README.md

Pact junit runner

Overview

Library provides ability to play contract tests against a provider service in JUnit fashionable way.

Supports:

  • Out-of-the-box convenient ways to load pacts

  • Easy way to change assertion strategy

  • org.junit.BeforeClass, org.junit.AfterClass and org.junit.ClassRule JUnit annotations, that will be run once - before/after whole contract test suite.

  • org.junit.Before, org.junit.After and org.junit.Rule JUnit annotations, that will be run before/after each test of an interaction.

  • au.com.dius.pact.provider.junit.State custom annotation - before each interaction that requires a state change, all methods annotated by @State with appropriate the state listed will be invoked. These methods must either take no parameters or a single Map parameter.

Example of HTTP test

    @RunWith(PactRunner.class) // Say JUnit to run tests with custom Runner
    @Provider("myAwesomeService") // Set up name of tested provider
    @PactFolder("pacts") // Point where to find pacts (See also section Pacts source in documentation)
    public class ContractTest {
        // NOTE: this is just an example of embedded service that listens to requests, you should start here real service
        @ClassRule //Rule will be applied once: before/after whole contract test suite
        public static final ClientDriverRule embeddedService = new ClientDriverRule(8332);

        @BeforeClass //Method will be run once: before whole contract test suite
        public static void setUpService() {
            //Run DB, create schema
            //Run service
            //...
        }

        @Before //Method will be run before each test of interaction
        public void before() {
            // Rest data
            // Mock dependent service responses
            // ...
            embeddedService.addExpectation(
                    onRequestTo("/data"), giveEmptyResponse()
            );
        }

        @State("default", "no-data") // Method will be run before testing interactions that require "default" or "no-data" state
        public void toDefaultState() {
            // Prepare service before interaction that require "default" state
            // ...
            System.out.println("Now service in default state");
        }
        
        @State("with-data") // Method will be run before testing interactions that require "with-data" state
        public void toStateWithData(Map data) {
            // Prepare service before interaction that require "with-data" state. The provider state data will be passed 
            // in the data parameter
            // ...
            System.out.println("Now service in state using data " + data);
        }

        @TestTarget // Annotation denotes Target that will be used for tests
        public final Target target = new HttpTarget(8332); // Out-of-the-box implementation of Target (for more information take a look at Test Target section)
    }

Example of AMQP Message test

    @RunWith(PactRunner.class) // Say JUnit to run tests with custom Runner
    @Provider("myAwesomeService") // Set up name of tested provider
    @PactBroker(host="pactbroker", port = "80") 
    public class ConfirmationKafkaContractTest {

        @TestTarget // Annotation denotes Target that will be used for tests
        public final Target target = new AmqpTarget(); // Out-of-the-box implementation of Target (for more information take a look at Test Target section)

        @BeforeClass //Method will be run once: before whole contract test suite
        public static void setUpService() {
            //Run DB, create schema
            //Run service
            //...
        }

        @Before //Method will be run before each test of interaction
        public void before() {
            // Message data preparation
            // ...
        }

        @PactVerifyProvider('an order confirmation message')
        String verifyMessageForOrder() {
            Order order = new Order()
            order.setId(10000004)
            order.setPrice(BigDecimal.TEN)
            order.setUnits(15)

            def message = new ConfirmationKafkaMessageBuilder()
              .withOrder(order)
              .build()

            JsonOutput.toJson(message)
        }

    }

Pact source

The Pact runner will automatically collect pacts based on annotations on the test class. For this purpose there are 3 out-of-the-box options (files from a directory, files from a set of URLs or a pact broker) or you can easily add your own Pact source.

Note: You can only define one source of pacts per test class.

Download pacts from a pact-broker

To use pacts from a Pact Broker, annotate the test class with @PactBroker(host="host.of.pact.broker.com", port = "80").

From version 3.2.2/2.4.3+ you can also specify the protocol, which defaults to "http".

The pact broker will be queried for all pacts with the same name as the provider annotation.

For example, test all pacts for the "Activity Service" in the pact broker:

@RunWith(PactRunner.class)
@Provider("Activity Service")
@PactBroker(host = "localhost", port = "80")
public class PactJUnitTest {

  @TestTarget
  public final Target target = new HttpTarget(5050);

}

Version 3.2.3/2.4.4+ - Using Java System properties

The pact broker loader was updated to allow system properties to be used for the hostname, port or protocol. The port was changed to a string to allow expressions to be set.

To use a system property or environment variable, you can place the property name in ${} expression de-markers:

@PactBroker(host="${pactbroker.hostname}", port = "80")

You can provide a default value by separating the property name with a colon (:):

@PactBroker(host="${pactbroker.hostname:localhost}", port = "80")

Version 3.5.3+ - More Java System properties

The default values of the @PactBroker annotation now enable variable interpolation. The following keys may be managed through the environment

  • pactbroker.host
  • pactbroker.port
  • pactbroker.protocol
  • pactbroker.tags (comma separated)
  • pactbroker.auth.scheme
  • pactbroker.auth.username
  • pactbroker.auth.password

Version 3.2.4/2.4.6+ - Using tags with the pact broker

The pact broker allows different versions to be tagged. To load all the pacts:

@PactBroker(host="pactbroker", port = "80", tags = {"latest", "dev", "prod"})

The default value for tags is latest which is not actually a tag but instead corresponds to the latest version ignoring the tags. If there are multiple consumers matching the name specified in the provider annotation then the latest pact for each of the consumers is loaded.

For any other value the latest pact tagged with the specified tag is loaded.

Specifying multiple tags is an OR operation. For example if you specify tags = {"dev", "prod"} then both the latest pact file tagged with dev and the latest pact file taggged with prod is loaded.

Version 3.3.4/2.4.19+ - Using basic auth with the with the pact broker

You can use basic authentication with the @PactBroker annotation by setting the authentication value to a @PactBrokerAuth annotation. For example:

@PactBroker(host = "${pactbroker.url:localhost}", port = "1234", tags = {"latest", "prod", "dev"},
  authentication = @PactBrokerAuth(username = "test", password = "test"))

The username and password values also take Java system property expressions.

Pact Url

To use pacts from urls annotate the test class with

@PactUrl(urls = {"http://build.server/zoo_app-animal_service.json"} )

Pact folder

To use pacts from a resource folder of the project annotate test class with

@PactFolder("subfolder/in/resource/directory")

Custom pacts source

It's possible to use a custom Pact source. For this, implement interface au.com.dius.pact.provider.junit.loader.PactLoader and annotate the test class with @PactSource(MyOwnPactLoader.class). Note: class MyOwnPactLoader must have a default empty constructor or a constructor with one argument of class Class which at runtime will be the test class so you can get custom annotations of test class.

Filtering the interactions that are verified [version 3.5.3+]

By default, the pact runner will verify all pacts for the given provider. You can filter the pacts and interactions by the following methods.

Filtering by Consumer

You can run only those pacts for a particular consumer by adding a @Consumer annotation to the test class.

For example:

@RunWith(PactRunner.class)
@Provider("Activity Service")
@Consumer("Activity Consumer")
@PactBroker(host = "localhost", port = "80")
public class PactJUnitTest {

  @TestTarget
  public final Target target = new HttpTarget(5050);

}

Filtering by Provider State

You can filter the interactions that are executed by adding a @PactFilter annotation to your test class. The pact filter annotation will then only verify interactions that have a matching provider state. You can provide multiple states to match with.

For example:

@RunWith(PactRunner.class)
@Provider("Activity Service")
@PactBroker(host = "localhost", port = "80")
@PactFilter('Activity 100 exists in the database')
public class PactJUnitTest {

  @TestTarget
  public final Target target = new HttpTarget(5050);

}

You can also use regular expressions with the filter [version 3.5.3+]. For example:

@RunWith(PactRunner.class)
@PactFilter('Activity \\d+ exists in the database')
public class PactJUnitTest {

}

Setting the test to not fail when no pacts are found [version 3.5.3+]

By default the pact runner will fail the verification test if no pact files are found to verify. To change the failure into a warning, add a @IgnoreNoPactsToVerify annotation to your test class.

Test target

The field in test class of type au.com.dius.pact.provider.junit.target.Target annotated with au.com.dius.pact.provider.junit.target.TestTarget will be used for actual Interaction execution and asserting of contract.

Note: there must be exactly 1 such field, otherwise an InitializationException will be thrown.

HttpTarget

au.com.dius.pact.provider.junit.target.HttpTarget - out-of-the-box implementation of au.com.dius.pact.provider.junit.target.Target that will play pacts as http request and assert response from service by matching rules from pact.

Version 3.2.2/2.4.3+ you can also specify the protocol, defaults to "http".

AmqpTarget

au.com.dius.pact.provider.junit.target.AmqpTarget - out-of-the-box implementation of au.com.dius.pact.provider.junit.target.Target that will play pacts as an AMQP message and assert response from service by matching rules from pact.

Modifying the requests before they are sent [Version 3.2.3/2.4.5+]

Sometimes you may need to add things to the requests that can't be persisted in a pact file. Examples of these would be authentication tokens, which have a small life span. The HttpTarget supports request filters by annotating methods on the test class with @TargetRequestFilter. These methods must be public void methods that take a single HttpRequest parameter.

For example:

    @TargetRequestFilter
    public void exampleRequestFilter(HttpRequest request) {
      request.addHeader("Authorization", "OAUTH hdsagasjhgdjashgdah...");
    }

Important Note: You should only use this feature for things that can not be persisted in the pact file. By modifying the request, you are potentially modifying the contract from the consumer tests!

Turning off URL decoding of the paths in the pact file [version 3.3.3+]

By default the paths loaded from the pact file will be decoded before the request is sent to the provider. To turn this behaviour off, set the system property pact.verifier.disableUrlPathDecoding to true.

Important Note: If you turn off the url path decoding, you need to ensure that the paths in the pact files are correctly encoded. The verifier will not be able to make a request with an invalid encoded path.

Custom Test Target

It's possible to use custom Target, for that interface Target should be implemented and this class can be used instead of HttpTarget.

Verification Reports [versions 3.2.7/2.4.9+]

The default test behaviour is to display the verification being done to the console, and pass or fail the test via the normal JUnit mechanism. From versions 3.2.7/2.4.9+, additional reports can be generated from the tests.

Enabling additional reports via annotations on the test classes

A @VerificationReports annotation can be added to any pact test class which will control the verification output. The annotation takes a list report types and an optional report directory (defaults to "target/pact/reports"). The currently supported report types are console, markdown and json.

For example:

@VerificationReports({"console", "markdown"})
public class MyPactTest {

will enable the markdown report in addition to the normal console output. And,

@VerificationReports(value = {"markdown"}, reportDir = "/myreports")
public class MyPactTest {

will disable the normal console output and write the markdown reports to "/myreports".

Enabling additional reports via Java system properties or environment variables

The additional reports can also be enabled with Java System properties or environment variables. The following two properties have been introduced: pact.verification.reports and pact.verification.reportDir.

pact.verification.reports is the comma separated list of report types to enable (e.g. console,json,markdown). pact.verification.reportDir is the directory to write reports to (defaults to "target/pact/reports").

Additional Reports

The following report types are available in addition to console output (console, which is enabled by default): markdown, json.

You can also provide a fully qualified classname as report so custom reports are also supported. This class must implement au.com.dius.pact.provider.reporters.VerifierReporter interface in order to be correct custom implementation of a report.

Publishing verification results to a Pact Broker [version 3.5.4+]

For pacts that are loaded from a Pact Broker, the results of running the verification can be published back to the broker against the URL for the pact. You will be able to see the result on the Pact Broker home screen. You need to set the version of the provider that is verified using the pact.provider.version system property.

To enable publishing of results, set the property pact.verifier.publishResults to true [version 3.5.18+].