Cloud SQL Proxy
The Cloud SQL Proxy allows a user with the appropriate permissions to connect to a Second Generation Cloud SQL database without having to deal with IP whitelisting or SSL certificates manually. It works by opening unix/tcp sockets on the local machine and proxying connections to the associated Cloud SQL instances when the sockets are used.
go get github.com/GoogleCloudPlatform/cloudsql-proxy/cmd/cloud_sql_proxy
The cloud_sql_proxy will be placed in $GOPATH/bin after go get completes.
cloud_sql_proxy takes a few arguments to configure what instances to connect to and connection behavior:
-fuse: requires access to
/dev/fuseas well as the
fusermountbinary. An optional
-fuse_tmpflag can specify where to place temporary files. The directory indicated by
-instances="project1:region:instance1,project3:region:instance1": A comma-separated list of instances to open inside
-dir. Also supports exposing a tcp port and renaming the default Unix Domain Sockets; see examples below. Same list can be provided via INSTANCES environment variable, in case when both are provided - proxy will use command line flag.
-instances_metadata=metadata_key: Usable on GCE only. The given GCE metadata key will be polled for a list of instances to open in
-dir. The metadata key is relative from
computeMetadata/v1/. The format for the value is the same as the 'instances' flag. A hanging-poll strategy is used, meaning that changes to the metadata value will be reflected in the
-direven while the proxy is running. When an instance is removed from the list the corresponding socket will be removed from
-diras well (unless it was also specified in
-instances), but any existing connections to this instance will NOT be terminated.
-ip_address_types=PUBLIC,PRIVATE: A comma-delimited list of preferred IP types for connecting to an instance. For example, setting this to PRIVATE will force the proxy to connect to instances using an instance's associated private IP. Defaults to
-term_timeout=30s: How long to wait for connections to close before shutting down the proxy. Defaults to 0.
-instances_metadata may be used at the same time but
are not compatible with the
cloud_sql_proxy authentication can be configured in a few different ways. Those listed higher on the list will override options lower on the list:
Service account key at path stored in
gcloud user credentials (set from
gcloud auth login)
Default Application Credentials via goauth:
- gcloud application default credentials (set from
gcloud auth application-default login)
- appengine.AccessToken (for App Engine Go < =1.9)
- GCE/GAE metadata credentials
When the proxy authenticates under the default service account of the Compute Engine VM it is running on the VM must have at least the sqlservice.admin API scope ("https://www.googleapis.com/auth/sqlservice.admin") and the associated project must have the SQL Admin API enabled. The default service account must also have at least WRITER/EDITOR priviledges to any projects of target SQL instances.
-credential_file flag allows use of the proxy outside of
Google's cloud. Simply create a new service
download the associated JSON file, and set
-credential_file to the path of the
JSON file. You can also set the GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIALS environment variable
instead of passing this flag.
./cloud_sql_proxy -dir=/cloudsql -instances=my-project:us-central1:sql-inst & mysql -u root -S /cloudsql/my-project:us-central1:sql-inst # To retrieve instances from a custom metadata value (only when running on GCE) ./cloud_sql_proxy -dir=/cloudsql -instances_metadata instance/attributes/<custom-metadata-key> & mysql -u root -S /cloudsql/my-project:us-central1:sql-inst # For -fuse you do not need to specify instance names ahead of time: ./cloud_sql_proxy -dir=/cloudsql -fuse & mysql -u root -S /cloudsql/my-project:us-central1:sql-inst # For programs which do not support using Unix Domain Sockets, specify tcp: ./cloud_sql_proxy -dir=/cloudsql -instances=my-project:us-central1:sql-inst=tcp:3306 & mysql -u root -h 127.0.0.1 # For programs which require a certain Unix Domain Socket name: ./cloud_sql_proxy -dir=/cloudsql -instances=my-project:us-central1:sql-inst=unix:custom_socket_name& mysql -u root -h 127.0.0.1 # For programs which require a the Unix Domain Socket at a specific location, set an absolute path (overrides -dir): ./cloud_sql_proxy -dir=/cloudsql -instances=my-project:us-central1:sql-inst=unix:/my/custom/sql-socket& mysql -u root -h 127.0.0.1
For convenience, we currently host containerized versions of the proxy in the following GCR repos:
Images are tagged to the version of the proxy they contain. It's strongly suggested to use the latest version of the proxy, and to update the version often.
To use from Kubernetes:
Deploying Cloud SQL Proxy as a sidecar container
WARNING: These distributions are not officially supported by Google.
Installing via Homebrew
You can find a formula for with Homebrew here.
K8s Cluster Service using Helm
Follow these instructions. This chart creates a Deployment and a Service, but we recommend deploying the proxy as a sidecar container in your pods.