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OSPFv2

:abbr:`OSPF (Open Shortest Path First)` version 2 is a routing protocol which is described in RFC 2328. OSPF is an :abbr:`IGP (Interior Gateway Protocol)`. Compared with :abbr:`RIP`, :abbr:`OSPF` can provide scalable network support and faster convergence times. OSPF is widely used in large networks such as :abbr:`ISP (Internet Service Provider)` backbone and enterprise networks.

Configuring OSPF

ospfd accepts all :ref:`common-invocation-options`.

.. option:: -n, --instance

   Specify the instance number for this invocation of *ospfd*.

.. option:: -a, --apiserver

   Enable the OSPF API server. This is required to use ``ospfclient``.

ospfd must acquire interface information from zebra in order to function. Therefore zebra must be running before invoking ospfd. Also, if zebra is restarted then ospfd must be too.

Like other daemons, ospfd configuration is done in :abbr:`OSPF` specific configuration file :file:`ospfd.conf` when the integrated config is not used.

Multi-instance Support

OSPF supports multiple instances. Each instance is identified by a positive nonzero integer that must be provided when adding configuration items specific to that instance. Enabling instances is done with :file:`/etc/frr/daemons` in the following manner:

...
ospfd=yes
ospfd_instances=1,5,6
...

The ospfd_instances variable controls which instances are started and what their IDs are. In this example, after starting FRR you should see the following processes:

# ps -ef | grep "ospfd"
frr      11816     1  0 17:30 ?        00:00:00 /usr/lib/frr/ospfd --daemon -A 127.0.0.1 -n 1
frr      11822     1  0 17:30 ?        00:00:00 /usr/lib/frr/ospfd --daemon -A 127.0.0.1 -n 2
frr      11828     1  0 17:30 ?        00:00:00 /usr/lib/frr/ospfd --daemon -A 127.0.0.1 -n 3

The instance number should be specified in the config when addressing a particular instance:

router ospf 5
   ospf router-id 1.2.3.4
   area 0.0.0.0 authentication message-digest
   ...

Routers

To start OSPF process you have to specify the OSPF router.

.. clicmd:: router ospf [(1-65535)] vrf NAME


   Enable or disable the OSPF process.

.. clicmd:: ospf router-id A.B.C.D


   This sets the router-ID of the OSPF process. The router-ID may be an IP
   address of the router, but need not be - it can be any arbitrary 32bit
   number. However it MUST be unique within the entire OSPF domain to the OSPF
   speaker - bad things will happen if multiple OSPF speakers are configured
   with the same router-ID! If one is not specified then *ospfd* will obtain a
   router-ID automatically from *zebra*.

.. clicmd:: ospf abr-type TYPE


   `type` can be cisco|ibm|shortcut|standard. The "Cisco" and "IBM" types
   are equivalent.

   The OSPF standard for ABR behaviour does not allow an ABR to consider
   routes through non-backbone areas when its links to the backbone are
   down, even when there are other ABRs in attached non-backbone areas
   which still can reach the backbone - this restriction exists primarily
   to ensure routing-loops are avoided.

   With the "Cisco" or "IBM" ABR type, the default in this release of FRR, this
   restriction is lifted, allowing an ABR to consider summaries learned from
   other ABRs through non-backbone areas, and hence route via non-backbone
   areas as a last resort when, and only when, backbone links are down.

   Note that areas with fully-adjacent virtual-links are considered to be
   "transit capable" and can always be used to route backbone traffic, and
   hence are unaffected by this setting (:clicmd:`area A.B.C.D virtual-link A.B.C.D`).

   More information regarding the behaviour controlled by this command can
   be found in :rfc:`3509`, and :t:`draft-ietf-ospf-shortcut-abr-02.txt`.

   Quote: "Though the definition of the :abbr:`ABR (Area Border Router)`
   in the OSPF specification does not require a router with multiple
   attached areas to have a backbone connection, it is actually
   necessary to provide successful routing to the inter-area and
   external destinations. If this requirement is not met, all traffic
   destined for the areas not connected to such an ABR or out of the
   OSPF domain, is dropped. This document describes alternative ABR
   behaviors implemented in Cisco and IBM routers."

.. clicmd:: ospf rfc1583compatibility


   :rfc:`2328`, the successor to :rfc:`1583`, suggests according
   to section G.2 (changes) in section 16.4 a change to the path
   preference algorithm that prevents possible routing loops that were
   possible in the old version of OSPFv2. More specifically it demands
   that inter-area paths and intra-area backbone path are now of equal preference
   but still both preferred to external paths.

   This command should NOT be set normally.

.. clicmd:: log-adjacency-changes [detail]


   Configures ospfd to log changes in adjacency. With the optional
   detail argument, all changes in adjacency status are shown. Without detail,
   only changes to full or regressions are shown.

.. clicmd:: passive-interface INTERFACE


   Do not speak OSPF interface on the
   given interface, but do advertise the interface as a stub link in the
   router-:abbr:`LSA (Link State Advertisement)` for this router. This
   allows one to advertise addresses on such connected interfaces without
   having to originate AS-External/Type-5 LSAs (which have global flooding
   scope) - as would occur if connected addresses were redistributed into
   OSPF (:ref:`redistribute-routes-to-ospf`). This is the only way to
   advertise non-OSPF links into stub areas.

.. clicmd:: timers throttle spf (0-600000) (0-600000) (0-600000)

   This command sets the initial `delay`, the `initial-holdtime`
   and the `maximum-holdtime` between when SPF is calculated and the
   event which triggered the calculation. The times are specified in
   milliseconds and must be in the range of 0 to 600000 milliseconds.

   The `delay` specifies the minimum amount of time to delay SPF
   calculation (hence it affects how long SPF calculation is delayed after
   an event which occurs outside of the holdtime of any previous SPF
   calculation, and also serves as a minimum holdtime).

   Consecutive SPF calculations will always be separated by at least
   'hold-time' milliseconds. The hold-time is adaptive and initially is
   set to the `initial-holdtime` configured with the above command.
   Events which occur within the holdtime of the previous SPF calculation
   will cause the holdtime to be increased by `initial-holdtime`, bounded
   by the `maximum-holdtime` configured with this command. If the adaptive
   hold-time elapses without any SPF-triggering event occurring then
   the current holdtime is reset to the `initial-holdtime`. The current
   holdtime can be viewed with :clicmd:`show ip ospf`, where it is expressed as
   a multiplier of the `initial-holdtime`.

   .. code-block:: frr

      router ospf
      timers throttle spf 200 400 10000


   In this example, the `delay` is set to 200ms, the initial holdtime is set to
   400ms and the `maximum holdtime` to 10s. Hence there will always be at least
   200ms between an event which requires SPF calculation and the actual SPF
   calculation. Further consecutive SPF calculations will always be separated
   by between 400ms to 10s, the hold-time increasing by 400ms each time an
   SPF-triggering event occurs within the hold-time of the previous SPF
   calculation.

   This command supersedes the *timers spf* command in previous FRR
   releases.

.. clicmd:: max-metric router-lsa [on-startup|on-shutdown] (5-86400)

.. clicmd:: max-metric router-lsa administrative


   This enables :rfc:`3137` support, where the OSPF process describes its
   transit links in its router-LSA as having infinite distance so that other
   routers will avoid calculating transit paths through the router while still
   being able to reach networks through the router.

   This support may be enabled administratively (and indefinitely) or
   conditionally. Conditional enabling of max-metric router-lsas can be for a
   period of seconds after startup and/or for a period of seconds prior to
   shutdown.

   Enabling this for a period after startup allows OSPF to converge fully first
   without affecting any existing routes used by other routers, while still
   allowing any connected stub links and/or redistributed routes to be
   reachable. Enabling this for a period of time in advance of shutdown allows
   the router to gracefully excuse itself from the OSPF domain.

   Enabling this feature administratively allows for administrative
   intervention for whatever reason, for an indefinite period of time.  Note
   that if the configuration is written to file, this administrative form of
   the stub-router command will also be written to file. If *ospfd* is
   restarted later, the command will then take effect until manually
   deconfigured.

   Configured state of this feature as well as current status, such as the
   number of second remaining till on-startup or on-shutdown ends, can be
   viewed with the :clicmd:`show ip ospf` command.

.. clicmd:: auto-cost reference-bandwidth (1-4294967)


   This sets the reference
   bandwidth for cost calculations, where this bandwidth is considered
   equivalent to an OSPF cost of 1, specified in Mbits/s. The default is
   100Mbit/s (i.e. a link of bandwidth 100Mbit/s or higher will have a
   cost of 1. Cost of lower bandwidth links will be scaled with reference
   to this cost).

   This configuration setting MUST be consistent across all routers within the
   OSPF domain.

.. clicmd:: network A.B.C.D/M area A.B.C.D

.. clicmd:: network A.B.C.D/M area (0-4294967295)



   This command specifies the OSPF enabled interface(s). If the interface has
   an address from range 192.168.1.0/24 then the command below enables ospf
   on this interface so router can provide network information to the other
   ospf routers via this interface.

   .. code-block:: frr

      router ospf
      network 192.168.1.0/24 area 0.0.0.0

   Prefix length in interface must be equal or bigger (i.e. smaller network) than
   prefix length in network statement. For example statement above doesn't enable
   ospf on interface with address 192.168.1.1/23, but it does on interface with
   address 192.168.1.129/25.

   Note that the behavior when there is a peer address
   defined on an interface changed after release 0.99.7.
   Currently, if a peer prefix has been configured,
   then we test whether the prefix in the network command contains
   the destination prefix. Otherwise, we test whether the network command prefix
   contains the local address prefix of the interface.

   In some cases it may be more convenient to enable OSPF on a per
   interface/subnet basis (:clicmd:`ip ospf area AREA [ADDR]`).

.. clicmd:: proactive-arp


   This command enables or disables sending ARP requests to update neighbor
   table entries. It speeds up convergence for /32 networks on a P2P
   connection.

   This feature is enabled by default.

.. clicmd:: clear ip ospf [(1-65535)] process

   This command can be used to clear the ospf process data structures. This
   will clear the ospf neighborship as well and it will get re-established.
   This will clear the LSDB too. This will be helpful when there is a change
   in router-id and if user wants the router-id change to take effect, user can
   use this cli instead of restarting the ospfd daemon.

.. clicmd:: clear ip ospf [(1-65535)] neighbor

   This command can be used to clear the ospf neighbor data structures. This
   will clear the ospf neighborship and it will get re-established. This
   command can be used when the neighbor state get stuck at some state and
   this can be used to recover it from that state.

.. index:: maximum-paths " CMD_RANGE_STR(1, MULTIPATH_NUM)
.. clicmd:: maximum-paths " CMD_RANGE_STR(1, MULTIPATH_NUM)

.. index:: maximum-paths " CMD_RANGE_STR(1, MULTIPATH_NUM)
.. clicmd:: no maximum-paths

   CLI to control maximum number of equal cost paths to reach a specific
   destination.(ECMP)
   Reset CLI, resets the maximum supported multi path to the default value.

Areas

.. clicmd:: area A.B.C.D range A.B.C.D/M

.. clicmd:: area (0-4294967295) range A.B.C.D/M



   Summarize intra area paths from specified area into one Type-3 summary-LSA
   announced to other areas. This command can be used only in ABR and ONLY
   router-LSAs (Type-1) and network-LSAs (Type-2) (i.e. LSAs with scope area) can
   be summarized. Type-5 AS-external-LSAs can't be summarized - their scope is AS.
   Summarizing Type-7 AS-external-LSAs isn't supported yet by FRR.

   .. code-block:: frr

      router ospf
       network 192.168.1.0/24 area 0.0.0.0
       network 10.0.0.0/8 area 0.0.0.10
       area 0.0.0.10 range 10.0.0.0/8


   With configuration above one Type-3 Summary-LSA with routing info 10.0.0.0/8 is
   announced into backbone area if area 0.0.0.10 contains at least one intra-area
   network (i.e. described with router or network LSA) from this range.

.. clicmd:: area A.B.C.D range IPV4_PREFIX not-advertise


   Instead of summarizing intra area paths filter them - i.e. intra area paths from this
   range are not advertised into other areas.
   This command makes sense in ABR only.

.. clicmd:: area A.B.C.D range IPV4_PREFIX substitute IPV4_PREFIX


   Substitute summarized prefix with another prefix.

   .. code-block:: frr

      router ospf
       network 192.168.1.0/24 area 0.0.0.0
       network 10.0.0.0/8 area 0.0.0.10
       area 0.0.0.10 range 10.0.0.0/8 substitute 11.0.0.0/8


   One Type-3 summary-LSA with routing info 11.0.0.0/8 is announced into backbone area if
   area 0.0.0.10 contains at least one intra-area network (i.e. described with router-LSA or
   network-LSA) from range 10.0.0.0/8.
   This command makes sense in ABR only.

.. clicmd:: area A.B.C.D virtual-link A.B.C.D

.. clicmd:: area (0-4294967295) virtual-link A.B.C.D



.. clicmd:: area A.B.C.D shortcut

.. clicmd:: area (0-4294967295) shortcut



   Configure the area as Shortcut capable. See :rfc:`3509`. This requires
   that the 'abr-type' be set to 'shortcut'.

.. clicmd:: area A.B.C.D stub

.. clicmd:: area (0-4294967295) stub



   Configure the area to be a stub area. That is, an area where no router
   originates routes external to OSPF and hence an area where all external
   routes are via the ABR(s). Hence, ABRs for such an area do not need
   to pass AS-External LSAs (type-5s) or ASBR-Summary LSAs (type-4) into the
   area. They need only pass Network-Summary (type-3) LSAs into such an area,
   along with a default-route summary.

.. clicmd:: area A.B.C.D stub no-summary

.. clicmd:: area (0-4294967295) stub no-summary



    Prevents an *ospfd* ABR from injecting inter-area
    summaries into the specified stub area.

.. clicmd:: area A.B.C.D nssa

.. clicmd:: area (0-4294967295) nssa

    Configure the area to be a NSSA (Not-So-Stubby Area). This is an area that
    allows OSPF to import external routes into a stub area via a new LSA type
    (type 7). An NSSA autonomous system boundary router (ASBR) will generate this
    type of LSA. The area border router (ABR) translates the LSA type 7 into LSA
    type 5, which is propagated into the OSPF domain. NSSA areas are defined in
    RFC 3101.

.. clicmd:: area A.B.C.D nssa suppress-fa

.. clicmd:: area (0-4294967295) nssa suppress-fa

    Configure the router to set the forwarding address to 0.0.0.0 in all LSA type 5
    translated from LSA type 7. The router needs to be elected the translator of the
    area for this command to take effect. This feature causes routers that are
    configured not to advertise forwarding addresses into the backbone to direct
    forwarded traffic to the NSSA ABR translator.

.. clicmd:: area A.B.C.D default-cost (0-16777215)


   Set the cost of default-summary LSAs announced to stubby areas.

.. clicmd:: area A.B.C.D export-list NAME

.. clicmd:: area (0-4294967295) export-list NAME



   Filter Type-3 summary-LSAs announced to other areas originated from intra-
   area paths from specified area.

   .. code-block:: frr

      router ospf
       network 192.168.1.0/24 area 0.0.0.0
       network 10.0.0.0/8 area 0.0.0.10
       area 0.0.0.10 export-list foo
      !
      access-list foo permit 10.10.0.0/16
      access-list foo deny any

   With example above any intra-area paths from area 0.0.0.10 and from range
   10.10.0.0/16 (for example 10.10.1.0/24 and 10.10.2.128/30) are announced into
   other areas as Type-3 summary-LSA's, but any others (for example 10.11.0.0/16
   or 10.128.30.16/30) aren't.

   This command is only relevant if the router is an ABR for the specified
   area.

.. clicmd:: area A.B.C.D import-list NAME

.. clicmd:: area (0-4294967295) import-list NAME



   Same as export-list, but it applies to paths announced into specified area
   as Type-3 summary-LSAs.

.. clicmd:: area A.B.C.D filter-list prefix NAME in

.. clicmd:: area A.B.C.D filter-list prefix NAME out

.. clicmd:: area (0-4294967295) filter-list prefix NAME in

.. clicmd:: area (0-4294967295) filter-list prefix NAME out





   Filtering Type-3 summary-LSAs to/from area using prefix lists. This command
   makes sense in ABR only.

.. clicmd:: area A.B.C.D authentication

.. clicmd:: area (0-4294967295) authentication



   Specify that simple password authentication should be used for the given
   area.

.. clicmd:: area A.B.C.D authentication message-digest

.. clicmd:: area (0-4294967295) authentication message-digest

   Specify that OSPF packets must be authenticated with MD5 HMACs within the
   given area. Keying material must also be configured on a per-interface basis
   (:clicmd:`ip ospf message-digest-key`).

   MD5 authentication may also be configured on a per-interface basis
   (:clicmd:`ip ospf authentication message-digest`). Such per-interface
   settings will override any per-area authentication setting.

Interfaces

.. clicmd:: ip ospf area AREA [ADDR]


   Enable OSPF on the interface, optionally restricted to just the IP address
   given by `ADDR`, putting it in the `AREA` area. Per interface area settings
   take precedence to network commands
   (:clicmd:`network A.B.C.D/M area A.B.C.D`).

   If you have a lot of interfaces, and/or a lot of subnets, then enabling OSPF
   via this command may result in a slight performance improvement.

.. clicmd:: ip ospf authentication-key AUTH_KEY


   Set OSPF authentication key to a simple password. After setting `AUTH_KEY`,
   all OSPF packets are authenticated. `AUTH_KEY` has length up to 8 chars.

   Simple text password authentication is insecure and deprecated in favour of
   MD5 HMAC authentication.

.. clicmd:: ip ospf authentication message-digest

   Specify that MD5 HMAC authentication must be used on this interface. MD5
   keying material must also be configured. Overrides any authentication
   enabled on a per-area basis
   (:clicmd:`area A.B.C.D authentication message-digest`)

   Note that OSPF MD5 authentication requires that time never go backwards
   (correct time is NOT important, only that it never goes backwards), even
   across resets, if ospfd is to be able to promptly reestablish adjacencies
   with its neighbours after restarts/reboots. The host should have system time
   be set at boot from an external or non-volatile source (e.g. battery backed
   clock, NTP, etc.) or else the system clock should be periodically saved to
   non-volatile storage and restored at boot if MD5 authentication is to be
   expected to work reliably.

.. clicmd:: ip ospf message-digest-key KEYID md5 KEY


   Set OSPF authentication key to a cryptographic password. The cryptographic
   algorithm is MD5.

   KEYID identifies secret key used to create the message digest. This ID is
   part of the protocol and must be consistent across routers on a link.

   KEY is the actual message digest key, of up to 16 chars (larger strings will
   be truncated), and is associated with the given KEYID.

.. clicmd:: ip ospf cost (1-65535)


   Set link cost for the specified interface. The cost value is set to
   router-LSA's metric field and used for SPF calculation.

.. clicmd:: ip ospf dead-interval (1-65535)

.. clicmd:: ip ospf dead-interval minimal hello-multiplier (2-20)


   Set number of seconds for RouterDeadInterval timer value used for Wait Timer
   and Inactivity Timer. This value must be the same for all routers attached
   to a common network. The default value is 40 seconds.

   If 'minimal' is specified instead, then the dead-interval is set to 1 second
   and one must specify a hello-multiplier. The hello-multiplier specifies how
   many Hellos to send per second, from 2 (every 500ms) to 20 (every 50ms).
   Thus one can have 1s convergence time for OSPF. If this form is specified,
   then the hello-interval advertised in Hello packets is set to 0 and the
   hello-interval on received Hello packets is not checked, thus the
   hello-multiplier need NOT be the same across multiple routers on a common
   link.

.. clicmd:: ip ospf hello-interval (1-65535)


   Set number of seconds for HelloInterval timer value. Setting this value,
   Hello packet will be sent every timer value seconds on the specified interface.
   This value must be the same for all routers attached to a common network.
   The default value is 10 seconds.

   This command has no effect if
   :clicmd:`ip ospf dead-interval minimal hello-multiplier (2-20)` is also
   specified for the interface.

.. clicmd:: ip ospf network (broadcast|non-broadcast|point-to-multipoint|point-to-point)

   When configuring a point-to-point network on an interface and the interface
   has a /32 address associated with then OSPF will treat the interface
   as being `unnumbered`.  If you are doing this you *must* set the
   net.ipv4.conf.<interface name>.rp_filter value to 0.  In order for
   the ospf multicast packets to be delivered by the kernel.


   Set explicitly network type for specified interface.

.. clicmd:: ip ospf priority (0-255)


   Set RouterPriority integer value. The router with the highest priority will
   be more eligible to become Designated Router. Setting the value to 0, makes
   the router ineligible to become Designated Router. The default value is 1.

.. clicmd:: ip ospf retransmit-interval (1-65535)


   Set number of seconds for RxmtInterval timer value. This value is used when
   retransmitting Database Description and Link State Request packets. The
   default value is 5 seconds.

.. clicmd:: ip ospf transmit-delay (1-65535) [A.B.C.D]


   Set number of seconds for InfTransDelay value. LSAs' age should be
   incremented by this value when transmitting. The default value is 1 second.

.. clicmd:: ip ospf area (A.B.C.D|(0-4294967295))


   Enable ospf on an interface and set associated area.

OSPF route-map

Usage of ospfd's route-map support.

.. clicmd:: set metric [+|-](0-4294967295)

   Set a metric for matched route when sending announcement. Use plus (+) sign
   to add a metric value to an existing metric. Use minus (-) sign to
   substract a metric value from an existing metric.

Redistribution

.. clicmd:: redistribute <babel|bgp|connected|eigrp|isis|kernel|openfabric|ospf|rip|sharp|static|table> [metric-type (1-2)] [metric (0-16777214)] [route-map WORD]

   Redistribute routes of the specified protocol or kind into OSPF, with the
   metric type and metric set if specified, filtering the routes using the
   given route-map if specified.  Redistributed routes may also be filtered
   with distribute-lists, see
   :ref:`ospf distribute-list configuration <ospf-distribute-list>`.

   Redistributed routes are distributed as into OSPF as Type-5 External LSAs
   into links to areas that accept external routes, Type-7 External LSAs for
   NSSA areas and are not redistributed at all into Stub areas, where external
   routes are not permitted.

   Note that for connected routes, one may instead use the `passive-interface`
   configuration.

.. seealso::

   clicmd:`passive-interface INTERFACE`.

.. clicmd:: default-information originate

.. clicmd:: default-information originate metric (0-16777214)

.. clicmd:: default-information originate metric (0-16777214) metric-type (1|2)

.. clicmd:: default-information originate metric (0-16777214) metric-type (1|2) route-map WORD

.. clicmd:: default-information originate always

.. clicmd:: default-information originate always metric (0-16777214)

.. clicmd:: default-information originate always metric (0-16777214) metric-type (1|2)

.. clicmd:: default-information originate always metric (0-16777214) metric-type (1|2) route-map WORD


   Originate an AS-External (type-5) LSA describing a default route into all
   external-routing capable areas, of the specified metric and metric type. If
   the 'always' keyword is given then the default is always advertised, even
   when there is no default present in the routing table.

.. clicmd:: distribute-list NAME out (kernel|connected|static|rip|ospf


Apply the access-list filter, NAME, to redistributed routes of the given type before allowing the routes to redistributed into OSPF (:ref:`ospf redistribution <ospf-redistribute>`).
.. clicmd:: default-metric (0-16777214)


.. clicmd:: distance (1-255)


.. clicmd:: distance ospf (intra-area|inter-area|external) (1-255)



Graceful Restart Helper

.. clicmd:: graceful-restart helper-only [A.B.C.D]


   Configure Graceful Restart (RFC 3623) helper support.
   By default, helper support is disabled for all neighbours.
   This config enables/disables helper support on this router
   for all neighbours.
   To enable/disable helper support for a specific
   neighbour, the router-id (A.B.C.D) has to be specified.

.. clicmd:: graceful-restart helper strict-lsa-checking


   If 'strict-lsa-checking' is configured then the helper will
   abort the Graceful Restart when a LSA change occurs which
   affects the restarting router.
   By default 'strict-lsa-checking' is enabled"

.. clicmd:: graceful-restart helper supported-grace-time


   Supports as HELPER for configured grace period.

.. clicmd:: graceful-restart helper planned-only


   It helps to support as HELPER only for planned
   restarts. By default, it supports both planned and
   unplanned outages.

Showing Information

.. clicmd:: show ip ospf [json]

   Show information on a variety of general OSPF and area state and
   configuration information.

.. clicmd:: show ip ospf interface [INTERFACE] [json]

   Show state and configuration of OSPF the specified interface, or all
   interfaces if no interface is given.

.. clicmd:: show ip ospf neighbor [json]

.. clicmd:: show ip ospf neighbor INTERFACE [json]

.. clicmd:: show ip ospf neighbor detail [json]

.. clicmd:: show ip ospf neighbor INTERFACE detail [json]

   Display lsa information of LSDB.
   Json o/p of this command covers base route information
   i.e all LSAs except opaque lsa info.

.. clicmd:: show ip ospf [vrf <NAME|all>] database [json]

.. clicmd:: show ip ospf [vrf <NAME|all>] database (asbr-summary|external|network|router|summary) [json]

.. clicmd:: show ip ospf [vrf <NAME|all>] database (asbr-summary|external|network|router|summary) LINK-STATE-ID [json]

.. clicmd:: show ip ospf [vrf <NAME|all>] database (asbr-summary|external|network|router|summary) LINK-STATE-ID adv-router ADV-ROUTER [json]

.. clicmd:: show ip ospf [vrf <NAME|all>] database (asbr-summary|external|network|router|summary) adv-router ADV-ROUTER [json]

.. clicmd:: show ip ospf [vrf <NAME|all>] database (asbr-summary|external|network|router|summary) LINK-STATE-ID self-originate [json]

.. clicmd:: show ip ospf [vrf <NAME|all>] database (asbr-summary|external|network|router|summary) self-originate [json]

.. clicmd:: show ip ospf [vrf <NAME|all>] database max-age [json]

.. clicmd:: show ip ospf [vrf <NAME|all>] database self-originate [json]

   Show the OSPF database summary.

.. clicmd:: show ip ospf route [json]

   Show the OSPF routing table, as determined by the most recent SPF
   calculation.

.. clicmd:: show ip ospf graceful-restart helper [detail] [json]

   Displays the Grcaeful Restart Helper details including helper
   config changes.

Opaque LSA

.. clicmd:: ospf opaque-lsa

.. clicmd:: capability opaque



   *ospfd* supports Opaque LSA (:rfc:`2370`) as partial support for
   MPLS Traffic Engineering LSAs. The opaque-lsa capability must be
   enabled in the configuration. An alternate command could be
   "mpls-te on" (:ref:`ospf-traffic-engineering`). Note that FRR
   offers only partial support for some of the routing protocol
   extensions that are used with MPLS-TE; it does not support a
   complete RSVP-TE solution.

.. clicmd:: show ip ospf [vrf <NAME|all>] database (opaque-link|opaque-area|opaque-external)

.. clicmd:: show ip ospf [vrf <NAME|all>] database (opaque-link|opaque-area|opaque-external) LINK-STATE-ID

.. clicmd:: show ip ospf [vrf <NAME|all>] database (opaque-link|opaque-area|opaque-external) LINK-STATE-ID adv-router ADV-ROUTER

.. clicmd:: show ip ospf [vrf <NAME|all>] database (opaque-link|opaque-area|opaque-external) adv-router ADV-ROUTER

.. clicmd:: show ip ospf [vrf <NAME|all>] database (opaque-link|opaque-area|opaque-external) LINK-STATE-ID self-originate

.. clicmd:: show ip ospf [vrf <NAME|all>] database (opaque-link|opaque-area|opaque-external) self-originate

   Show Opaque LSA from the database.

Traffic Engineering

Note

At this time, FRR offers partial support for some of the routing protocol extensions that can be used with MPLS-TE. FRR does not support a complete RSVP-TE solution currently.

.. clicmd:: mpls-te on


   Enable Traffic Engineering LSA flooding.

.. clicmd:: mpls-te router-address <A.B.C.D>

   Configure stable IP address for MPLS-TE. This IP address is then advertise
   in Opaque LSA Type-10 TLV=1 (TE) option 1 (Router-Address).

.. clicmd:: mpls-te inter-as area <area-id>|as


   Enable :rfc:`5392` support - Inter-AS TE v2 - to flood Traffic Engineering
   parameters of Inter-AS link.  2 modes are supported: AREA and AS; LSA are
   flood in AREA <area-id> with Opaque Type-10, respectively in AS with Opaque
   Type-11. In all case, Opaque-LSA TLV=6.

.. index:: mpls-te export
.. clicmd:: no mpls-te export

   Export Traffic Engineering Data Base to other daemons through the ZAPI
   Opaque Link State messages.

.. index:: show ip ospf mpls-te interface
.. clicmd:: show ip ospf mpls-te interface

.. clicmd:: show ip ospf mpls-te interface INTERFACE

   Show MPLS Traffic Engineering parameters for all or specified interface.

.. clicmd:: show ip ospf mpls-te router

   Show Traffic Engineering router parameters.

.. index:: show ip ospf mpls-te database [verbose|json]
.. clicmd:: show ip ospf mpls-te database [verbose|json]

.. index:: show ip ospf mpls-te database vertex [self-originate|adv-router ADV-ROUTER] [verbose|json]
.. clicmd:: show ip ospf mpls-te database vertex [self-originate|adv-router ADV-ROUTER] [verbose|json]

.. index:: show ip ospf mpls-te database edge [A.B.C.D] [verbose|json]
.. clicmd:: show ip ospf mpls-te database edge [A.B.C.D] [verbose|json]

.. index:: show ip ospf mpls-te database subnet [A.B.C.D/M] [verbose|json]
.. clicmd:: show ip ospf mpls-te database subnet [A.B.C.D/M] [verbose|json]

   Show Traffic Engineering Database

Router Information

.. clicmd:: router-info [as | area]


   Enable Router Information (:rfc:`4970`) LSA advertisement with AS scope
   (default) or Area scope flooding when area is specified. Old syntax
   `router-info area <A.B.C.D>` is always supported but mark as deprecated
   as the area ID is no more necessary. Indeed, router information support
   multi-area and detect automatically the areas.

.. clicmd:: pce address <A.B.C.D>


.. clicmd:: pce domain as (0-65535)


.. clicmd:: pce neighbor as (0-65535)


.. clicmd:: pce flag BITPATTERN


.. clicmd:: pce scope BITPATTERN


   The commands are conform to :rfc:`5088` and allow OSPF router announce Path
   Computation Element (PCE) capabilities through the Router Information (RI)
   LSA. Router Information must be enable prior to this. The command set/unset
   respectively the PCE IP address, Autonomous System (AS) numbers of
   controlled domains, neighbor ASs, flag and scope. For flag and scope, please
   refer to :rfc`5088` for the BITPATTERN recognition. Multiple 'pce neighbor'
   command could be specified in order to specify all PCE neighbours.

.. clicmd:: show ip ospf router-info

   Show Router Capabilities flag.

.. clicmd:: show ip ospf router-info pce

   Show Router Capabilities PCE parameters.

Segment Routing

This is an EXPERIMENTAL support of Segment Routing as per RFC 8665 for MPLS dataplane.

.. clicmd:: segment-routing on

   Enable Segment Routing. Even if this also activate routing information
   support, it is preferable to also activate routing information, and set
   accordingly the Area or AS flooding.

.. clicmd:: segment-routing global-block (0-1048575) (0-1048575)

   Fix the Segment Routing Global Block i.e. the label range used by MPLS to
   store label in the MPLS FIB for Prefix SID.

.. clicmd:: segment-routing local-block (0-1048575) (0-1048575)

   Fix the Segment Routing Local Block i.e. the label range used by MPLS to
   store label in the MPLS FIB for Adjacency SID.

.. clicmd:: segment-routing node-msd (1-16)

   Fix the Maximum Stack Depth supported by the router. The value depend of the
   MPLS dataplane. E.g. for Linux kernel, since version 4.13 it is 32.

.. clicmd:: segment-routing prefix A.B.C.D/M [index (0-65535)|no-php-flag|explicit-null]

   prefix with /32 corresponding to a loopback interface are currently
   supported. The 'no-php-flag' means NO Penultimate Hop Popping that allows SR
   node to request to its neighbor to not pop the label. The 'explicit-null' means that
   neighbor nodes must swap the incoming label by the MPLS Explicit Null label
   before delivering the packet.

.. clicmd:: show ip ospf database segment-routing <adv-router ADVROUTER|self-originate> [json]

   Show Segment Routing Data Base, all SR nodes, specific advertised router or
   self router. Optional JSON output can be obtained by appending 'json' to the
   end of the command.

External Route Summarisation

This feature summarises originated external LSAs(Type-5 and Type-7). Summary Route will be originated on-behalf of all matched external LSAs.

.. clicmd:: summary-address A.B.C.D/M [tag (1-4294967295)]

   This command enable/disables summarisation for the configured address
   range. Tag is the optional parameter. If tag configured Summary route
   will be originated with the configured tag.

.. clicmd:: summary-address A.B.C.D/M no-advertise

   This command to ensure not advertise the summary lsa for the matched
   external LSAs.

.. clicmd:: aggregation timer (5-1800)

   Configure aggregation delay timer interval. Summarisation starts only after
   this delay timer expiry. By default, delay interval is 5 secs.


   Resetting the aggregation delay interval to default value.

.. clicmd:: show ip ospf [vrf <NAME|all>] summary-address [detail] [json]

   Show configuration for display all configured summary routes with
   matching external LSA information.

TI-LFA

Experimental support for Topology Independent LFA (Loop-Free Alternate), see for example 'draft-bashandy-rtgwg-segment-routing-ti-lfa-05'. Note that TI-LFA requires a proper Segment Routing configuration.

.. clicmd:: fast-reroute ti-lfa [node-protection]

   Configured on the router level. Activates TI-LFA for all interfaces.

   Note that so far only P2P interfaces are supported.

Debugging OSPF

.. clicmd:: debug ospf bfd

   Enable or disable debugging for BFD events. This will show BFD integration
   library messages and OSPF BFD integration messages that are mostly state
   transitions and validation problems.

.. clicmd:: debug ospf packet (hello|dd|ls-request|ls-update|ls-ack|all) (send|recv) [detail]


   Dump Packet for debugging

.. clicmd:: debug ospf ism

.. clicmd:: debug ospf ism (status|events|timers)



   Show debug information of Interface State Machine

.. clicmd:: debug ospf nsm

.. clicmd:: debug ospf nsm (status|events|timers)



   Show debug information of Network State Machine

.. clicmd:: debug ospf event


   Show debug information of OSPF event

.. clicmd:: debug ospf nssa


   Show debug information about Not So Stub Area

.. clicmd:: debug ospf lsa

.. clicmd:: debug ospf lsa (generate|flooding|refresh)



   Show debug detail of Link State messages

.. clicmd:: debug ospf te


   Show debug information about Traffic Engineering LSA

.. clicmd:: debug ospf zebra

.. clicmd:: debug ospf zebra (interface|redistribute)



   Show debug information of ZEBRA API

.. clicmd:: debug ospf graceful-restart helper


   Enable/disable debug information for OSPF Graceful Restart Helper

.. clicmd:: show debugging ospf

.. clicmd:: debug ospf lsa aggregate

   Debug commnd to enable/disable external route summarisation specific debugs.

OSPF Configuration Examples

A simple example, with MD5 authentication enabled:

!
interface bge0
 ip ospf authentication message-digest
 ip ospf message-digest-key 1 md5 ABCDEFGHIJK
!
router ospf
 network 192.168.0.0/16 area 0.0.0.1
 area 0.0.0.1 authentication message-digest

An :abbr:`ABR` router, with MD5 authentication and performing summarisation of networks between the areas:

!
password ABCDEF
log file /var/log/frr/ospfd.log
service advanced-vty
!
interface eth0
 ip ospf authentication message-digest
 ip ospf message-digest-key 1 md5 ABCDEFGHIJK
!
interface ppp0
!
interface br0
 ip ospf authentication message-digest
 ip ospf message-digest-key 2 md5 XYZ12345
!
router ospf
 ospf router-id 192.168.0.1
 redistribute connected
 passive interface ppp0
 network 192.168.0.0/24 area 0.0.0.0
 network 10.0.0.0/16 area 0.0.0.0
 network 192.168.1.0/24 area 0.0.0.1
 area 0.0.0.0 authentication message-digest
 area 0.0.0.0 range 10.0.0.0/16
 area 0.0.0.0 range 192.168.0.0/24
 area 0.0.0.1 authentication message-digest
 area 0.0.0.1 range 10.2.0.0/16
!

A Traffic Engineering configuration, with Inter-ASv2 support.

First, the :file:`zebra.conf` part:

interface eth0
 ip address 198.168.1.1/24
 link-params
  enable
  admin-grp 0xa1
  metric 100
  max-bw 1.25e+07
  max-rsv-bw 1.25e+06
  unrsv-bw 0 1.25e+06
  unrsv-bw 1 1.25e+06
  unrsv-bw 2 1.25e+06
  unrsv-bw 3 1.25e+06
  unrsv-bw 4 1.25e+06
  unrsv-bw 5 1.25e+06
  unrsv-bw 6 1.25e+06
  unrsv-bw 7 1.25e+06
!
interface eth1
 ip address 192.168.2.1/24
 link-params
  enable
  metric 10
  max-bw 1.25e+07
  max-rsv-bw 1.25e+06
  unrsv-bw 0 1.25e+06
  unrsv-bw 1 1.25e+06
  unrsv-bw 2 1.25e+06
  unrsv-bw 3 1.25e+06
  unrsv-bw 4 1.25e+06
  unrsv-bw 5 1.25e+06
  unrsv-bw 6 1.25e+06
  unrsv-bw 7 1.25e+06
  neighbor 192.168.2.2 as 65000
   hostname HOSTNAME
   password PASSWORD
   log file /var/log/zebra.log
   !
   interface eth0
    ip address 198.168.1.1/24
    link-params
     enable
     admin-grp 0xa1
     metric 100
     max-bw 1.25e+07
     max-rsv-bw 1.25e+06
     unrsv-bw 0 1.25e+06
     unrsv-bw 1 1.25e+06
     unrsv-bw 2 1.25e+06
     unrsv-bw 3 1.25e+06
     unrsv-bw 4 1.25e+06
     unrsv-bw 5 1.25e+06
     unrsv-bw 6 1.25e+06
     unrsv-bw 7 1.25e+06
   !
   interface eth1
    ip address 192.168.2.1/24
    link-params
     enable
     metric 10
     max-bw 1.25e+07
     max-rsv-bw 1.25e+06
     unrsv-bw 0 1.25e+06
     unrsv-bw 1 1.25e+06
     unrsv-bw 2 1.25e+06
     unrsv-bw 3 1.25e+06
     unrsv-bw 4 1.25e+06
     unrsv-bw 5 1.25e+06
     unrsv-bw 6 1.25e+06
     unrsv-bw 7 1.25e+06
     neighbor 192.168.2.2 as 65000

Then the :file:`ospfd.conf` itself:

hostname HOSTNAME
password PASSWORD
log file /var/log/ospfd.log
!
!
interface eth0
 ip ospf hello-interval 60
 ip ospf dead-interval 240
!
interface eth1
 ip ospf hello-interval 60
 ip ospf dead-interval 240
!
!
router ospf
 ospf router-id 192.168.1.1
 network 192.168.0.0/16 area 1
 ospf opaque-lsa
 mpls-te
 mpls-te router-address 192.168.1.1
 mpls-te inter-as area 1
!
line vty

A router information example with PCE advertisement:

!
router ospf
 ospf router-id 192.168.1.1
 network 192.168.0.0/16 area 1
 capability opaque
 mpls-te
 mpls-te router-address 192.168.1.1
 router-info area 0.0.0.1
 pce address 192.168.1.1
 pce flag 0x80
 pce domain as 65400
 pce neighbor as 65500
 pce neighbor as 65200
 pce scope 0x80
!