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PBR

:abbr:`PBR` is Policy Based Routing. This implementation supports a very simple interface to allow admins to influence routing on their router. At this time you can only match on destination and source prefixes for an incoming interface. At this point in time, this implementation will only work on Linux.

Starting PBR

Default configuration file for pbrd is :file:`pbrd.conf`. The typical location of :file:`pbrd.conf` is |INSTALL_PREFIX_ETC|/pbrd.conf.

If the user is using integrated config, then :file:`pbrd.conf` need not be present and the :file:`frr.conf` is read instead.

.. program:: pbrd

:abbr:`PBR` supports all the common FRR daemon start options which are documented elsewhere.

Nexthop Groups

Nexthop groups are a way to encapsulate ECMP information together. It's a listing of ECMP nexthops used to forward packets for when a pbr-map is matched.

.. clicmd:: nexthop-group NAME

   Create a nexthop-group with an associated NAME.  This will put you into a
   sub-mode where you can specify individual nexthops.  To exit this mode type
   exit or end as per normal conventions for leaving a sub-mode.

.. clicmd:: nexthop [A.B.C.D|X:X::X:XX] [interface] [nexthop-vrf NAME]

   Create a v4 or v6 nexthop.  All normal rules for creating nexthops that you
   are used to are allowed here.  The syntax was intentionally kept the same as
   creating nexthops as you would for static routes.

.. clicmd:: [no] pbr table range (10000-4294966272) (10000-4294966272)

   Set or unset the range used to assign numeric table ID's to new
   nexthop-group tables. Existing tables will not be modified to fit in this
   range, so it is recommended to configure this before adding nexthop groups.

   .. seealso:: :ref:`pbr-details`

Showing Nexthop Group Information

.. clicmd:: show pbr nexthop-groups [NAME]

   Display information on a PBR nexthop-group. If ``NAME`` is omitted, all
   nexthop groups are shown.

PBR Maps

PBR maps are a way to group policies that we would like to apply to individual interfaces. These policies when applied are matched against incoming packets. If matched the nexthop-group or nexthop is used to forward the packets to the end destination.

.. clicmd:: pbr-map NAME seq (1-700)

   Create a pbr-map with NAME and sequence number specified.  This command puts
   you into a new submode for pbr-map specification.  To exit this mode type
   exit or end as per normal conventions for leaving a sub-mode.

.. clicmd:: match src-ip PREFIX

   When a incoming packet matches the source prefix specified, take the packet
   and forward according to the nexthops specified.  This command accepts both
   v4 and v6 prefixes.  This command is used in conjunction of the
   :clicmd:`match dst-ip PREFIX` command for matching.

.. clicmd:: match dst-ip PREFIX

   When a incoming packet matches the destination prefix specified, take the
   packet and forward according to the nexthops specified.  This command accepts
   both v4 and v6 prefixes.  This command is used in conjuction of the
   :clicmd:`match src-ip PREFIX` command for matching.

.. clicmd:: set nexthop-group NAME

   Use the nexthop-group NAME as the place to forward packets when the match
   commands have matched a packet.

.. clicmd:: set nexthop [A.B.C.D|X:X::X:XX] [interface] [nexthop-vrf NAME]

   Use this individual nexthop as the place to forward packets when the match
   commands have matched a packet.

PBR Policy

After you have specified a PBR map, in order for it to be turned on, you must apply the PBR map to an interface. This policy application to an interface causes the policy to be installed into the kernel.

.. index:: pbr-policy
.. clicmd:: pbr-policy NAME

   This command is available under interface sub-mode.  This turns
   on the PBR map NAME and allows it to work properly.

PBR Details

Under the covers a PBR map is translated into two separate constructs in the Linux kernel.

.. index:: PBR Rules

The PBR map specified creates a ip rule ... that is inserted into the Linux kernel that points to a table to use for forwarding once the rule matches.

.. index:: PBR Tables

The creation of a nexthop or nexthop-group is translated to a default route in a table with the nexthops specified as the nexthops for the default route.