R Package for analyzing Discharge Abstract Database (CIHI) using Apache Spark
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README.md

dadR - Apache Spark enabled R package to analyze Discharge Abstract Database

Disclaimer

Parts of this material are based on the Canadian Institute for Health Information Discharge Abstract Database Research Analytic Files (sampled from fiscal years 2014-15). However the analysis, conclusions, opinions and statements expressed herein are those of the author(s) and not those of the Canadian Institute for Health Information.

Why dadR

The DAD database is large and the flat SPSS sav format is not amenable to fast processing and data mining for clinical insights. dadR uses Apache Spark to parallelize search and extraction. Most functions return a Spark data frame. This includes some innovative clustering and other machine learning functions.

Installation

devtools::install_github("E-Health/dadR")

Work in progress ...... (Feedback and contributions welcome!)

Modules

  • DADSameDisease - Lists all records with the given diagnosis.
  • DADSameTreatment - Lists all records with the given intervention.
  • DADComorbidity - Lists the comorbidities for the given condition.
  • DADInterventions - Lists common Interventions for a given condition.
  • DADCointerventions - Lists the cointerventions for the given intervention.
  • DADRandomSample - Returns a random set of patients.
  • DADSimilarCases - Lists all records similar to the index case (clustering).
  • DADTlos - Average length of stay for a given condition.
  • DADComorbidityTlos - Average length of stay for a given set of comorbidities.
  • DADTlosForTreatment - Average length of stay for a given treatment.
  • DADBestInterventions - Lists Interventions with least length of stay for a given condition.
  • DADCharlsonIndex - Computes mean Charlson Index for a set of patients.

How to use

  • Install Apache Spark (https://spark.apache.org/).
  • Researchers can download DAD from Odesi. Please make sure that you comply with the licensing terms.
library(SparkR)
library(data.table)
library(foreign)
library(dadR)

# Change Master UI here
sparkR.session(
  master = "localhost",
  sparkConfig = list(
    spark.driver.memory = "3g",
    spark.executor.memory = "3g")
)
DADSparkInit(savFile = "path/to/dad_sample_2015.sav")

# csv will be automatically created the first time
DADSparkInit(csvFile = "path/to/dadr.csv")
spark_df <- DADSameDisease("J08")
r_df <- collect(spark_df)

# All records with the diagnosis J08
(r_dt <- as.data.table(r_df))

Testing

  • Update Spark Master URL in dadR/tests/testthat/helper.R
devtools::load_all() # Repeat on error
devtools::test()

Contributors

Citation

Please cite dadR in your publications if it helped your research. Here is an example BibTeX entry:


@misc{eapenbr2018,
  title={dadR - Spark enabled R package for analyzing discharge abstract database.},
  author={Eapen, Bell Raj and contributors},
  year={2018},
  publisher={GitHub},
  journal = {GitHub repository},
  howpublished={\url{https://github.com/E-Health/dadR}}
}