ln -s docker-compose.override.https.yml docker-compose.override.yml
docker-compose up

create Credentials on the fly

  • you can generate a Certificate on the fly (without valid domainname etc.)

  • Run defectDojo with:

rm -f docker-compose.override.yml
ln -s docker-compose.override.https.yml docker-compose.override.yml
docker-compose up

The default https port is 8443.

To change the port:

  • update nginx.conf
  • update docker-compose.override.https.yml or set DD_PORT in the environment)
  • restart the application

NB: some third party software may require to change the exposed port in Dockerfile.nginx as they use docker-compose declarations to discover which ports to map when publishing the application.

Run the tests with docker

The unit-tests are under dojo/unittests

The integration-tests are under tests

Running the unit-tests

This will run all unit-tests and leave the uwsgi container up:

docker/setEnv.sh unit_tests
docker-compose up

Enter the container to run more tests:

docker-compose exec uwsgi bash

Rerun all the tests:

python manage.py test dojo.unittests --keepdb

Run all the tests from a python file. Example:

python manage.py test dojo.unittests.test_dependency_check_parser --keepdb

Run a single test. Example:

python manage.py test dojo.unittests.test_dependency_check_parser.TestDependencyCheckParser.test_parse_without_file_has_no_findings --keepdb

Running the integration-tests

This will run all integration-tests and leave the containers up:

docker/setEnv.sh integration_tests
docker-compose up

NB: the first time you run it, initializing the database may be too long for the tests to succeed. In that case, you'll need to wait for the initializer container to end, then re-run docker-compose up

Check the logs with:

docker logs -f django-defectdojo_integration-tests_1

Checking Docker versions

Run the following to determine the versions for docker and docker-compose:

$ docker version
Client:
 Version:      17.09.0-ce
 API version:  1.32
 Go version:   go1.8.3
 Git commit:   afdb6d4
 Built:        Tue Sep 26 22:42:45 2017
 OS/Arch:      linux/amd64

Server:
 Version:      17.09.0-ce
 API version:  1.32 (minimum version 1.12)
 Go version:   go1.8.3
 Git commit:   afdb6d4
 Built:        Tue Sep 26 22:41:24 2017
 OS/Arch:      linux/amd64
 Experimental: false

$ docker-compose version
docker-compose version 1.18.0, build 8dd22a9
docker-py version: 2.6.1
CPython version: 2.7.13
OpenSSL version: OpenSSL 1.0.1t  3 May 2016

In this case, both docker (version 17.09.0-ce) and docker-compose (1.18.0) need to be updated.

Follow Dockers' documentation for your OS to get the latest version of Docker. For the docker command, most OSes have a built-in update mechanism like "apt upgrade".

Docker Compose isn't packaged like Docker and you'll need to manually update an existing install if using Linux. For Linux, either follow the instructions in the Docker Compose documentation or use the shell script below. The script below will update docker-compose to the latest version automatically. You will need to make the script executable and have sudo privileges to upgrade docker-compose:

#!/bin/bash

# Set location of docker-compose binary - shouldn't need to modify this
DESTINATION=/usr/local/bin/docker-compose

# Get latest docker-compose version
VERSION=$(curl --silent https://api.github.com/repos/docker/compose/releases/latest | jq .name -r)

# Output some info on what this is going to do
echo "Note: docker-compose version $VERSION will be downloaded from:"
echo "https://github.com/docker/compose/releases/download/${VERSION}/docker-compose-$(uname -s)-$(uname -m)"
echo "Enter sudo password to install docker-compose"

# Download and install latest docker compose
sudo curl -L https://github.com/docker/compose/releases/download/${VERSION}/docker-compose-$(uname -s)-$(uname -m) -o $DESTINATION
sudo chmod +x $DESTINATION

# Output new docker-compose version info
echo ""
docker-compose version

Running the script above will look like:

$ vi update-docker-compose
$ chmod u+x update-docker-compose
$ ./update-docker-compose
Note: docker-compose version 1.24.0 will be downloaded from:
https://github.com/docker/compose/releases/download/1.24.0/docker-compose-Linux-x86_64
Enter sudo password to install docker-compose
  % Total    % Received % Xferd  Average Speed   Time    Time     Time  Current
                                 Dload  Upload   Total   Spent    Left  Speed
100   617    0   617    0     0   1778      0 --:--:-- --:--:-- --:--:--  1778
100 15.4M  100 15.4M    0     0  2478k      0  0:00:06  0:00:06 --:--:-- 2910k

docker-compose version 1.24.0, build 0aa59064
docker-py version: 3.7.2
CPython version: 3.6.8
OpenSSL version: OpenSSL 1.1.0j  20 Nov 2018