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A curated list of network penetration testing tools.
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Penetration Testing OS Distributions

  • Parrot Security OS - Distribution similar to Kali using the same repositories, but with additional features such as Tor and I2P integration.
  • Kali - GNU/Linux distribution designed for digital forensics and penetration testing.

Multi-paradigm Frameworks

  • Metasploit - Software for offensive security teams to help verify vulnerabilities and manage security assessments.
  • Armitage - Java-based GUI front-end for the Metasploit Framework.
  • Faraday - Multiuser integrated pentesting environment for red teams performing cooperative penetration tests, security audits, and risk assessments.

Network Vulnerability Scanners

  • OpenVAS - Open source implementation of the popular Nessus vulnerability assessment system.
  • Nexpose - Commercial vulnerability and risk management assessment engine that integrates with Metasploit, sold by Rapid7.

Static Analyzers

  • OWASP Dependency Check - Open source static analysis tool that enumerates dependencies used by Java and .NET software code (with experimental support for Python, Ruby, Node.js, C, and C++) and lists security vulnerabilities associated with the depedencies.
  • VisualCodeGrepper - Open source static code analysis tool with support for Java, C, C++, C#, PL/SQL, VB, and PHP. VisualCodeGrepper also conforms to OWASP best practices.
  • Brakeman - Static analysis security vulnerability scanner for Ruby on Rails applications.
  • cppcheck - Extensible C/C++ static analyzer focused on finding bugs.
  • FindBugs - Free software static analyzer to look for bugs in Java code.
  • sobelow - Security-focused static analysis for the Phoenix Framework.
  • bandit - Security oriented static analyser for python code.
  • Progpilot - Static security analysis tool for PHP code.
  • ShellCheck - Static code analysis tool for shell script.
  • Codebeat (open source) - Open source implementation of commercial static code analysis tool with GitHub integration.
  • truffleHog - Git repo scanner.

Web Vulnerability Scanners

  • Netsparker Web Application Security Scanner - Commercial web application security scanner to automatically find many different types of security flaws.
  • OWASP Zed Attack Proxy (ZAP) - Feature-rich, scriptable HTTP intercepting proxy and fuzzer for penetration testing web applications.
  • Nikto - Noisy but fast black box web server and web application vulnerability scanner.
  • WPScan - Black box WordPress vulnerability scanner.
  • cms-explorer - Reveal the specific modules, plugins, components and themes that various websites powered by content management systems are running.
  • ACSTIS - Automated client-side template injection (sandbox escape/bypass) detection for AngularJS.
  • SQLmate - A friend of sqlmap that identifies sqli vulnerabilities based on a given dork and website (optional).
  • ASafaWeb - Free online web vulnerability scanner.

Network Tools

  • pig - GNU/Linux packet crafting tool.
  • - Website offering an interface to numerous basic network utilities like ping, traceroute, whois, and more.
  • Intercepter-NG - Multifunctional network toolkit.
  • Legion - Graphical interface offering scriptable, configurable access to existing network infrastructure scanning and enumeration tools.
  • dsniff - Collection of tools for network auditing and pentesting.
  • scapy - Python-based interactive packet manipulation program & library.
  • Printer Exploitation Toolkit (PRET) - Tool for printer security testing capable of IP and USB connectivity, fuzzing, and exploitation of PostScript, PJL, and PCL printer language features.
  • Praeda - Automated multi-function printer data harvester for gathering usable data during security assessments.
  • routersploit - Open source exploitation framework similar to Metasploit but dedicated to embedded devices.
  • impacket - Collection of Python classes for working with network protocols.
  • dnstwist - Domain name permutation engine for detecting typo squatting, phishing and corporate espionage.
  • THC Hydra - Online password cracking tool with built-in support for many network protocols, including HTTP, SMB, FTP, telnet, ICQ, MySQL, LDAP, IMAP, VNC, and more.
  • Ncat - TCP/IP command line utility supporting multiple protocols.

Exfiltration Tools

  • HTTPTunnel - Tunnel data over pure HTTP GET/POST requests.
  • Data Exfiltration Toolkit (DET) - Proof of concept to perform data exfiltration using either single or multiple channel(s) at the same time.
  • pwnat - Punches holes in firewalls and NATs.
  • tgcd - Simple Unix network utility to extend the accessibility of TCP/IP based network services beyond firewalls.
  • Iodine - Tunnel IPv4 data through a DNS server; useful for exfiltration from networks where Internet access is firewalled, but DNS queries are allowed.
  • PassHunt - Search file systems for passwords.
  • PANHunt - Search file systems for credit cards.

Network Reconnaissance Tools

  • Shodan - Database containing information on all accessible domains on the internet obtained from passive scanning.
    • pyShodan - Python 3 script for interacting with Shodan API (requires valid API key).
  • zmap - Open source network scanner that enables researchers to easily perform Internet-wide network studies.
  • nmap - Free security scanner for network exploration & security audits.
  • Netdiscover - Simple and quick network scanning tool.
  • xprobe2 - Open source operating system fingerprinting tool.
  • CloudFail - Unmask server IP addresses hidden behind Cloudflare by searching old database records and detecting misconfigured DNS.
  • Mass Scan - TCP port scanner, spews SYN packets asynchronously, scanning entire Internet in under 5 minutes.
  • smbmap - Handy SMB enumeration tool.
  • LdapMiner - Multiplatform LDAP enumeration utility.
  • ldapsearch - Linux command line utility for querying LDAP servers.
  • ACLight - Script for advanced discovery of sensitive Privileged Accounts - includes Shadow Admins.
  • Pentest-Tools - Online suite of various different pentest related tools.

Protocol Analyzers and Sniffers

  • tcpdump/libpcap - Common packet analyzer that runs under the command line.
  • Wireshark - Widely-used graphical, cross-platform network protocol analyzer.
  • Yersinia - Packet and protocol analyzer with MITM capability.
  • Fiddler - Cross platform packet capturing tool for capturing HTTP/HTTPS traffic.
  • netsniff-ng - Swiss army knife for for network sniffing.
  • Dshell - Network forensic analysis framework.

Proxies and MITM Tools

  • Responder - Open source NBT-NS, LLMNR, and MDNS poisoner.
  • Responder-Windows - Windows version of the above NBT-NS/LLMNR/MDNS poisoner.
  • MITMf - Multipurpose man-in-the-middle framework.
    • e.g. mitmf --arp --spoof -i eth0 --gateway --targets --inject --js-url
  • dnschef - Highly configurable DNS proxy for pentesters.
  • mitmproxy - Interactive TLS-capable intercepting HTTP proxy for penetration testers and software developers.
  • Morpheus - Automated ettercap TCP/IP Hijacking tool.
  • mallory - HTTP/HTTPS proxy over SSH.
  • SSH MITM - Intercept SSH connections with a proxy; all plaintext passwords and sessions are logged to disk.
  • evilgrade - Modular framework to take advantage of poor upgrade implementations by injecting fake updates.
  • Ettercap - Comprehensive, mature suite for machine-in-the-middle attacks.
  • BetterCAP - Modular, portable and easily extensible MITM framework.

Wireless Network Tools

  • Aircrack-ng - Set of tools for auditing wireless networks.
  • Wifite - Automated wireless attack tool.
  • wifi-pickle - Fake access point attacks.
  • MANA Toolkit - Rogue AP and man-in-the-middle utility.
  • Fluxion - Suite of automated social engineering based WPA attacks.

Transport Layer Security Tools

  • tlssled - Comprehensive TLS/SSL testing suite.
  • SSLyze - Fast and comprehensive TLS/SSL configuration analyzer to help identify security mis-configurations.
  • SSL Labs - Online TLS/SSL testing suite for revealing supported TLS/SSL versions and ciphers.
  • crackpkcs12 - Multithreaded program to crack PKCS#12 files (.p12 and .pfx extensions), such as TLS/SSL certificates.

Web Exploitation

  • Browser Exploitation Framework (BeEF) - Command and control server for delivering exploits to commandeered Web browsers.
  • Wordpress Exploit Framework - Ruby framework for developing and using modules which aid in the penetration testing of WordPress powered websites and systems.
  • WPSploit - Exploit WordPress-powered websites with Metasploit.
  • SQLmap - Automated SQL injection and database takeover tool.
  • sqlninja - Automated SQL injection and database takeover tool.
  • tplmap - Automatic server-side template injection and Web server takeover tool.
  • weevely3 - Weaponized web shell.
  • wafw00f - Identifies and fingerprints Web Application Firewall (WAF) products.
  • fimap - Find, prepare, audit, exploit and even Google automatically for LFI/RFI bugs.
  • Kadabra - Automatic LFI exploiter and scanner.
  • Kadimus - LFI scan and exploit tool.
  • liffy - LFI exploitation tool.
  • Commix - Automated all-in-one operating system command injection and exploitation tool.
  • sslstrip - Demonstration of the HTTPS stripping attacks.
  • sslstrip2 - SSLStrip version to defeat HSTS.
  • NoSQLmap - Automatic NoSQL injection and database takeover tool.
  • VHostScan - A virtual host scanner that performs reverse lookups, can be used with pivot tools, detect catch-all scenarios, aliases and dynamic default pages.
  • FuzzDB - Dictionary of attack patterns and primitives for black-box application fault injection and resource discovery.
  • EyeWitness - Tool to take screenshots of websites, provide some server header info, and identify default credentials if possible.
  • webscreenshot - A simple script to take screenshots of list of websites.
  • IIS-Shortname-Scanner - Command line tool to exploit the Windows IIS tilde information disclosure vulnerability.

Hex Editors

  • HexEdit.js - Browser-based hex editing.
  • Hexinator - World's finest (proprietary, commercial) Hex Editor.
  • Frhed - Binary file editor for Windows.
  • Cheat Engine - Memory debugger and hex editor for running applications.

File Format Analysis Tools

  • Kaitai Struct - File formats and network protocols dissection language and web IDE, generating parsers in C++, C#, Java, JavaScript, Perl, PHP, Python, Ruby.
  • Veles - Binary data visualization and analysis tool.
  • Hachoir - Python library to view and edit a binary stream as tree of fields and tools for metadata extraction.

Anti-virus Evasion Tools

  • shellsploit - Generates custom shellcode, backdoors, injectors, optionally obfuscates every byte via encoders.
  • Hyperion - Runtime encryptor for 32-bit portable executables ("PE .exes").
  • AntiVirus Evasion Tool (AVET) - Post-process exploits containing executable files targeted for Windows machines to avoid being recognized by antivirus software.
  • - Automates the process of hiding a malicious Windows executable from antivirus (AV) detection.
  • peCloakCapstone - Multi-platform fork of the automated malware antivirus evasion tool.
  • UniByAv - Simple obfuscator that takes raw shellcode and generates Anti-Virus friendly executables by using a brute-forcable, 32-bit XOR key.
  • Shellter - Dynamic shellcode injection tool, and the first truly dynamic PE infector ever created.

Hash Cracking Tools

  • Hashcat - Fast hash cracking utility with support for most known hashes as well as OpenCL and CUDA acceleration.
  • John the Ripper - Fast password cracker.
  • CeWL - Generates custom wordlists by spidering a target's website and collecting unique words.
  • JWT Cracker - Simple HS256 JWT token brute force cracker.
  • Rar Crack - RAR bruteforce cracker.

Windows Utilities

  • Sysinternals Suite - The Sysinternals Troubleshooting Utilities.
  • PowerSploit - PowerShell Post-Exploitation Framework.
  • Headstart - Lazy man's Windows privilege escalation tool utilizing PowerSploit.
  • mimikatz - Credentials extraction tool for Windows operating system.
  • Windows Credentials Editor - Inspect logon sessions and add, change, list, and delete associated credentials, including Kerberos tickets.
  • Bloodhound - Graphical Active Directory trust relationship explorer.
  • Empire - Pure PowerShell post-exploitation agent.
  • Fibratus - Tool for exploration and tracing of the Windows kernel.
  • redsnarf - Post-exploitation tool for retrieving password hashes and credentials from Windows workstations, servers, and domain controllers.
  • Magic Unicorn - Shellcode generator for numerous attack vectors, including Microsoft Office macros, PowerShell, HTML applications (HTA), or certutil (using fake certificates).
  • DeathStar - Python script that uses Empire's RESTful API to automate gaining Domain Admin rights in Active Directory environments.
  • Hyena - NetBIOS exploitation tool.

GNU/Linux Utilities

  • Linux Exploit Suggester - Heuristic reporting on potentially viable exploits for a given GNU/Linux system.
  • Linus - Security auditing tool for Linux and macOS.

macOS Utilities

  • Bella - Pure Python post-exploitation data mining and remote administration tool for macOS.
  • Linus - Security auditing tool for Linux and macOS.

Social Engineering Tools


  • Shodan - World's first search engine for Internet-connected devices.
      • pyShodan - Python 3 script for interacting with Shodan API (requires valid API key).
  • Maltego - Proprietary software for open source intelligence and forensics, from Paterva.
  • Mxtoolbox - Email domain and DNS lookup.
  • Robtex - Domain and IP address lookup.
  • theHarvester - E-mail, subdomain and people names harvester.
  • DNSDumpster - Online DNS recon and search service.
  • dnsenum - Perl script that enumerates DNS information from a domain, attempts zone transfers, performs a brute force dictionary style attack, and then performs reverse look-ups on the results.
  • dnsmap - Passive DNS network mapper.
  • dnsrecon - DNS enumeration script.
  • dnstracer - Determines where a given DNS server gets its information from, and follows the chain of DNS servers.
  • passivedns-client - Library and query tool for querying several passive DNS providers.
  • passivedns - Network sniffer that logs all DNS server replies for use in a passive DNS setup.
  • creepy - Geolocation OSINT tool.
  • Google Hacking Database - Database of Google dorks; can be used for recon.
  • GooDork - Command line Google dorking tool.
  • dork-cli - Command line Google dork tool.
  • Censys - Collects data on hosts and websites through daily ZMap and ZGrab scans.
  • recon-ng - Full-featured Web Reconnaissance framework written in Python.
  • github-dorks - CLI tool to scan github repos/organizations for potential sensitive information leak.
  • vcsmap - Plugin-based tool to scan public version control systems for sensitive information.
  • Spiderfoot - Open source OSINT automation tool with a Web UI and report visualizations
  • Threat Crowd - Search engine for threats.
  • Virus Total - Free service that analyzes suspicious files and URLs and facilitates the quick detection of viruses, worms, trojans, and all kinds of malware.
  • PacketTotal - Simple, free, high-quality packet capture file analysis facilitating the quick detection of network-borne malware (using Bro and Suricata IDS signatures under the hood).
  • gOSINT - OSINT tool with multiple modules and a telegram scraper.
  • Amass - Subdomain enumeration via scraping, web archives, brute forcing, permutations, reverse DNS sweeping, TLS certificates, passive DNS data sources, etc.
  • XRay - XRay is a tool for recon, mapping and OSINT gathering from public networks.
  • Intel Techniques Online Tools - Use the links to the left to access all of the custom search tools.

Anonymity Tools

  • Tor - Free software and onion routed overlay network that helps you defend against traffic analysis.
  • I2P - The Invisible Internet Project.
  • OnionScan - Tool for investigating the Dark Web by finding operational security issues introduced by Tor hidden service operators.
  • What Every Browser Knows About You - Comprehensive detection page to test your own Web browser's configuration for privacy and identity leaks.

Reverse Engineering Tools

  • VirusTotal - Online malware scanner.
  • Hybrid Analysis - Online malware scanner.
  • Interactive Disassembler (IDA Pro) - Proprietary multi-processor disassembler and debugger for Windows, GNU/Linux, or macOS; also has a free version, IDA Free.
  • WDK/WinDbg - Windows Driver Kit and WinDbg.
  • OllyDbg - x86 debugger for Windows binaries that emphasizes binary code analysis.
  • Radare2 - Open source, crossplatform reverse engineering framework.
  • x64dbg - Open source x64/x32 debugger for windows.
  • Immunity Debugger - Powerful way to write exploits and analyze malware.
  • Evan's Debugger - OllyDbg-like debugger for GNU/Linux.
  • Medusa - Open source, cross-platform interactive disassembler.
  • plasma - Interactive disassembler for x86/ARM/MIPS. Generates indented pseudo-code with colored syntax code.
  • peda - Python Exploit Development Assistance for GDB.
  • dnSpy - Tool to reverse engineer .NET assemblies.
  • binwalk - Fast, easy to use tool for analyzing, reverse engineering, and extracting firmware images.
  • PyREBox - Python scriptable Reverse Engineering sandbox by Cisco-Talos.
  • Voltron - Extensible debugger UI toolkit written in Python.
  • Capstone - Lightweight multi-platform, multi-architecture disassembly framework.
  • rVMI - Debugger on steroids; inspect userspace processes, kernel drivers, and preboot environments in a single tool.

Side-channel Tools

  • ChipWhisperer - Complete open-source toolchain for side-channel power analysis and glitching attacks.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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