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Lighthouse Configuration

The Lighthouse config object is the primary method of customizing Lighthouse to suit your use case. Using a custom config, you can limit the audits to run, add additional loads of the page under special conditions, add your own custom checks, tweak the scoring, and more.

Read more about the architecture of Lighthouse.

Usage

You can specify a custom config file when using Lighthouse through the CLI or consuming the npm module yourself.

custom-config.js

module.exports = {
  extends: 'lighthouse:default',
  settings: {
    onlyAudits: [
      'first-meaningful-paint',
      'speed-index-metric',
      'estimated-input-latency',
      'first-interactive',
      'consistently-interactive',
    ],
  },
};

CLI

lighthouse --config-path=path/to/custom-config.js https://example.com

Node

const lighthouse = require('lighthouse');
const config = require('./path/to/custom-config.js');
lighthouse('https://example.com/', {port: 9222}, config);

Properties

Name Type
extends string|boolean|undefined
settings Object|undefined
passes Object[]
audits string[]
categories Object|undefined
groups Object|undefined

extends: string|boolean|undefined

The extends property controls if your configuration should inherit from the default Lighthouse configuration. Learn more.

Example

{
  extends: 'lighthouse:default',
}

settings: Object|undefined

The settings property controls various aspects of running Lighthouse such as CPU/network throttling and audit whitelisting/blacklisting.

Example

{
  settings: {
    onlyCategories: ['performance'],
    onlyAudits: ['works-offline'],
  }
}

Options

For full list see our default config settings.

Name Type Description
onlyCategories string[] Includes only the specified categories in the final report. Additive with onlyAudits and reduces the time to audit a page.
onlyAudits string[] Includes only the specified audits in the final report. Additive with onlyCategories and reduces the time to audit a page.
skipAudits string[] Excludes the specified audits from the final report. Takes priority over onlyCategories, not usable in conjuction with onlyAudits, and reduces the time to audit a page.

passes: Object[]

The passes property controls how to load the requested URL and what information to gather about the page while loading. Each entry in the passes array represents one load of the page (e.g. 4 entries in passes will load the page 4 times), so be judicious about adding multiple entries here to avoid extending run times.

Each passes entry defines basic settings such as how long to wait for the page to load and whether to record a trace file. Additionally a list of gatherers to use is defined per pass. Gatherers can read information from the page to generate artifacts which are later used by audits to provide you with a Lighthouse report. For more information on implementing a custom gatherer and the role they play in building a Lighthouse report, refer to the recipes. Also note that artifacts.devtoolsLogs will be automatically populated for every pass. Gatherers also have access to this data within the afterPass as traceData.devtoolsLog (However, most will find the higher-level traceData.networkRecords more useful).

For list of default pass values, see our config constants.

Example

{
  passes: [
    {
      passName: 'fastPass',
      gatherers: ['fast-gatherer'],
    },
    {
      passName: 'slowPass',
      recordTrace: true,
      useThrottling: true,
      networkQuietThresholdMs: 5000,
      gatherers: ['slow-gatherer'],
    }
  ]
}

Options

Name Type Description
passName string A unique identifier for the pass used in audits and during config extension.
recordTrace boolean Records a trace of the pass when enabled. Available to gatherers during afterPass as traceData.trace and to audits in artifacts.traces.
useThrottling boolean Enables throttling of the pass when enabled.
pauseAfterLoadMs number The number of milliseconds to wait after the load event before the pass can continue. Used to ensure the page has had time for post-load JavaScript to execute before ending a trace. (Default: 0)
networkQuietThresholdMs number The number of milliseconds since the last network request to wait before the page should be considered to have reached 'network quiet'. Used to ensure the page has had time for the full waterfall of network requests to complete before ending a trace. (Default: 5000)
pauseAfterNetworkQuietMs number The number of milliseconds to wait after 'network quiet' before the pass can continue. Used to ensure the page has had time for post-network-quiet JavaScript to execute before ending a trace. (Default: 0)
blockedUrlPatterns string[] URLs of requests to block while loading the page. Basic wildcard support using *.
gatherers string[] The list of gatherers to run on this pass. This property is required and on extension will be concatenated with the existing set of gatherers.

audits: string[]

The audits property controls which audits to run and include with your Lighthouse report. See more examples to see how to add custom audits to your config.

Example

{
  audits: [
    'first-meaningful-paint',
    'first-interactive',
    'byte-efficiency/uses-optimized-images',
  ]
}

categories: Object|undefined

The categories property controls how to score and organize the audit results in the report. Each category defined in the config will have an entry in the categories property of Lighthouse's output. The category output contains the child audit results along with an overall score for the category.

Note: many modules consuming Lighthouse have no need to group or score all the audit results; in these cases, it's fine to omit a categories section.

Example

{
  categories: {
    performance: {
      title: 'Performance',
      description: 'This category judges your performance',
      auditRefs: [
        {id: 'first-meaningful-paint', weight: 2, group: 'metrics'},
        {id: 'first-interactive', weight: 3, group: 'metrics'},
        {id: 'consistently-interactive', weight: 5, group: 'metrics'},
      ],
    }
  }
}

Options

Name Type Description
title string The display name of the category.
description string The displayed description of the category.
auditRefs Object[] The audits to include in the category.
auditRefs[$i].id string The ID of the audit to include.
auditRefs[$i].weight number The weight of the audit in the scoring of the category.
auditRefs[$i].group string (optional) The ID of the display group of the audit.

groups: Object|undefined

The groups property controls how to visually group audits within a category. For example, this is what enables the grouped rendering of metrics and accessibility audits in the report.

Note: The report-renderer has display logic that's hardcoded to specific audit group names. Adding arbitrary groups without additional rendering logic may not perform as expected.

Example

{
  categories: {
    performance: {
      auditRefs: [
        {id: 'my-performance-metric', weight: 2, group: 'metrics'},
      ],
    }
  },
  groups: {
    'metrics': {
      title: 'Metrics',
      description: 'These metrics encapsulate your web app\'s performance across a number of dimensions.'
    },
  }
}

Config Extension

The stock Lighthouse configurations can be extended if you only need to make small tweaks, such as adding an audit or skipping an audit, but wish to still run most of what Lighthouse offers. When adding the extends: 'lighthouse:default' property to your config, the default passes, audits, groups, and categories will be automatically included, allowing you modify settings or add additional audits to a pass. See more examples below to see different types of extension in action.

Config extension is the recommended way to run custom Lighthouse. If there's a use case that extension doesn't currently solve, we'd love to hear from you!

More Examples

The best examples are the ones Lighthouse uses itself! There are several reference configuration files that are maintained as part of Lighthouse.