PiShrink is a bash script that automatically shrink a pi image that will then resize to the max size of the SD card on boot. This will make putting the image back onto the SD card faster and the shrunk images will compress better. In addition the shrunk image can be compressed with gzip and xz to create an even smaller image. Parallel compression of the image using multiple cores is supported.
Usage: $0 [-adhrspvzZ] imagefile.img [newimagefile.img] -s Don't expand filesystem when image is booted the first time -v Be verbose -r Use advanced filesystem repair option if the normal one fails -z Compress image after shrinking with gzip -Z Compress image after shrinking with xz -a Compress image in parallel using multiple cores -p Remove logs, apt archives, dhcp leases and ssh hostkeys -d Write debug messages in a debug log file
If you specify the
newimagefile.img parameter, the script will make a copy of
imagefile.img and work off that. You will need enough space to make a full copy of the image to use that option.
-sprevents automatic filesystem expansion on the images next boot
-venables more verbose output
-rwill attempt to repair the filesystem using additional options if the normal repair fails
-zwill compress the image after shrinking using gzip.
.gzextension will be added to the filename.
-Zwill compress the image after shrinking using xz.
.xzextension will be added to the filename.
-awill use option -f9 for pigz and option -T0 for xz and compress in parallel.
-dwill create a logfile
pishrink.logwhich may help for problem analysis.
Default options for compressors can be overwritten by defining PISHRINK_GZIP or PSHRINK_XZ environment variables for gzip and xz.
If you are running PiShrink in VirtualBox you will likely encounter an error if you attempt to use VirtualBox's "Shared Folder" feature. You can copy the image you wish to shrink on to the VM from a Shared Folder, but shrinking directctly from the Shared Folder is know to cause issues.
If using Ubuntu, you will likely see an error about
e2fsck being out of date and
metadata_csum. The simplest fix for this is to use Ubuntu 16.10 and up, as it will save you a lot of hassle in the long run.
wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Drewsif/PiShrink/master/pishrink.sh chmod +x pishrink.sh sudo mv pishrink.sh /usr/local/bin
[user@localhost PiShrink]$ sudo pishrink.sh pi.img e2fsck 1.42.9 (28-Dec-2013) Pass 1: Checking inodes, blocks, and sizes Pass 2: Checking directory structure Pass 3: Checking directory connectivity Pass 4: Checking reference counts Pass 5: Checking group summary information /dev/loop1: 88262/1929536 files (0.2% non-contiguous), 842728/7717632 blocks resize2fs 1.42.9 (28-Dec-2013) resize2fs 1.42.9 (28-Dec-2013) Resizing the filesystem on /dev/loop1 to 773603 (4k) blocks. Begin pass 2 (max = 100387) Relocating blocks XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Begin pass 3 (max = 236) Scanning inode table XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Begin pass 4 (max = 7348) Updating inode references XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX The filesystem on /dev/loop1 is now 773603 blocks long. Shrunk pi.img from 30G to 3.1G
If you find a bug please create an issue for it. If you would like a new feature added, you can create an issue for it but I can't promise that I will get to it.
Pull requests for new features and bug fixes are more than welcome!