Google Spreadsheets Python API
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Google Spreadsheets Python API


Manage your spreadsheets with gspread in Python.


  • Open a spreadsheet by its title or url.
  • Extract range, entire row or column values.
  • Independent of Google Data Python client library.
  • Python 3 support.


Basic Usage

Username and password authentication

import gspread

# Login with your Google account
gc = gspread.login('', 'password')

# Open a worksheet from spreadsheet with one shot
wks ="Where is the money Lebowski?").sheet1

wks.update_acell('B2', "it's down there somewhere, let me take another look.")

# Fetch a cell range
cell_list = wks.range('A1:B7')

OAuth authentication

As described in Accessing a Google API and Refreshing an Access Token

import gspread

# Connect with your Google OAuth2 credentials
access_token = 'ya29.1.AADtN_Wkaip*************************lDBvFqYBYa6nSFHW1C4Vgc'
refresh_token = '1/Sfw************************************xq1Y'
client_secret = 'p3*******************zsh'
client_id = '429*******'

key_ring = {}
key_ring['grant_type'] = 'refresh_token'
key_ring['refresh_token'] = refresh_token
key_ring['client_secret'] = client_secret
key_ring['client_id'] = client_id

gc = gspread.authorize(access_token, key_ring)

# Open a worksheet from spreadsheet with one shot
wks ="Where is the money Lebowski?").sheet1

wks.update_acell('B2', "it's down there somewhere, let me take another look.")

# Fetch a cell range
cell_list = wks.range('A1:B7')

More Examples

Opening a spreadsheet

# You can open a spreadsheet by its title as it appears in Google Docs
sh ="My poor gym results") # <-- Look ma, no keys!

# If you want to be specific, use a key (which can be extracted from
# the spreadsheet's url)
sht1 = gc.open_by_key('0BmgG6nO_6dprdS1MN3d3MkdPa142WFRrdnRRUWl1UFE')

# Or, if you feel really lazy to extract that key, paste the entire url
sht2 = gc.open_by_url('')

Selecting a worksheet

# Select worksheet by index. Worksheet indexes start from zero
worksheet = sh.get_worksheet(0)

# By title
worksheet = sh.worksheet("January")

# Most common case: Sheet1
worksheet = sh.sheet1

# Get a list of all worksheets
worksheet_list = sh.worksheets()

Creating a worksheet

worksheet = sh.add_worksheet(title="A worksheet", rows="100", cols="20")

Deleting a worksheet


Getting a cell value

# With label
val = worksheet.acell('B1').value

# With coords
val = worksheet.cell(1, 2).value

Getting all values from a row or a column

# Get all values from the first row
values_list = worksheet.row_values(1)

# Get all values from the first column
values_list = worksheet.col_values(1)

Getting all values from a worksheet as a list of lists

list_of_lists = worksheet.get_all_values()

Finding a cell

# Find a cell with exact string value
cell = worksheet.find("Dough")

print("Found something at R%sC%s" % (cell.row, cell.col))

# Find a cell matching a regular expression
amount_re = re.compile(r'(Big|Enormous) dough')
cell = worksheet.find(amount_re)

Finding all matched cells

# Find all cells with string value
cell_list = worksheet.findall("Rug store")

# Find all cells with regexp
criteria_re = re.compile(r'(Small|Room-tiering) rug')
cell_list = worksheet.findall(criteria_re)

Cell object

Each cell has a value and coordinates properties.

value = cell.value
row_number = cell.row
column_number = cell.col

Updating cells

worksheet.update_acell('B1', 'Bingo!')

# Or
worksheet.update_cell(1, 2, 'Bingo!')

# Select a range
cell_list = worksheet.range('A1:C7')

for cell in cell_list:
    cell.value = 'O_o'

# Update in batch

Two Factor Authorization

If your Google Account is protected with Two Factor Authorization, you have to create an application-specific password and use your email to login as usual.

Otherwise you will get an AuthenticationError: Unable to authenticate. 403 code when trying to login.

OAuth2 authorization

For more detailed help, refer to the Wiki pages for using the older style Google API Console or the newer style Google API Console if you prefer. When you know which spreadsheet you want to access, and have obtained your "Client Id" and "Client Secret", get an access token following these steps. If you will be working with the spreadsheet for many hours, days or even months, you will prefer to get an access token and a refresh token following these steps.


Python 2.6+ or Python 3+


From GitHub

git clone
cd gspread
python install

From PyPI

pip install gspread

If you're on easy_install, it's:

easy_install gspread


API Reference


  1. Go to Google Drive and create an empty spreadsheet you will use for testing.
  2. Create a configuration file from config dummy:

    cp tests/tests.config.example tests/tests.config
  3. Open tests.config with your favorite editor and fill up config parameters with your testing spreadsheet's info.

  4. Install Nose.
  5. Run tests:


Detailed step-by-step instructions for installation and test are available in the Wiki:

Suggestions & Code Contribution


Please report bugs and suggest features via GitHub Issues.