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GEDCOM X Name Part Qualifiers

Status

This document enumerates a set of name part qualifiers to be used for genealogical data exchange, and requests discussion and suggestions for improvements.

The current state of this document is as a "stable draft", and as such, the document may be subject to limited changes, BUT NOT backwards-incompatible changes, according to the discussion and suggestions for improvement.

Copyright Notice

Copyright 2011-2013 Intellectual Reserve, Inc.

License

This document is distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike license. For details, see:

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/

Summary

The GEDCOM X Name Part Qualifiers spec provides a set of enumerated values that identify common qualifiers of name parts that are relevant to genealogical research. The spec includes notational conventions, the URI reference, and name part qualifiers.

1. Introduction

An enumeration of name part qualifiers provides the means for parts of names of persons to be described and qualified in such a way so as to be semantically processed by applications, rather than being only interpreted by people. This specification provides such an enumeration by identifying specific name part qualifiers and defining the semantic significance of each qualifier.

A name part qualifier may be used to identify how the name part was used by the person to which the name applies. For example, a name part qualifier may specify that a given name part was used by the person as a Title.

1.1 Identifier and Version

The identifier for this specification is:

http://gedcomx.org/name-part-qualifiers/v1

For convenience, this specification may be referred to as "GEDCOM X Name Part Qualifiers 1.0". This specification uses "GEDCOM X Name Part Qualifiers" internally.

1.2 Notational Conventions

The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in BCP 14, RFC2119, as scoped to those conformance targets.

1.2.1 The URI Reference

The Uniform Resource Identifier ("URI") is used to identify event types. The URI is specified by RFC 3986. This specification uses the term "URI" to refer to both a "URI" and a "URI Reference" as defined by RFC 3986.

2. Name Part Qualifiers

The following name part qualifiers are specified. Note that in addition to the name of the qualifier, the definition of a qualifier includes an optional value property. Included in the definition of each name part qualifier is information about whether the value property should be used.

URI description
http://gedcomx.org/Title A designation for honorifics (e.g. Dr., Rev., His Majesty, Haji), ranks (e.g. Colonel, General, Knight, Esquire), positions (e.g. Count, Chief, Father, King) or other titles (e.g., PhD, MD). Name part qualifiers of type Title SHOULD NOT provide a value.
http://gedcomx.org/Primary A designation for the name of most prominent in importance among the names of that type (e.g., the primary given name). Name part qualifiers of type Primary SHOULD NOT provide a value.
http://gedcomx.org/Secondary A designation for a name that is not primary in its importance among the names of that type (e.g., a secondary given name). Name part qualifiers of type Secondary SHOULD NOT provide a value.
http://gedcomx.org/Middle A designation useful for cultures that designate a middle name that is distinct from a given name and a surname. Name part qualifiers of type Middle SHOULD NOT provide a value.
http://gedcomx.org/Familiar A designation for one's familiar name. Name part qualifiers of type Familiar SHOULD NOT provide a value.
http://gedcomx.org/Religious A designation for a name given for religious purposes. Name part qualifiers of type Religious SHOULD NOT provide a value.
http://gedcomx.org/Family A name that associates a person with a group, such as a clan, tribe, or patriarchal hierarchy. Name part qualifiers of type Family SHOULD NOT provide a value.
http://gedcomx.org/Maiden A designation given by women to their original surname after they adopt a new surname upon marriage. Name part qualifiers of type Maiden SHOULD NOT provide a value.
http://gedcomx.org/Patronymic A name derived from a father or paternal ancestor. Name part qualifiers of type Patronymic SHOULD NOT provide a value.
http://gedcomx.org/Matronymic A name derived from a mother or maternal ancestor. Name part qualifiers of type Matronymic SHOULD NOT provide a value.
http://gedcomx.org/Geographic A name derived from associated geography. Name part qualifiers of type Geographic SHOULD NOT provide a value.
http://gedcomx.org/Occupational A name derived from one's occupation. Name part qualifiers of type Occupational SHOULD NOT provide a value.
http://gedcomx.org/Characteristic A name derived from a characteristic. Name part qualifiers of type Characteristic SHOULD NOT provide a value.
http://gedcomx.org/Postnom A name mandated by law for populations from Congo Free State / Belgian Congo / Congo / Democratic Republic of Congo (formerly Zaire). Name part qualifiers of type Postnom SHOULD NOT provide a value.
http://gedcomx.org/Particle A grammatical designation for articles (a, the, dem, las, el, etc.), prepositions (of, from, aus, zu, op, etc.), initials, annotations (e.g. twin, wife of, infant, unknown), comparators (e.g. Junior, Senior, younger, little), ordinals (e.g. III, eighth), descendancy words (e.g. ben, ibn, bat, bin, bint, bar), and conjunctions (e.g. and, or, nee, ou, y, o, ne, &). Name part qualifiers of type Particle SHOULD NOT provide a value.
http://gedcomx.org/RootName The "root" of a name part as distinguished from prefixes or suffixes. For example, the root of the Polish name "Wilkówna" is "Wilk". A RootName qualifier MUST provide a value property.