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bgpd: fix deadlock in rpki code

In some situations rtrlib does not release the locks for its internal
data structures before calling a callback. This can lead to deadlocks
when a lot of routes must be revalidated because the sync socket buffer
will fill up and block the rtrlib thread. The bgpd main thread then
waits for rtrlibs internal locks to be released indefinitely.

This is fixed by using nonblocking sockets instead of blocking ones and
setting a flag to revalidate everything, if it would block.

Signed-off-by: Marcel Röthke <>
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mroethke committed Jul 18, 2018
1 parent 1f063a6 commit 4ce826764487b07c2bc3f2bf0f1986001afd93c0
Showing with 46 additions and 4 deletions.
  1. +46 −4 bgpd/bgp_rpki.c
@@ -47,6 +47,7 @@
#include "bgpd/bgp_attr.h"
#include "bgpd/bgp_aspath.h"
#include "bgpd/bgp_route.h"
#include "lib/network.h"
#include "lib/thread.h"
#include "rtrlib/rtrlib.h"
#include "rtrlib/rtr_mgr.h"
@@ -131,12 +132,14 @@ static route_map_result_t route_match(void *rule, const struct prefix *prefix,
static void *route_match_compile(const char *arg);
static void revalidate_bgp_node(struct bgp_node *bgp_node, afi_t afi,
safi_t safi);
static void revalidate_all_routes(void);

static struct rtr_mgr_config *rtr_config;
static struct list *cache_list;
static int rtr_is_running;
static int rtr_is_stopping;
static int rtr_is_starting;
static _Atomic int rtr_update_overflow;
static int rpki_debug;
static unsigned int polling_period;
static unsigned int expire_interval;
@@ -345,6 +348,19 @@ static int bgpd_sync_callback(struct thread *thread)

thread_add_read(bm->master, bgpd_sync_callback, NULL,
rpki_sync_socket_bgpd, NULL);

if (atomic_load_explicit(&rtr_update_overflow, memory_order_seq_cst)) {
while (read(rpki_sync_socket_bgpd, &rec,
sizeof(struct pfx_record))
!= -1)

atomic_store_explicit(&rtr_update_overflow, 0,
return 0;

int retval =
read(rpki_sync_socket_bgpd, &rec, sizeof(struct pfx_record));
if (retval != sizeof(struct pfx_record)) {
@@ -442,28 +458,53 @@ static void rpki_update_cb_sync_rtr(struct pfx_table *p __attribute__((unused)),
const struct pfx_record rec,
const bool added __attribute__((unused)))
if (rtr_is_stopping || rtr_is_starting)
if (rtr_is_stopping || rtr_is_starting
|| atomic_load_explicit(&rtr_update_overflow, memory_order_seq_cst))

int retval =
write(rpki_sync_socket_rtr, &rec, sizeof(struct pfx_record));
if (retval != sizeof(struct pfx_record))
if (retval == -1 && (errno == EAGAIN || errno == EWOULDBLOCK))
atomic_store_explicit(&rtr_update_overflow, 1,

else if (retval != sizeof(struct pfx_record))
RPKI_DEBUG("Could not write to rpki_sync_socket_rtr");

static void rpki_init_sync_socket(void)
int fds[2];
const char *msg;

RPKI_DEBUG("initializing sync socket");
if (socketpair(PF_LOCAL, SOCK_DGRAM, 0, fds) != 0) {
RPKI_DEBUG("Could not open rpki sync socket");
msg = "could not open rpki sync socketpair";
goto err;
rpki_sync_socket_rtr = fds[0];
rpki_sync_socket_bgpd = fds[1];

if (set_nonblocking(rpki_sync_socket_rtr) != 0) {
msg = "could not set rpki_sync_socket_rtr to non blocking";
goto err;

if (set_nonblocking(rpki_sync_socket_bgpd) != 0) {
msg = "could not set rpki_sync_socket_bgpd to non blocking";
goto err;

thread_add_read(bm->master, bgpd_sync_callback, NULL,
rpki_sync_socket_bgpd, NULL);


zlog_err("RPKI: %s", msg);


static int bgp_rpki_init(struct thread_master *master)
@@ -514,6 +555,7 @@ static int start(void)

rtr_is_stopping = 0;
rtr_is_starting = 1;
rtr_update_overflow = 0;

if (list_isempty(cache_list)) {

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