html deserializer for rust
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README.md

HTML deserializer for rust

Build status License: MIT

unhtml

Crate version Rust Docs

unhtml_derive

Crate version Rust Docs


Table of Contents

Derive Target

struct

Basic Usage

#[macro_use]
extern crate unhtml_derive;
extern crate unhtml;
use unhtml::{self, FromHtml};

#[derive(FromHtml)]
#[html(selector = "#test")]
struct SingleUser {
    #[html(selector = "p:nth-child(1)", attr = "inner")]
    name: String,

    #[html(selector = "p:nth-child(2)", attr = "inner")]
    age: u8,

    #[html(selector = "p:nth-child(3)", attr = "inner")]
    like_lemon: bool,
}

let user = SingleUser::from_html(r#"<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>Title</title>
</head>
<body>
    <div id="test">
        <div>
            <p>Hexilee</p>
            <p>20</p>
            <p>true</p>
        </div>
    </div>
</body>
</html>"#).unwrap();
assert_eq!("Hexilee", &user.name);
assert_eq!(20, user.age);
assert!(user.like_lemon);

Attributes

html

target

derive target or field

specification

#[html(selector = "...", attr = "...", default = ...)]

selector, attr, default or html itself can be unnecessary.

This is valid

#[macro_use]
extern crate unhtml_derive;
extern crate unhtml;
use unhtml::{self, FromHtml};


#[derive(FromHtml)]
struct SingleString {
    value: String,
}

selector

target

derive target or field

literal type

string

specification

selector must be a valid css-selector, invalid selector will cause a compile-time panic

// panic
#[macro_use]
extern crate unhtml_derive;
extern crate unhtml;
use unhtml::{self, FromHtml};

#[derive(FromHtml)]
#[html(selector = "<>")]
struct SingleUser {}
// panic
#[macro_use]
extern crate unhtml_derive;
extern crate unhtml;
use unhtml::*;

#[derive(FromHtml)]
struct SingleUser {
    #[html(selector = "<>", attr = "inner")]
    name: String,
}

if multi element is selected and field type is not Vec, the first will be chosen

#[macro_use]
extern crate unhtml_derive;
extern crate unhtml;
use unhtml::{self, FromHtml};

#[derive(FromHtml)]
#[html(selector = "a")]
struct Link {
    #[html(attr = "href")]
    href: String,

    #[html(attr = "inner")]
    value: String,
}

let link = Link::from_html(r#"
<a href="https://github.com">Github</a> 
<a href="https://google.com">Google</a> 
"#).unwrap();
assert_eq!("https://github.com", &link.href);
assert_eq!("Github", &link.value);
default behavior

html of its root element

#[macro_use]
extern crate unhtml_derive;
extern crate unhtml;
use unhtml::{self, FromHtml};

#[derive(FromHtml)]
struct Link {
    #[html(attr = "href")]
    href: String,

    #[html(attr = "inner")]
    value: String,
}

let link = Link::from_html(r#"<a href="https://github.com">Github</a>"#).unwrap();
assert_eq!("https://github.com", &link.href);
assert_eq!("Github", &link.value);

attr

target

field

literal type

string

specification
  • inner refer to innerHtml
  • any other attr refer to html element attribute
#[macro_use]
extern crate unhtml_derive;
extern crate unhtml;
use unhtml::{self, FromHtml};

#[derive(FromHtml)]
struct Link {
    #[html(attr = "href")]
    href: String,

    #[html(attr = "inner")]
    value: String,
}

let link = Link::from_html(r#"<a href="https://github.com">Github</a>"#).unwrap();
assert_eq!("https://github.com", &link.href);
assert_eq!("Github", &link.value);
default behavior

html of the whole element (not innerHtml!)

#[macro_use]
extern crate unhtml_derive;
extern crate unhtml;
use unhtml::{self, FromHtml};

#[derive(FromHtml)]
struct Link {
    #[html(attr = "href")]
    href: String,

    #[html(attr = "inner")]
    value: String,
    
    source: String,
}

let link = Link::from_html(r#"<a href="https://github.com">Github</a>"#).unwrap();
assert_eq!("https://github.com", &link.href);
assert_eq!("Github", &link.value);
assert_eq!(r#"<a href="https://github.com">Github</a>"#, &link.source);

default

target

field

literal type

any literal type

specification
  • the same type with field
#[macro_use]
extern crate unhtml_derive;
extern crate unhtml;
use unhtml::{self, FromHtml};

#[derive(FromHtml)]
struct DefaultUser {
    // invoke String::from_html
    #[html(selector = "#non-exist", default = "Hexilee")]
    name: String,

    // invoke u8::from<u8>
    #[html(default = 20)]
    age: u8,

    #[html(default = true)]
    like_lemon: bool,
}

let user = DefaultUser::from_html("<p></p>").unwrap();
assert_eq!("Hexilee", &user.name);
assert_eq!(20, user.age);
assert_eq!(-1000, user.assets);
assert!(user.like_lemon);
  • string
#[macro_use]
extern crate unhtml_derive;
extern crate unhtml;
use unhtml::{self, FromHtml};

#[derive(FromHtml)]
struct Link {
    #[html(attr = "href")]
    href: String,

    #[html(attr = "inner")]
    value: String,
}

#[derive(FromHtml)]
struct Website {
    #[html(default = "10")]
    age: u8,

    #[html(default = "<a href='https://github.com'>Github</a>")]
    link: Link,
}

let website = Website::from_html("<p></p>").unwrap();
let link = website.link;
assert_eq!(10u8, website.age);
assert_eq!("https://github.com", &link.href);
assert_eq!("Github", &link.value);
default behavior

return a Err(unhtml::failure::Error) when selected nothing

// panic
#[macro_use]
extern crate unhtml_derive;
extern crate unhtml;
use unhtml::{self, FromHtml};

#[derive(FromHtml)]
struct Link {
    // no default
    #[html(attr = "href")]
    href: String,

    #[html(attr = "inner")]
    value: String,
}

let link = Link::from_html(r#"<a>Github</a>"#).unwrap();

Field Type

any type implemented FromHtml, without generics
// panic
#[macro_use]
extern crate unhtml_derive;
extern crate unhtml;
use unhtml::{self, FromHtml};

#[derive(FromHtml)]
struct Link {
    // no default
    #[html(attr = "href")]
    href: &str,
}
// panic
#[macro_use]
extern crate unhtml_derive;
extern crate unhtml;
use unhtml::{self, FromHtml};

#[derive(FromHtml)]
struct Website {
    // no default
    #[html(attr = "href")]
    hrefs: std::collections::LinkedList<String>,
}
// panic
#[macro_use]
extern crate unhtml_derive;
extern crate unhtml;
use unhtml::{self, FromHtml};

#[derive(FromHtml)]
struct Website {
    // no default
    #[html(attr = "href")]
    hrefs: [String],
}
Vec

Should use unhtml::VecFromHtml

extern crate unhtml_derive;
extern crate unhtml;
use unhtml::{self, FromHtml, VecFromHtml};

#[derive(FromHtml)]
struct TestUser {
    #[html(selector = "p:nth-child(1)", attr = "inner")]
    name: String,

    #[html(selector = "p:nth-child(2)", attr = "inner")]
    age: u8,

    #[html(selector = "p:nth-child(3)", attr = "inner")]
    like_lemon: bool,
}

#[derive(FromHtml)]
#[html(selector = "#test")]
struct TestUsers {
    #[html(selector = "div")]
    users: Vec<TestUser>,
}

let users = TestUsers::from_html(r#"<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>Title</title>
</head>
<body>
    <div id="test">
        <div>
            <p>Hexilee</p>
            <p>20</p>
            <p>true</p>
        </div>
        <div>
            <p>BigBrother</p>
            <p>21</p>
            <p>false</p>
        </div>
    </div>
</body>
</html>"#).unwrap();
let hexilee = &users.users[0];
let big_brother = &users.users[1];
assert_eq!("Hexilee", &hexilee.name);
assert_eq!(20, hexilee.age);
assert!(hexilee.like_lemon);
assert_eq!("BigBrother", &big_brother.name);
assert_eq!(21, big_brother.age);
assert!(!big_brother.like_lemon);

as the documentation of crate unhtml, if you want Vec<TestUser> straightly, you can just:

extern crate unhtml_derive;
extern crate unhtml;
use unhtml::{self, VecFromHtml};

#[derive(FromHtml)]
struct TestUser {
    #[html(selector = "p:nth-child(1)", attr = "inner")]
    name: String,

    #[html(selector = "p:nth-child(2)", attr = "inner")]
    age: u8,

    #[html(selector = "p:nth-child(3)", attr = "inner")]
    like_lemon: bool,
}

let users = Vec::<TestUser>::from_html("#test > div", r#"<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>Title</title>
</head>
<body>
    <div id="test">
        <div>
            <p>Hexilee</p>
            <p>20</p>
            <p>true</p>
        </div>
        <div>
            <p>BigBrother</p>
            <p>21</p>
            <p>false</p>
        </div>
    </div>
</body>
</html>"#).unwrap();
let hexilee = &users[0];
let big_brother = &users[1];
assert_eq!("Hexilee", &hexilee.name);
assert_eq!(20, hexilee.age);
assert!(hexilee.like_lemon);
assert_eq!("BigBrother", &big_brother.name);
assert_eq!(21, big_brother.age);
assert!(!big_brother.like_lemon);

Source HTML

with top selector

all source html will be parsed as fragment. The top element is html and there is no DOCTYPE, head or body.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>Title</title>
</head>
<body>
    <div id="test">
        <div>
            <p>Hexilee</p>
            <p>20</p>
            <p>true</p>
        </div>
    </div>
</body>
</html>

will be parsed as:

<html lang="en">
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>Title</title>
    <div id="test">
        <div>
            <p>Hexilee</p>
            <p>20</p>
            <p>true</p>
        </div>
    </div>
</html>

and

<p>Hexilee</p>

will be parsed as:

<html>
    <p>Hexilee</p>
</html>    
// panic

extern crate unhtml_derive;
extern crate unhtml;
use unhtml::{self, FromHtml};

#[derive(FromHtml)]
struct Document {
    // no default
    #[html(selector = "head")]
    head: String,

    #[html(selector = "body")]
    body: String,
}

let dicument = Document::from_html(r#"<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>Title</title>
</head>
<body>
    <div id="test">
        <div>
            <p>Hexilee</p>
            <p>20</p>
            <p>true</p>
        </div>
    </div>
</body>
</html>"#).unwrap();
without top selector

when derived struct doesn't have top selector, all source html will be parsed as pure fragment. There is no DOCTYPE, html, head or body.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>Title</title>
</head>
<body>
    <div id="test">
        <div>
            <p>Hexilee</p>
            <p>20</p>
            <p>true</p>
        </div>
    </div>
</body>
</html>

will be parsed as:

<meta charset="UTF-8">
<title>Title</title>
<div id="test">
   <div>
       <p>Hexilee</p>
       <p>20</p>
       <p>true</p>
   </div>
</div>

and

<p>Hexilee</p>

will be parsed as:

<p>Hexilee</p>
#[macro_use]
extern crate unhtml_derive;
extern crate unhtml;
use unhtml::{self, FromHtml};

#[derive(FromHtml)]
struct Link {
    #[html(attr = "href")]
    href: String,

    #[html(attr = "inner")]
    value: String,
}

let link = Link::from_html(r#"<a href="https://github.com">Github</a>"#).unwrap();
assert_eq!("https://github.com", &link.href);
assert_eq!("Github", &link.value);