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#lang eopl
;; Exercise 3.13 [★] Change the values of the language so that integers are the only expressed values. Modify if so
;; that the value 0 is treated as false and all other values are treated as true. Modify the predicates accordingly.
(define-datatype expval expval?
[num-val [value number?]])
(define expval->num
(lambda (v)
(cases expval v
[num-val (num) num]
[else (expval-extractor-error 'num v)])))
(define expval-extractor-error
(lambda (variant value)
(eopl:error 'expval-extractors
"Looking for a ~s, found ~s"
(define empty-env-record
(lambda ()
(define extended-env-record
(lambda (sym val old-env)
(cons (list sym val) old-env)))
(define empty-env-record? null?)
(define environment?
(lambda (x)
(or (empty-env-record? x)
(and (pair? x)
(symbol? (car (car x)))
(expval? (cadr (car x)))
(environment? (cdr x))))))
(define extended-env-record->sym
(lambda (r)
(car (car r))))
(define extended-env-record->val
(lambda (r)
(cadr (car r))))
(define extended-env-record->old-env
(lambda (r)
(cdr r)))
(define init-env
(lambda ()
(define empty-env
(lambda ()
(define empty-env?
(lambda (x)
(empty-env-record? x)))
(define extend-env
(lambda (sym val old-env)
(extended-env-record sym val old-env)))
(define apply-env
(lambda (env search-sym)
(if (empty-env? env)
(eopl:error 'apply-env "No binding for ~s" search-sym)
(let ([sym (extended-env-record->sym env)]
[val (extended-env-record->val env)]
[old-env (extended-env-record->old-env env)])
(if (eqv? search-sym sym)
(apply-env old-env search-sym))))))
(define the-lexical-spec
'([whitespace (whitespace) skip]
[comment ("%" (arbno (not #\newline))) skip]
[identifier (letter (arbno (or letter digit "_" "-" "?"))) symbol]
[number (digit (arbno digit)) number]
[number ("-" digit (arbno digit)) number]))
(define the-grammar
'([program (expression) a-program]
[expression (number) const-exp]
[expression ("-" "(" expression "," expression ")") diff-exp]
[expression ("zero?" "(" expression ")") zero?-exp]
[expression ("if" expression "then" expression "else" expression) if-exp]
[expression (identifier) var-exp]
[expression ("let" identifier "=" expression "in" expression) let-exp]))
(sllgen:make-define-datatypes the-lexical-spec the-grammar)
(define scan&parse
(sllgen:make-string-parser the-lexical-spec the-grammar))
(define just-scan
(sllgen:make-string-scanner the-lexical-spec the-grammar))
(define value-of-program
(lambda (pgm)
(cases program pgm
[a-program (exp1) (value-of exp1 (init-env))])))
(define value-of
(lambda (exp env)
(cases expression exp
[const-exp (num) (num-val num)]
[var-exp (var) (apply-env env var)]
[diff-exp (exp1 exp2) (let ([val1 (value-of exp1 env)]
[val2 (value-of exp2 env)])
(let ([num1 (expval->num val1)]
[num2 (expval->num val2)])
(num-val (- num1 num2))))]
[zero?-exp (exp1) (let ([val1 (value-of exp1 env)])
(let ([num1 (expval->num val1)])
(if (zero? num1)
(num-val 1)
(num-val 0))))]
[if-exp (exp1 exp2 exp3) (let* ([val1 (value-of exp1 env)])
(if (zero? (expval->num val1))
(value-of exp3 env)
(value-of exp2 env)))]
[let-exp (var exp1 body) (let ([val1 (value-of exp1 env)])
(value-of body
(extend-env var val1 env)))])))
(define run
(lambda (string)
(value-of-program (scan&parse string))))
(provide num-val run)