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Default Deployer

This is the deployment strategy used by default. It supports any number of remote servers and is a "rolling update", which deploys applications without any downtime. It's based on Capistrano and Capifony. If you know any of those, skip the first sections that explain what you need and how it works.

What You Need

  • Local Machine:
    • A Symfony application with the EasyDeploy bundle installed.
    • A SSH client executable via the ssh console command.
  • Remote Server/s:
    • A SSH server that accepts connections from your local machine.
    • The Composer binary installed.
  • Symfony Application:
    • Code must be stored in a Git server (GitHub, BitBucket, GitLab, your own server) accessible from the local machine.
    • The application can use any Symfony version (2.7+, 3.x, 4.x).

How Does It Work

The deployer creates a predefined directory structure on each remote server to store the application code and other data related to deployment. The root directory is defined by you with the deployDir() option:

public function configure()
{
    return $this->getConfigBuilder()
        ->deployDir('/var/www/my-project')
        // ...
    ;
}

Then, the following directory structure is created on each remote server:

/var/www/my-project/
├── current -> /var/www/my-project/releases/20170517201708/
├── releases
│   ├── 20170517200103/
│   ├── 20170517200424/
│   ├── 20170517200736/
│   ├── 20170517201502/
│   └── 20170517201708/
├── repo/
└── shared
    └── <linked_files and linked_dirs>
  • current is a symlink pointing to the most recent release. The trick of this deployment strategy is updating the symlink at the end of a successful deployment. If any error happens, the symlink can be reverted to the previous working version. That's how this strategy achieves the zero-downtime deployments.
  • releases/ stores a configurable amount of past releases. The directory names are the timestamps of each release.
  • repo/ stores a copy of the application's git repository and updates it for each deployment (this speeds up a lot the process of getting the application code).
  • shared/ contains the files and directories configured as shared in your application (e.g. the "logs/" directory). These files/directories are shared between all releases.

EasyDeploy creates this directory structure for you. There's no need to execute any command to setup the servers or configure anything.

Web Server Configuration

If you start using this strategy to deploy an already existing application, you may need to update your web server configuration. Specifically, you must update the document root to include the current symlink, which always points to the most recent version. The following example shows the changes needed for the Apache web server configuration:

<VirtualHost *:80>
    # ...

-   DocumentRoot    /var/www/vhosts/example.com/web
+   DocumentRoot    /var/www/vhosts/example.com/current/web
    DirectoryIndex  app.php

-   <Directory /var/www/vhosts/example.com/web>
+   <Directory /var/www/vhosts/example.com/current/web>
        RewriteEngine On
        RewriteCond   %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
        RewriteRule   ^(.*)$ app.php [QSA,L]
    </Directory>

    # ...
</VirtualHost>

Configuration

Your IDE can autocomplete all the existing config options for this deployer, so you don't have to read this section or memorize any config option or special syntax. However, for reference purposes, all the config options are listed below:

Common Options

They are explained in the previous chapter about the configuration that is common for all deployers:

  • ->server(string $sshDsn, array $roles = ['app'], array $properties = [])
  • ->useSshAgentForwarding(bool $useIt = true)

Composer and PHP Options

  • ->updateRemoteComposerBinary(bool $updateBeforeInstall = false)
  • ->remoteComposerBinaryPath(string $path = '/usr/local/bin/composer')
  • ->composerInstallFlags(string $flags = '--no-dev --prefer-dist --no-interaction --quiet')
  • ->composerOptimizeFlags(string $flags = '--optimize --quiet')
  • ->remotePhpBinaryPath(string $path = 'php') the path of the PHP command added to Symfony commands. By default is php (which means: php path/to/project/bin/console). It's useful when the server has multiple PHP installations (e.g. ->remotePhpBinaryPath('/usr/bin/php7.1-sp'))

Code Options

  • ->repositoryUrl(string $url) (it must be a Git repository)
  • ->repositoryBranch('master') (the exact branch to deploy; usually master for prod, staging for the staging servers, etc.)
  • ->deployDir(string $path = '...') (the directory in the remote server where the application is deployed)

NOTE

Depending on your local and remote configuration, cloning the repository code in the remote servers may fail. Read this tutorial to learn about the most common ways to clone code on remote servers.

Symfony Application Options

The Symfony environment must be chosen carefully because, by default, commands are executed in that environment (prod by default):

  • ->symfonyEnvironment(string $name = 'prod')

The default value of these options depend on the Symfony version used by your application. Customize these options only if your application uses a directory structure different from the default one proposed by Symfony. The values are always relative to the project root dir:

  • ->consoleBinaryPath(string $path = '...') (the dir where Symfony's console script is stored; e.g. bin/)
  • ->binDir(string $path = '...')
  • ->configDir(string $path = '...')
  • ->cacheDir(string $path = '...')
  • ->logDir(string $path = '...')
  • ->srcDir(string $path = '...')
  • ->templatesDir(string $path = '...')
  • ->webDir(string $path = '...')

This option configures the files and dirs which are shared between all releases. The values must be paths relative to the project root dir (which is usually kernel.root_dir/../). Its default value depends on the Symfony version used by your application:

  • ->sharedFilesAndDirs(array $paths = ['...']) (by default, app/config/parameters.yml file in Symfony 2 and 3 and no file in Symfony 4; and the app/logs/ dir in Symfony 2 and var/logs/ in Symfony 3 and 4)

These options enable/disable some operations commonly executed after the application is installed:

  • ->installWebAssets(bool $install = true)
  • ->dumpAsseticAssets(bool $dump = false)
  • ->warmupCache(bool $warmUp = true)

Security Options

  • ->controllersToRemove(array $paths = ['...']) (values can be glob() expressions; by default is app_*.php in Symfony 2 and 3 and nothing in Symfony 4)
  • ->writableDirs(array $paths = ['...']) (the dirs where the Symfony application can create files and dirs; by default, the cache/ and logs/ dirs)

These options define the method used by EasyDeploy to set the permissions of the directories defined as "writable":

  • ->fixPermissionsWithChmod(string $mode = '0777')
  • ->fixPermissionsWithChown(string $webServerUser)
  • ->fixPermissionsWithChgrp(string $webServerGroup)
  • ->fixPermissionsWithAcl(string $webServerUser)

Misc. Options

  • ->keepReleases(int $numReleases = 5) (the number of past releases to keep when deploying a new version; if you want to roll back, this must be higher than 1)
  • ->resetOpCacheFor(string $homepageUrl) (if you use OPcache, you must reset it after each new deploy; however, you can't reset the OPcache contents from the command line; EasyDeploy uses a smart trick to reset the cache, but it needs to know the URL of the homepage of your application; e.g. https://symfony.com)

Execution Flow

In the previous chapters you learned about the "hooks", which are a way to execute your own commands before and after the deployment/rollback processes. The "hooks" which are common to all deployers are:

  • public function beforeStartingDeploy()
  • public function beforeFinishingDeploy()
  • public function beforeCancelingDeploy()
  • public function beforeStartingRollback()
  • public function beforeCancelingRollback()
  • public function beforeFinishingRollback()

In addition to those, the default deployer adds the following hooks:

  • public function beforeUpdating(), executed just before the Git repository is updated for the branch defined above.
  • public function beforePreparing(), executed just before doing the composer install, setting the permissions, installing assets, etc.
  • public function beforeOptimizing(), executed just before clearing controllers, warming up the cache and optimizing Composer.
  • public function beforePublishing(), executed just before changing the symlink to the new release.
  • public function beforeRollingBack(), executed just before starting the roll back process.

Commands

The runLocal(string $command) and runRemote(string $command) methods work as explained in the previous chapter. However, they are improved because you can use some variables inside them:

return new class extends DefaultDeployer
{
    public function configure()
    {
        // ...
    }

    public function beforeStartingDeploy()
    {
        $this->runLocal('cp {{ templates_dir }}/maintenance.html.dist {{ web_dir }}/maintenance.html');
        // equivalent to:
        // $this->runLocal('cp /path/to/project/app/Resources/views/maintenance.html.dist /path/to/project/web/maintenance.html');
    }

    public function beforeFinishingDeploy()
    {
        $this->runRemote('{{ console_bin }} app:my-task-name');
        // equivalent to:
        // $this->runRemote('php /path/to/project/bin/console app:my-task-name');
    }
}

These are the variables that can be used inside commands:

  • {{ deploy_dir }} (the same value that you configured earlier with deployDir())
  • {{ project_dir }} (the exact directory of the current release, which is a timestamped directory inside {{ deploy_dir }}/releases/; when deploying to multiple servers, this directory is different on each of them, so you must always use this variable)
  • {{ bin_dir }}
  • {{ config_dir }}
  • {{ cache_dir }}
  • {{ log_dir }}
  • {{ src_dir }}
  • {{ templates_dir }}
  • {{ web_dir }}
  • {{ console_bin }} (the full Symfony console script executable; e.g. php bin/console)

Skeleton

The following example shows the minimal code needed for this deployer. If your deployment is not heavily customized, there is no need to implement any other method besides configure():

use EasyCorp\Bundle\EasyDeployBundle\Deployer\DefaultDeployer;

return new class extends DefaultDeployer
{
    public function configure()
    {
        return $this->getConfigBuilder()
            ->server('user@hostname')
            ->deployDir('/var/www/my-project')
            ->repositoryUrl('git@github.com:symfony/symfony-demo.git')
        ;
    }
};

Full Example

The following example shows the full code needed to deploy the Symfony Demo application to two remote servers, execute some quality checks before deploying and post a message on a Slack channel when the deploy has finished:

use EasyCorp\Bundle\EasyDeployBundle\Deployer\DefaultDeployer;

return new class extends DefaultDeployer
{
    public function configure()
    {
        return $this->getConfigBuilder()
            ->server('deployer@123.123.123.123')
            ->server('deployer@host2.example.com')
            ->deployDir('/var/www/symfony-demo')
            ->repositoryUrl('git@github.com:symfony/symfony-demo.git')
            ->symfonyEnvironment('prod')
            ->resetOpCacheFor('https://demo.symfony.com')
        ;
    }

    public function beforeStartingDeploy()
    {
        $this->log('Checking that the repository is in a clean state.');
        $this->runLocal('git diff --quiet');

        $this->log('Running tests, linters and checkers.');
        $this->runLocal('./bin/console security:check --env=dev');
        $this->runLocal('./bin/console lint:twig app/Resources/ --no-debug');
        $this->runLocal('./bin/console lint:yaml app/ --no-debug');
        $this->runLocal('./bin/console lint:xliff app/Resources/ --no-debug');
        $this->runLocal('./vendor/bin/simple-phpunit');
    }

    public function beforeFinishingDeploy()
    {
        $slackHook = 'https://hooks.slack.com/services/T00000000/B00000000/XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX';
        $message = json_encode(['text' => 'Application successfully deployed!']);
        $this->runLocal(sprintf("curl -X POST -H 'Content-type: application/json' --data '%s' %s", $message, $slackHook));
    }
};
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