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Tide Gravity

tidegravity is a Python library which implements Ivor Longman's scheme for computing the tidal accelerations due to the moon and sun, as published by I.M. Longman in the Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol 64, no. 12, 1959 This can be useful for correcting gravimetric survey data, as the gravitational forces due to the tidal effects of the Sun and Moon can be on the order of several hundred microGals, depending on the surveyors location and the relative positions of the Sun and Moon to each other, and the surveyor.


  • numpy
  • pandas

The numpy and pandas libraries are required for processing tide corrections, and importing trajectory data for correction

The matplotlib library is an optional requirement and is currently only used in the examples to plot a visual representation of the data.


The following API functions are provided (subject to change in future releases):

  • solve_longman_tide(lat, lon, alt, time)

    Solve for total gravity correction due to Sun/Moon from numpy array inputs

  • solve_longman_tide_scalar(lat, lon, alt, time)

    Wrapper around solve_longman_tide, accepts single scalar values for lat/lon/alt and a single DateTime object

  • solve_point_corr(lat, lon, alt, t0, n=3600, increment='S')

    Return tidal correction over a time span defined by t0 with n points at given increment for static (scalar) position parameters

  • solve_tide_df(df, lat='lat', lon='lon', alt='alt')

    Wrapper accepting a pandas DataFrame (df) object as the input, df should have a DatetimeIndex, and lat/lon/alt columns. Alternate column names can be provided via parameters, which will then be used to extract components from the input DataFrame.


  • I.M. Longman "Forumlas for Computing the Tidal Accelerations Due to the Moon and the Sun" Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 64, no. 12, 1959, pp. 2351-2355
  • P. Schureman "Manual of harmonic analysis and prediction of tides" U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey, 1958


This library is based on the work of John Leeman's LongmanTide Python implementation. LongmanTide


There are several example scripts in the examples directory illustrating how to use the longmantide solving functions.

Here is a simple demonstration of calculating a correction series for a static latitude/longitude/altitude over a specified time period, with intervals of 1 second.

from datetime import datetime
from tidegravity import solve_point_corr

# Example static data for Denver, January 1, 2018
lat = 39.7392
lon = -104.9903
# Note: West should be entered as a negative longitude value
alt = 1609.3
t0 = datetime(2018, 1, 1, 12, 0, 0)

# Calculate corrections for one day (60*60*24 points), with 1 second resolution
result_df = solve_point_corr(lat, lon, alt, t0, n=60*60*24, increment='S')

# Result is a pandas DataFrame, with a DatetimeIndex, and correction
# values in the 'total_corr' column i.e.
corrections = result_df['total_corr'].values

# Plot the corrections using matplotlib
from matplotlib import pyplot as plt

plt.ylabel('Tidal Correction [mGals]')


Gravitational tide computation based on Longman 1959




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