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# Copyright (c) 2019 Cisco and/or its affiliates.
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at:
#
# http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.
"""PacketVerifier module.
Example. ::
| >>> from scapy.all import *
| >>> from PacketVerifier import *
| >>> rxq = RxQueue('eth1')
| >>> txq = TxQueue('eth1')
| >>> src_mac = "AA:BB:CC:DD:EE:FF"
| >>> dst_mac = "52:54:00:ca:5d:0b"
| >>> src_ip = "11.11.11.10"
| >>> dst_ip = "11.11.11.11"
| >>> sent_packets = []
| >>> pkt_send = Ether(src=src_mac, dst=dst_mac) /
| ... IP(src=src_ip, dst=dst_ip) /
| ... ICMP()
| >>> sent_packets.append(pkt_send)
| >>> txq.send(pkt_send)
| >>> pkt_send = Ether(src=src_mac, dst=dst_mac) /
| ... ARP(hwsrc=src_mac, psrc=src_ip, hwdst=dst_mac, pdst=dst_ip, op=2)
| >>> sent_packets.append(pkt_send)
| >>> txq.send(pkt_send)
| >>> rxq.recv(100, sent_packets).show()
| ###[ Ethernet ]###
| dst = aa:bb:cc:dd:ee:ff
| src = 52:54:00:ca:5d:0b
| type = 0x800
| ###[ IP ]###
| version = 4L
| ihl = 5L
| tos = 0x0
| len = 28
| id = 43183
| flags =
| frag = 0L
| ttl = 64
| proto = icmp
| chksum = 0xa607
| src = 11.11.11.11
| dst = 11.11.11.10
| options
| ###[ ICMP ]###
| type = echo-reply
| code = 0
| chksum = 0xffff
| id = 0x0
| seq = 0x0
| ###[ Padding ]###
| load = 'RT\x00\xca]\x0b\xaa\xbb\xcc\xdd\xee\xff\x08\x06\x00\x01\x08\x00'
Example end.
"""
import os
import select
from scapy.all import ETH_P_IP, ETH_P_IPV6, ETH_P_ALL, ETH_P_ARP
from scapy.config import conf
from scapy.layers.inet6 import IPv6
from scapy.layers.l2 import Ether, ARP
from scapy.packet import Raw
# Enable libpcap's L2listen
conf.use_pcap = True
__all__ = [
u"RxQueue", u"TxQueue", u"Interface", u"create_gratuitous_arp_request",
u"auto_pad", u"checksum_equal"
]
# TODO: http://stackoverflow.com/questions/320232/
# ensuring-subprocesses-are-dead-on-exiting-python-program
class PacketVerifier:
"""Base class for TX and RX queue objects for packet verifier."""
def __init__(self, interface_name):
os.system(
f"sudo echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv6/conf/{interface_name}/"
f"disable_ipv6"
)
os.system(f"sudo ip link set {interface_name} up promisc on")
self._ifname = interface_name
def extract_one_packet(buf):
"""Extract one packet from the incoming buf buffer.
Takes string as input and looks for first whole packet in it.
If it finds one, it returns substring from the buf parameter.
:param buf: String representation of incoming packet buffer.
:type buf: str
:returns: String representation of first packet in buf.
:rtype: str
"""
pkt_len = 0
if len(buf) < 60:
return None
try:
ether_type = Ether(buf[0:14]).type
except AttributeError:
raise RuntimeError(f"No EtherType in packet {buf!r}")
if ether_type == ETH_P_IP:
# 14 is Ethernet fame header size.
# 4 bytes is just enough to look for length in ip header.
# ip total length contains just the IP packet length so add the Ether
# header.
pkt_len = Ether(buf[0:14+4]).len + 14
if len(buf) < 60:
return None
elif ether_type == ETH_P_IPV6:
if not Ether(buf[0:14+6]).haslayer(IPv6):
raise RuntimeError(f"Invalid IPv6 packet {buf!r}")
# ... to add to the above, 40 bytes is the length of IPV6 header.
# The ipv6.len only contains length of the payload and not the header
pkt_len = Ether(buf)[u"IPv6"].plen + 14 + 40
if len(buf) < 60:
return None
elif ether_type == ETH_P_ARP:
pkt = Ether(buf[:20])
if not pkt.haslayer(ARP):
raise RuntimeError(u"Incomplete ARP packet")
# len(eth) + arp(2 hw addr type + 2 proto addr type
# + 1b len + 1b len + 2b operation)
pkt_len = 14 + 8
pkt_len += 2 * pkt.getlayer(ARP).hwlen
pkt_len += 2 * pkt.getlayer(ARP).plen
del pkt
elif ether_type == 32821: # RARP (Reverse ARP)
pkt = Ether(buf[:20])
pkt.type = ETH_P_ARP # Change to ARP so it works with scapy
pkt = Ether(pkt)
if not pkt.haslayer(ARP):
pkt.show()
raise RuntimeError(u"Incomplete RARP packet")
# len(eth) + arp(2 hw addr type + 2 proto addr type
# + 1b len + 1b len + 2b operation)
pkt_len = 14 + 8
pkt_len += 2 * pkt.getlayer(ARP).hwlen
pkt_len += 2 * pkt.getlayer(ARP).plen
del pkt
else:
raise RuntimeError(f"Unknown protocol {ether_type}")
if pkt_len < 60:
pkt_len = 60
if len(buf) < pkt_len:
return None
return buf[0:pkt_len]
def packet_reader(interface_name, queue):
"""Sub-process routine that reads packets and puts them to queue.
This function is meant to be run in separate subprocess and is in tight
loop reading raw packets from interface passed as parameter.
:param interface_name: Name of interface to read packets from.
:param queue: Queue in which this function will push incoming packets.
:type interface_name: str
:type queue: multiprocessing.Queue
"""
sock = conf.L2listen(iface=interface_name, type=ETH_P_ALL)
while True:
pkt = sock.recv(0x7fff)
queue.put(pkt)
class RxQueue(PacketVerifier):
"""Receive queue object.
This object creates raw socket, reads packets from it and provides
function to access them.
:param interface_name: Which interface to bind to.
:type interface_name: str
"""
def __init__(self, interface_name):
PacketVerifier.__init__(self, interface_name)
self._sock = conf.L2listen(iface=interface_name, type=ETH_P_ALL)
def recv(self, timeout=3, ignore=None, verbose=True):
"""Read next received packet.
Returns scapy's Ether() object created from next packet in the queue.
Queue is being filled in parallel in subprocess. If no packet
arrives in given timeout queue.Empty exception will be risen.
:param timeout: How many seconds to wait for next packet.
:param ignore: List of packets that should be ignored.
:param verbose: Used to suppress detailed logging of received packets.
:type timeout: int
:type ignore: list
:type verbose: bool
:returns: Ether() initialized object from packet data.
:rtype: scapy.Ether
"""
ignore_list = list()
if ignore is not None:
for ig_pkt in ignore:
# Auto pad all packets in ignore list
ignore_list.append(str(auto_pad(ig_pkt)))
while True:
rlist, _, _ = select.select([self._sock], [], [], timeout)
if self._sock not in rlist:
return None
pkt = self._sock.recv(0x7fff)
pkt_pad = str(auto_pad(pkt))
print(f"Received packet on {self._ifname} of len {len(pkt)}")
if verbose:
if hasattr(pkt, u"show2"):
pkt.show2()
else:
# Never happens in practice, but Pylint does not know that.
print(f"Unexpected instance: {pkt!r}")
print()
if pkt_pad in ignore_list:
ignore_list.remove(pkt_pad)
print(u"Received packet ignored.")
continue
return pkt
class TxQueue(PacketVerifier):
"""Transmission queue object.
This object is used to send packets over RAW socket on a interface.
:param interface_name: Which interface to send packets from.
:type interface_name: str
"""
def __init__(self, interface_name):
PacketVerifier.__init__(self, interface_name)
self._sock = conf.L2socket(iface=interface_name, type=ETH_P_ALL)
def send(self, pkt, verbose=True):
"""Send packet out of the bound interface.
:param pkt: Packet to send.
:param verbose: Used to suppress detailed logging of sent packets.
:type pkt: string or scapy Packet derivative.
:type verbose: bool
"""
pkt = auto_pad(pkt)
print(f"Sending packet out of {self._ifname} of len {len(pkt)}")
if verbose:
pkt.show2()
print()
self._sock.send(pkt)
class Interface:
"""Class for network interfaces. Contains methods for sending and receiving
packets."""
def __init__(self, if_name):
"""Initialize the interface class.
:param if_name: Name of the interface.
:type if_name: str
"""
self.if_name = if_name
self.sent_packets = []
self.rxq = RxQueue(if_name)
self.txq = TxQueue(if_name)
def send_pkt(self, pkt):
"""Send the provided packet out the interface."""
self.sent_packets.append(pkt)
self.txq.send(pkt)
def recv_pkt(self, timeout=3):
"""Read one packet from the interface's receive queue.
:param timeout: Timeout value in seconds.
:type timeout: int
:returns: Ether() initialized object from packet data.
:rtype: scapy.Ether
"""
return self.rxq.recv(timeout, self.sent_packets)
def create_gratuitous_arp_request(src_mac, src_ip):
"""Creates scapy representation of gratuitous ARP request."""
return (Ether(src=src_mac, dst=u"ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff") /
ARP(psrc=src_ip, hwsrc=src_mac, pdst=src_ip)
)
def auto_pad(packet):
"""Pads zeroes at the end of the packet if the total len < 60 bytes."""
# padded = str(packet)
if len(packet) < 60:
packet[Raw].load += (b"\0" * (60 - len(packet)))
return packet
def checksum_equal(chksum1, chksum2):
"""Compares two checksums in one's complement notation.
Checksums to be compared are calculated as 16 bit one's complement of the
one's complement sum of 16 bit words of some buffer.
In one's complement notation 0x0000 (positive zero) and 0xFFFF
(negative zero) are equivalent.
:param chksum1: First checksum.
:param chksum2: Second checksum.
:type chksum1: uint16
:type chksum2: uint16
:returns: True if checksums are equivalent, False otherwise.
:rtype: boolean
"""
if chksum1 == 0xFFFF:
chksum1 = 0
if chksum2 == 0xFFFF:
chksum2 = 0
return chksum1 == chksum2
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