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Switch from an Enterprise Linux system to EuroLinux

This script will automatically switch an Enterprise Linux system to EuroLinux by removing any that-system-specific packages or replacing them with EuroLinux equivalents.
By default, non-EuroLinux components such as packages from unofficial repositories will be preserved - take a look at the Usage section for info on how to make the script remove them and other options.


The following distributions are supported on the x86_64 architecture:

  • AlmaLinux 8
  • AlmaLinux 9
  • CentOS 7
  • CentOS 8
  • Oracle Linux 7
  • Oracle Linux 8
  • Oracle Linux 9
  • Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7
  • Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8
  • Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9
  • Rocky Linux 8
  • Rocky Linux 9
  • Scientific Linux 7

The system that you want to migrate shall be up-to-date and the script will, by default, use the newest packages we provide.
If you want to migrate an older release to an older EuroLinux release, take a look at the Switch to an older EuroLinux minor release section.

If a system has been installed with Secure Boot enabled, make sure that it is disabled first before running the script.


The script covers the basics of several Enterprise Linux installations, but it can't possibly cover every existing non-standard configuration out there.
Extra precautions have been arranged, but there's always the risk of something going wrong in the process and users are always recommended to make a backup.
If your system release is lower than 8, make sure you have prepared valid EuroMan credentials, since they'll be necessary for registering that instance and migrating.
If your system is registered to a subscription management service, make sure that all assets such as keys and certificates related to that management service have been backed up if necessary and that the system has been unregistered before running the script. The script will attempt to detect a valid subscription and inform you on the steps required before proceeding if one is found.
Make sure that your system does not use any centralized package management suite. The script will provide EuroLinux repositories, but as of today it has no knowledge of the suite mentioned - package collisions are likely to happen. Please disable the suite if necessary before attempting to migrate.
Check your system if there's a file mounted directly at the directory /mnt or if the directory /sys is mounted as read-only. Make sure none of this applies, otherwise the migration will not succeed. An example of an error is presented later on.
Your system may have custom kernel modules installed. If they are managed by DKMS and your package manager takes care of this, they will most likely be available out-of-the-box after the migration succeeds. Still it's recommended that a manual verification be performed. Modules installed manually (e.g. from a .run installer) will most likely have to be installed again the same way.
If your system has been installed with FIPS Mode enabled, the migration process will not proceed. In this case, a clean installation is recommended.


Clone this repository on the instance you want to migrate (or just upload the contents of this repository your way there), switch to root account and run the script as follows:


You can specify several parameters:

  • -f to skip a warning message about backup recommendation. Necessary for running non-interactively.
  • -u to specify your EuroMan username
  • -p to specify your EuroMan password
  • -l to specify a custom path for a logfile the script will create
  • -r to use your custom .repo file which points to your own local EuroLinux mirror
  • -w to remove all detectable non-EuroLinux components such as packages from unofficial repositories, .repo files from your current distribution, etc. rather than preserving them

EuroMan is applicable only to releases lower than 8 and if the credentials are provided for release 8, the script won't use them. The same applies when using the -r option, since it's assumed that you have a valid registration if you appear to have EuroLinux packages mirrored locally.

Sample non-interactive usage:

bash -f -u '' -p 'password123'

Or with debug and additional debug messages logging:

bash -x -f -u '' -p 'password123' | tee -a migration_debug.log

Removing distro-provided kernel

Once the script has finished, there will still be a distro-provided kernel running (assuming that's the one being in use when running the migration script) and maybe some other ones if you ran the script without the -w option - especially those installed from third-party repositories. In order to remove it and related packages such as kernel-devel, kernel-headers, etc. an additional script has been created:

The script will be launched automatically if a system has already successfully migrated to EuroLinux. That standalone script's default behavior is to remove everything that is not provided by EuroLinux but if running manually or via with the -w option, the user can specify, if they want to remove only the kernels their old distro provided or all non-EuroLinux kernels and related packages - those from third-party repositories among others. Or if they want to perform a dry-run for listing, what would happen.

Once the answer is present, a systemd service will be created and enabled - it will remove the specified packages on next system boot, perform a bootloader update and disable itself to ensure no leftovers are present.


Tests related to proper system functionality have been provided. There's a tests directory that contains some of our tools that assist us with running the tests on Vagrant boxes and contains a EL-core-functional-tests directory with the actual tests. EL-core-functional-tests is a distinct responsibility to eurolinux-migration-scripts and you should refer to that project's documentation when running on e.g. bare-metal production machines.

Running the tests

There's a Vagrantfile that contains the specification of several systems that can be quickly spawned for performing a migration to EuroLinux and testing their operational functionality after the migration.

A quick way for running all the tests on Vagrant virtual machines is to run a command like this on your host machine:

./tests/ -b centos7 centos8

Once a migration has been performed on your CentOS 7 and 8 virtual machines, this example will run all the tests in these machines and log the testing sessions on your host machine.
Refer to the comments the scripts provide for additional information.

Offline migration

The script supports specifying one's own mirror with EuroLinux repositories with the -r option that points to one's .repo file. It is assumed that the mirrors have been created with our official guide and perhaps an ISO image has been created as well. Still, this might not be the case since there are multiple possibilities of implementing the internal mirror such as an HTTP server in a company's intranet. It's up to the user to decide on the implementation but just in case an ISO image is created, it can be used along with the Vagrant-based infrastructure for prototyping before applying the same procedure on production machines.
If libvirt is used as Vagrant provider, simply uncomment the following snippet and adjust the ISO image path:

  # :file, :device => :cdrom, :path => "/var/lib/libvirt/images/mirror.iso"

Switch to an older EuroLinux minor release

Use the -r option and specify the vault/vault-MAJOR.MINOR.repo file in this repository. It's an example of a configuration that uses our Vault for installation of older packages so you can migrate from an Enterprise Linux 8.4 to EuroLinux 8.4.
Adjust the minor release in that file, so it suits your needs.


The 'filesystem' package installation fails

The migration fails with a message like this:

  filesystem.x86_64 0:3.2-25.el7


  filesystem-3.8-3.el8.x86_64                         filesystem-3.8-3.el8.x86_64

Error: Transaction failed

Most likely, you performed an offline migration with an ISO image (or a different file) mounted directly at /mnt. Make sure that only its subdirectories are used as mount points.