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// Copyright 2019 Google LLC
//
// Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
// you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
// You may obtain a copy of the License at
//
// https://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
//
// Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
// distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
// WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
// See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
// limitations under the License.
// Hello world is a sample program demonstrating use of the Bigtable client
// library to perform basic CRUD operations
package main
// [START bigtable_hw_imports]
import (
"context"
"flag"
"fmt"
"log"
"cloud.google.com/go/bigtable"
)
// [END bigtable_hw_imports]
// User-provided constants.
const (
tableName = "Hello-Bigtable"
columnFamilyName = "cf1"
columnName = "greeting"
)
var greetings = []string{"Hello World!", "Hello Cloud Bigtable!", "Hello golang!"}
// sliceContains reports whether the provided string is present in the given slice of strings.
func sliceContains(list []string, target string) bool {
for _, s := range list {
if s == target {
return true
}
}
return false
}
func main() {
project := flag.String("project", "", "The Google Cloud Platform project ID. Required.")
instance := flag.String("instance", "", "The Google Cloud Bigtable instance ID. Required.")
flag.Parse()
for _, f := range []string{"project", "instance"} {
if flag.Lookup(f).Value.String() == "" {
log.Fatalf("The %s flag is required.", f)
}
}
ctx := context.Background()
// Set up admin client, tables, and column families.
// NewAdminClient uses Application Default Credentials to authenticate.
// [START bigtable_hw_connect]
adminClient, err := bigtable.NewAdminClient(ctx, *project, *instance)
if err != nil {
log.Fatalf("Could not create admin client: %v", err)
}
// [END bigtable_hw_connect]
// [START bigtable_hw_create_table]
tables, err := adminClient.Tables(ctx)
if err != nil {
log.Fatalf("Could not fetch table list: %v", err)
}
if !sliceContains(tables, tableName) {
log.Printf("Creating table %s", tableName)
if err := adminClient.CreateTable(ctx, tableName); err != nil {
log.Fatalf("Could not create table %s: %v", tableName, err)
}
}
tblInfo, err := adminClient.TableInfo(ctx, tableName)
if err != nil {
log.Fatalf("Could not read info for table %s: %v", tableName, err)
}
if !sliceContains(tblInfo.Families, columnFamilyName) {
if err := adminClient.CreateColumnFamily(ctx, tableName, columnFamilyName); err != nil {
log.Fatalf("Could not create column family %s: %v", columnFamilyName, err)
}
}
// [END bigtable_hw_create_table]
// Set up Bigtable data operations client.
// NewClient uses Application Default Credentials to authenticate.
// [START bigtable_hw_connect_data]
client, err := bigtable.NewClient(ctx, *project, *instance)
if err != nil {
log.Fatalf("Could not create data operations client: %v", err)
}
// [END bigtable_hw_connect_data]
// [START bigtable_hw_write_rows]
tbl := client.Open(tableName)
muts := make([]*bigtable.Mutation, len(greetings))
rowKeys := make([]string, len(greetings))
log.Printf("Writing greeting rows to table")
for i, greeting := range greetings {
muts[i] = bigtable.NewMutation()
muts[i].Set(columnFamilyName, columnName, bigtable.Now(), []byte(greeting))
// Each row has a unique row key.
//
// Note: This example uses sequential numeric IDs for simplicity, but
// this can result in poor performance in a production application.
// Since rows are stored in sorted order by key, sequential keys can
// result in poor distribution of operations across nodes.
//
// For more information about how to design a Bigtable schema for the
// best performance, see the documentation:
//
// https://cloud.google.com/bigtable/docs/schema-design
rowKeys[i] = fmt.Sprintf("%s%d", columnName, i)
}
rowErrs, err := tbl.ApplyBulk(ctx, rowKeys, muts)
if err != nil {
log.Fatalf("Could not apply bulk row mutation: %v", err)
}
if rowErrs != nil {
for _, rowErr := range rowErrs {
log.Printf("Error writing row: %v", rowErr)
}
log.Fatalf("Could not write some rows")
}
// [END bigtable_hw_write_rows]
// [START bigtable_hw_get_by_key]
log.Printf("Getting a single greeting by row key:")
row, err := tbl.ReadRow(ctx, rowKeys[0], bigtable.RowFilter(bigtable.ColumnFilter(columnName)))
if err != nil {
log.Fatalf("Could not read row with key %s: %v", rowKeys[0], err)
}
log.Printf("\t%s = %s\n", rowKeys[0], string(row[columnFamilyName][0].Value))
// [END bigtable_hw_get_by_key]
// [START bigtable_hw_scan_all]
log.Printf("Reading all greeting rows:")
err = tbl.ReadRows(ctx, bigtable.PrefixRange(columnName), func(row bigtable.Row) bool {
item := row[columnFamilyName][0]
log.Printf("\t%s = %s\n", item.Row, string(item.Value))
return true
}, bigtable.RowFilter(bigtable.ColumnFilter(columnName)))
if err = client.Close(); err != nil {
log.Fatalf("Could not close data operations client: %v", err)
}
// [END bigtable_hw_scan_all]
// [START bigtable_hw_delete_table]
log.Printf("Deleting the table")
if err = adminClient.DeleteTable(ctx, tableName); err != nil {
log.Fatalf("Could not delete table %s: %v", tableName, err)
}
if err = adminClient.Close(); err != nil {
log.Fatalf("Could not close admin client: %v", err)
}
// [END bigtable_hw_delete_table]
}
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