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Lighthouse in Docker

Run Lighthouse in a Docker container (as a CLI or a web service)

This folder repo example Dockerfiles for running Lighthouse using Headless Chrome and full Chrome and can be used in cloud environments like Google App Engine Flex (Node).

Main source files:

Build it

Fire up Docker, then run:

yarn build

Image size: ~690MB.

Running the container

There are two ways to run the container. One is directly from the command line. The other option starts a server and allows you to run Lighthouse as a web service (LaaS).

Using the container as a CLI

The container can be from the the CLI just like using the Lighthouse npm module. See Lighthouse docs for CLI options.

# Audit Lighthouse results are printed to stdout.
docker run -it --rm --cap-add=SYS_ADMIN lighthouse_ci

# Audits and saves HTML report to a file.
docker run -it --rm --cap-add=SYS_ADMIN lighthouse_ci --quiet > report.html

# Audits and saves JSON results to a file.
docker run -it --rm --cap-add=SYS_ADMIN lighthouse_ci --quiet --output=json > report.json

# Print Lighthouse version used in the container.
docker run -it --rm --cap-add=SYS_ADMIN lighthouse_ci --version

Using the container as a web service (LaaS)

The container also ships with a web service that supports a REST API. You can use it to run Lighthouse in the cloud and return scores.

To run the web server, invoke docker run without any arguments:

docker run -dit -p 8080:8080 --rm --name lighthouse_ci --cap-add=SYS_ADMIN lighthouse_ci

# or 
yarn serve

# or
# handy for building + restarting the container
yarn restart

This starts a server on 8080 and exposes a REST endpoint at http://localhost:8080/ci. By default, requests ask for an API key to help prevent abuse and associate requests with users. However, uou don't have to use one in your own server. If you don't to require keys from users, simply include the parameter but use a fake value (e.g. "abc123").


GET requests will stream logs from Lighthouse until the report is ready. Once ready, the page redirects to the final output:

curl http://localhost:8080/ci?key=<API_KEY>&url=

The endpoint also supports POST requests. Instead of query params, send JSON with the same parameter names:

curl -X POST \
  -H "Content-Type: application/json" \
  -H "X-API-KEY: <API_KEY>" \
  --data '{"output": "json", "url": ""}' \

where output is json or html.

Using full Chrome instead of headless Chrome

By default, the Dockerfile launches headless Chrome to run Lighthouse. If you want to to use "headlful" Chrome, build the image using Dockerfile.nonheadless:

docker build -f Dockerfile.nonheadless -t lighthouse_ci . --build-arg CACHEBUST=$(date +%d)

Everything else should remain the same.

Deploy to Google App Engine Flex (Node)

First, get yourself the Google Cloud SDK.

When you're ready to deploy the app, run gcloud deploy with your app id and version:

gcloud app deploy app.yaml --project YOUR_PROJECT_ID --version 2017-10-16
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