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Implements a powerful analytics library using Redis bitmaps (for Python).
Python Mako
Latest commit 54934a9 @amix amix Increased version


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bitmapist: a powerful analytics library for Redis

This Python library makes it possible to implement real-time, highly scalable analytics that can answer following questions:

  • Has user 123 been online today? This week? This month?
  • Has user 123 performed action "X"?
  • How many users have been active have this month? This hour?
  • How many unique users have performed action "X" this week?
  • How many % of users that were active last week are still active?
  • How many % of users that were active last month are still active this month?
  • What users performed action "X"?

This library is very easy to use and enables you to create your own reports easily.

Using Redis bitmaps you can store events for millions of users in a very little amount of memory (megabytes). You should be careful about using huge ids (e.g. 2^32 or bigger) as this could require larger amounts of memory.

Now with Cohort charts! Read more here:

If you want to read more about bitmaps please read following:

Requires Redis 2.6+ and newest version of redis-py.


Can be installed very easily via:

$ sudo pip install bitmapist



Setting things up:

from datetime import datetime, timedelta
from bitmapist import setup_redis, delete_all_events, mark_event,\
                      MonthEvents, WeekEvents, DayEvents, HourEvents,\
                      BitOpAnd, BitOpOr

now = datetime.utcnow()
last_month = datetime.utcnow() - timedelta(days=30)

Mark user 123 as active and has played a song:

mark_event('active', 123)
mark_event('song:played', 123)

Answer if user 123 has been active this month:

assert 123 in MonthEvents('active', now.year, now.month)
assert 123 in MonthEvents('song:played', now.year, now.month)
assert MonthEvents('active', now.year, now.month).has_events_marked() == True

How many users have been active this week?:

print len(WeekEvents('active', now.year, now.isocalendar()[1]))

If you're interested in "current events", you can omit extra now.whatever arguments. Events will be populated with current time automatically.

For example, these two calls are equivalent:

MonthEvents('active') == MonthEvents('active', now.year, now.month)

Additionally, for the sake of uniformity, you can create an event from any datetime object with a from_date static method.

MonthEvents('active').from_date(now) == MonthEvents('active', now.year, now.month)

Get the list of these users (user ids):

print list(WeekEvents('active', now.year, now.isocalendar()[1]))

Perform bit operations. How many users that have been active last month are still active this month?

active_2_months = BitOpAnd(
    MonthEvents('active', last_month.year, last_month.month),
    MonthEvents('active', now.year, now.month)
print len(active_2_months)

# Is 123 active for 2 months?
assert 123 in active_2_months

Alternatively, you can use standard Python syntax for bitwise operations.

last_month_event = MonthEvents('active', last_month.year, last_month.month)
this_month_event = MonthEvents('active', now.year, now.month)
active_two_months = last_month_event & this_month_event

Operators &, |, ^ and ~ supported.

Work with nested bit operations (imagine what you can do with this ;-))!

active_2_months = BitOpAnd(
        MonthEvents('active', last_month.year, last_month.month),
        MonthEvents('active', now.year, now.month)
    MonthEvents('active', now.year, now.month)
print len(active_2_months)
assert 123 in active_2_months

# Delete the temporary AND operation

There are special methods prev and next returning "sibling" events and allowing you to walk through events in time without any sophisticated iterators. A delta method allows you to "jump" forward or backward for more than one step. Uniform API allows you to use all types of base events (from hour to year) with the same code.

current_month = MonthEvents()
prev_month = current_month.prev()
next_month =
year_ago =

Every event object has period_start and period_end methods to find a time span of the event. This can be useful for caching values when the caching of "events in future" is not desirable:

ev = MonthEvent('active', dt)
if ev.period_end() < now:
    cache.set('active_users_<...>', len(ev))

As something new tracking hourly is disabled (to save memory!) To enable it as default do::

import bitmapist
bitmapist.TRACK_HOURLY = True

Additionally you can supply an extra argument to mark_event to bypass the default value::

mark_event('active', 123, track_hourly=False)

Copyright: 2012 by Doist Ltd.

License: BSD

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