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.\" $NetBSD: prop_dictionary.3,v 1.18 2011/09/30 22:08:18 jym Exp $
.\"
.\" Copyright (c) 2006, 2009 The NetBSD Foundation, Inc.
.\" All rights reserved.
.\"
.\" This code is derived from software contributed to The NetBSD Foundation
.\" by Jason R. Thorpe.
.\"
.\" Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
.\" modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
.\" are met:
.\" 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
.\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
.\" 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
.\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
.\" documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
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.\" THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE NETBSD FOUNDATION, INC. AND CONTRIBUTORS
.\" ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED
.\" TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
.\" PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE FOUNDATION OR CONTRIBUTORS
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.\" CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF
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.\" CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
.\" ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE
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.\"
.Dd December 5, 2009
.Dt PROP_DICTIONARY 3
.Os
.Sh NAME
.Nm prop_dictionary ,
.Nm prop_dictionary_create ,
.Nm prop_dictionary_create_with_capacity ,
.Nm prop_dictionary_copy ,
.Nm prop_dictionary_copy_mutable ,
.Nm prop_dictionary_count ,
.Nm prop_dictionary_ensure_capacity ,
.Nm prop_dictionary_iterator ,
.Nm prop_dictionary_all_keys ,
.Nm prop_dictionary_make_immutable ,
.\".Nm prop_dictionary_mutable ,
.Nm prop_dictionary_get ,
.Nm prop_dictionary_set ,
.Nm prop_dictionary_remove ,
.Nm prop_dictionary_get_keysym ,
.Nm prop_dictionary_set_keysym ,
.Nm prop_dictionary_remove_keysym ,
.Nm prop_dictionary_externalize ,
.Nm prop_dictionary_internalize ,
.Nm prop_dictionary_externalize_to_file ,
.Nm prop_dictionary_internalize_from_file ,
.Nm prop_dictionary_externalize_to_pref ,
.Nm prop_dictionary_internalize_from_pref ,
.Nm prop_dictionary_equals ,
.Nm prop_dictionary_keysym_cstring_nocopy ,
.Nm prop_dictionary_keysym_equals
.Nd dictionary property collection object
.Sh LIBRARY
.Lb libprop
.Sh SYNOPSIS
.In libprop/proplib.h
.\"
.Ft prop_dictionary_t
.Fn prop_dictionary_create "void"
.Ft prop_dictionary_t
.Fn prop_dictionary_create_with_capacity "unsigned int capacity"
.\"
.Ft prop_dictionary_t
.Fn prop_dictionary_copy "prop_dictionary_t dict"
.Ft prop_dictionary_t
.Fn prop_dictionary_copy_mutable "prop_dictionary_t dict"
.\"
.Ft unsigned int
.Fn prop_dictionary_count "prop_dictionary_t dict"
.Ft bool
.Fn prop_dictionary_ensure_capacity "prop_dictionary_t dict" \
"unsigned int capacity"
.\"
.Ft prop_object_iterator_t
.Fn prop_dictionary_iterator "prop_dictionary_t dict"
.Ft prop_array_t
.Fn prop_dictionary_all_keys "prop_dictionary_t dict"
.\"
.Ft void
.Fn prop_dictionary_make_immutable "prop_dictionary_t dict"
.\".Ft bool
.\".Fn prop_dictionary_mutable "prop_dictionary_t dict"
.\"
.Ft prop_object_t
.Fn prop_dictionary_get "prop_dictionary_t dict" "const char *key"
.Ft bool
.Fn prop_dictionary_set "prop_dictionary_t dict" "const char *key" \
"prop_object_t obj"
.Ft void
.Fn prop_dictionary_remove "prop_dictionary_t dict" "const char *key"
.\"
.Ft prop_object_t
.Fn prop_dictionary_get_keysym "prop_dictionary_t dict" \
"prop_dictionary_keysym_t keysym"
.Ft bool
.Fn prop_dictionary_set_keysym "prop_dictionary_t dict" \
"prop_dictionary_keysym_t keysym" "prop_object_t obj"
.Ft void
.Fn prop_dictionary_remove_keysym "prop_dictionary_t dict" \
"prop_dictionary_keysym_t keysym"
.\"
.Ft bool
.Fn prop_dictionary_equals "prop_dictionary_t dict1" "prop_dictionary_t dict2"
.\"
.Ft const char *
.Fn prop_dictionary_keysym_cstring_nocopy "prop_dictionary_keysym_t sym"
.\"
.Ft bool
.Fn prop_dictionary_keysym_equals "prop_dictionary_keysym_t keysym1" \
"prop_dictionary_keysym_t keysym2"
.\"
.Ft char *
.Fn prop_dictionary_externalize "prop_dictionary_t dict"
.Ft prop_dictionary_t
.Fn prop_dictionary_internalize "const char *xml"
.\"
.Ft bool
.Fn prop_dictionary_externalize_to_file "prop_dictionary_t dict" \
"const char *path"
.Ft prop_dictionary_t
.Fn prop_dictionary_internalize_from_file "const char *path"
.\"
.Ft bool
.Fn prop_dictionary_externalize_to_pref "prop_dictionary_t dict" \
"struct plistref *pref"
.Ft bool
.Fn prop_dictionary_internalize_from_pref "const struct plistref *pref" \
"prop_dictionary_t *dictp"
.\"
.Sh DESCRIPTION
The
.Nm prop_dictionary
family of functions operate on the dictionary property collection object type.
A dictionary is an unordered set of objects stored as key-value pairs.
.Bl -tag -width "xxxxx"
.It Fn prop_dictionary_create "void"
Create an empty dictionary.
The dictionary initially has no capacity.
Returns
.Dv NULL
on failure.
.It Fn prop_dictionary_create_with_capacity "unsigned int capacity"
Create a dictionary with the capacity to store
.Fa capacity
objects.
Returns
.Dv NULL
on failure.
.It Fn prop_dictionary_copy "prop_dictionary_t dict"
Copy a dictionary.
The new dictionary has an initial capacity equal to the number of objects
stored in the dictionary being copied.
The new dictionary contains references to the original dictionary's objects,
not copies of those objects
.Pq i.e. a shallow copy is made .
If the original dictionary is immutable, the resulting dictionary is also
immutable.
.It Fn prop_dictionary_copy_mutable "prop_dictionary_t dict"
Like
.Fn prop_dictionary_copy ,
except the resulting dictionary is always mutable.
.It Fn prop_dictionary_count "prop_dictionary_t dict"
Returns the number of objects stored in the dictionary.
.It Fn prop_dictionary_ensure_capacity "prop_dictionary_t dict" \
"unsigned int capacity"
Ensure that the dictionary has a total capacity of
.Fa capacity ,
including objects already stored in the dictionary.
Returns
.Dv true
if the capacity of the dictionary is greater or equal to
.Fa capacity
or if the expansion of the dictionary's capacity was successful
and
.Dv false
otherwise.
If the supplied object isn't a dictionary,
.Dv false
is returned.
.It Fn prop_dictionary_iterator "prop_dictionary_t dict"
Create an iterator for the dictionary.
The dictionary is retained by the iterator.
A dictionary iterator returns the key symbols used to look up objects stored
in the dictionary; to get the object itself, a dictionary lookup using this
key symbol must be performed.
Storing to or removing from the dictionary invalidates any active iterators for
the dictionary.
Returns
.Dv NULL
on failure.
.It Fn prop_dictionary_all_keys "prop_dictionary_t dict"
Return an array of all of the dictionary key symbols
.Pq prop_dictionary_keysym_t
in the dictionary.
This provides a way to iterate over the items in the dictionary while
retaining the ability to mutate the dictionary; instead of iterating
over the dictionary itself, iterate over the array of keys.
The caller is responsible for releasing the array.
Returns
.Dv NULL
on failure.
.It Fn prop_dictionary_make_immutable "prop_dictionary_t dict"
Make
.Fa dict
immutable.
.\".It Fn prop_dictionary_mutable "prop_dictionary_t dict"
.\"Returns
.\".Dv true
.\"if the dictionary is mutable.
.It Fn prop_dictionary_get "prop_dictionary_t dict" "const char *key"
Return the object stored in the dictionary with the key
.Fa key .
If no object is stored with the specified key,
.Dv NULL
is returned.
.It Fn prop_dictionary_set "prop_dictionary_t dict" "const char *key" \
"prop_object_t obj"
Store a reference to the object
.Fa obj
with the key
.Fa key .
The object will be retained by the dictionary.
If the key already exists in the dictionary, the object associated with
that key will be released and replaced with the new object.
Returns
.Dv true
if storing the object was successful and
.Dv false
otherwise.
.It Fn prop_dictionary_remove "prop_dictionary_t dict" "const char *key"
Remove the reference to the object stored in the dictionary with the key
.Fa key .
The object will be released.
.It Fn prop_dictionary_get_keysym "prop_dictionary_t dict" \
"prop_dictionary_keysym_t sym"
Like
.Fn prop_dictionary_get ,
but the lookup is performed using a key symbol returned by a dictionary
iterator.
The results are undefined if the iterator used to obtain the key symbol
is not associated with
.Fa dict .
.It Fn prop_dictionary_set_keysym "prop_dictionary_t dict" \
"prop_dictionary_keysym_t sym" "prop_object_t obj"
Like
.Fn prop_dictionary_set ,
but the lookup of the object to replace is performed using a key symbol
returned by a dictionary iterator.
The results are undefined if the iterator used to obtain the key symbol
is not associated with
.Fa dict .
.It Fn prop_dictionary_remove_keysym "prop_dictionary_t dict" \
"prop_dictionary_keysym_t sym"
Like
.Fn prop_dictionary_remove ,
but the lookup of the object to remove is performed using a key symbol
returned by a dictionary iterator.
The results are undefined if the iterator used to obtain the key symbol
is not associated with
.Fa dict .
.It Fn prop_dictionary_equals "prop_dictionary_t dict1" \
"prop_dictionary_t dict2"
Returns
.Dv true
if the two dictionaries are equivalent.
Note: Objects contained in the dictionary are compared by value, not by
reference.
.It Fn prop_dictionary_keysym_cstring_nocopy "prop_dictionary_keysym_t keysym"
Returns an immutable reference to the dictionary key symbol's string value.
.It Fn prop_dictionary_keysym_equals "prop_dictionary_keysym_t keysym1" \
"prop_dictionary_keysym_t keysym2"
Returns
.Dv true
if the two dictionary key symbols are equivalent.
.It Fn prop_dictionary_externalize "prop_dictionary_t dict"
Externalizes a dictionary, returning a NUL-terminated buffer containing
the XML representation of the dictionary.
The caller is responsible for freeing the returned buffer.
If converting to the external representation fails for any reason,
.Dv NULL
is returned.
.Pp
In user space, the buffer is allocated using
.Xr malloc 3 .
In the kernel, the buffer is allocated using
.Xr kmalloc 9
using the malloc type
.Dv M_TEMP .
.It Fn prop_dictionary_internalize "const char *xml"
Parse the XML representation of a property list in the NUL-terminated
buffer
.Fa xml
and return the corresponding dictionary.
Returns
.Dv NULL
if parsing fails for any reason.
.It Fn prop_dictionary_externalize_to_file "prop_dictionary_t dict" \
"const char *path"
Externalizes a dictionary and writes it to the file specified by
.Fa path .
The file is saved with the mode
.Dv 0666
as modified by the process's file creation mask
.Pq see Xr umask 2
and is written atomically.
Returns
.Dv false
if externalizing or writing the dictionary fails for any reason.
.It Fn prop_dictionary_internalize_from_file "const char *path"
Reads the XML property list contained in the file specified by
.Fa path ,
internalizes it, and returns the corresponding dictionary.
Returns
.Dv NULL
on failure.
.It Fn prop_dictionary_externalize_to_pref "prop_dictionary_t dict" \
"struct plistref *pref"
Externalizes a dictionary and packs it into the plistref specified by
.Fa pref .
Returns
.Dv false
if externalizing the dictionary fails for any reason.
.It Fn prop_dictionary_internalize_from_pref "const struct plistref *pref" \
"prop_dictionary_t *dictp"
Reads the plistref specified by
.Fa pref ,
internalizes it, and returns the corresponding dictionary.
Returns
.Dv false
if internalizing or writing the dictionary fails for any reason.
.El
.Sh SEE ALSO
.Xr prop_array 3 ,
.Xr prop_bool 3 ,
.Xr prop_data 3 ,
.Xr prop_dictionary_util 3 ,
.Xr prop_number 3 ,
.Xr prop_object 3 ,
.Xr prop_string 3 ,
.Xr proplib 3
.Sh HISTORY
The
.Nm proplib
property container object library first appeared in
.Nx 4.0 .
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