Optional integration library for the Ruby runtime for Google App Engine
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Google App Engine Integration Tools

This repository contains the "appengine" gem, a collection of libraries and plugins for integrating Ruby apps with Google App Engine. It is not required for deploying a ruby application to Google App Engine, but it provides a number of convenience hooks and tools for integrating into the App Engine environment.

Currently, it includes:

  • Automatic Stackdriver instrumentation for Rails apps. This means logs, error reports, and latency traces are reported to the cloud console, and debugger integration is available.
  • A client and rake tasks for executing application commands in the App Engine environment against production resources, useful for tasks such as running production database migrations.
  • Convenient access to environment information such as project ID and VM properties.

Planned for the near future:

  • Tools for generating "app.yaml" configuration files for Ruby applications.
  • Streamlined implementation of health checks and other lifecycle hooks.

For more information on using Google Cloud Platform to deploy Ruby apps, please visit http://cloud.google.com/ruby


To install, include the "appengine" gem in your Gemfile. e.g.

gem "appengine"

Quick Start

Rails Quick Start

If you are running Ruby On Rails 4.0 or later, this gem will automatically install a Railtie that provides its capabilities. You may need to include the line:

require "appengine"

in your config/application.rb file if you aren't already requiring all bundled gems.

Rack Quick Start

If you are running a different Rack-based web framework, include the following line in your main Ruby file or config.ru:

require "appengine"

Then, to activate Stackdriver instrumentation, add the following middleware:

use Google::Cloud::Logging::Middleware
use Google::Cloud::ErrorReporting::Middleware
use Google::Cloud::Trace::Middleware
use Google::Cloud::Debugger::Middleware

You can add the Rake tasks to your application by adding the following to your Rakefile:

require "appengine/tasks"

Necessary permissions for remote execution rake tasks

If you are using the appengine:exec rake task, you may need to grant additional permissions to the Cloud Container Builder service account that runs the task, especially if you are using Cloud SQL (which is not covered by the default permissions granted to the account). If your task is failing with authorization errors, open the IAM tab of the cloud console, select your project, and find the service account with the name [your-project-number]@cloudbuild.gserviceaccount.com. Add the Project Editor role to this service account.

Using this library

Logging and monitoring

This library automatically installs the "stackdriver" gem, which instruments your application to report logs, unhandled exceptions, and latency traces to your project's Google Cloud Console. For more information on the application monitoring features of Google App Engine, see:

Rails applications automatically activate this instrumentation when the gem is present. You may opt out of individual services by providing appropriate Rails configuration. See {AppEngine::Railtie} for more information.

Non-Rails applications must provide initialization code to activate this instrumentation, typically by installing a Rack middleware. You can find the basic code for installing these middlewares in the Rack Quick Start section above. See the individual service documentation links above for more information and configuration options.

App Engine remote execution

This library provides rake tasks for App Engine remote execution, allowing App Engine applications to perform on-demand tasks in the App Engine environment. This may be used for safe running of ops and maintenance tasks, such as database migrations, that access production cloud resources. For example, you could run a production database migration in a Rails app using:

bundle exec rake appengine:exec -- bundle exec rake db:migrate

The migration would be run in VMs provided by Google Cloud. It uses a privileged service account that will have access to the production cloud resources, such as Cloud SQL instances, used by the application. This mechanism is often much easier and safer than running the task on a local workstation and granting that workstation direct access to those Cloud SQL instances.

See {AppEngine::Exec} for more information on App Engine remote execution.

See {AppEngine::Tasks} for more information on running the rake tasks. The tasks are available automatically in Rails applications when the gem is present. Non-Rails applications may install the tasks by adding the line require "appengine/tasks" to the Rakefile.

Note that you may need to grant additional roles to the Container Builder service account that runs your tasks. If your task is failing with API authorization errors, try granting the Project Editor role to the CloudBuild service account.

Development and support

The source code for this gem is available on Github at https://github.com/GoogleCloudPlatform/appengine-ruby

Report bugs on Github issues at https://github.com/GoogleCloudPlatform/appengine-ruby/issues

Contributions are welcome. Please review the CONTRIBUTING.md file.