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The Virgapes System
The virgapes system assigns a unique identifier to every type of neume listed in Cardine's guide to neumes. With a four-part identifier, we can distinguish the number of pitches in the neume, the relative motion of the pitches, the presence and location of an episema, and the presence of a liquescent form. Each part is signified with a number and each part is separated by a period.
For example, a virga would be encoded as 22.214.171.124, to indicate that it has one pitch, is the first (of two) one-pitch neumes, and has no episema or liquescence. A liquescent virga would be encoded as 126.96.36.199. A virga with an episema would be encoded as 188.8.131.52.
Language of Neume encoding
number of pitches in neume
- Punctum, for example, has one pitch, and is encoded as '1'
- Roman characters are encoded with '0' for 0 pitches
distinguisher between neumes with the same pitches
- Beginning with '1'
- Punctum (184.108.40.206) vs. virga (220.127.116.11), for example, are '1' and '2'
notes whether a neume has episema, and if so, on which pitch
- '0' = no episema
- '1' = episema marked on first pitch
- '2' = episema marked on second pitch
notes whether a neume has liquescence or not
- '0' = no liquescence
- '1' = liquescence marked on first pitch
- '2' = liquescence marked on second pitch
Standards for entering neumes
- When encoding neumes, a space " " stands for separation between syllables and "-" connects neumes within a single syllable. A new line indicates a new word.
- Work left to right one syllable at a time
- If a significative letter is directly above a neume then work from top to bottom
- Assume that neumes proceed in one continuous line, breaking when the scribe runs out of room
- "unclear" = mark unclear passages
- "wip" = mark items to return to, should not appear in finished versions
- Set of letters: A B C D E F G H I L M N O P Q R S T U X
- Uses "u" not "v"; "i" not "j"
- Updated as needed
<xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8">
<title>Insert Title of Feast</title>
<p>Original diplomatic edition of MS XYZ</p>
<p>Digitally published by HC MID</p>
<p>Directly edited from images</p>
<div n="AMS Number">