FuzixOS: Because Small Is Beautiful
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FuzixOS: Because Small Is Beautiful

This is the initial public tree for the FuzixOS project. It is not yet useful although you can build and boot it and run test application code. A lot of work is needed on the utilities and libraries.

FUZIX

FUZIX is a fusion of various elements from the assorted UZI forks and branches beaten together into some kind of semi-coherent platform and then extended from V7 to somewhere in the SYS3 to SYS5.x world with bits of POSIX thrown in for good measure. Various learnings and tricks from ELKS and from OMU also got blended in

Pre-built images

Some pre-built filesystems are now available on www.fuzix.org, and other images should follow in time.

What does FUZIX have over UZI

  • Support for multiple processes in banked memory (as per UZI180) but with Minix style chmem and efficient use of bank allocations.
  • Support for multiple processes via hard disk or non mappable RAM drive switching (as per UZI, UZIX).
  • The ability to run single tasking on small devices, for bring up and for standalone tool execution
  • Support for "real" swapping combined with banked memory.
  • Proper sane off_t and lseek
  • Normal dev_t
  • 30 character filenames
  • Proper sane time_t
  • System 5 signals (half baked)
  • Posix termios (does all the original UZI tty did but much can be added)
  • Blocking on carrier for terminals
  • Optimisations to avoid bogus uarea copying compared to UZI180
  • More modern system call API: 3 argument open, mkdir, rmdir, rename, chroot (with correct .. semantics), fchdir, fchmod, fchown, fstat, fcntl, setpgrp, sighold and friends, waitpid, setpgrp, nice O_NDELAY, O_CLOEXEC, F_SETFL, F_DUPFD etc
  • Address validation checks on all syscall copies
  • Builds with a modern ANSI C compiler (SDCC)
  • Kernel boots to userspace on both 6502 (bitrotted), 65C816, 68000, 6809, MSP430 and Z80/Z180
  • Core code can be built for 6502, 65C816, 6809, 68HC11, 68000, 8086, MSP430, pdp11 and Z80/Z180 so should be far more portable
  • Core architecture designed to support building and maintaining multiple target machines without forking each one
  • Helpers to make many bits of implementation wrappers to core code
  • Lots more bugs right now

What does UZI have over FUZIX

  • Can run in 64K of RAM (32K kernel/32K user). FUZIX would need banked ROM or similar to pull this off. If you have banked ROM then our kernel footprint in RAM is about 8K plus userspace plus any framebuffers and similar overhead. On a 6809 it's just about possible to run in a straight 64K

What do the UZI branches have that FUZIX has not yet integrated

  • Minimal TCP/IP (UZIX 2.0). Unfortunately the original TCP was never released openly.
  • Symbolic links (UZIX)
  • Various clever fusions of syscalls that may save a few bytes (UZIX)
  • setprio (UZIX)
  • Rather crude loadable drivers (UZIX)
  • Use of __naked and __asm for Z80 specific bits to avoid more .S files than are needed (UMZIX)

Plus OMU has a really clever function passing trick for open/creat and friends, while UMZIX has a neat unified "make anything" function.

What Key Features Are Missing Still

  • ptrace, ulimit
  • root reserved disk blocks
  • banked executables
  • TCP/IP (in progress)
  • select/poll() (in progress)
  • Support for > 32MB filesystems (but first figure out how to fsck a giant fs on a slow 8bit micro!)
  • Smarter scheduler
  • Optimisations for disk block/inode allocator (2.11BSD)

Tool Issues

  • 6809 gcc and cc65 don't have long long 64bit (for sane time_t)
  • SDCC can generate ROMmable binaries but not banked ones (hack fixes done)
  • SDCC has no register passing function call support, and for some stuff it really shows
  • None of the above have an O88 style common sequence compressor
  • CC65 can't handle larger objects on stack, and lacks float support
  • We need a 'proper' 65C816 C compiler