OpenPGP implementation for JavaScript
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README.md

OpenPGP.js Build Status

OpenPGP.js is a JavaScript implementation of the OpenPGP protocol. This is defined in RFC 4880.

Saucelabs Test Status

Table of Contents

Platform Support

  • OpenPGP.js v3.x is written in ES7 but is transpiled to ES5 using Babel to run in most environments. We support Node.js v8+ and browsers that implement window.crypto.getRandomValues.

  • The API uses the Async/Await syntax introduced in ES7 to return Promise objects. Async functions are available in most modern browsers. If you need to support older browsers, fear not! We use core-js to polyfill new features so that no action is required on your part!

  • For the OpenPGP HTTP Key Server (HKP) client the new fetch API is used. The module is polyfilled for browsers and is included as a dependency for Node.js runtimes.

Performance

  • Version 3.0.0 of the library introduces support for public-key cryptography using elliptic curves. We use native implementations on browsers and Node.js when available or Elliptic otherwise. Elliptic curve cryptography provides stronger security per bits of key, which allows for much faster operations. Currently the following curves are supported (* = when available):

    Curve Encryption Signature Elliptic NodeCrypto WebCrypto
    p256 ECDH ECDSA Yes Yes* Yes*
    p384 ECDH ECDSA Yes Yes* Yes*
    p521 ECDH ECDSA Yes Yes* Yes*
    secp256k1 ECDH ECDSA Yes Yes* No
    brainpoolP256r1 ECDH ECDSA Yes Yes* No
    brainpoolP384r1 ECDH ECDSA Yes Yes* No
    brainpoolP512r1 ECDH ECDSA Yes Yes* No
    curve25519 ECDH N/A Yes No No
    ed25519 N/A EdDSA Yes No No
  • Version 2.x of the library has been built from the ground up with Uint8Arrays. This allows for much better performance and memory usage than strings.

  • If the user's browser supports native WebCrypto via the window.crypto.subtle API, this will be used. Under Node.js the native crypto module is used. This can be deactivated by setting openpgp.config.use_native = false.

  • The library implements the IETF proposal for authenticated encryption using native AES-EAX, OCB, or GCM. This makes symmetric encryption up to 30x faster on supported platforms. Since the specification has not been finalized and other OpenPGP implementations haven't adopted it yet, the feature is currently behind a flag. Note: activating this setting can break compatibility with other OpenPGP implementations, and also with future versions of OpenPGP.js. Don't use it with messages you want to store on disk or in a database. You can enable it by setting openpgp.config.aead_protect = true.

    You can change the AEAD mode by setting one of the following options:

    openpgp.config.aead_mode = openpgp.enums.aead.eax // Default, native
    openpgp.config.aead_mode = openpgp.enums.aead.ocb // Non-native
    openpgp.config.aead_mode = openpgp.enums.aead.experimental_gcm // **Non-standard**, fastest
    

    We previously also implemented an earlier version of the draft (using GCM), which you could enable by setting openpgp.config.aead_protect = true. If you need to stay compatible with that version, you need to set openpgp.config.aead_protect_version = 0.

  • For environments that don't provide native crypto, the library falls back to asm.js implementations of AES, SHA-1, and SHA-256. We use Rusha and asmCrypto Lite (a minimal subset of asmCrypto.js built specifically for OpenPGP.js).

Getting started

Npm

npm install --save openpgp

Bower

bower install --save openpgp

Or just fetch a minified build under dist.

Examples

Here are some examples of how to use the v2.x+ API. For more elaborate examples and working code, please check out the public API unit tests. If you're upgrading from v1.x it might help to check out the documentation.

Set up

var openpgp = require('openpgp'); // use as CommonJS, AMD, ES6 module or via window.openpgp

openpgp.initWorker({ path:'openpgp.worker.js' }) // set the relative web worker path

Encrypt and decrypt Uint8Array data with a password

var options, encrypted;

options = {
    data: new Uint8Array([0x01, 0x01, 0x01]), // input as Uint8Array (or String)
    passwords: ['secret stuff'],              // multiple passwords possible
    armor: false                              // don't ASCII armor (for Uint8Array output)
};

openpgp.encrypt(options).then(function(ciphertext) {
    encrypted = ciphertext.message.packets.write(); // get raw encrypted packets as Uint8Array
});
options = {
    message: openpgp.message.read(encrypted), // parse encrypted bytes
    passwords: ['secret stuff'],              // decrypt with password
    format: 'binary'                          // output as Uint8Array
};

openpgp.decrypt(options).then(function(plaintext) {
    return plaintext.data // Uint8Array([0x01, 0x01, 0x01])
});

Encrypt and decrypt String data with PGP keys

const openpgp = require('openpgp') // use as CommonJS, AMD, ES6 module or via window.openpgp
 
openpgp.initWorker({ path:'openpgp.worker.js' }) // set the relative web worker path

// put keys in backtick (``) to avoid errors caused by spaces or tabs
const pubkey = `-----BEGIN PGP PUBLIC KEY BLOCK-----
...
-----END PGP PUBLIC KEY BLOCK-----`
const privkey = `-----BEGIN PGP PRIVATE KEY BLOCK-----
...
-----END PGP PRIVATE KEY BLOCK-----` //encrypted private key
const passphrase = `yourPassphrase` //what the privKey is encrypted with

const encryptDecryptFunction = async() => {
    const privKeyObj = openpgp.key.readArmored(privkey).keys[0]
    await privKeyObj.decrypt(passphrase)
    
    const options = {
        data: 'Hello, World!',                             // input as String (or Uint8Array)
        publicKeys: openpgp.key.readArmored(pubkey).keys,  // for encryption
        privateKeys: [privKeyObj]                          // for signing (optional)
    }
    
    openpgp.encrypt(options).then(ciphertext => {
        encrypted = ciphertext.data // '-----BEGIN PGP MESSAGE ... END PGP MESSAGE-----'
        return encrypted
    })
    .then(encrypted => {
        const options = {
            message: openpgp.message.readArmored(encrypted),     // parse armored message
            publicKeys: openpgp.key.readArmored(pubkey).keys,    // for verification (optional)
            privateKeys: [privKeyObj]                            // for decryption
        }
         
        openpgp.decrypt(options).then(plaintext => {
            console.log(plaintext.data)
            return plaintext.data // 'Hello, World!'
        })
       
    })
}

encryptDecryptFunction()

Encrypt with compression

By default, encrypt will not use any compression. It's possible to override that behavior in two ways:

Either set the compression parameter in the options object when calling encrypt.

var options, encrypted;

options = {
    data: new Uint8Array([0x01, 0x02, 0x03]),    // input as Uint8Array (or String)
    passwords: ['secret stuff'],                 // multiple passwords possible
    compression: openpgp.enums.compression.zip   // compress the data with zip
};

ciphertext = await openpgp.encrypt(options);     // use ciphertext

Or, override the config to enable compression:

openpgp.config.compression = openpgp.enums.compression.zip

Where the value can be any of:

  • openpgp.enums.compression.zip
  • openpgp.enums.compression.zlib
  • openpgp.enums.compression.bzip2

Generate new key pair

RSA keys:

var options = {
    userIds: [{ name:'Jon Smith', email:'jon@example.com' }], // multiple user IDs
    numBits: 4096,                                            // RSA key size
    passphrase: 'super long and hard to guess secret'         // protects the private key
};

ECC keys:

Possible values for curve are: curve25519, ed25519, p256, p384, p521, secp256k1, brainpoolP256r1, brainpoolP384r1, or brainpoolP512r1. Note that options both curve25519 and ed25519 generate a primary key for signing using Ed25519 and a subkey for encryption using Curve25519.

var options = {
    userIds: [{ name:'Jon Smith', email:'jon@example.com' }], // multiple user IDs
    curve: "ed25519",                                         // ECC curve name
    passphrase: 'super long and hard to guess secret'         // protects the private key
};
openpgp.generateKey(options).then(function(key) {
    var privkey = key.privateKeyArmored; // '-----BEGIN PGP PRIVATE KEY BLOCK ... '
    var pubkey = key.publicKeyArmored;   // '-----BEGIN PGP PUBLIC KEY BLOCK ... '
    var revocationSignature = key.revocationSignature; // '-----BEGIN PGP PUBLIC KEY BLOCK ... '
});

Revoke a key

Using a revocation signature:

var options = {
    key: openpgp.key.readArmored(pubkey).keys[0],
    revocationSignature: revocationSignature
};

Using the private key:

var options = {
    key: openpgp.key.readArmored(privkey).keys[0]
};
openpgp.revokeKey(options).then(function(key) {
    var pubkey = key.publicKeyArmored;   // '-----BEGIN PGP PUBLIC KEY BLOCK ... '
});

Lookup public key on HKP server

var hkp = new openpgp.HKP('https://pgp.mit.edu');

var options = {
    query: 'alice@example.com'
};

hkp.lookup(options).then(function(key) {
    var pubkey = openpgp.key.readArmored(key);
});

Upload public key to HKP server

var hkp = new openpgp.HKP('https://pgp.mit.edu');

var pubkey = '-----BEGIN PGP PUBLIC KEY BLOCK ... END PGP PUBLIC KEY BLOCK-----';

hkp.upload(pubkey).then(function() { ... });

Sign and verify cleartext messages

var options, cleartext, validity;

var pubkey = '-----BEGIN PGP PUBLIC KEY BLOCK ... END PGP PUBLIC KEY BLOCK-----';
var privkey = '-----BEGIN PGP PRIVATE KEY BLOCK ... END PGP PRIVATE KEY BLOCK-----'; //encrypted private key
var passphrase = 'secret passphrase'; //what the privKey is encrypted with

var privKeyObj = openpgp.key.readArmored(privkey).keys[0];
await privKeyObj.decrypt(passphrase);
options = {
    data: 'Hello, World!',                             // input as String (or Uint8Array)
    privateKeys: [privKeyObj]                          // for signing
};

openpgp.sign(options).then(function(signed) {
    cleartext = signed.data; // '-----BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE ... END PGP SIGNATURE-----'
});
options = {
    message: openpgp.cleartext.readArmored(cleartext), // parse armored message
    publicKeys: openpgp.key.readArmored(pubkey).keys   // for verification
};

openpgp.verify(options).then(function(verified) {
	validity = verified.signatures[0].valid; // true
	if (validity) {
		console.log('signed by key id ' + verified.signatures[0].keyid.toHex());
	}
});

Create and verify detached signatures

var options, detachedSig, validity;

var pubkey = '-----BEGIN PGP PUBLIC KEY BLOCK ... END PGP PUBLIC KEY BLOCK-----';
var privkey = '-----BEGIN PGP PRIVATE KEY BLOCK ... END PGP PRIVATE KEY BLOCK-----'; //encrypted private key
var passphrase = 'secret passphrase'; //what the privKey is encrypted with

var privKeyObj = openpgp.key.readArmored(privkey).keys[0];
await privKeyObj.decrypt(passphrase);
options = {
    data: 'Hello, World!',                             // input as String (or Uint8Array)
    privateKeys: [privKeyObj],                         // for signing
    detached: true
};

openpgp.sign(options).then(function(signed) {
    detachedSig = signed.signature;
});
options = {
    message: openpgp.message.fromText('Hello, World!'), // input as Message object
    signature: openpgp.signature.readArmored(detachedSig), // parse detached signature
    publicKeys: openpgp.key.readArmored(pubkey).keys   // for verification
};

openpgp.verify(options).then(function(verified) {
    validity = verified.signatures[0].valid; // true
    if (validity) {
        console.log('signed by key id ' + verified.signatures[0].keyid.toHex());
    }
});

Documentation

A jsdoc build of our code comments is available at doc/index.html. Public calls should generally be made through the OpenPGP object doc/openpgp.html.

Security Audit

To date the OpenPGP.js code base has undergone two complete security audits from Cure53. The first audit's report has been published here.

Security recommendations

It should be noted that js crypto apps deployed via regular web hosting (a.k.a. host-based security) provide users with less security than installable apps with auditable static versions. Installable apps can be deployed as a Firefox or Chrome packaged app. These apps are basically signed zip files and their runtimes typically enforce a strict Content Security Policy (CSP) to protect users against XSS. This blogpost explains the trust model of the web quite well.

It is also recommended to set a strong passphrase that protects the user's private key on disk.

Development

To create your own build of the library, just run the following command after cloning the git repo. This will download all dependencies, run the tests and create a minified bundle under dist/openpgp.min.js to use in your project:

npm install && npm test

For debugging browser errors, you can open test/unittests.html in a browser or, after running the following command, open http://localhost:3000/test/unittests.html:

grunt browsertest

How do I get involved?

You want to help, great! Go ahead and fork our repo, make your changes and send us a pull request.

License

GNU Lesser General Public License (3.0 or any later version). Please take a look at the LICENSE file for more information.

Resources

Below is a collection of resources, many of these were projects that were in someway a precursor to the current OpenPGP.js project. If you'd like to add your link here, please do so in a pull request or email to the list.