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  1. +533 −521 NEWS
  2. +62 −0 README.Watcom
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1,054 NEWS
@@ -28,21 +28,33 @@ New features
* Ported to AMD64.
- Makoto Kato <raven at oldskool.jp>
-* True pre-emptive asynchronous cancelation of threads. Requires that
-Panagiotis E. Hadjidoukas's QueueUserAPCEx package be installed. This
-package is included in the pthreads-win32 self-unpacking Zip archive
-starting from this snapshot.
+* True pre-emptive asynchronous cancelation of threads. This is optional
+and requires that Panagiotis E. Hadjidoukas's QueueUserAPCEx package be
+installed. This package is included in the pthreads-win32 self-unpacking
+Zip archive starting from this snapshot. See the README.txt file inside
+the package for installation details.
+Note: If you don't use async cancelation in your application, or don't need
+to cancel threads that are blocked on system resources such as network I/O,
+then the default non-preemptive async cancelation is probably good enough.
+However, pthreads-win32 auto-detects the availability of these components
+at run-time, so you don't need to rebuild the library from source if you
+change your mind later.
+
+All of the advice available in books and elsewhere on the undesirability
+of using async cancelation in any application still stands, but this
+feature is a welcome addition with respect to the library's conformance to
+the POSIX standard.
+
+SNAPSHOT 2003-09-18
+-------------------
-SNAPSHOT 2003-09-18
--------------------
-
Cleanup of thread priority management. In particular, setting of thread
priority now attempts to map invalid Win32 values within the range returned
by sched_get_priority_min/max() to useful values. See README.NONPORTABLE
under "Thread priority".
-Bug fixes
+Bug fixes
---------
* pthread_getschedparam() now returns the priority given by the most recent
call to pthread_setschedparam() or established by pthread_create(), as
@@ -54,516 +66,516 @@ been adjusted or temporarily promoted/demoted.
and set errno. Previously, they incorrectly returned the error value directly.
-SNAPSHOT 2003-09-04
--------------------
-
-Bug fixes
----------
-* ptw32_cancelableWait() now allows cancelation of waiting implicit POSIX
-threads.
-
-New test
---------
-* cancel8.c tests cancelation of Win32 threads waiting at a POSIX cancelation
-point.
-
-
-SNAPSHOT 2003-09-03
--------------------
-
-Bug fixes
----------
-* pthread_self() would free the newly created implicit POSIX thread handle if
-DuplicateHandle failed instead of recycle it (very unlikely).
-
-* pthread_exit() was neither freeing nor recycling the POSIX thread struct
-for implicit POSIX threads.
-
-New feature - Cancelation of/by Win32 (non-POSIX) threads
----------------------------------------------------------
-Since John Bossom's original implementation, the library has allowed non-POSIX
-initialised threads (Win32 threads) to call pthreads-win32 routines and
-therefore interact with POSIX threads. This is done by creating an on-the-fly
-POSIX thread ID for the Win32 thread that, once created, allows fully
-reciprical interaction. This did not extend to thread cancelation (async or
-deferred). Now it does.
-
-Any thread can be canceled by any other thread (Win32 or POSIX) if the former
-thread's POSIX pthread_t value is known. It's TSD destructors and POSIX
-cleanup handlers will be run before the thread exits with an exit code of
-PTHREAD_CANCELED (retrieved with GetExitCodeThread()).
-
-This allows a Win32 thread to, for example, call POSIX CV routines in the same way
-that POSIX threads would/should, with pthread_cond_wait() cancelability and
-cleanup handlers (pthread_cond_wait() is a POSIX cancelation point).
-
-By adding cancelation, Win32 threads should now be able to call all POSIX
-threads routines that make sense including semaphores, mutexes, condition
-variables, read/write locks, barriers, spinlocks, tsd, cleanup push/pop,
-cancelation, pthread_exit, scheduling, etc.
-
-Note that these on-the-fly 'implicit' POSIX thread IDs are initialised as detached
-(not joinable) with deferred cancelation type. The POSIX thread ID will be created
-automatically by any POSIX routines that need a POSIX handle (unless the routine
-needs a pthread_t as a parameter of course). A Win32 thread can discover it's own
-POSIX thread ID by calling pthread_self(), which will create the handle if
-necessary and return the pthread_t value.
-
-New tests
----------
-Test the above new feature.
-
-
-SNAPSHOT 2003-08-19
--------------------
-
-This snapshot fixes some accidental corruption to new test case sources.
-There are no changes to the library source code.
-
-
-SNAPSHOT 2003-08-15
--------------------
-
-Bug fixes
----------
-
-* pthread.dsp now uses correct compile flags (/MD).
-- Viv <vcotirlea@hotmail.com>
-
-* pthread_win32_process_detach_np() fixed memory leak.
-- Steven Reddie <Steven.Reddie@ca.com>
-
-* pthread_mutex_destroy() fixed incorrect return code.
-- Nicolas Barry <boozai@yahoo.com>
-
-* pthread_spin_destroy() fixed memory leak.
-- Piet van Bruggen <pietvb@newbridges.nl>
-
-* Various changes to tighten arg checking, and to work with later versions of
-MinGW32 and MsysDTK.
-
-* pthread_getschedparam() etc, fixed dangerous thread validity checking.
-- Nicolas Barry <boozai@yahoo.com>
-
-* POSIX thread handles are now reused and their memory is not freed on thread exit.
-This allows for stronger thread validity checking.
-
-New standard routine
---------------------
-
-* pthread_kill() added to provide thread validity checking to applications.
-It does not accept any non zero values for the signal arg.
-
-New test cases
---------------
-
-* New test cases to confirm validity checking, pthread_kill(), and thread reuse.
-
-
-SNAPSHOT 2003-05-10
--------------------
-
-Bug fixes
----------
-
-* pthread_mutex_trylock() now returns correct error values.
-pthread_mutex_destroy() will no longer destroy a recursively locked mutex.
-pthread_mutex_lock() is no longer inadvertantly behaving as a cancelation point.
-- Thomas Pfaff <tpfaff@gmx.net>
-
-* pthread_mutex_timedlock() no longer occasionally sets incorrect mutex
-ownership, causing deadlocks in some applications.
-- Robert Strycek <strycek@posam.sk> and Alexander Terekhov <TEREKHOV@de.ibm.com>
-
-
-SNAPSHOT 2002-11-04
--------------------
-
-Bug fixes
----------
-
-* sem_getvalue() now returns the correct value under Win NT and WinCE.
-- Rob Fanner <rfanner@stonethree.com>
-
-* sem_timedwait() now uses tighter checks for unreasonable
-abstime values - that would result in unexpected timeout values.
-
-* ptw32_cond_wait_cleanup() no longer mysteriously consumes
-CV signals but may produce more spurious wakeups. It is believed
-that the sem_timedwait() call is consuming a CV signal that it
-shouldn't.
-- Alexander Terekhov <TEREKHOV@de.ibm.com>
-
-* Fixed a memory leak in ptw32_threadDestroy() for implicit threads.
-
-* Fixed potential for deadlock in pthread_cond_destroy().
-A deadlock could occur for statically declared CVs (PTHREAD_COND_INITIALIZER),
-when one thread is attempting to destroy the condition variable while another
-is attempting to dynamically initialize it.
-- Michael Johnson <michaelj@maine.rr.com>
-
-
-SNAPSHOT 2002-03-02
--------------------
-
-Cleanup code default style. (IMPORTANT)
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
-Previously, if not defined, the cleanup style was determined automatically
-from the compiler/language, and one of the following was defined accordingly:
-
- __CLEANUP_SEH MSVC only
- __CLEANUP_CXX C++, including MSVC++, GNU G++
- __CLEANUP_C C, including GNU GCC, not MSVC
-
-These defines determine the style of cleanup (see pthread.h) and,
-most importantly, the way that cancelation and thread exit (via
-pthread_exit) is performed (see the routine ptw32_throw() in private.c).
-
-In short, the exceptions versions of the library throw an exception
-when a thread is canceled or exits (via pthread_exit()), which is
-caught by a handler in the thread startup routine, so that the
-the correct stack unwinding occurs regardless of where the thread
-is when it's canceled or exits via pthread_exit().
-
-In this and future snapshots, unless the build explicitly defines (e.g.
-via a compiler option) __CLEANUP_SEH, __CLEANUP_CXX, or __CLEANUP_C, then
-the build NOW always defaults to __CLEANUP_C style cleanup. This style
-uses setjmp/longjmp in the cancelation and pthread_exit implementations,
-and therefore won't do stack unwinding even when linked to applications
-that have it (e.g. C++ apps). This is for consistency with most
-current commercial Unix POSIX threads implementations. Compaq's TRU64
-may be an exception (no pun intended) and possible future trend.
-
-Although it was not clearly documented before, it is still necessary to
-build your application using the same __CLEANUP_* define as was
-used for the version of the library that you link with, so that the
-correct parts of pthread.h are included. That is, the possible
-defines require the following library versions:
-
- __CLEANUP_SEH pthreadVSE.dll
- __CLEANUP_CXX pthreadVCE.dll or pthreadGCE.dll
- __CLEANUP_C pthreadVC.dll or pthreadGC.dll
-
-E.g. regardless of whether your app is C or C++, if you link with
-pthreadVC.lib or libpthreadGC.a, then you must define __CLEANUP_C.
-
-
-THE POINT OF ALL THIS IS: if you have not been defining one of these
-explicitly, then the defaults as described at the top of this
-section were being used.
-
-THIS NOW CHANGES, as has been explained above, but to try to make this
-clearer here's an example:
-
-If you were building your application with MSVC++ i.e. using C++
-exceptions and not explicitly defining one of __CLEANUP_*, then
-__CLEANUP_C++ was automatically defined for you in pthread.h.
-You should have been linking with pthreadVCE.dll, which does
-stack unwinding.
-
-If you now build your application as you had before, pthread.h will now
-automatically set __CLEANUP_C as the default style, and you will need to
-link with pthreadVC.dll. Stack unwinding will now NOT occur when a thread
-is canceled, or the thread calls pthread_exit().
-
-Your application will now most likely behave differently to previous
-versions, and in non-obvious ways. Most likely is that locally
-instantiated objects may not be destroyed or cleaned up after a thread
-is canceled.
-
-If you want the same behaviour as before, then you must now define
-__CLEANUP_C++ explicitly using a compiler option and link with
-pthreadVCE.dll as you did before.
-
-
-WHY ARE WE MAKING THE DEFAULT STYLE LESS EXCEPTION-FRIENDLY?
-Because no commercial Unix POSIX threads implementation allows you to
-choose to have stack unwinding. Therefore, providing it in pthread-win32
-as a default is dangerous. We still provide the choice but unless
-you consciously choose to do otherwise, your pthreads applications will
-now run or crash in similar ways irrespective of the threads platform
-you use. Or at least this is the hope.
-
-
-WHY NOT REMOVE THE EXCEPTIONS VERSIONS OF THE LIBRARY ALTOGETHER?
-There are a few reasons:
-- because there are well respected POSIX threads people who believe
- that POSIX threads implementations should be exceptions aware and
- do the expected thing in that context. (There are equally respected
- people who believe it should not be easily accessible, if it's there
- at all, for unconditional conformity to other implementations.)
-- because pthreads-win32 is one of the few implementations that has
- the choice, perhaps the only freely available one, and so offers
- a laboratory to people who may want to explore the effects;
-- although the code will always be around somewhere for anyone who
- wants it, once it's removed from the current version it will not be
- nearly as visible to people who may have a use for it.
-
-
-Source module splitting
------------------------
-In order to enable smaller image sizes to be generated
-for applications that link statically with the library,
-most routines have been separated out into individual
-source code files.
-
-This is being done in such a way as to be backward compatible.
-The old source files are reused to congregate the individual
-routine files into larger translation units (via a bunch of
-# includes) so that the compiler can still optimise wherever
-possible, e.g. through inlining, which can only be done
-within the same translation unit.
-
-It is also possible to build the entire library by compiling
-the single file named "pthread.c", which just #includes all
-the secondary congregation source files. The compiler
-may be able to use this to do more inlining of routines.
-
-Although the GNU compiler is able to produce libraries with
-the necessary separation (the -ffunction-segments switch),
-AFAIK, the MSVC and other compilers don't have this feature.
-
-Finally, since I use makefiles and command-line compilation,
-I don't know what havoc this reorganisation may wreak amongst
-IDE project file users. You should be able to continue
-using your existing project files without modification.
-
-
-New non-portable functions
---------------------------
-pthread_num_processors_np():
- Returns the number of processors in the system that are
- available to the process, as determined from the processor
- affinity mask.
-
-pthread_timechange_handler_np():
- To improve tolerance against operator or time service initiated
- system clock changes.
-
- This routine can be called by an application when it
- receives a WM_TIMECHANGE message from the system. At present
- it broadcasts all condition variables so that waiting threads
- can wake up and re-evaluate their conditions and restart
- their timed waits if required.
- - Suggested by Alexander Terekhov
-
-
-Platform dependence
--------------------
-As Win95 doesn't provide one, the library now contains
-it's own InterlockedCompareExchange() routine, which is used
-whenever Windows doesn't provide it. InterlockedCompareExchange()
-is used to implement spinlocks and barriers, and also in mutexes.
-This routine relies on the CMPXCHG machine instruction which
-is not available on i386 CPUs. This library (from snapshot
-20010712 onwards) is therefore no longer supported on i386
-processor platforms.
-
-
-New standard routines
----------------------
-For source code portability only - rwlocks cannot be process shared yet.
-
- pthread_rwlockattr_init()
- pthread_rwlockattr_destroy()
- pthread_rwlockattr_setpshared()
- pthread_rwlockattr_getpshared()
-
-As defined in the new POSIX standard, and the Single Unix Spec version 3:
-
- sem_timedwait()
- pthread_mutex_timedlock() - Alexander Terekhov and Thomas Pfaff
- pthread_rwlock_timedrdlock() - adapted from pthread_rwlock_rdlock()
- pthread_rwlock_timedwrlock() - adapted from pthread_rwlock_wrlock()
-
-
-pthread.h no longer includes windows.h
---------------------------------------
-[Not yet for G++]
-
-This was done to prevent conflicts.
-
-HANDLE, DWORD, and NULL are temporarily defined within pthread.h if
-they are not already.
-
-
-pthread.h, sched.h and semaphore.h now use dllexport/dllimport
---------------------------------------------------------------
-Not only to avoid the need for the pthread.def file, but to
-improve performance. Apparently, declaring functions with dllimport
-generates a direct call to the function and avoids the overhead
-of a stub function call.
-
-Bug fixes
----------
-* Fixed potential NULL pointer dereferences in pthread_mutexattr_init,
-pthread_mutexattr_getpshared, pthread_barrierattr_init,
-pthread_barrierattr_getpshared, and pthread_condattr_getpshared.
-- Scott McCaskill <scott@magruder.org>
-
-* Removed potential race condition in pthread_mutex_trylock and
-pthread_mutex_lock;
-- Alexander Terekhov <TEREKHOV@de.ibm.com>
-
-* The behaviour of pthread_mutex_trylock in relation to
-recursive mutexes was inconsistent with commercial implementations.
-Trylock would return EBUSY if the lock was owned already by the
-calling thread regardless of mutex type. Trylock now increments the
-recursion count and returns 0 for RECURSIVE mutexes, and will
-return EDEADLK rather than EBUSY for ERRORCHECK mutexes. This is
-consistent with Solaris.
-- Thomas Pfaff <tpfaff@gmx.net>
-
-* Found a fix for the library and workaround for applications for
-the known bug #2, i.e. where __CLEANUP_CXX or __CLEANUP_SEH is defined.
-See the "Known Bugs in this snapshot" section below.
-
-This could be made transparent to applications by replacing the macros that
-define the current C++ and SEH versions of pthread_cleanup_push/pop
-with the C version, but AFAIK cleanup handlers would not then run in the
-correct sequence with destructors and exception cleanup handlers when
-an exception occurs.
-
-* Cancelation once started in a thread cannot now be inadvertantly
-double canceled. That is, once a thread begins it's cancelation run,
-cancelation is disabled and a subsequent cancel request will
-return an error (ESRCH).
-
-* errno: An incorrect compiler directive caused a local version
-of errno to be used instead of the Win32 errno. Both instances are
-thread-safe but applications checking errno after a pthreads-win32
-call would be wrong. Fixing this also fixed a bad compiler
-option in the testsuite (/MT should have been /MD) which is
-needed to link with the correct library MSVCRT.LIB.
-
-
-SNAPSHOT 2001-07-12
--------------------
-
-To be added
-
-
-SNAPSHOT 2001-07-03
--------------------
-
-To be added
-
-
-SNAPSHOT 2000-08-13
--------------------
-
-New:
-- Renamed DLL and LIB files:
- pthreadVSE.dll (MS VC++/Structured EH)
- pthreadVSE.lib
- pthreadVCE.dll (MS VC++/C++ EH)
- pthreadVCE.lib
- pthreadGCE.dll (GNU G++/C++ EH)
- libpthreadw32.a
-
- Both your application and the pthread dll should use the
- same exception handling scheme.
-
-Bugs fixed:
-- MSVC++ C++ exception handling.
-
-Some new tests have been added.
-
-
-SNAPSHOT 2000-08-10
--------------------
-
-New:
-- asynchronous cancelation on X86 (Jason Nye)
-- Makefile compatible with MS nmake to replace
- buildlib.bat
-- GNUmakefile for Mingw32
-- tests/Makefile for MS nmake replaces runall.bat
-- tests/GNUmakefile for Mingw32
-
-Bugs fixed:
-- kernel32 load/free problem
-- attempt to hide internel exceptions from application
- exception handlers (__try/__except and try/catch blocks)
-- Win32 thread handle leakage bug
- (David Baggett/Paul Redondo/Eyal Lebedinsky)
-
-Some new tests have been added.
-
-
-SNAPSHOT 1999-11-02
--------------------
-
-Bugs fixed:
-- ctime_r macro had an incorrect argument (Erik Hensema),
-- threads were not being created
- PTHREAD_CANCEL_DEFERRED. This should have
- had little effect as deferred is the only
- supported type. (Ross Johnson).
-
-Some compatibility improvements added, eg.
-- pthread_setcancelstate accepts NULL pointer
- for the previous value argument. Ditto for
- pthread_setcanceltype. This is compatible
- with Solaris but should not affect
- standard applications (Erik Hensema)
-
-Some new tests have been added.
-
-
-SNAPSHOT 1999-10-17
--------------------
-
-Bug fix - Cancelation of threads waiting on condition variables
-now works properly (Lorin Hochstein and Peter Slacik)
-
-
-SNAPSHOT 1999-08-12
--------------------
-
-Fixed exception stack cleanup if calling pthread_exit()
-- (Lorin Hochstein and John Bossom).
-
-Fixed bugs in condition variables - (Peter Slacik):
- - additional contention checks
- - properly adjust number of waiting threads after timed
- condvar timeout.
-
-
-SNAPSHOT 1999-05-30
--------------------
-
-Some minor bugs have been fixed. See the ChangeLog file for details.
-
-Some more POSIX 1b functions are now included but ony return an
-error (ENOSYS) if called. They are:
-
- sem_open
- sem_close
- sem_unlink
- sem_getvalue
-
-
-SNAPSHOT 1999-04-07
--------------------
-
-Some POSIX 1b functions which were internally supported are now
-available as exported functions:
-
- sem_init
- sem_destroy
- sem_wait
- sem_trywait
- sem_post
- sched_yield
- sched_get_priority_min
- sched_get_priority_max
-
-Some minor bugs have been fixed. See the ChangeLog file for details.
-
-
-SNAPSHOT 1999-03-16
--------------------
-
-Initial release.
-
+SNAPSHOT 2003-09-04
+-------------------
+
+Bug fixes
+---------
+* ptw32_cancelableWait() now allows cancelation of waiting implicit POSIX
+threads.
+
+New test
+--------
+* cancel8.c tests cancelation of Win32 threads waiting at a POSIX cancelation
+point.
+
+
+SNAPSHOT 2003-09-03
+-------------------
+
+Bug fixes
+---------
+* pthread_self() would free the newly created implicit POSIX thread handle if
+DuplicateHandle failed instead of recycle it (very unlikely).
+
+* pthread_exit() was neither freeing nor recycling the POSIX thread struct
+for implicit POSIX threads.
+
+New feature - Cancelation of/by Win32 (non-POSIX) threads
+---------------------------------------------------------
+Since John Bossom's original implementation, the library has allowed non-POSIX
+initialised threads (Win32 threads) to call pthreads-win32 routines and
+therefore interact with POSIX threads. This is done by creating an on-the-fly
+POSIX thread ID for the Win32 thread that, once created, allows fully
+reciprical interaction. This did not extend to thread cancelation (async or
+deferred). Now it does.
+
+Any thread can be canceled by any other thread (Win32 or POSIX) if the former
+thread's POSIX pthread_t value is known. It's TSD destructors and POSIX
+cleanup handlers will be run before the thread exits with an exit code of
+PTHREAD_CANCELED (retrieved with GetExitCodeThread()).
+
+This allows a Win32 thread to, for example, call POSIX CV routines in the same way
+that POSIX threads would/should, with pthread_cond_wait() cancelability and
+cleanup handlers (pthread_cond_wait() is a POSIX cancelation point).
+
+By adding cancelation, Win32 threads should now be able to call all POSIX
+threads routines that make sense including semaphores, mutexes, condition
+variables, read/write locks, barriers, spinlocks, tsd, cleanup push/pop,
+cancelation, pthread_exit, scheduling, etc.
+
+Note that these on-the-fly 'implicit' POSIX thread IDs are initialised as detached
+(not joinable) with deferred cancelation type. The POSIX thread ID will be created
+automatically by any POSIX routines that need a POSIX handle (unless the routine
+needs a pthread_t as a parameter of course). A Win32 thread can discover it's own
+POSIX thread ID by calling pthread_self(), which will create the handle if
+necessary and return the pthread_t value.
+
+New tests
+---------
+Test the above new feature.
+
+
+SNAPSHOT 2003-08-19
+-------------------
+
+This snapshot fixes some accidental corruption to new test case sources.
+There are no changes to the library source code.
+
+
+SNAPSHOT 2003-08-15
+-------------------
+
+Bug fixes
+---------
+
+* pthread.dsp now uses correct compile flags (/MD).
+- Viv <vcotirlea@hotmail.com>
+
+* pthread_win32_process_detach_np() fixed memory leak.
+- Steven Reddie <Steven.Reddie@ca.com>
+
+* pthread_mutex_destroy() fixed incorrect return code.
+- Nicolas Barry <boozai@yahoo.com>
+
+* pthread_spin_destroy() fixed memory leak.
+- Piet van Bruggen <pietvb@newbridges.nl>
+
+* Various changes to tighten arg checking, and to work with later versions of
+MinGW32 and MsysDTK.
+
+* pthread_getschedparam() etc, fixed dangerous thread validity checking.
+- Nicolas Barry <boozai@yahoo.com>
+
+* POSIX thread handles are now reused and their memory is not freed on thread exit.
+This allows for stronger thread validity checking.
+
+New standard routine
+--------------------
+
+* pthread_kill() added to provide thread validity checking to applications.
+It does not accept any non zero values for the signal arg.
+
+New test cases
+--------------
+
+* New test cases to confirm validity checking, pthread_kill(), and thread reuse.
+
+
+SNAPSHOT 2003-05-10
+-------------------
+
+Bug fixes
+---------
+
+* pthread_mutex_trylock() now returns correct error values.
+pthread_mutex_destroy() will no longer destroy a recursively locked mutex.
+pthread_mutex_lock() is no longer inadvertantly behaving as a cancelation point.
+- Thomas Pfaff <tpfaff@gmx.net>
+
+* pthread_mutex_timedlock() no longer occasionally sets incorrect mutex
+ownership, causing deadlocks in some applications.
+- Robert Strycek <strycek@posam.sk> and Alexander Terekhov <TEREKHOV@de.ibm.com>
+
+
+SNAPSHOT 2002-11-04
+-------------------
+
+Bug fixes
+---------
+
+* sem_getvalue() now returns the correct value under Win NT and WinCE.
+- Rob Fanner <rfanner@stonethree.com>
+
+* sem_timedwait() now uses tighter checks for unreasonable
+abstime values - that would result in unexpected timeout values.
+
+* ptw32_cond_wait_cleanup() no longer mysteriously consumes
+CV signals but may produce more spurious wakeups. It is believed
+that the sem_timedwait() call is consuming a CV signal that it
+shouldn't.
+- Alexander Terekhov <TEREKHOV@de.ibm.com>
+
+* Fixed a memory leak in ptw32_threadDestroy() for implicit threads.
+
+* Fixed potential for deadlock in pthread_cond_destroy().
+A deadlock could occur for statically declared CVs (PTHREAD_COND_INITIALIZER),
+when one thread is attempting to destroy the condition variable while another
+is attempting to dynamically initialize it.
+- Michael Johnson <michaelj@maine.rr.com>
+
+
+SNAPSHOT 2002-03-02
+-------------------
+
+Cleanup code default style. (IMPORTANT)
+----------------------------------------------------------------------
+Previously, if not defined, the cleanup style was determined automatically
+from the compiler/language, and one of the following was defined accordingly:
+
+ __CLEANUP_SEH MSVC only
+ __CLEANUP_CXX C++, including MSVC++, GNU G++
+ __CLEANUP_C C, including GNU GCC, not MSVC
+
+These defines determine the style of cleanup (see pthread.h) and,
+most importantly, the way that cancelation and thread exit (via
+pthread_exit) is performed (see the routine ptw32_throw() in private.c).
+
+In short, the exceptions versions of the library throw an exception
+when a thread is canceled or exits (via pthread_exit()), which is
+caught by a handler in the thread startup routine, so that the
+the correct stack unwinding occurs regardless of where the thread
+is when it's canceled or exits via pthread_exit().
+
+In this and future snapshots, unless the build explicitly defines (e.g.
+via a compiler option) __CLEANUP_SEH, __CLEANUP_CXX, or __CLEANUP_C, then
+the build NOW always defaults to __CLEANUP_C style cleanup. This style
+uses setjmp/longjmp in the cancelation and pthread_exit implementations,
+and therefore won't do stack unwinding even when linked to applications
+that have it (e.g. C++ apps). This is for consistency with most
+current commercial Unix POSIX threads implementations. Compaq's TRU64
+may be an exception (no pun intended) and possible future trend.
+
+Although it was not clearly documented before, it is still necessary to
+build your application using the same __CLEANUP_* define as was
+used for the version of the library that you link with, so that the
+correct parts of pthread.h are included. That is, the possible
+defines require the following library versions:
+
+ __CLEANUP_SEH pthreadVSE.dll
+ __CLEANUP_CXX pthreadVCE.dll or pthreadGCE.dll
+ __CLEANUP_C pthreadVC.dll or pthreadGC.dll
+
+E.g. regardless of whether your app is C or C++, if you link with
+pthreadVC.lib or libpthreadGC.a, then you must define __CLEANUP_C.
+
+
+THE POINT OF ALL THIS IS: if you have not been defining one of these
+explicitly, then the defaults as described at the top of this
+section were being used.
+
+THIS NOW CHANGES, as has been explained above, but to try to make this
+clearer here's an example:
+
+If you were building your application with MSVC++ i.e. using C++
+exceptions and not explicitly defining one of __CLEANUP_*, then
+__CLEANUP_C++ was automatically defined for you in pthread.h.
+You should have been linking with pthreadVCE.dll, which does
+stack unwinding.
+
+If you now build your application as you had before, pthread.h will now
+automatically set __CLEANUP_C as the default style, and you will need to
+link with pthreadVC.dll. Stack unwinding will now NOT occur when a thread
+is canceled, or the thread calls pthread_exit().
+
+Your application will now most likely behave differently to previous
+versions, and in non-obvious ways. Most likely is that locally
+instantiated objects may not be destroyed or cleaned up after a thread
+is canceled.
+
+If you want the same behaviour as before, then you must now define
+__CLEANUP_C++ explicitly using a compiler option and link with
+pthreadVCE.dll as you did before.
+
+
+WHY ARE WE MAKING THE DEFAULT STYLE LESS EXCEPTION-FRIENDLY?
+Because no commercial Unix POSIX threads implementation allows you to
+choose to have stack unwinding. Therefore, providing it in pthread-win32
+as a default is dangerous. We still provide the choice but unless
+you consciously choose to do otherwise, your pthreads applications will
+now run or crash in similar ways irrespective of the threads platform
+you use. Or at least this is the hope.
+
+
+WHY NOT REMOVE THE EXCEPTIONS VERSIONS OF THE LIBRARY ALTOGETHER?
+There are a few reasons:
+- because there are well respected POSIX threads people who believe
+ that POSIX threads implementations should be exceptions aware and
+ do the expected thing in that context. (There are equally respected
+ people who believe it should not be easily accessible, if it's there
+ at all, for unconditional conformity to other implementations.)
+- because pthreads-win32 is one of the few implementations that has
+ the choice, perhaps the only freely available one, and so offers
+ a laboratory to people who may want to explore the effects;
+- although the code will always be around somewhere for anyone who
+ wants it, once it's removed from the current version it will not be
+ nearly as visible to people who may have a use for it.
+
+
+Source module splitting
+-----------------------
+In order to enable smaller image sizes to be generated
+for applications that link statically with the library,
+most routines have been separated out into individual
+source code files.
+
+This is being done in such a way as to be backward compatible.
+The old source files are reused to congregate the individual
+routine files into larger translation units (via a bunch of
+# includes) so that the compiler can still optimise wherever
+possible, e.g. through inlining, which can only be done
+within the same translation unit.
+
+It is also possible to build the entire library by compiling
+the single file named "pthread.c", which just #includes all
+the secondary congregation source files. The compiler
+may be able to use this to do more inlining of routines.
+
+Although the GNU compiler is able to produce libraries with
+the necessary separation (the -ffunction-segments switch),
+AFAIK, the MSVC and other compilers don't have this feature.
+
+Finally, since I use makefiles and command-line compilation,
+I don't know what havoc this reorganisation may wreak amongst
+IDE project file users. You should be able to continue
+using your existing project files without modification.
+
+
+New non-portable functions
+--------------------------
+pthread_num_processors_np():
+ Returns the number of processors in the system that are
+ available to the process, as determined from the processor
+ affinity mask.
+
+pthread_timechange_handler_np():
+ To improve tolerance against operator or time service initiated
+ system clock changes.
+
+ This routine can be called by an application when it
+ receives a WM_TIMECHANGE message from the system. At present
+ it broadcasts all condition variables so that waiting threads
+ can wake up and re-evaluate their conditions and restart
+ their timed waits if required.
+ - Suggested by Alexander Terekhov
+
+
+Platform dependence
+-------------------
+As Win95 doesn't provide one, the library now contains
+it's own InterlockedCompareExchange() routine, which is used
+whenever Windows doesn't provide it. InterlockedCompareExchange()
+is used to implement spinlocks and barriers, and also in mutexes.
+This routine relies on the CMPXCHG machine instruction which
+is not available on i386 CPUs. This library (from snapshot
+20010712 onwards) is therefore no longer supported on i386
+processor platforms.
+
+
+New standard routines
+---------------------
+For source code portability only - rwlocks cannot be process shared yet.
+
+ pthread_rwlockattr_init()
+ pthread_rwlockattr_destroy()
+ pthread_rwlockattr_setpshared()
+ pthread_rwlockattr_getpshared()
+
+As defined in the new POSIX standard, and the Single Unix Spec version 3:
+
+ sem_timedwait()
+ pthread_mutex_timedlock() - Alexander Terekhov and Thomas Pfaff
+ pthread_rwlock_timedrdlock() - adapted from pthread_rwlock_rdlock()
+ pthread_rwlock_timedwrlock() - adapted from pthread_rwlock_wrlock()
+
+
+pthread.h no longer includes windows.h
+--------------------------------------
+[Not yet for G++]
+
+This was done to prevent conflicts.
+
+HANDLE, DWORD, and NULL are temporarily defined within pthread.h if
+they are not already.
+
+
+pthread.h, sched.h and semaphore.h now use dllexport/dllimport
+--------------------------------------------------------------
+Not only to avoid the need for the pthread.def file, but to
+improve performance. Apparently, declaring functions with dllimport
+generates a direct call to the function and avoids the overhead
+of a stub function call.
+
+Bug fixes
+---------
+* Fixed potential NULL pointer dereferences in pthread_mutexattr_init,
+pthread_mutexattr_getpshared, pthread_barrierattr_init,
+pthread_barrierattr_getpshared, and pthread_condattr_getpshared.
+- Scott McCaskill <scott@magruder.org>
+
+* Removed potential race condition in pthread_mutex_trylock and
+pthread_mutex_lock;
+- Alexander Terekhov <TEREKHOV@de.ibm.com>
+
+* The behaviour of pthread_mutex_trylock in relation to
+recursive mutexes was inconsistent with commercial implementations.
+Trylock would return EBUSY if the lock was owned already by the
+calling thread regardless of mutex type. Trylock now increments the
+recursion count and returns 0 for RECURSIVE mutexes, and will
+return EDEADLK rather than EBUSY for ERRORCHECK mutexes. This is
+consistent with Solaris.
+- Thomas Pfaff <tpfaff@gmx.net>
+
+* Found a fix for the library and workaround for applications for
+the known bug #2, i.e. where __CLEANUP_CXX or __CLEANUP_SEH is defined.
+See the "Known Bugs in this snapshot" section below.
+
+This could be made transparent to applications by replacing the macros that
+define the current C++ and SEH versions of pthread_cleanup_push/pop
+with the C version, but AFAIK cleanup handlers would not then run in the
+correct sequence with destructors and exception cleanup handlers when
+an exception occurs.
+
+* Cancelation once started in a thread cannot now be inadvertantly
+double canceled. That is, once a thread begins it's cancelation run,
+cancelation is disabled and a subsequent cancel request will
+return an error (ESRCH).
+
+* errno: An incorrect compiler directive caused a local version
+of errno to be used instead of the Win32 errno. Both instances are
+thread-safe but applications checking errno after a pthreads-win32
+call would be wrong. Fixing this also fixed a bad compiler
+option in the testsuite (/MT should have been /MD) which is
+needed to link with the correct library MSVCRT.LIB.
+
+
+SNAPSHOT 2001-07-12
+-------------------
+
+To be added
+
+
+SNAPSHOT 2001-07-03
+-------------------
+
+To be added
+
+
+SNAPSHOT 2000-08-13
+-------------------
+
+New:
+- Renamed DLL and LIB files:
+ pthreadVSE.dll (MS VC++/Structured EH)
+ pthreadVSE.lib
+ pthreadVCE.dll (MS VC++/C++ EH)
+ pthreadVCE.lib
+ pthreadGCE.dll (GNU G++/C++ EH)
+ libpthreadw32.a
+
+ Both your application and the pthread dll should use the
+ same exception handling scheme.
+
+Bugs fixed:
+- MSVC++ C++ exception handling.
+
+Some new tests have been added.
+
+
+SNAPSHOT 2000-08-10
+-------------------
+
+New:
+- asynchronous cancelation on X86 (Jason Nye)
+- Makefile compatible with MS nmake to replace
+ buildlib.bat
+- GNUmakefile for Mingw32
+- tests/Makefile for MS nmake replaces runall.bat
+- tests/GNUmakefile for Mingw32
+
+Bugs fixed:
+- kernel32 load/free problem
+- attempt to hide internel exceptions from application
+ exception handlers (__try/__except and try/catch blocks)
+- Win32 thread handle leakage bug
+ (David Baggett/Paul Redondo/Eyal Lebedinsky)
+
+Some new tests have been added.
+
+
+SNAPSHOT 1999-11-02
+-------------------
+
+Bugs fixed:
+- ctime_r macro had an incorrect argument (Erik Hensema),
+- threads were not being created
+ PTHREAD_CANCEL_DEFERRED. This should have
+ had little effect as deferred is the only
+ supported type. (Ross Johnson).
+
+Some compatibility improvements added, eg.
+- pthread_setcancelstate accepts NULL pointer
+ for the previous value argument. Ditto for
+ pthread_setcanceltype. This is compatible
+ with Solaris but should not affect
+ standard applications (Erik Hensema)
+
+Some new tests have been added.
+
+
+SNAPSHOT 1999-10-17
+-------------------
+
+Bug fix - Cancelation of threads waiting on condition variables
+now works properly (Lorin Hochstein and Peter Slacik)
+
+
+SNAPSHOT 1999-08-12
+-------------------
+
+Fixed exception stack cleanup if calling pthread_exit()
+- (Lorin Hochstein and John Bossom).
+
+Fixed bugs in condition variables - (Peter Slacik):
+ - additional contention checks
+ - properly adjust number of waiting threads after timed
+ condvar timeout.
+
+
+SNAPSHOT 1999-05-30
+-------------------
+
+Some minor bugs have been fixed. See the ChangeLog file for details.
+
+Some more POSIX 1b functions are now included but ony return an
+error (ENOSYS) if called. They are:
+
+ sem_open
+ sem_close
+ sem_unlink
+ sem_getvalue
+
+
+SNAPSHOT 1999-04-07
+-------------------
+
+Some POSIX 1b functions which were internally supported are now
+available as exported functions:
+
+ sem_init
+ sem_destroy
+ sem_wait
+ sem_trywait
+ sem_post
+ sched_yield
+ sched_get_priority_min
+ sched_get_priority_max
+
+Some minor bugs have been fixed. See the ChangeLog file for details.
+
+
+SNAPSHOT 1999-03-16
+-------------------
+
+Initial release.
+
View
62 README.Watcom
@@ -0,0 +1,62 @@
+Watcom compiler notes
+=====================
+
+Status
+------
+Not yet usable. Although the library builds under Watcom it
+substantially fails the test suite.
+
+There is a working Wmakefile for wmake for the library build.
+
+invoke as any of:
+wmake -f Wmakefile clean WC
+wmake -f Wmakefile clean WC-inlined
+wmake -f Wmakefile clean WCE
+wmake -f Wmakefile clean WCE-inlined
+
+These build pthreadWC.dll and pthreadWCE.dll.
+
+There is a working Wmakefile for wmake for the test suite.
+
+invoke as any of:
+wmake -f Wmakefile clean WC
+wmake -f Wmakefile clean WCX
+wmake -f Wmakefile clean WCE
+wmake -f Wmakefile clean WC-bench
+wmake -f Wmakefile clean WCX-bench
+wmake -f Wmakefile clean WCE-bench
+
+
+Current known problems
+----------------------
+
+Library build:
+The Watcom compiler uses a different default call convention to MS C or GNU C and so
+applications are not compatible with pthreadVC.dll etc using pre 2003-10-14 versions
+of pthread.h, sched.h, or semaphore.h. The cdecl attribute can be used on exposed
+function prototypes to force compatibility with MS C built DLLs.
+
+However, there appear to be other incompatibilities. Errno.h, for example, defines
+different values for the standard C and POSIX errors to those defined by the MS C
+errno.h. It may be that references to Watcom's threads compatible 'errno' do set
+and return translated numbers consistently, but I have not verified this.
+
+Watcom defines errno as a dereferenced pointer returned by the function
+_get_errno_ptr(). This is similar to both the MS and GNU C environments for
+multithreaded use. However, the Watcom version appears to have a number of problems:
+
+- different threads return the same pointer value. Compare with the MS and GNU C
+versions which correctly return different values (since each thread must maintain
+a thread specific errno value).
+
+- an errno value set within the DLL appears as zero in the application even though
+both share the same thread.
+
+Therefore applications built using the Watcom compiler may need to use
+a Watcom built version of the library (pthreadWC.dll). If this is the case, then
+the cdecl function attribute should not be required.
+
+Application builds:
+The test suite fails with the Watcom compiler.
+
+Test semaphore1.c fails for pthreadWC.dll because errno returns 0 instead of EAGAIN.

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