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Polymorphic Publish and Subscribe

Mike Hadlow edited this page Nov 4, 2013 · 3 revisions

You can subscribe to an interface, then publish implementations of that interface.

Let's look at an example. I have an interface IAnimal and two implementations Cat and Dog:

public interface IAnimal
{
    string Name { get; set; }
}

public class Cat : IAnimal
{
    public string Name { get; set; }
    public string Meow { get; set; }
}

public class Dog : IAnimal
{
    public string Name { get; set; }
    public string Bark { get; set; }
}

I can subscribe to IAnimal and receive both Cat and Dog classes:

bus.Subscribe<IAnimal>("polymorphic_test", @interface =>
    {
        var cat = @interface as Cat;
        var dog = @interface as Dog;

        if (cat != null)
        {
            Console.Out.WriteLine("Name = {0}", cat.Name);
            Console.Out.WriteLine("Meow = {0}", cat.Meow);
        }
        else if (dog != null)
        {
            Console.Out.WriteLine("Name = {0}", dog.Name);
            Console.Out.WriteLine("Bark = {0}", dog.Bark);
        }
        else
        {
            Console.Out.WriteLine("message was not a dog or a cat");
        }
    });

Let's publish a cat and a dog:

var cat = new Cat
{
    Name = "Gobbolino",
    Meow = "Purr"
};

var dog = new Dog
{
    Name = "Rover",
    Bark = "Woof"
};

bus.Publish<IAnimal>(cat);
bus.Publish<IAnimal>(dog);

Note that I have to explicitly specify that I am publishing IAnimal. EasyNetQ uses the generic type specified in the Publish and Subscribe methods to route the publications to the subscriptions.

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