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# $FreeBSD: src/libexec/bootpd/README,v 1.5 1999/08/28 00:09:15 peter Exp $ # $DragonFly: src/libexec/bootpd/README,v 1.2 2003/06/17 04:27:07 dillon Exp $ This is an enhanced version of the CMU BOOTP server which was derived from the original BOOTP server created by Bill Croft at Stanford. This version merges all the enhancements and bug-fixes from the NetBSD, Columbia, and other versions. Please direct questions, comments, and bug reports to the list: <firstname.lastname@example.org> You can subscribe to this mailing list by sending mail to: email@example.com (The body of the message should contain: "Add <your-address>") [ From the NetBSD README file: ] BOOTPD is a useful adjunct to the nfs diskless boot EPROM code. The alternatives for initiating a boot of a kernel across a network are to use RARP protocol, or BOOTP protocol. BOOTP is more flexible; it allows additional items of information to be returned to the booting client; it also supports booting across gateways. [ From the CMU README file: ] Notes: 1) BOOTP was originally designed and implemented by Bill Croft at Stanford. Much of the credit for the ideas and the code goes to him. We've added code to support the vendor specific area of the packet as specified in RFC1048. We've also improved the host lookup algorithm and added some extra logging. 2) The server now uses syslog to do logging. Specifically it uses the 4.3bsd version. I've #ifdef'd all of these calls. If you are running 4.2 you should compile without the -DSYSLOG switch. 3) You must update your /etc/services file to contain the following two lines: bootps 67/udp bootp # BOOTP Server bootpc 68/udp # BOOTP Client 4) Edit the bootptab. It has some explanitory comments, and there is a manual entry describing its format (bootptab.5) If you have any questions, just let us know. Construction: [ See the file Installation which is more up-to-date. -gwr ] Make sure all of the files exist first. If anything is missing, please contact either Walt Wimer or Drew Perkins by E-mail or phone. Addresses and phone numbers are listed below. Type 'make'. The options at present are: -DSYSLOG which enables logging code, -DDEBUG which enables table dumping via signals, and -DVEND_CMU which enables the CMU extensions for CMU PC/IP. Edit the bootptab. The man page and the comments in the file should explain how to go about doing so. If you have any problems, let me know. Type 'make install'. This should put all of the files in the right place. Edit your /etc/rc.local or /etc/inetd.conf file to start up bootpd upon reboot. The following is a sample /etc/inetd.conf entry: # BOOTP server bootps dgram udp wait root /usr/etc/bootpd bootpd -i Care and feeding: If you change the interface cards on your host or add new hosts you will need to update /etc/bootptab. Just edit it as before. Once you write it back out, bootpd will notice that there is a new copy and will reread it the next time it gets a request. If your bootp clients don't get a response then several things might be wrong. Most often, the entry for that host is not in the database. Check the hardware address and then check the entry and make sure everything is right. Other problems include the server machine crashing, bad cables, and the like. If your network is very congested you should try making your bootp clients send additional requests before giving up. November 7, 1988 Walter L. Wimer Drew D. Perkins firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com (412) 268-6252 (412) 268-8576 4910 Forbes Ave Pittsburgh, PA 15213 [ Contents description by file: ] Announce* Text of release announcements Changes Change history, reverse chronological ConvOldTab.sh Script to convert old (1.x) bootptab files Installation Instructions for building and installing Makefile* for "make" README This file ToDo Things not yet done bootp.h The protocol header file bootpd.8 Manual page for bootpd, boopgw bootpd.c BOOTP server main module bootpd.h header for above (and others) bootpef.8 Manual page for bootpef bootpef.c BOOTP extension file compiler bootpgw.c BOOTP gateway main module bootptab.5 A manual describing the bootptab format bootptab.cmu A sample database file for the server bootptab.mcs Another sample from <firstname.lastname@example.org> bootptest.8 Manual page for bootptest bootptest.c BOOTP test program (fake client) bootptest.h header for above dovend.c Vendor Option builder (for bootpd, bootpef) dovend.h header for above dumptab.c Implements debugging dump for bootpd getether.c For bootptest (not used yet) getether.h header for above getif.c Get network interface info. getif.h header for above hash.c The hash table module hash.h header for above hwaddr.c Hardware address support hwaddr.h header for above lookup.c Internet Protocol address lookup lookup.h header for above patchlevel.h Holds version numbers print-bootp.c Prints BOOTP packets (taken from BSD tcpdump) readfile.c The configuration file-reading routines readfile.h header for above report.c Does syslog-style messages report.h header for above strerror.c Library errno-to-string (for systems lacking it) syslog.conf Sample config file for syslogd(8) syslog.h For systems that lack syslog(3) try*.c Test programs (for debugging) tzone.c Get timezone offset tzone.h header for above