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README.md

Cloud SQL Connector for Java

Build Status

The Cloud SQL Connector for Java is a library for the MySQL/Postgres JDBC and R2DBC drivers that allows a user with the appropriate permissions to connect to a Cloud SQL database without having to deal with IP whitelisting or SSL certificates manually.

Examples

For examples of this library being used in the context of an application, check out the sample applications located here.

Authentication

This library uses the Application Default Credentials to authenticate the connection to the Cloud SQL server. For more details, see the previously mentioned link.

To activate credentials locally, use the following gcloud command:

gcloud auth application-default login

Instructions for JDBC

Add library as a dependency

MySQL

Note: Use your JDBC driver version to figure out which SocketFactory you should use. If you are unsure, it is recommended to use the latest version of mysql-connector-java:8.x.

JDBC Driver Version Cloud SQL Socket Factory Version
mysql-connector-java:8.x mysql-socket-factory-connector-j-8:1.1.0
mysql-connector-java:5.1.x mysql-socket-factory:1.1.0
Maven

Include the following in the project's pom.xml:

<dependency>
    <groupId>com.google.cloud.sql</groupId>
    <artifactId>mysql-socket-factory-connector-j-8</artifactId>
    <version>1.2.0</version>
</dependency>
Gradle

Include the following the project's build.gradle

compile 'com.google.cloud.sql:mysql-socket-factory-connector-j-8:1.2.0'

PostgreSQL

Maven

Include the following in the project's pom.xml:

<dependency>
    <groupId>com.google.cloud.sql</groupId>
    <artifactId>postgres-socket-factory</artifactId>
    <version>1.2.0</version>
</dependency>
Gradle

Include the following the project's gradle.build

compile 'com.google.cloud.sql:postgres-socket-factory:1.2.0'

*Note: Also include the JDBC Driver for MySQL, org.postgresql:postgresql:<LATEST-VERSION>

SQL Server

Maven

Include the following in the project's pom.xml:

<dependency>
    <groupId>com.google.cloud.sql</groupId>
    <artifactId>cloud-sql-connector-jdbc-sqlserver</artifactId>
    <version>1.2.0</version>
</dependency>
Gradle

Include the following the project's gradle.build

compile 'com.google.cloud.sql:cloud-sql-connector-jdbc-sqlserver:1.2.0'

Creating the JDBC URL

MySQL

Base JDBC URL: jdbc:mysql:///<DATABASE_NAME>

When specifying the JDBC connection URL, add the additional parameters:

Property Value
socketFactory com.google.cloud.sql.mysql.SocketFactory
cloudSqlInstance The instance connection name (found on the instance details page)
user MySQL username
password MySQL user's password

The full JDBC URL should look like this:

jdbc:mysql:///<DATABASE_NAME>?cloudSqlInstance=<INSTANCE_CONNECTION_NAME>&socketFactory=com.google.cloud.sql.mysql.SocketFactory&user=<MYSQL_USER_NAME>&password=<MYSQL_USER_PASSWORD>

Note: The host portion of the JDBC URL is currently unused, and has no effect on the connection process. The SocketFactory will get your instances IP address base on the provided cloudSqlInstance arg.

Postgres

Base JDBC URL: jdbc:postgresql:///<DATABASE_NAME>

When specifying the JDBC connection URL, add the additional parameters:

Property Value
socketFactory com.google.cloud.sql.postgres.SocketFactory
cloudSqlInstance The instance connection name (found on the instance details page)
user Postgres username
password Postgres user's password

The full JDBC URL should look like this:

jdbc:postgresql:///<DATABASE_NAME>?cloudSqlInstance=<INSTANCE_CONNECTION_NAME>&socketFactory=com.google.cloud.sql.postgres.SocketFactory&user=<POSTGRESQL_USER_NAME>&password=<POSTGRESQL_USER_PASSWORD>

Note: The host portion of the JDBC URL is currently unused, and has no effect on the connection process. The SocketFactory will get your instances IP address base on the provided cloudSqlInstance arg.


Instructions for R2DBC

Add library as a dependency

MySQL

Maven

Include the following in the project's pom.xml:

    <dependency>
      <groupId>com.google.cloud.sql</groupId>
      <artifactId>cloud-sql-connector-r2dbc-mysql</artifactId>
      <version>1.2.0</version>
    </dependency>
Gradle

Include the following the project's build.gradle

compile 'com.google.cloud.sql:cloud-sql-connector-r2dbc-mysql:1.2.0'

*Note: Also include the R2DBC Driver for MySQL, dev.miku:r2dbc-mysql:<LATEST-VERSION>

PostgreSQL

Maven

Include the following in the project's pom.xml:

    <dependency>
      <groupId>com.google.cloud.sql</groupId>
      <artifactId>cloud-sql-connector-r2dbc-postgres</artifactId>
      <version>1.2.0</version>
    </dependency>
Gradle

Include the following the project's build.gradle

compile 'com.google.cloud.sql:cloud-sql-connector-r2dbc-postgres:1.2.0'

*Note: Also include the R2DBC Driver for Postgres, io.r2dbc:r2dbc-postgresql:<LATEST-VERSION>

PostgreSQL

Maven

Include the following in the project's pom.xml:

    <dependency>
      <groupId>com.google.cloud.sql</groupId>
      <artifactId>cloud-sql-connector-r2dbc-sqlserver</artifactId>
      <version>1.2.0</version>
    </dependency>
Gradle

Include the following the project's build.gradle

compile 'com.google.cloud.sql:cloud-sql-connector-r2dbc-sqlserver:1.2.0'

*Note: Also include the R2DBC Driver for SQL Server, io.r2dbc:r2dbc-mssql:<LATEST-VERSION>

Creating the R2DBC URL

MySQL

R2DBC URL template: r2dbc:gcp:mysql//<DB_USER>:<DB_PASS>@<CLOUD_SQL_CONNECTION_NAME>/<DATABASE_NAME>

Add the following parameters:

Property Value
DATABASE_NAME The name of the database to connect to
CLOUD_SQL_CONNECTION_NAME The instance connection name (found on the instance details page)
DB_USER MySQL username
DB_PASS MySQL user's password
Postgres

R2DBC URL template: r2dbc:gcp:postgres//<DB_USER>:<DB_PASS>@<CLOUD_SQL_CONNECTION_NAME>/<DATABASE_NAME>

Add the following parameters:

Property Value
DATABASE_NAME The name of the database to connect to
CLOUD_SQL_CONNECTION_NAME The instance connection name (found on the instance details page)
DB_USER Postgres username
DB_PASS Postgres user's password
SQL Server

R2DBC URL template: r2dbc:gcp:mssql//<DB_USER>:<DB_PASS>@<CLOUD_SQL_CONNECTION_NAME>/<DATABASE_NAME>

Add the following parameters:

Property Value
DATABASE_NAME The name of the database to connect to
CLOUD_SQL_CONNECTION_NAME The instance connection name (found on the instance details page)
DB_USER SQL Server username
DB_PASS SQL Server user's password

Building the Drivers

To build a fat JAR containing the JDBC driver with the bundles Socket Factory dependencies you can issue the following Maven command from the location containing the project pom.xml:

mvn -P jar-with-dependencies clean package -DskipTests

This will create a target sub-folder within each of the module directories. Within these target directories you'll find the JDBC driver files.

Example:

mysql-socket-factory-connector-j-8–1.0.16-jar-with-dependencies.jar
postgres-socket-factory-1.0.16-jar-with-dependencies.jar

Additional Information

Specifying IP Types

The ipTypes argument can be used to specify a comma delimited list of preferred IP types for connecting to a Cloud SQL instance. The argument ipTypes=PRIVATE will force the SocketFactory to connect with an instance's associated private IP. Default value is PUBLIC,PRIVATE.

Firewall configuration

The Cloud SQL proxy establishes connections to Cloud SQL instances using port 3307. Applications that are protected by a firewall may need to be configured to allow outgoing connections on TCP port 3307. A connection blocked by a firewall typically results in an error stating connection failure (e.g. com.mysql.jdbc.exceptions.jdbc4.CommunicationsException: Communications link failure).

Connect with IntelliJ

In order to connect IntelliJ to your Cloud SQL instance, you will need to add this library as a jar with dependencies in "Additional Files" section on the driver settings page. Prebuilt fat jars can be found on the Releases page for this purpose.

Connection via Unix Sockets

To connect using a Unix domain socket (such as the one created by the Cloud SQL proxy), you can use the unixSocketPath property to specify a path to a local file instead of connecting directly over TCP.

Example using MySQL:

jdbc:mysql:///<DATABASE_NAME>?unixSocketPath=</PATH/TO/UNIX/SOCKET>&cloudSqlInstance=<INSTANCE_CONNECTION_NAME>&socketFactory=com.google.cloud.sql.mysql.SocketFactory&user=<MYSQL_USER_NAME>&password=<MYSQL_USER_PASSWORD>

Example using PostgreSQL:

jdbc:postgresql:///<DATABASE_NAME>?unixSocketPath=</PATH/TO/UNIX/SOCKET>&cloudSqlInstance=<INSTANCE_CONNECTION_NAME>&socketFactory=com.google.cloud.sql.postgres.SocketFactory&user=<POSTGRESQL_USER_NAME>&password=<POSTGRESQL_USER_PASSWORD>
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