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GNU parted NEWS -*- outline -*-
* Noteworthy changes in release 3.1 (2012-03-02) [stable]
** New features
parted now supports up to 64 msdos partitions (was 16). The partition
table format imposes no limit (it's simply a linked list), so we may
raise it further, if needed.
parted has improved support for partitionable loopback devices
parted provides a new library, libparted-fs-resize, for resizing
HFS+ and FAT file systems. This is the subset of the FS-manipulation
functionality removed in parted-3.0 for which we have found no free
alternative. That library provides only these entry points:
so when using it you must also link with libparted.
** Bug fixes
libparted: avoid an invalid free when creating many partitions in
a GPT partition table. [bug introduced in parted-1.9.0]
The msdos partition table claimed a maximum partition count of 16
but would allow you to go beyond that. This resulted in the kernel
not being informed of those partitions. Corrected to enforce the
parted now exits nonzero for certain failures already diagnosed as "Error".
For example, before this change, parted would exit successfully in spite
of "Error: ...unrecognised disk label" and "Error:... both GPT primary
and backup partition tables are corrupted".
libparted: given a GPT table with a partition table array of length, say 9,
(usually, there are at least 128 entries) and when run in interactive mode
with the backup header not at the end of the device where it belongs, parted
would offer to fix it by moving the backup header to the end. If you
accepted, parted could corrupt both headers, truncating their on-disk
PTE arrays. Now, parted handles this case.
libparted: gpt_disk_duplicate now copies the flags over to the new
disk object. Previously the flags would be undefined.
libparted can now read partition tables with a number of partition
array entries that is different from the default of 128. Before,
it would fail to recognize them and could even read beyond the end
of a heap-allocated buffer.
libparted: no longer aborts (failed assertion) due to a nilfs2_probe bug
[bug introduced in parted-2.4 with the addition of nilfs2 support]
libparted: no longer aborts when reading a truncated GPT-formatted device
[bug present at least as far back as RHEL4's parted-1.6.19]
libparted: works with a two-component linux kernel version number like 3.0
[bug present since the beginning]
libparted: strengthen the pc98 test so that it is much less likely to
cause an MSDOS partition table to be mistakenly identified as pc98.
[bug present since the beginning]
libparted no longer gets a failed assertion when probing a partition
with an HFS or HFS+ signature, but with invalid ->total_blocks and/or
->block_size values.
parted now uses ext_range device sysfs attribute to determine maximum number
of partitions the device can hold. With this change, parted now correctly
informs kernel about new partitions on partitionable MD RAID devices.
libparted: creating a new partition table on a device with an existing
mac partition table could result in a failed assertion.
** Changes in behavior
Floppy drives are no longer scanned on linux: they cannot be partitioned
anyhow, and some users have a misconfigured BIOS that claims to have a
floppy when they don't, and scanning gets hung up.
parted: the mkpart command has changed semantics with regard to specifying
the end of the partition. If the end is specified using units of MiB, GiB,
etc., parted subtracts one sector from the specified value. With this
change, it is now possible to create partitions like 1MiB-2MiB, 2MiB-3MiB
and so on.
Device-mapper devices ( LVM, dmraid ) no longer insert a 'p' between the
base device name and the partition number unless the last character of
the base device name is a digit. This brings parted into compliance with
the partition naming of kpartx and "linux since the dawn of time", but
differs from the way that dmraid 1.0.0-rc16-3 operates. A patch to
correct dmraid has been submitted to Without
this patch, parted and dmraid will both create duplicate partition devices
named /dev/mapper/foo1 and /dev/mapper/foop1.
Add the ability to set the boot flag on the GPT PMBR. This is needed
for some BIOS systems that refuse to boot from GPT unless this is set.
disk_set and disk_toggle commands can be used to set the pmbr_boot
flag on the disk.
The flag is also displayed in a new line, 'Disk Flags:' like this:
Model: (file)
Disk /home/bcl/disk.img: 4295MB
Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B
Partition Table: gpt
Disk Flags: pmbr_boot
Using -m the flags are added after the model name field:
** Build-related
"make dist" no longer builds .tar.gz files.
xz is portable enough and in wide-enough use that distributing
only .tar.xz files is enough.
* Noteworthy changes in release 3.0 (2011-05-30) [stable]
** Bug fixes
Fix numerous small leaks in both the library and the UI.
** Changes in behavior
Remove all FS-related (file system-related) sub-commands; these commands
are no longer recognized because they were all dependent on parted "knowing"
too much about file system: mkpartfs, mkfs, cp, move, check, resize.
This change removes not just the user interface bits, but also the
library functions and nearly all of the underlying FS-munging code.
The code embedded in Parted by which it knew about those file systems
was so old, unmaintainable and buggy that while seemingly drastic,
this change is like removing a gangrenous toe.
Here is the list of removed functions:
This change also removes the corresponding function members
from "struct _PedFileSystemOps":
clobber open create close check copy resize get_create_constraint
get_resize_constraint get_copy_constraint
* Noteworthy changes in release 2.4 (2011-05-18) [stable]
** Bug fixes
parted no longer allows the modification of certain in-use partitions.
In particular, before this fix, parted would permit removal or modification
of any in-use partition on a dmraid and any in-use partition beyond the 15th
on a regular scsi disk.
Improve support of DASD devices on the s390 architecture.
Parted now supports all DASD types (CKD and FBA), DASD formats (CDL,
LDL, CMS non-reserved, and CMS reserved), and DASD drivers (ECKD, FBA,
and DIAG) in all combinations supported by the Linux kernel. As before,
only CDL format on CKD DASD using the ECKD driver is supported for
read-write operations (create, delete, move, re-size, etc.). However,
the implicit partition present on LDL- and CMS-formatted disks is now
correctly recognized for read-only operations. In detail:
- parted now correctly handles LDL-format disks with a block
size other than 4096 (bug fix)
- parted now recognizes the CMS disk format, both reserved
and non-reserved (enhancement)
- parted now supports FBA DASD devices (enhancement)
- parted now supports the DIAG driver when running in a
virtual machine under z/VM (enhancement)
libparted: raise the limit on the maximum start sector and the
maximum number of sectors in a "loop" partition table from 2^32 to 2^64.
[bug introduced in parted-2.1]
libparted once again recognizes a whole-disk FAT partition
[bug introduced in parted-1.9.0]
libparted now recognizes scsi disks with a high major (128-135) as scsi
an msdos partition table on a very small device (smaller than one cylinder)
is now recognized. [bug introduced in parted-2.2]
libparted: zero-length devices (other than files) are ignored rather than
throwing an exception.
libparted: gpt label creation can no longer divide by zero with a
defective device or when a concurrent writer modifies the PE-size
bytes in the small interval between the write and subsequent read
of the primary GPT header.
** Changes in behavior
"parted $dev print" now prints information about the device (model, size,
transport, sector size) even when it fails to recognize the disk label.
specifying partition start or end values using MiB, GiB, etc. suffixes
now makes parted do what I want, i.e., use that precise value, and not
some other that is up to 500KiB or 500MiB away from what I specified.
Before, to get that behavior, you would have had to use carefully chosen
values with units of bytes ("B") or sectors ("s") to obtain the same
result, and with sectors, your usage would not be portable between devices
with varying sector sizes. This change does not affect how parted handles
suffixes like KB, MB, GB, etc.
* Noteworthy changes in release 2.3 (2010-05-28) [stable]
** New features
parted now recognizes ATA over Ethernet (AoE) devices
parted now recognizes Linux Software RAID Arrays
libparted has a new partition flag to check for diagnostic (aka recovery
or reserved) partitions: PED_PARTITION_DIAG
** Bug fixes
When libparted deferenced a /dev/mapper/foo symlink, it would keep the
resulting /dev/dm-N name and sometimes use it later, even though it
had since become stale and invalid. It no longer stores the result
of dereferencing a /dev/mapper symlink.
libparted's msdos_partition_is_flag_available function now always reports
that the "hidden" flag is not available for an extended partition.
Similarly, msdos_partition_get_flag(p,PED_PARTITION_HIDDEN) always returns 0
for an extended partition.
libparted uses a more accurate heuristic to distinguish between
ext4 and ext3 partitions.
libparted now properly checks the return value of dm_task_run when
operating on devicemapper devices.
allow using ped_device_cache_remove(dev) followed by a (later)
ped_device_destroy() without corrupting the device cache.
when creating an ext2 file system[*], Parted no longer creates an
invalid one when its size is 2TiB or larger.
[*] Remember, now all FS-creation operations are deprecated in Parted.
This is not an indicator that we'll be supporting this code.
On the contrary, it is slated to be removed.
** Changes in behavior
libparted no longer issues an exception/warning about >512-byte
sector support being "HIGHLY EXPERIMENTAL". It seems to have matured
enough to be usable at least with GPT and MSDOS partition tables.
* Noteworthy changes in release 2.2 (2010-02-26) [stable]
** Changes in behavior
The default alignment (--align option) for newly created partitions has
been changed to optimal.
** New features
The ped_device_get_*_alignment() functions now return a sane default
value instead of NULL when the so called topology information is incomplete.
The default minimum alignment aligns to physical sector size, the default
optimal alignment is 1MiB, which is what vista and windows 7 do.
** Bug fixes
Parted no longer uses a physical sector size of 0 or of any other
value smaller than the logical sector size.
dos: creating an HFS or HFS+ partition in an msdos partition table
used to set the partition type to 0x83. That is wrong. The required
number is 0xaf, and that is what is used now.
gpt: read-only operation could clobber MBR part of hybrid GPT+MBR table
[bug introduced in parted-2.1]
gpt: a read-only operation like "parted $dev print" would overwrite $dev's
protective MBR when exactly one of the primary and backup GPT tables was
found to be corrupt.
[bug introduced prior to parted-1.8.0]
sun: the version, sanity and nparts VTOC fields were ignored by libparted.
Those fields are properly initialized now. The nparts (number of partitions)
field is initialized to 8 (max. number of sun partitions) rather that to a
real number of partitions. This solution is compatible with Linux kernel
and Linux fdisk.
"make install" no longer installs tests programs named disk and label
libparted: try harder to inform kernel of partition changes.
Previously when editing partitions, occasionally the kernel would
fail to be informed of partition changes. When this happened future
problems would occur because the kernel had incorrect information.
For example, if this problem arose when resizing or creating a
new partition, then an incorrect partition size might be displayed
or a user might encounter a failure to format or delete a newly
created partition, respectively.
libparted: committing a disk that was returned by ped_disk_duplicate
would always result in ped_disk_clobber being called (and thus the first
and last 9KiB of the disk being zeroed), even if the duplicated disk,
was not returned by ped_disk_fresh().
* Noteworthy changes in release 2.1 (2009-12-20) [stable]
** New features
new --align=<align> commandline option which can have the following values:
none: Use the minimum alignment allowed by the disk type
cylinder: Align partitions to cylinders (the default)
minimal: Use minimum alignment as given by the disk topology information
optimal: Use optimum alignment as given by the disk topology information
The minimal and optimal values will use layout information provided by the
disk to align the logical partition table addresses to actual physical
blocks on the disks. The mininal value uses the minimum aligment needed to
align the partition properly to physical blocks, which avoids performance
degradation. Where as the optimal value uses a multiple of the physical
block size in a way that guarantees optimal performance.
The min and opt values will only work when compiled with
libblkid >= 2.17 and running on a kernel >= 2.6.31, otherwise they will
behave as the none --align value.
libparted: new functions to set per disk (instead of per partition) flags:
libparted: new per disk flag: PED_DISK_CYLINDER_ALIGNMENT. This flag
(which defaults to true) controls if disk types for which cylinder alignment
is optional do cylinder alignment when a new partition gets added.
libparted: new functions to return per-partition-table-type limits:
- ped_disk_max_partition_start_sector: Return the largest representable
start sector number for a given "disk".
- ped_disk_max_partition_length: Return the maximum partition length
for a given "disk".
new command "align-check TYPE N" to determine whether the starting sector
of partition N is TYPE(minimal|optimal)-aligned for the disk. E.g.,
parted -s /dev/sda align-check min 1 && echo partition 1 is min-aligned
parted -s /dev/sda align-check opt 2 && echo partition 2 is opt-aligned
The same libblkid and kernel version requirements apply as for --align
Add functions to libparted to get minimal and optimal alignment
information from devices:
The same libblkid and kernel version requirements apply as for --align
Add ped_disk_get_partition_alignment() function to libparted to get
information about alignment enforced by the disk type.
** Bug fixes
parted can once again create partition tables on loop devices.
Before, "parted -s /dev/loop0 mklabel gpt" would fail.
[bug introduced in parted-1.9.0]
improved >512-byte sector support: for example, printing a table on a
4k-sector disk would show "Sector size (logical/physical): 4096B/512B",
when the sizes should have been "4096B/4096B".
gpt tables are more rigorously checked; before, partition entry array CRCs
were not checked, and we would mistakenly use the AlternateLBA member of a
known-corrupt primary table.
improved dasd disk support, in previous versions calling
ped_disk_new_fresh() or ped_disk_duplicate() on a dasd type PedDisk
would fail. This is fixed now.
handle device nodes created by lvm build with udev synchronisation enabled
when printing tables, parted no longer truncates flag names
* Noteworthy changes in release 2.0 (2009-10-06) [beta]
** Improvements
Parted now supports disks with sector size larger than 512 bytes.
Before this release, Parted could operate only on disks with a sector
size of 512 bytes. However, disk manufacturers are already making disks
with an exposed hardware sector size of 4096 bytes. Prior versions of
Parted cannot even read a partition table on such a device, not to
mention create or manipulate existing partition tables.
Due to internal design and time constraints, the following
less-common partition table types are currently disabled:
amiga, bsd, aix, pc98
"bsd" and "amiga" are mostly done, but had a few minor problems,
so may remain disabled until someone requests that they be revived.
** Bug fixes
big-endian systems can once again read GPT partition tables
[bug introduced in parted-1.9.0]
ped_partition_is_busy no longer calls libparted's exception handler,
since doing so caused trouble with anaconda/pyparted when operating on
dmraid devices.
Partitions in a GPT table are no longer assigned the "microsoft
reserved partition" type. Before this change, each partition would
be listed with a type of "msftres" by default.
* Noteworthy changes in release 1.9.0 (2009-07-23) [stable]
** Bug fixes
parted now preserves the protective MBR (PMBR) in GPT type labels.\
gpt_read now uses SizeOfPartitionEntry instead of the size of
GuidPartitionEntry_t. This ensures that *all* of the partition
entries are correctly read.\
mklabel (interactive mode) now correctly asks for confirmation, when
replacing an existent label, without outputting an error message.\
resize now handles FAT16 file systems with a 64k cluster. This
configuration is not common, but it is possible.
parted now ignores devices of the type /dev/md* when probing. These
types of devices should be handled by the device-mapper capabilities
of parted.\
The parted documentation now describes the differences in the options
passed to mkpart for the label types.\
** Changes in behavior
include/parted/beos.h, include/parted/gnu.h and include/parted/linux.h
have been removed. The symbols contained in these files (GNUSpecific,
ped_device_new_from_store, BEOSSpecific, LinuxSpecific, LINUX_SPECIFIC)
were moved to the individual files that need them.
In libparted, the linux-swap "filesystem" types are now called
"linux-swap(v0)" and "linux-swap(v1)" rather than "linux-swap(old)"
and "linux-swap(new)" as in parted 1.8, or "linux-swap" as in older
versions; "old" and "new" generally make poor names, and v1 is the
only format supported by current Linux kernels. Aliases for all
previous names are available.
* Noteworthy changes in release (2007-12-17) [stable]
** FIXME: fill in details
* Noteworthy changes in release 1.8.8 (2007-08-09) [stable]
** GNU parted is now licensed under the GNU General Public License version 3
or higher. See the COPYING file for more details.
** libparted:
- Add compute_block_counts() to improve ext2fs support.
- Properly detect 'ext2 fs too small' cases.
- Move formatting commands out of translatable strings.
- Read an msdos partition table from a device with 2K sectors.
- Remove always-false "Unable to open" diagnostic in ped_disk_new(),
leave the "unrecognized disk label" diagnostic.
- Don't leak partition table buffer in amiga_read().
- Don't read/write initialized memory with DEBUG turned on off for
'mklabel bsd' and 'mklabel amiga' command calls.
- Turn off DEBUG in libparted.c to avoid initializing all allocated
memory to '1' bits.
- Correct handling of HeaderSize field in GPT labels.
- Fix block number used when checking for ext2 fs state.
- Add detection support for Xen virtual block devices (/dev/xvd*).
- When reading DASD labels, check the filesystem type as well as
partition flags to determine what's on the partition.
- Add _dm_probe_all() from Debian to probe for all device-mapper
** parted:
- Fixed exception handling in mkpart and mkpartfs commands.
- Add the --dry-run option to the partprobe command.
- Update docs: cannot specify 'primary' for a partition on a loop
- Remove unused functions (get_spaces).
- Fix off-by-one error in str_list_print_wrap().
- Use xmalloc() and xrealloc() to check return values.
- Fix invalid command line argument handling.
- Close memory leaks in parted.c and table.c.
- Fix warnings when compiling with translation support enabled.
- Use a consistent prompt when asking for a file system type.
- Update docs: don't reference old versions of gzip.
** misc:
- Improve the testing framework in the tests/ subdirectory. Build out
more of the testing scripts so we can start using that to ensure we
don't introduce regressions in releases.
- Support testing with tmpfs filesystems on Linux.
- Work around inadequate libreadline in the configure script.
- Don't include config.h from internal headers.
* Noteworthy changes in release 1.8.7 (2007-05-09) [stable]
** libparted:
- Prevent compilation of DASD code on GNU Hurd systems.
- Integrate new unit testing framework for parted and libparted.
- Fix primary partition cylinder alignment error for DOS disk labels.
- Avoid segfault due to a double free on reiserfs support.
** parted:
- Fix script mode (-s) for mkfs command in parted.
- Suppress "you are not superuser..." warning in script mode.
- Fix off-by-one bug in parted when displaying information about the
- Do not translate partition names in the 'parted print' command.
This causes problems for non-Latin-based character sets.
- Send errors to stderr rather than stdout.
- Handle command line options independent of the order.
- Abort on any invalid option and handle -v and -h first.
- Only display the update /etc/fstab message when there has been a
change to the disk (a shorter and more direct message too).
* Noteworthy changes in release 1.8.6 (2007-03-20) [stable]
** Revert the implementation of the linux-swap(new) and linux-swap(old) types.
The type is 'linux-swap' for v1, v2, and s1suspend swap partitions on Linux.
* Noteworthy changes in release 1.8.5 (2007-03-20) [stable]
** Another minor update. Both versions 1.8.3 and 1.8.4 lacked po translation
files. These are included with version 1.8.5.
* Noteworthy changes in release 1.8.4 (2007-03-19) [stable]
** Minor bug fix release for 1.8.3 to fix build issues on various
- Use 'uname -m' to determine if we build on System Z or not.
- Include <parted/vtoc.h> in <parted/fdasd.h> for format1_label_t
- Remove unused variables in libparted/arch/linux.c (-Werror).
- Check return values on fgets() and asprint() in libparted/arch/linux.c
- Check for tgetent() in libtinfo in the configure script.
- Move some macro definitions in <parted/disk.h> to fix a compile
problem with gcc-4.1.2 as indicated here:
* Noteworthy changes in release 1.8.3 (2007-03-16) [stable]
** libparted:
- Header file clean ups.
- Sync the linux-swap header according to the Linux kernel sources.
- Enable support for swsusp partitions and the ability to differentiate
between old and new versions of linux-swap partitions.
- Renaming PARTITION_EXT to PARTITION_DOS_EXT in the DOS disklabel
code (consitency with Linux kernel source).
- Added libparted.pc pkg-config file.
- Remove unused functions, ifdefs, and other code.
- Deprecate ped_[register|unregister]_disk_type in favor of
- Small test program fixes (in label.c and common.c).
- Make functions const-correct.
- Handle systems where libreadline is not available.
- Preserve starting sector for primary NTFS 3.1 partitions on DOS
- Handle 2048-byte logical sectors in linux_read().
- Use PED_SECTOR_SIZE_DEFAULT macro in place of 512.
- Don't assume logical sector size is <= 512B on AIX.
- Detect HFS write failure.
- Use mkstemp() in place of mktemp().
- Added HFS+ resize support.
- Don't build DASD support on non-zSeries hardware.
** parted/partprobe:
- Use fputs() and putchar() in place for printf(), when possible.
- Detect/report stdout write errors.
- Accept the --version and --help options.
- Fix memory leaks in parted(8).
** general:
- Synchronize the manual page and --help documentation.
- GNU autoconf and automake updates.
- 'gcc -Wall -Wshadow' warning cleanups.
- Don't define _GNU_SOURCE manually.
- Documentation updates and cleanups (AUTHORS, copyright notices,
- Use gnulib (
* Noteworthy changes in release 1.8.2 (2007-01-12) [stable]
** libparted:
- Add the ped_device_cache_remove() function to remove a device from
the cache. This is necessary for some things that use libparted,
including pyparted.
- Fix a segfault in ped_assert() where the wrong pointer is freed in
the backtrace handler.
- Only call _disk_warn_loss(disk) in do_mklabel() if disk is not NULL.
Fixes a segfault when initializing new volumes.
- Dynamically allocate space for exception messages.
- Output a backtrace when catching SEGV_MAPPER or a general SIGSEGV.
** parted:
- Destroy all objects before return when called with --list or --all
- Zero sized device is shown as 0.00B and not -0.00kB.
- Implement 'print devices' command.
- Alias 'print list' to 'print all'.
- Alias 'mktable' to 'mklabel'.
** misc:
- Other bug fixes, documentation updates, and translation improvements.
- Code and API clean-ups.
* Noteworthy changes in release 1.8.1 (2006-12-04) [stable]
** libparted:
- Rework backtrace support.
- Code cleanups.
- Added --enable-selinux configure option to enable linking libparted with
libselinux and libsepol.
- Disable ext2fs resize for now, tell user to use resize2fs.
** parted:
- Fix loop in print_all().
- Introduce the -list command-line switch.
- Make mktable aliased to mklabel.
- Warn before mklabel and mkfs.
- Code cleanups in _partition_warn_busy(), _disk_warn_busy(),
_partition_warn_loss(), and _disk_warn_loss().
- Avoid warning about user permissions when using --version.
- Fix 'print' command help.
- Proper print when there are no extended partitions, but partition names.
** misc:
- Generate SHA-1 digest of the archive files and upload those along with the
actual archive files.
- Update translation files.
- Remove automatically generated files from version control.
* Noteworthy changes in release 1.8.0 (2006-11-17) [stable]
** libparted:
- GPT fixes:
- Correctly handle disks with non-512 byte sector sizes
- Support LUN resizing (see new space, allow parted to use it)
- Prevent overlap of LastUsableLBA and PartitionEntryLBA in backup GPT
- Prevent SIGFPE when FAT sector size is 0
- Add ped_exception_get_handler()
- DASD support for IBM zSeries systems
- AIX disk label support
- Detect Promise SX8 storage devices
- Macintosh (ppc and x86) disk label improvements:
- Prevent LVM and RAID partition types from corrupting the table
- Fix removal of driver partition
- Add support binary units (MiB, KiB, GiB)
- In ped_register_disk_type(), handle disk_types==NULL case
- In ped_unregister_disk_type(), handle case where type is not registered
- Fix geometry read problems on 64-bit Macs (and probably other 64-bit systems)
- Add support for /dev/mapper devices via libdevmapper library
- Detect Apple_Boot partition types correctly on MacOS X 10.4 systems
** parted:
- Various bug fixes, signal handling fixes, and spelling error fixes
- UI improvements to display more information about the disk and transport
Copyright (C) 2001-2012 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document
under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.3 or
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Texts. A copy of the license is included in the ``GNU Free
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