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This repository aims to map the ecosystem of artificial intelligence guidelines, principles, codes of ethics, standards, regulation and beyond.
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Awesome AI Guidelines

(AKA Writing AI Responsibly)

About this repo

As AI systems become more prevalent in society, we face bigger and tougher societal challenges. Given many of these challenges have not been faced before, practitioners will face scenarios that will require dealing with hard ethical and societal questions.

There has been a large amount of content published which attempts to address these issues through “Principles”, “Ethics Frameworks”, “Checklists” and beyond. However navigating the broad number of resources is not easy.

This repository aims to simplify this by mapping the ecosystem of guidelines, principles, codes of ethics, standards and regulation being put in place around artificial intelligence.

Quick links to sections in this page

🔍 High Level Frameworks & Principles 🔏 Processes & Checklists 🔨 Interactive & Practical Tools
📜 Industry standards initiatives 📚 Online Courses 🤖 Research and Industry Newsletters
⚔ Regulation and Policy

Other relevant resources

You can join the Machine Learning Engineer newsletter. You will receive updates on open source frameworks, tutorials and articles curated by machine learning professionals.


Main Content

High Level Frameworks and Principles

Processes and Checklists

  • AI RFX Procurement Framework - A procurement framework for evaluating the maturity of machine learning systems put together by cross functional teams of academics, industry practitioners and technical individuals at The Institute for Ethical AI & Machine Learning to empower industry practitioners looking to procure machine learning suppliers.
  • Checklist for data science projects – Deon by DrivenData is a command line tool that allows you to easily add an ethics checklist to your data science projects.
  • Designing Ethical AI Experiences Checklist and Agreement - document to guide the development of accountable, de-risked, respectful, secure, honest, and usable artificial intelligence (AI) systems with a diverse team aligned on shared ethics. Carnegie Mellon University, Software Engineering Institute.
  • Ethical OS Toolkit - A toolkit that dives into 8 risk zones to assess the potential challenges that a technology team may face, together with 14 scenarios to provide examples, and 7 future-proofing strategies to help take ethical action.
  • Ethics Canvas - A resource inspired by the traditional business canvas, which provides an interactive way to brainstorm potential risks, opportunities and solutions to ethical challenges that may be faced in a project using post-it note-like approach.
  • Kat Zhou's Design Ethically Resources - A set of workshops that can be organised across teams to identify challenges, assess current risks and take action on potential issues around ethical challenges that may be faced.
  • Markula Center's Ethical Toolkit for Engineering/Design Practice - A practical and comprehensible toolkit with seven components to aid practitioners reflect, and judge the moral grounds in which they are operating.
  • San Francisco City's Ethics & Algorithms Toolkit - A risk management framework for government leaders and staff who work with algorithms, providing a two part assessment process including an algorithmic assessment process, and a process to address the risks.
  • UK Government's Data Ethics Workbook - A resource put together by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS) which provides a set of questions that can be asked by practitioners in the public sector, which address each of the principles in their Data Ethics Framework Principles.
  • World Economic Forum's Guidelines for Procurement - The WEF has put together a set of guidelines for governments to be able to safely and reliably procure machine learning related systems, which has been trialled with the UK government.

Interactive and Practical Tools

  • Aequitas' Bias & Fairness Audit Toolkit - The Bias Report is powered by Aequitas, an open-source bias audit toolkit for machine learning developers, analysts, and policymakers to audit machine learning models for discrimination and bias, and make informed and equitable decisions around developing and deploying predictive risk-assessment tools.
  • Awesome Machine Learning Production List - A list of tools and frameworks that support the design, development and operation of production machine learning systems, currently maintained by The Institute for Ethical AI & Machine Learning.
  • eXplainability Toolbox - The Institute for Ethical AI & Machine Learning proposal for an extended version of the traditional data science process which focuses on algorithmic bias and explainability, to ensure a baseline of risks around undesired biases can be mitigated.
  • IBM's AI Explainability 360 Open Source Toolkit - This is IBM's toolkit that includes large number of examples, research papers and demos implementing several algorithms that provide insights on fairness in machine learning systems.
  • Linux Foundation AI Landscape - The official list of tools in the AI landscape curated by the Linux Foundation, which contains well maintained and used tools and frameworks.
  • Taking action on digital ethics from Avanade

Industry standards initiatives

  • ACS Code of Professional Conduct - PDF - Australian ICT (Information and Communication Technology) sector professional organization.
  • Association for Computer Machinery's Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct - This is the code of ethics that has been put together in 1992 by the Association for Computer Machinery and updated in 2018. The Code is designed to inspire and guide the ethical conduct of all computing professionals, including current and aspiring practitioners, instructors, students, influencers, and anyone who uses computing technology in an impactful way. Additionally, the Code serves as a basis for remediation when violations occur. The Code includes principles formulated as statements of responsibility, based on the understanding that the public good is always the primary consideration.
  • IEEE Global Initiative for Ethical Considerations in Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Autonomous Systems (AS) - IEEE Approved Standards Projects specifically focused on the Ethically Aligned Design principles, and includes 14 (P700X) standards which cover topics from data collection to privacy, to algorithmic bias and beyond.
  • ISO/IEC's Standards for Artificial Intelligence - The ISO's initiative for Artificial Intelligence standards, which include a large set of subsequent standards ranging across Big Data, AI Terminology, Machine Learning frameworks, etc.

Online Courses and Learning Resources

  • Udacity's Secure & Private AI Course - Free course by Udacity which introduces three cutting-edge technologies for privacy-preserving AI: Federated Learning, Differential Privacy, and Encrypted Computation.

Research and Industry Newsletters

  • Import AI - A newsletter curated by OpenAI's Jack Clark which curates the most resent and relevant AI research, as well as relevant societal issues that intersect with technical AI research.
  • Matt's thoughts in between - Newsletter curated by Entrepreneur First CEO Matt Clifford that provides a curated critical analysis on topics surrounding geopolitics, deep tech startups, economics and beyond.
  • The Machine Learning Engineer - A newsletter curated by The Institute for Ethical AI & Machine Learning that contains curated articles, tutorials and blog posts from experienced Machine Learning professionals and includes insights on best practices, tools and techniques in machine learning explainability, reproducibility, model evaluation, feature analysis and beyond.

Regulation and Policy


  • Beijing AI Principles - initiative for the research, development, use, governance and long-term planning of AI, calling for its healthy development to support the construction of a human community with a shared future, and the realization of beneficial AI for humankind and nature.
  • China Internet Security Law - China's law which enacted to increase cybersecurity and national security, safeguard cyberspace sovereignty and public interest, protect the legitimate rights and interests of citizens, legal persons and other organisations, and promote healthy economic and social development (and was argued by the Chinese ministry for industry and information that this law justified the means of pursuing the "Going Out" strategy China has persisted on ever since 1999). KPMG's summary of the Cybersecurity Law. Center for strategic & international studies overview of China's new Data Privacy law
  • China's Personal Information Security Specification (Translation) - The Chinese Government's first major digital privacy rules which took effect in May 2018, which lays out granular guidelines for consent and how personal data should be collected, used and shared. Center for strategic & international studies overview of the specification
  • China's Administrative Provisions on Information Services on Microblogs - China's provisions which require microblogging sites (social media sites) to obtain relevant credentials by law, verify users' real identities, establish mechanisms for dispelling and refuting rumors, etc. Summary of rules by the US Law Library of Congress.
  • Decision on strengthening the protection of online information - The Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) of the People's Republic of China adopted the decision on strengthening the protection of online information - this is an act that contains 12 clauses applicable to entities both in the public and private sectors in respect to the collection and processing of electronic personal information on the internet.
  • Personal Data Protection Act - The personal data protection act of the Republic of China, which is enacted to regulate the collection, processing and use of personal data as so to prevent harm on personality rights, and to facilitate the proper use of personal data.


European Union

  • Ethics Guidelines for Trustworthy AI - European Commission document prepared by the High-Level Expert Group on Artificial Intelligence (AI HLEG).
  • General Data Protection Regulation GDPR - Legal text for the EU GDPR regulation 2016/679 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 April 2016 on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data, and repealing Directive 95/46/EC
  • GDPR.EU Guide - A project co-funded by the Horizon 2020 Framework programme of the EU which provides a resource for organisations and individuals researching GDPR, including a library of straightforward and up-to-date information to help organisations achieve GDPR compliance (Legal Text).


  • Data Protection Act 2012 - The Personal Data Protection Act 2012 (the "Act") sets out the law on data protection in Singapore. Apart from establishing a general data protection regime, the Act also regulates telemarketing practices.
  • Protection from Online Falsehoods and Manipulation Act 2019 - An act to prevent the electronic communication in Singapore of false statements of fact, to suppress support for and counteract the effects of such communication, to safeguard against the use of online accounts for such communication and for information manipulation, to enable measures to be taken to enhance transparency of online political advertisements and for related matters.

United States of America

  • California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA) - Legal text for California's consumer privacy act
  • EU-U.S. and Swiss-U.S. Privacy Shield Frameworks - The EU-U.S. and Swiss-U.S. Privacy Shield Frameworks were designed by the U.S. Department of Commerce and the European Commission and Swiss Administration to provide companies on both sides of the Atlantic with a mechanism to comply with data protection requirements when transferring personal data from the European Union and Switzerland to the United States in support of transatlantic commerce.
  • Fair Credit Reporting Act 2018 - The Fair Reporting Act is a federal law that regulates the collection of consumers' credit information and access to their credit reports.
  • Gramm-Leach-Billey Act (for financial institutions) - The Graham-Leach-Billey Act requires financial institutions (companies that offer consumers financial projects or services like loans, financial, or investment advice, or insurance) to explain their information-sharing practices to their customers and to safeguard sensitive data.
  • Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 - The HIPAA required the secretary of the US department of health and human services (HHS) to develop regulations protecting the privacy and security of certain health information, which then HHS published what is known as the HIPAA Privacy Rule, and the HIPAA Security Rule.
  • Executive Order on Maintaining American Leadership in AI - Official mandate by the President of the US to
  • Privacy Act of 1974 - The privacy act of 1974 which establishes a code of fair information practices that governs the collection, maintenance, use and dissemination of information about individuals that is maintained in systems of records by federal agencies.
  • Privacy Protection Act of 1980 - The Privacy Protection Act of 1980 protects journalists from being required to turn over to law enforcement any work product and documentary materials, including sources, before it is disseminated to the public.

United Kingdom

  • UK Data Protection Act of 2018 - The DPA 2018 enacts the GDPR into UK Law, however in doing so has included various "derogations" as permitted by the GDPR, resulting in some key differenced (which although small are not of insignificance impact and may have a greater impact after Brexit).
  • The Information Commissioner's Office guide to Data Protection - This guide is for data protection officers and others who have day-to-day responsibility for data protection. It is aimed at small and medium-sized organisations, but it may be useful for larger organisations too.
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