Neko Virtual Machine
Compiled binaries can be found in the "artifacts" link in the summary section of each Azure Pipelines build.
For macOS, Neko snapshot of the latest master branch can be built using homebrew in a single command:
brew install neko --HEAD. It will install required dependencies, build, and install Neko to the system. The binaries can be found at
brew --prefix neko. Use
brew reinstall neko --HEAD to upgrade in the future.
Ubuntu users can use the Haxe Foundation snapshots PPA to install a Neko package built from the latest master branch. To do so, run the commands as follows:
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:haxe/snapshots -y sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install neko -y
Users of other Linux/FreeBSD distributions should build Neko from source. See below for additional instructions.
Neko can be built using CMake (version 3.x is recommended) and one of the C compilers listed as follows:
- Windows: Visual Studio 2010 / 2013 / 2015 / 2017
- Mac: XCode (with its "Command line tools")
- Linux: gcc (can be obtained by installing the "build-essential" Debian/Ubuntu package)
Neko needs to link with various third-party libraries, which are summarized as follows:
|library / tool||OS||Debian/Ubuntu package|
|Apache 2.2 / 2.4, with apr and apr-util||all||apache2-dev|
|MariaDB / MySQL (Connector/C)||all||libmariadb-client-lgpl-dev-compat (or libmysqlclient-dev)|
On Windows, CMake will automatically download and build the libraries in the build folder during the build process. However, you need to install Perl manually because OpenSSL needs it for configuration. On Mac/Linux, you should install the libraries manually to your system before building Neko, or use the
STATIC_DEPS CMake option, which will be explained in CMake options.
Building on Mac/Linux
# make a build directory, and change to it mkdir build cd build # run cmake cmake .. # let's build, the outputs can be located in the "bin" directory make # install it if you want # default installation prefix is /usr/local make install
Building on Windows
Below is the instructions of building Neko in a Visual Studio command prompt. You may use the CMake GUI and Visual Studio to build it instead.
# make a build directory, and change to it mkdir build cd build # run cmake specifying the visual studio version you need # Visual Studio 12 2013, Visual Studio 14 2015, Visual Studio 15 2017 # you can additionally specify platform via -A switch (x86, x64) cmake -G "Visual Studio 12 2013" .. # let's build, the outputs can be located in the "bin" directory msbuild ALL_BUILD.vcxproj /p:Configuration=Release # install it if you want # default installation location is C:\HaxeToolkit\neko msbuild INSTALL.vcxproj /p:Configuration=Release
A number of options can be used to customize the build. They can be specified in the CMake GUI, or passed to
cmake in command line as follows:
cmake "-Doption=value" ..
Settings that allow to exclude libraries and their dependencies from the build; available on all platforms. By default all are
WITH_REGEXP- Build Perl-compatible regex support
WITH_UI- Build GTK-2 UI support
WITH_SSL- Build SSL support
WITH_MYSQL- Build MySQL support
WITH_SQLITE- Build Sqlite support
WITH_APACHE- Build Apache modules
all for Windows,
It defines the dependencies that should be linked statically. Can be
none, or a list of library names (e.g.
CMake will automatically download and build the specified dependencies into the build folder. If a library is not present in this list, it should be installed manually, and it will be linked dynamically.
All third-party libraries, except GTK+2 (Linux), can be linked statically. We do not support statically linking GTK+2 due to the difficulty of building it and its own dependencies.
Available on Mac/Linux. Default value:
Set RPATH to
$ORIGIN (Linux) /
@executable_path (Mac). It allows the resulting Neko VM executable to locate libraries (e.g. "libneko" and ndll files) in its local directory, such that the libraries need not be installed to "/usr/lib" or "/usr/local/lib".
Disable Neko JIT. By default, Neko JIT will be enabled for platforms it supports. Setting this to
ON disable JIT for all platforms.
Debug Neko JIT.
Available on Linux. Default value:
Whether to run
ldconfig automatically after
make install. It is for refreshing the shared library cache such that "libneko" can be located correctly by the Neko VM.