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#
# correlation.R, 9 Jan 15
#
# Modified version of...
#
#Title: An example of the correlation of x and y for various distributions of (x,y) pairs
#Tags: Mathematics; Statistics; Correlation
#Author: Denis Boigelot
#Packets needed : mvtnorm (rmvnorm), RSVGTipsDevice (devSVGTips)
#How to use: output()
#
#This is an translated version in R of an Mathematica 6 code by Imagecreator.
#
# Example from:
# Evidence-based Software Engineering: based on the publicly available data
# Derek M. Jones
#
# TAG example
source("ESEUR_config.r")
library(mvtnorm)
# library(RSVGTipsDevice)
MyPlot <- function(xy, xlim = c(-4, 4), ylim = c(-4, 4), eps = 1e-15) {
title = round(cor(xy[,1], xy[,2]), 1)
if (sd(xy[,2]) < eps)
title = "" # corr. coeff. is undefined
plot(xy, main = title, xlab = "", ylab = "",
col = "darkblue", pch = 16, cex = 0.2,
xaxt = "n", yaxt = "n", bty = "n",
xlim = xlim, ylim = ylim)
}
MvNormal <- function(n = 1000, cor = 0.8) {
for (i in cor) {
sd = matrix(c(1, i, i, 1), ncol = 2)
x = rmvnorm(n, c(0, 0), sd)
MyPlot(x)
}
}
rotation <- function(t, X) return(X %*% matrix(c(cos(t), sin(t), -sin(t), cos(t)), ncol = 2))
RotNormal <- function(n = 1000, t = pi/2) {
sd = matrix(c(1, 1, 1, 1), ncol = 2)
x = rmvnorm(n, c(0, 0), sd)
for (i in t)
MyPlot(rotation(i, x))
}
Others <- function(n = 1000) {
x = runif(n, -1, 1)
y = 4 * (x^2 - 1/2)^2 + runif(n, -1, 1)/3
MyPlot(cbind(x,y), xlim = c(-1, 1), ylim = c(-1/3, 1+1/3))
y = runif(n, -1, 1)
xy = rotation(-pi/8, cbind(x,y))
lim = sqrt(2+sqrt(2)) / sqrt(2)
MyPlot(xy, xlim = c(-lim, lim), ylim = c(-lim, lim))
xy = rotation(-pi/8, xy)
MyPlot(xy, xlim = c(-sqrt(2), sqrt(2)), ylim = c(-sqrt(2), sqrt(2)))
y = 2*x^2 + runif(n, -1, 1)
MyPlot(cbind(x,y), xlim = c(-1, 1), ylim = c(-1, 3))
y = (x^2 + runif(n, 0, 1/2)) * sample(seq(-1, 1, 2), n, replace = TRUE)
MyPlot(cbind(x,y), xlim = c(-1.5, 1.5), ylim = c(-1.5, 1.5))
y = cos(x*pi) + rnorm(n, 0, 1/8)
x = sin(x*pi) + rnorm(n, 0, 1/8)
MyPlot(cbind(x,y), xlim = c(-1.5, 1.5), ylim = c(-1.5, 1.5))
xy1 = rmvnorm(n/4, c( 3, 3))
xy2 = rmvnorm(n/4, c(-3, 3))
xy3 = rmvnorm(n/4, c(-3, -3))
xy4 = rmvnorm(n/4, c( 3, -3))
MyPlot(rbind(xy1, xy2, xy3, xy4), xlim = c(-3-4, 3+4), ylim = c(-3-4, 3+4))
}
output <- function() {
# devSVGTips(width = 7, height = 3.2) # remove first and last line for no svg exporting
par(mfrow = c(3, 7), oma = c(0,0,0,0), mar=c(2,2,2,0))
MvNormal(800, c(1.0, 0.8, 0.4, 0.0, -0.4, -0.8, -1.0));
RotNormal(200, c(0, pi/12, pi/6, pi/4, pi/2-pi/6, pi/2-pi/12, pi/2));
Others(800)
# dev.off() # remove first and last line for no svg exporting
}
output()