RMA (Return Merchandise Authorization)
A Return Merchandise Authorization (RMA), is a part of the process of returning a product in order to receive a refund, replacement, or repair during the product's warranty period.
The purchaser of the product must contact the manufacturer (or distributor or retailer) to obtain authorization to return the product.
The resulting RMA number must be displayed on or included in the returned product's packaging.
The issuance of an RMA is a key gatekeeping moment in the reverse logistics cycle, providing the vendor with a final opportunity to diagnose and correct the customer's problem with the product (such as improper installation or configuration) before the customer permanently relinquishes ownership of the product to the manufacturer, commonly referred to as a return.
As returns are costly for the vendor and inconvenient for the customer, any return that can be prevented benefits both parties.
Go to Settings > Users and assign the appropiate permissions to users. Different security groups grant distinct levels of access to the RMA features.
Users in group "RMA Customer User" or "RMA Supplier User" can access to, create and process RMA's associated to customers or suppliers respectively.
Users in group "RMA Manager" can access to, create, approve and process RMA's associated to both customers and suppliers.
RMA Approval Policy
There are two RMA approval policies in product catogories:
- One step: Always auto-approve RMAs that only contain products within categories with this policy.
- Two steps: A RMA order containing a product within a category with this policy will request the RMA manager approval.
In order to change the approval policy of a product category follow the next steps:
#. Go to Inventory > Configuration > Products > Product Categories. #. Select one and change the field RMA Approval Policy to your convenience.
#. Go to Inventory > Configuration > Settings > Return Merchandising Authorization and select the option "Display 3 fields on rma: partner, invoice address, delivery address" if needed. #. Go to Inventory > Configuration > Warehouse management > Warehouses and add a default RMA location and RMA picking type for customers and suppliers RMA picking type. In case the warehouse is configured to use routes, you need to create at least one route per rma type with at least two push rules (one for inbound another for outbound) it's very important to select the type of operation supplier if we are moving in the company and customer if we are moving out of the company.
RMA are accessible though Inventory menu. There's four menus, divided by type. Users can access to the list of RMA or RMA lines.
Create an RMA:
#. Select a partner. Enter RMA lines associated to an existing picking, or manually. #. Request approval and approve. #. Click on RMA Lines button. #. Click on more and select an option: "Receive products", "Create Delivery Order". #. Go back to the RMA. Set the RMA to done if not further action is required.
Known issues and Roadmap
- Picking operations report in customer RMA dropshipping case is showing "Vendor Address" while it should be "Customer Address".
- Dropshipping always counted as a delivery on the smart buttons.
- Uninstall hook.
- Constraints instead of required fields on rma.order.line.
Bugs are tracked on
GitHub Issues <https://github.com/Eficent/stock-rma/issues>_. In case of trouble, please
check there if your issue has already been reported. If you spotted it first,
help us smashing it by providing a detailed and welcomed feedback.
- Jordi Ballester Alomar firstname.lastname@example.org
- Aaron Henriquez email@example.com
- Lois Rilo firstname.lastname@example.org
- Bhavesh Odedra email@example.com
- Alexandre Fayolle firstname.lastname@example.org
This module is maintained by Eficent.