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// Copyright (c) 2009-2010 Satoshi Nakamoto
// Copyright (c) 2009-2012 The Bitcoin developers
// Distributed under the MIT/X11 software license, see the accompanying
// file COPYING or http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php.

#include "txdb.h"
#include "walletdb.h"
#include "bitcoinrpc.h"
#include "net.h"
#include "init.h"
#include "util.h"
#include "ui_interface.h"

#include <boost/filesystem.hpp>
#include <boost/filesystem/fstream.hpp>
#include <boost/filesystem/convenience.hpp>
#include <boost/interprocess/sync/file_lock.hpp>
#include <boost/algorithm/string/predicate.hpp>
#include <openssl/crypto.h>

#ifndef WIN32
#include <signal.h>
#endif

using namespace std;
using namespace boost;

CWallet* pwalletMain;
CClientUIInterface uiInterface;

// Used to pass flags to the Bind() function
enum BindFlags {
    BF_NONE = 0,
    BF_EXPLICIT = (1U << 0),
    BF_REPORT_ERROR = (1U << 1)
};

//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//
// Shutdown
//

void ExitTimeout(void* parg)
{
#ifdef WIN32
    Sleep(5000);
    ExitProcess(0);
#endif
}

void StartShutdown()
{
#ifdef QT_GUI
    // ensure we leave the Qt main loop for a clean GUI exit (Shutdown() is called in bitcoin.cpp afterwards)
    uiInterface.QueueShutdown();
#else
    // Without UI, Shutdown() can simply be started in a new thread
    NewThread(Shutdown, NULL);
#endif
}

static CCoinsViewDB *pcoinsdbview;

void Shutdown(void* parg)
{
    static CCriticalSection cs_Shutdown;
    static bool fTaken;

    // Make this thread recognisable as the shutdown thread
    RenameThread("bitcoin-shutoff");

    bool fFirstThread = false;
    {
        TRY_LOCK(cs_Shutdown, lockShutdown);
        if (lockShutdown)
        {
            fFirstThread = !fTaken;
            fTaken = true;
        }
    }
    static bool fExit;
    if (fFirstThread)
    {
        fShutdown = true;
        nTransactionsUpdated++;
        bitdb.Flush(false);
        StopNode();
        {
            LOCK(cs_main);
            if (pblocktree)
                pblocktree->Flush();
            if (pcoinsTip)
                pcoinsTip->Flush();
            delete pcoinsTip;
            delete pcoinsdbview;
            delete pblocktree;
        }
        bitdb.Flush(true);
        boost::filesystem::remove(GetPidFile());
        UnregisterWallet(pwalletMain);
        delete pwalletMain;
        NewThread(ExitTimeout, NULL);
        Sleep(50);
        printf("Bitcoin exited\n\n");
        fExit = true;
#ifndef QT_GUI
        // ensure non-UI client gets exited here, but let Bitcoin-Qt reach 'return 0;' in bitcoin.cpp
        exit(0);
#endif
    }
    else
    {
        while (!fExit)
            Sleep(500);
        Sleep(100);
        ExitThread(0);
    }
}

void HandleSIGTERM(int)
{
    fRequestShutdown = true;
}

void HandleSIGHUP(int)
{
    fReopenDebugLog = true;
}





//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//
// Start
//
#if !defined(QT_GUI)
bool AppInit(int argc, char* argv[])
{
    bool fRet = false;
    try
    {
        //
        // Parameters
        //
        // If Qt is used, parameters/bitcoin.conf are parsed in qt/bitcoin.cpp's main()
        ParseParameters(argc, argv);
        if (!boost::filesystem::is_directory(GetDataDir(false)))
        {
            fprintf(stderr, "Error: Specified directory does not exist\n");
            Shutdown(NULL);
        }
        ReadConfigFile(mapArgs, mapMultiArgs);

        if (mapArgs.count("-?") || mapArgs.count("--help"))
        {
            // First part of help message is specific to bitcoind / RPC client
            std::string strUsage = _("Bitcoin version") + " " + FormatFullVersion() + "\n\n" +
                _("Usage:") + "\n" +
                  " bitcoind [options] " + "\n" +
                  " bitcoind [options] <command> [params] " + _("Send command to -server or bitcoind") + "\n" +
                  " bitcoind [options] help " + _("List commands") + "\n" +
                  " bitcoind [options] help <command> " + _("Get help for a command") + "\n";

            strUsage += "\n" + HelpMessage();

            fprintf(stdout, "%s", strUsage.c_str());
            return false;
        }

        // Command-line RPC
        for (int i = 1; i < argc; i++)
            if (!IsSwitchChar(argv[i][0]) && !boost::algorithm::istarts_with(argv[i], "bitcoin:"))
                fCommandLine = true;

        if (fCommandLine)
        {
            int ret = CommandLineRPC(argc, argv);
            exit(ret);
        }

        fRet = AppInit2();
    }
    catch (std::exception& e) {
        PrintException(&e, "AppInit()");
    } catch (...) {
        PrintException(NULL, "AppInit()");
    }
    if (!fRet)
        Shutdown(NULL);
    return fRet;
}

extern void noui_connect();
int main(int argc, char* argv[])
{
    bool fRet = false;

    // Connect bitcoind signal handlers
    noui_connect();

    fRet = AppInit(argc, argv);

    if (fRet && fDaemon)
        return 0;

    return 1;
}
#endif

bool static InitError(const std::string &str)
{
    uiInterface.ThreadSafeMessageBox(str, "", CClientUIInterface::MSG_ERROR);
    return false;
}

bool static InitWarning(const std::string &str)
{
    uiInterface.ThreadSafeMessageBox(str, "", CClientUIInterface::MSG_WARNING);
    return true;
}

bool static Bind(const CService &addr, unsigned int flags) {
    if (!(flags & BF_EXPLICIT) && IsLimited(addr))
        return false;
    std::string strError;
    if (!BindListenPort(addr, strError)) {
        if (flags & BF_REPORT_ERROR)
            return InitError(strError);
        return false;
    }
    return true;
}

// Core-specific options shared between UI and daemon
std::string HelpMessage()
{
    string strUsage = _("Options:") + "\n" +
        " -? " + _("This help message") + "\n" +
        " -conf=<file> " + _("Specify configuration file (default: bitcoin.conf)") + "\n" +
        " -pid=<file> " + _("Specify pid file (default: bitcoind.pid)") + "\n" +
        " -gen " + _("Generate coins") + "\n" +
        " -gen=0 " + _("Don't generate coins") + "\n" +
        " -datadir=<dir> " + _("Specify data directory") + "\n" +
        " -dbcache=<n> " + _("Set database cache size in megabytes (default: 25)") + "\n" +
        " -timeout=<n> " + _("Specify connection timeout in milliseconds (default: 5000)") + "\n" +
        " -proxy=<ip:port> " + _("Connect through socks proxy") + "\n" +
        " -socks=<n> " + _("Select the version of socks proxy to use (4-5, default: 5)") + "\n" +
        " -tor=<ip:port> " + _("Use proxy to reach tor hidden services (default: same as -proxy)") + "\n"
        " -dns " + _("Allow DNS lookups for -addnode, -seednode and -connect") + "\n" +
        " -port=<port> " + _("Listen for connections on <port> (default: 8333 or testnet: 18333)") + "\n" +
        " -maxconnections=<n> " + _("Maintain at most <n> connections to peers (default: 125)") + "\n" +
        " -addnode=<ip> " + _("Add a node to connect to and attempt to keep the connection open") + "\n" +
        " -connect=<ip> " + _("Connect only to the specified node(s)") + "\n" +
        " -seednode=<ip> " + _("Connect to a node to retrieve peer addresses, and disconnect") + "\n" +
        " -externalip=<ip> " + _("Specify your own public address") + "\n" +
        " -onlynet=<net> " + _("Only connect to nodes in network <net> (IPv4, IPv6 or Tor)") + "\n" +
        " -discover " + _("Discover own IP address (default: 1 when listening and no -externalip)") + "\n" +
        " -irc " + _("Find peers using internet relay chat (default: 0)") + "\n" +
        " -listen " + _("Accept connections from outside (default: 1 if no -proxy or -connect)") + "\n" +
        " -bind=<addr> " + _("Bind to given address and always listen on it. Use [host]:port notation for IPv6") + "\n" +
        " -dnsseed " + _("Find peers using DNS lookup (default: 1 unless -connect)") + "\n" +
        " -banscore=<n> " + _("Threshold for disconnecting misbehaving peers (default: 100)") + "\n" +
        " -bantime=<n> " + _("Number of seconds to keep misbehaving peers from reconnecting (default: 86400)") + "\n" +
        " -maxreceivebuffer=<n> " + _("Maximum per-connection receive buffer, <n>*1000 bytes (default: 5000)") + "\n" +
        " -maxsendbuffer=<n> " + _("Maximum per-connection send buffer, <n>*1000 bytes (default: 1000)") + "\n" +
#ifdef USE_UPNP
#if USE_UPNP
        " -upnp " + _("Use UPnP to map the listening port (default: 1 when listening)") + "\n" +
#else
        " -upnp " + _("Use UPnP to map the listening port (default: 0)") + "\n" +
#endif
#endif
        " -paytxfee=<amt> " + _("Fee per KB to add to transactions you send") + "\n" +
#ifdef QT_GUI
        " -server " + _("Accept command line and JSON-RPC commands") + "\n" +
#endif
#if !defined(WIN32) && !defined(QT_GUI)
        " -daemon " + _("Run in the background as a daemon and accept commands") + "\n" +
#endif
        " -testnet " + _("Use the test network") + "\n" +
        " -debug " + _("Output extra debugging information. Implies all other -debug* options") + "\n" +
        " -debugnet " + _("Output extra network debugging information") + "\n" +
        " -logtimestamps " + _("Prepend debug output with timestamp") + "\n" +
        " -shrinkdebugfile " + _("Shrink debug.log file on client startup (default: 1 when no -debug)") + "\n" +
        " -printtoconsole " + _("Send trace/debug info to console instead of debug.log file") + "\n" +
#ifdef WIN32
        " -printtodebugger " + _("Send trace/debug info to debugger") + "\n" +
#endif
        " -rpcuser=<user> " + _("Username for JSON-RPC connections") + "\n" +
        " -rpcpassword=<pw> " + _("Password for JSON-RPC connections") + "\n" +
        " -rpcport=<port> " + _("Listen for JSON-RPC connections on <port> (default: 8332 or testnet: 18332)") + "\n" +
        " -rpcallowip=<ip> " + _("Allow JSON-RPC connections from specified IP address") + "\n" +
        " -rpcconnect=<ip> " + _("Send commands to node running on <ip> (default: 127.0.0.1)") + "\n" +
        " -blocknotify=<cmd> " + _("Execute command when the best block changes (%s in cmd is replaced by block hash)") + "\n" +
        " -upgradewallet " + _("Upgrade wallet to latest format") + "\n" +
        " -keypool=<n> " + _("Set key pool size to <n> (default: 100)") + "\n" +
        " -rescan " + _("Rescan the block chain for missing wallet transactions") + "\n" +
        " -salvagewallet " + _("Attempt to recover private keys from a corrupt wallet.dat") + "\n" +
        " -checkblocks=<n> " + _("How many blocks to check at startup (default: 2500, 0 = all)") + "\n" +
        " -checklevel=<n> " + _("How thorough the block verification is (0-6, default: 1)") + "\n" +
        " -loadblock=<file> " + _("Imports blocks from external blk000?.dat file") + "\n" +
        " -reindex " + _("Rebuild blockchain index from current blk000??.dat files") + "\n" +

        "\n" + _("Block creation options:") + "\n" +
        " -blockminsize=<n> " + _("Set minimum block size in bytes (default: 0)") + "\n" +
        " -blockmaxsize=<n> " + _("Set maximum block size in bytes (default: 250000)") + "\n" +
        " -blockprioritysize=<n> " + _("Set maximum size of high-priority/low-fee transactions in bytes (default: 27000)") + "\n" +

        "\n" + _("SSL options: (see the Bitcoin Wiki for SSL setup instructions)") + "\n" +
        " -rpcssl " + _("Use OpenSSL (https) for JSON-RPC connections") + "\n" +
        " -rpcsslcertificatechainfile=<file.cert> " + _("Server certificate file (default: server.cert)") + "\n" +
        " -rpcsslprivatekeyfile=<file.pem> " + _("Server private key (default: server.pem)") + "\n" +
        " -rpcsslciphers=<ciphers> " + _("Acceptable ciphers (default: TLSv1+HIGH:!SSLv2:!aNULL:!eNULL:!AH:!3DES:@STRENGTH)") + "\n";

    return strUsage;
}

struct CImportingNow
{
    CImportingNow() {
        assert(fImporting == false);
        fImporting = true;
    }

    ~CImportingNow() {
        assert(fImporting == true);
        fImporting = false;
    }
};

struct CImportData {
    std::vector<boost::filesystem::path> vFiles;
};

void ThreadImport(void *data) {
    CImportData *import = reinterpret_cast<CImportData*>(data);

    RenameThread("bitcoin-loadblk");

    vnThreadsRunning[THREAD_IMPORT]++;

    // -reindex
    if (fReindex) {
        CImportingNow imp;
        int nFile = 0;
        while (!fShutdown) {
            CDiskBlockPos pos;
            pos.nFile = nFile;
            pos.nPos = 0;
            FILE *file = OpenBlockFile(pos, true);
            if (!file)
                break;
            printf("Reindexing block file blk%05u.dat...\n", (unsigned int)nFile);
            LoadExternalBlockFile(file, &pos);
            nFile++;
        }
        if (!fShutdown) {
            pblocktree->WriteReindexing(false);
            fReindex = false;
            printf("Reindexing finished\n");
        }
    }

    // hardcoded $DATADIR/bootstrap.dat
    filesystem::path pathBootstrap = GetDataDir() / "bootstrap.dat";
    if (filesystem::exists(pathBootstrap) && !fShutdown) {
        FILE *file = fopen(pathBootstrap.string().c_str(), "rb");
        if (file) {
            CImportingNow imp;
            filesystem::path pathBootstrapOld = GetDataDir() / "bootstrap.dat.old";
            printf("Importing bootstrap.dat...\n");
            LoadExternalBlockFile(file);
            RenameOver(pathBootstrap, pathBootstrapOld);
        }
    }

    // -loadblock=
    BOOST_FOREACH(boost::filesystem::path &path, import->vFiles) {
        if (fShutdown)
            break;
        FILE *file = fopen(path.string().c_str(), "rb");
        if (file) {
            CImportingNow imp;
            printf("Importing %s...\n", path.string().c_str());
            LoadExternalBlockFile(file);
        }
    }

    delete import;

    vnThreadsRunning[THREAD_IMPORT]--;
}

/** Initialize bitcoin.
* @pre Parameters should be parsed and config file should be read.
*/
bool AppInit2()
{
    // ********************************************************* Step 1: setup
#ifdef _MSC_VER
    // Turn off Microsoft heap dump noise
    _CrtSetReportMode(_CRT_WARN, _CRTDBG_MODE_FILE);
    _CrtSetReportFile(_CRT_WARN, CreateFileA("NUL", GENERIC_WRITE, 0, NULL, OPEN_EXISTING, 0, 0));
#endif
#if _MSC_VER >= 1400
    // Disable confusing "helpful" text message on abort, Ctrl-C
    _set_abort_behavior(0, _WRITE_ABORT_MSG | _CALL_REPORTFAULT);
#endif
#ifdef WIN32
    // Enable Data Execution Prevention (DEP)
    // Minimum supported OS versions: WinXP SP3, WinVista >= SP1, Win Server 2008
    // A failure is non-critical and needs no further attention!
#ifndef PROCESS_DEP_ENABLE
// We define this here, because GCCs winbase.h limits this to _WIN32_WINNT >= 0x0601 (Windows 7),
// which is not correct. Can be removed, when GCCs winbase.h is fixed!
#define PROCESS_DEP_ENABLE 0x00000001
#endif
    typedef BOOL (WINAPI *PSETPROCDEPPOL)(DWORD);
    PSETPROCDEPPOL setProcDEPPol = (PSETPROCDEPPOL)GetProcAddress(GetModuleHandleA("Kernel32.dll"), "SetProcessDEPPolicy");
    if (setProcDEPPol != NULL) setProcDEPPol(PROCESS_DEP_ENABLE);
#endif
#ifndef WIN32
    umask(077);

    // Clean shutdown on SIGTERM
    struct sigaction sa;
    sa.sa_handler = HandleSIGTERM;
    sigemptyset(&sa.sa_mask);
    sa.sa_flags = 0;
    sigaction(SIGTERM, &sa, NULL);
    sigaction(SIGINT, &sa, NULL);

    // Reopen debug.log on SIGHUP
    struct sigaction sa_hup;
    sa_hup.sa_handler = HandleSIGHUP;
    sigemptyset(&sa_hup.sa_mask);
    sa_hup.sa_flags = 0;
    sigaction(SIGHUP, &sa_hup, NULL);
#endif

    // ********************************************************* Step 2: parameter interactions

    fTestNet = GetBoolArg("-testnet");
    if (fTestNet) {
        SoftSetBoolArg("-irc", true);
    }

    if (mapArgs.count("-bind")) {
        // when specifying an explicit binding address, you want to listen on it
        // even when -connect or -proxy is specified
        SoftSetBoolArg("-listen", true);
    }

    if (mapArgs.count("-connect") && mapMultiArgs["-connect"].size() > 0) {
        // when only connecting to trusted nodes, do not seed via DNS, or listen by default
        SoftSetBoolArg("-dnsseed", false);
        SoftSetBoolArg("-listen", false);
    }

    if (mapArgs.count("-proxy")) {
        // to protect privacy, do not listen by default if a proxy server is specified
        SoftSetBoolArg("-listen", false);
    }

    if (!GetBoolArg("-listen", true)) {
        // do not map ports or try to retrieve public IP when not listening (pointless)
        SoftSetBoolArg("-upnp", false);
        SoftSetBoolArg("-discover", false);
    }

    if (mapArgs.count("-externalip")) {
        // if an explicit public IP is specified, do not try to find others
        SoftSetBoolArg("-discover", false);
    }

    if (GetBoolArg("-salvagewallet")) {
        // Rewrite just private keys: rescan to find transactions
        SoftSetBoolArg("-rescan", true);
    }

    // ********************************************************* Step 3: parameter-to-internal-flags

    fDebug = GetBoolArg("-debug");

    // -debug implies fDebug*
    if (fDebug)
        fDebugNet = true;
    else
        fDebugNet = GetBoolArg("-debugnet");

#if !defined(WIN32) && !defined(QT_GUI)
    fDaemon = GetBoolArg("-daemon");
#else
    fDaemon = false;
#endif

    if (fDaemon)
        fServer = true;
    else
        fServer = GetBoolArg("-server");

    /* force fServer when running without GUI */
#if !defined(QT_GUI)
    fServer = true;
#endif
    fPrintToConsole = GetBoolArg("-printtoconsole");
    fPrintToDebugger = GetBoolArg("-printtodebugger");
    fLogTimestamps = GetBoolArg("-logtimestamps");

    if (mapArgs.count("-timeout"))
    {
        int nNewTimeout = GetArg("-timeout", 5000);
        if (nNewTimeout > 0 && nNewTimeout < 600000)
            nConnectTimeout = nNewTimeout;
    }

    // Continue to put "/P2SH/" in the coinbase to monitor
    // BIP16 support.
    // This can be removed eventually...
    const char* pszP2SH = "/P2SH/";
    COINBASE_FLAGS << std::vector<unsigned char>(pszP2SH, pszP2SH+strlen(pszP2SH));


    if (mapArgs.count("-paytxfee"))
    {
        if (!ParseMoney(mapArgs["-paytxfee"], nTransactionFee))
            return InitError(strprintf(_("Invalid amount for -paytxfee=<amount>: '%s'"), mapArgs["-paytxfee"].c_str()));
        if (nTransactionFee > 0.25 * COIN)
            InitWarning(_("Warning: -paytxfee is set very high! This is the transaction fee you will pay if you send a transaction."));
    }

    // ********************************************************* Step 4: application initialization: dir lock, daemonize, pidfile, debug log

    std::string strDataDir = GetDataDir().string();

    // Make sure only a single Bitcoin process is using the data directory.
    boost::filesystem::path pathLockFile = GetDataDir() / ".lock";
    FILE* file = fopen(pathLockFile.string().c_str(), "a"); // empty lock file; created if it doesn't exist.
    if (file) fclose(file);
    static boost::interprocess::file_lock lock(pathLockFile.string().c_str());
    if (!lock.try_lock())
        return InitError(strprintf(_("Cannot obtain a lock on data directory %s. Bitcoin is probably already running."), strDataDir.c_str()));

#if !defined(WIN32) && !defined(QT_GUI)
    if (fDaemon)
    {
        // Daemonize
        pid_t pid = fork();
        if (pid < 0)
        {
            fprintf(stderr, "Error: fork() returned %d errno %d\n", pid, errno);
            return false;
        }
        if (pid > 0)
        {
            CreatePidFile(GetPidFile(), pid);
            return true;
        }

        pid_t sid = setsid();
        if (sid < 0)
            fprintf(stderr, "Error: setsid() returned %d errno %d\n", sid, errno);
    }
#endif

    if (GetBoolArg("-shrinkdebugfile", !fDebug))
        ShrinkDebugFile();
    printf("\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n");
    printf("Bitcoin version %s (%s)\n", FormatFullVersion().c_str(), CLIENT_DATE.c_str());
    printf("Using OpenSSL version %s\n", SSLeay_version(SSLEAY_VERSION));
    if (!fLogTimestamps)
        printf("Startup time: %s\n", DateTimeStrFormat("%x %H:%M:%S", GetTime()).c_str());
    printf("Default data directory %s\n", GetDefaultDataDir().string().c_str());
    printf("Used data directory %s\n", strDataDir.c_str());
    std::ostringstream strErrors;

    if (fDaemon)
        fprintf(stdout, "Bitcoin server starting\n");

    int64 nStart;

    // ********************************************************* Step 5: verify database integrity

    uiInterface.InitMessage(_("Verifying database integrity..."));

    if (!bitdb.Open(GetDataDir()))
    {
        string msg = strprintf(_("Error initializing database environment %s!"
                                 " To recover, BACKUP THAT DIRECTORY, then remove"
                                 " everything from it except for wallet.dat."), strDataDir.c_str());
        return InitError(msg);
    }

    if (GetBoolArg("-salvagewallet"))
    {
        // Recover readable keypairs:
        if (!CWalletDB::Recover(bitdb, "wallet.dat", true))
            return false;
    }

    if (filesystem::exists(GetDataDir() / "wallet.dat"))
    {
        CDBEnv::VerifyResult r = bitdb.Verify("wallet.dat", CWalletDB::Recover);
        if (r == CDBEnv::RECOVER_OK)
        {
            string msg = strprintf(_("Warning: wallet.dat corrupt, data salvaged!"
                                     " Original wallet.dat saved as wallet.{timestamp}.bak in %s; if"
                                     " your balance or transactions are incorrect you should"
                                     " restore from a backup."), strDataDir.c_str());
            InitWarning(msg);
        }
        if (r == CDBEnv::RECOVER_FAIL)
            return InitError(_("wallet.dat corrupt, salvage failed"));
    }

    // ********************************************************* Step 6: network initialization

    int nSocksVersion = GetArg("-socks", 5);

    if (nSocksVersion != 4 && nSocksVersion != 5)
        return InitError(strprintf(_("Unknown -socks proxy version requested: %i"), nSocksVersion));

    if (mapArgs.count("-onlynet")) {
        std::set<enum Network> nets;
        BOOST_FOREACH(std::string snet, mapMultiArgs["-onlynet"]) {
            enum Network net = ParseNetwork(snet);
            if (net == NET_UNROUTABLE)
                return InitError(strprintf(_("Unknown network specified in -onlynet: '%s'"), snet.c_str()));
            nets.insert(net);
        }
        for (int n = 0; n < NET_MAX; n++) {
            enum Network net = (enum Network)n;
            if (!nets.count(net))
                SetLimited(net);
        }
    }
#if defined(USE_IPV6)
#if ! USE_IPV6
    else
        SetLimited(NET_IPV6);
#endif
#endif

    CService addrProxy;
    bool fProxy = false;
    if (mapArgs.count("-proxy")) {
        addrProxy = CService(mapArgs["-proxy"], 9050);
        if (!addrProxy.IsValid())
            return InitError(strprintf(_("Invalid -proxy address: '%s'"), mapArgs["-proxy"].c_str()));

        if (!IsLimited(NET_IPV4))
            SetProxy(NET_IPV4, addrProxy, nSocksVersion);
        if (nSocksVersion > 4) {
#ifdef USE_IPV6
            if (!IsLimited(NET_IPV6))
                SetProxy(NET_IPV6, addrProxy, nSocksVersion);
#endif
            SetNameProxy(addrProxy, nSocksVersion);
        }
        fProxy = true;
    }

    // -tor can override normal proxy, -notor disables tor entirely
    if (!(mapArgs.count("-tor") && mapArgs["-tor"] == "0") && (fProxy || mapArgs.count("-tor"))) {
        CService addrOnion;
        if (!mapArgs.count("-tor"))
            addrOnion = addrProxy;
        else
            addrOnion = CService(mapArgs["-tor"], 9050);
        if (!addrOnion.IsValid())
            return InitError(strprintf(_("Invalid -tor address: '%s'"), mapArgs["-tor"].c_str()));
        SetProxy(NET_TOR, addrOnion, 5);
        SetReachable(NET_TOR);
    }

    // see Step 2: parameter interactions for more information about these
    fNoListen = !GetBoolArg("-listen", true);
    fDiscover = GetBoolArg("-discover", true);
    fNameLookup = GetBoolArg("-dns", true);
#ifdef USE_UPNP
    fUseUPnP = GetBoolArg("-upnp", USE_UPNP);
#endif

    bool fBound = false;
    if (!fNoListen) {
        if (mapArgs.count("-bind")) {
            BOOST_FOREACH(std::string strBind, mapMultiArgs["-bind"]) {
                CService addrBind;
                if (!Lookup(strBind.c_str(), addrBind, GetListenPort(), false))
                    return InitError(strprintf(_("Cannot resolve -bind address: '%s'"), strBind.c_str()));
                fBound |= Bind(addrBind, (BF_EXPLICIT | BF_REPORT_ERROR));
            }
        }
        else {
            struct in_addr inaddr_any;
            inaddr_any.s_addr = INADDR_ANY;
#ifdef USE_IPV6
            fBound |= Bind(CService(in6addr_any, GetListenPort()), BF_NONE);
#endif
            fBound |= Bind(CService(inaddr_any, GetListenPort()), !fBound ? BF_REPORT_ERROR : BF_NONE);
        }
        if (!fBound)
            return InitError(_("Failed to listen on any port. Use -listen=0 if you want this."));
    }

    if (mapArgs.count("-externalip")) {
        BOOST_FOREACH(string strAddr, mapMultiArgs["-externalip"]) {
            CService addrLocal(strAddr, GetListenPort(), fNameLookup);
            if (!addrLocal.IsValid())
                return InitError(strprintf(_("Cannot resolve -externalip address: '%s'"), strAddr.c_str()));
            AddLocal(CService(strAddr, GetListenPort(), fNameLookup), LOCAL_MANUAL);
        }
    }

    BOOST_FOREACH(string strDest, mapMultiArgs["-seednode"])
        AddOneShot(strDest);

    // ********************************************************* Step 7: load block chain

    fReindex = GetBoolArg("-reindex");

    if (!bitdb.Open(GetDataDir()))
    {
        string msg = strprintf(_("Error initializing database environment %s!"
                                 " To recover, BACKUP THAT DIRECTORY, then remove"
                                 " everything from it except for wallet.dat."), strDataDir.c_str());
        return InitError(msg);
    }

    // cache size calculations
    size_t nTotalCache = GetArg("-dbcache", 25) << 20;
    if (nTotalCache < (1 << 22))
        nTotalCache = (1 << 22); // total cache cannot be less than 4 MiB
    size_t nBlockTreeDBCache = nTotalCache / 8;
    if (nBlockTreeDBCache > (1 << 21))
        nBlockTreeDBCache = (1 << 21); // block tree db cache shouldn't be larger than 2 MiB
    nTotalCache -= nBlockTreeDBCache;
    size_t nCoinDBCache = nTotalCache / 2; // use half of the remaining cache for coindb cache
    nTotalCache -= nCoinDBCache;
    nCoinCacheSize = nTotalCache / 300; // coins in memory require around 300 bytes

    uiInterface.InitMessage(_("Loading block index..."));
    printf("Loading block index...\n");
    nStart = GetTimeMillis();
    pblocktree = new CBlockTreeDB(nBlockTreeDBCache, false, fReindex);
    pcoinsdbview = new CCoinsViewDB(nCoinDBCache, false, fReindex);
    pcoinsTip = new CCoinsViewCache(*pcoinsdbview);

    if (fReindex)
        pblocktree->WriteReindexing(true);

    if (!LoadBlockIndex())
        return InitError(_("Error loading blkindex.dat"));

    // as LoadBlockIndex can take several minutes, it's possible the user
    // requested to kill bitcoin-qt during the last operation. If so, exit.
    // As the program has not fully started yet, Shutdown() is possibly overkill.
    if (fRequestShutdown)
    {
        printf("Shutdown requested. Exiting.\n");
        return false;
    }
    printf(" block index %15"PRI64d"ms\n", GetTimeMillis() - nStart);

    if (GetBoolArg("-printblockindex") || GetBoolArg("-printblocktree"))
    {
        PrintBlockTree();
        return false;
    }

    if (mapArgs.count("-printblock"))
    {
        string strMatch = mapArgs["-printblock"];
        int nFound = 0;
        for (map<uint256, CBlockIndex*>::iterator mi = mapBlockIndex.begin(); mi != mapBlockIndex.end(); ++mi)
        {
            uint256 hash = (*mi).first;
            if (strncmp(hash.ToString().c_str(), strMatch.c_str(), strMatch.size()) == 0)
            {
                CBlockIndex* pindex = (*mi).second;
                CBlock block;
                block.ReadFromDisk(pindex);
                block.BuildMerkleTree();
                block.print();
                printf("\n");
                nFound++;
            }
        }
        if (nFound == 0)
            printf("No blocks matching %s were found\n", strMatch.c_str());
        return false;
    }

    // ********************************************************* Step 8: load wallet

    uiInterface.InitMessage(_("Loading wallet..."));
    printf("Loading wallet...\n");
    nStart = GetTimeMillis();
    bool fFirstRun = true;
    pwalletMain = new CWallet("wallet.dat");
    DBErrors nLoadWalletRet = pwalletMain->LoadWallet(fFirstRun);
    if (nLoadWalletRet != DB_LOAD_OK)
    {
        if (nLoadWalletRet == DB_CORRUPT)
            strErrors << _("Error loading wallet.dat: Wallet corrupted") << "\n";
        else if (nLoadWalletRet == DB_NONCRITICAL_ERROR)
        {
            string msg(_("Warning: error reading wallet.dat! All keys read correctly, but transaction data"
                         " or address book entries might be missing or incorrect."));
            InitWarning(msg);
        }
        else if (nLoadWalletRet == DB_TOO_NEW)
            strErrors << _("Error loading wallet.dat: Wallet requires newer version of Bitcoin") << "\n";
        else if (nLoadWalletRet == DB_NEED_REWRITE)
        {
            strErrors << _("Wallet needed to be rewritten: restart Bitcoin to complete") << "\n";
            printf("%s", strErrors.str().c_str());
            return InitError(strErrors.str());
        }
        else
            strErrors << _("Error loading wallet.dat") << "\n";
    }

    if (GetBoolArg("-upgradewallet", fFirstRun))
    {
        int nMaxVersion = GetArg("-upgradewallet", 0);
        if (nMaxVersion == 0) // the -upgradewallet without argument case
        {
            printf("Performing wallet upgrade to %i\n", FEATURE_LATEST);
            nMaxVersion = CLIENT_VERSION;
            pwalletMain->SetMinVersion(FEATURE_LATEST); // permanently upgrade the wallet immediately
        }
        else
            printf("Allowing wallet upgrade up to %i\n", nMaxVersion);
        if (nMaxVersion < pwalletMain->GetVersion())
            strErrors << _("Cannot downgrade wallet") << "\n";
        pwalletMain->SetMaxVersion(nMaxVersion);
    }

    if (fFirstRun)
    {
        // Create new keyUser and set as default key
        RandAddSeedPerfmon();

        CPubKey newDefaultKey;
        if (!pwalletMain->GetKeyFromPool(newDefaultKey, false))
            strErrors << _("Cannot initialize keypool") << "\n";
        pwalletMain->SetDefaultKey(newDefaultKey);
        if (!pwalletMain->SetAddressBookName(pwalletMain->vchDefaultKey.GetID(), ""))
            strErrors << _("Cannot write default address") << "\n";
    }

    printf("%s", strErrors.str().c_str());
    printf(" wallet %15"PRI64d"ms\n", GetTimeMillis() - nStart);

    RegisterWallet(pwalletMain);

    CBlockIndex *pindexRescan = pindexBest;
    if (GetBoolArg("-rescan"))
        pindexRescan = pindexGenesisBlock;
    else
    {
        CWalletDB walletdb("wallet.dat");
        CBlockLocator locator;
        if (walletdb.ReadBestBlock(locator))
            pindexRescan = locator.GetBlockIndex();
    }
    if (pindexBest != pindexRescan)
    {
        uiInterface.InitMessage(_("Rescanning..."));
        printf("Rescanning last %i blocks (from block %i)...\n", pindexBest->nHeight - pindexRescan->nHeight, pindexRescan->nHeight);
        nStart = GetTimeMillis();
        pwalletMain->ScanForWalletTransactions(pindexRescan, true);
        printf(" rescan %15"PRI64d"ms\n", GetTimeMillis() - nStart);
    }

    // ********************************************************* Step 9: import blocks

    // scan for better chains in the block chain database, that are not yet connected in the active best chain
    uiInterface.InitMessage(_("Importing blocks from block database..."));
    if (!ConnectBestBlock())
        strErrors << "Failed to connect best block";

    CImportData *pimport = new CImportData();
    if (mapArgs.count("-loadblock"))
    {
        BOOST_FOREACH(string strFile, mapMultiArgs["-loadblock"])
            pimport->vFiles.push_back(strFile);
    }
    NewThread(ThreadImport, pimport);

    // ********************************************************* Step 10: load peers

    uiInterface.InitMessage(_("Loading addresses..."));
    printf("Loading addresses...\n");
    nStart = GetTimeMillis();

    {
        CAddrDB adb;
        if (!adb.Read(addrman))
            printf("Invalid or missing peers.dat; recreating\n");
    }

    printf("Loaded %i addresses from peers.dat %"PRI64d"ms\n",
           addrman.size(), GetTimeMillis() - nStart);

    // ********************************************************* Step 11: start node

    if (!CheckDiskSpace())
        return false;

    RandAddSeedPerfmon();

    //// debug print
    printf("mapBlockIndex.size() = %"PRIszu"\n", mapBlockIndex.size());
    printf("nBestHeight = %d\n", nBestHeight);
    printf("setKeyPool.size() = %"PRIszu"\n", pwalletMain->setKeyPool.size());
    printf("mapWallet.size() = %"PRIszu"\n", pwalletMain->mapWallet.size());
    printf("mapAddressBook.size() = %"PRIszu"\n", pwalletMain->mapAddressBook.size());

    if (!NewThread(StartNode, NULL))
        InitError(_("Error: could not start node"));

    if (fServer)
        NewThread(ThreadRPCServer, NULL);

    // ********************************************************* Step 12: finished

    uiInterface.InitMessage(_("Done loading"));
    printf("Done loading\n");

    if (!strErrors.str().empty())
        return InitError(strErrors.str());

     // Add wallet transactions that aren't already in a block to mapTransactions
    pwalletMain->ReacceptWalletTransactions();

#if !defined(QT_GUI)
    // Loop until process is exit()ed from shutdown() function,
    // called from ThreadRPCServer thread when a "stop" command is received.
    while (1)
        Sleep(5000);
#endif

    return true;
}
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