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from __future__ import absolute_import
from __future__ import print_function
from builtins import range
import autograd.numpy as np
from autograd import grad
from autograd.test_util import check_grads
def sigmoid(x):
return 0.5*(np.tanh(x) + 1)
def logistic_predictions(weights, inputs):
# Outputs probability of a label being true according to logistic model.
return sigmoid(np.dot(inputs, weights))
def training_loss(weights):
# Training loss is the negative log-likelihood of the training labels.
preds = logistic_predictions(weights, inputs)
label_probabilities = preds * targets + (1 - preds) * (1 - targets)
return -np.sum(np.log(label_probabilities))
# Build a toy dataset.
inputs = np.array([[0.52, 1.12, 0.77],
[0.88, -1.08, 0.15],
[0.52, 0.06, -1.30],
[0.74, -2.49, 1.39]])
targets = np.array([True, True, False, True])
# Build a function that returns gradients of training loss using autograd.
training_gradient_fun = grad(training_loss)
# Check the gradients numerically, just to be safe.
weights = np.array([0.0, 0.0, 0.0])
check_grads(training_loss, modes=['rev'])(weights)
# Optimize weights using gradient descent.
print("Initial loss:", training_loss(weights))
for i in range(100):
weights -= training_gradient_fun(weights) * 0.01
print("Trained loss:", training_loss(weights))