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/*
* kexec.c - kexec system call
* Copyright (C) 2002-2004 Eric Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com>
*
* This source code is licensed under the GNU General Public License,
* Version 2. See the file COPYING for more details.
*/
#include <linux/capability.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/file.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/kexec.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/highmem.h>
#include <linux/syscalls.h>
#include <linux/reboot.h>
#include <linux/ioport.h>
#include <linux/hardirq.h>
#include <linux/elf.h>
#include <linux/elfcore.h>
#include <generated/utsrelease.h>
#include <linux/utsname.h>
#include <linux/numa.h>
#include <linux/suspend.h>
#include <linux/device.h>
#include <linux/freezer.h>
#include <linux/pm.h>
#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/console.h>
#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
#include <linux/swap.h>
#include <linux/kmsg_dump.h>
#include <linux/syscore_ops.h>
#include <asm/page.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/io.h>
#include <asm/system.h>
#include <asm/sections.h>
/* Per cpu memory for storing cpu states in case of system crash. */
note_buf_t __percpu *crash_notes;
/* vmcoreinfo stuff */
static unsigned char vmcoreinfo_data[VMCOREINFO_BYTES];
u32 vmcoreinfo_note[VMCOREINFO_NOTE_SIZE/4];
size_t vmcoreinfo_size;
size_t vmcoreinfo_max_size = sizeof(vmcoreinfo_data);
/* Location of the reserved area for the crash kernel */
struct resource crashk_res = {
.name = "Crash kernel",
.start = 0,
.end = 0,
.flags = IORESOURCE_BUSY | IORESOURCE_MEM
};
int kexec_should_crash(struct task_struct *p)
{
if (in_interrupt() || !p->pid || is_global_init(p) || panic_on_oops)
return 1;
return 0;
}
/*
* When kexec transitions to the new kernel there is a one-to-one
* mapping between physical and virtual addresses. On processors
* where you can disable the MMU this is trivial, and easy. For
* others it is still a simple predictable page table to setup.
*
* In that environment kexec copies the new kernel to its final
* resting place. This means I can only support memory whose
* physical address can fit in an unsigned long. In particular
* addresses where (pfn << PAGE_SHIFT) > ULONG_MAX cannot be handled.
* If the assembly stub has more restrictive requirements
* KEXEC_SOURCE_MEMORY_LIMIT and KEXEC_DEST_MEMORY_LIMIT can be
* defined more restrictively in <asm/kexec.h>.
*
* The code for the transition from the current kernel to the
* the new kernel is placed in the control_code_buffer, whose size
* is given by KEXEC_CONTROL_PAGE_SIZE. In the best case only a single
* page of memory is necessary, but some architectures require more.
* Because this memory must be identity mapped in the transition from
* virtual to physical addresses it must live in the range
* 0 - TASK_SIZE, as only the user space mappings are arbitrarily
* modifiable.
*
* The assembly stub in the control code buffer is passed a linked list
* of descriptor pages detailing the source pages of the new kernel,
* and the destination addresses of those source pages. As this data
* structure is not used in the context of the current OS, it must
* be self-contained.
*
* The code has been made to work with highmem pages and will use a
* destination page in its final resting place (if it happens
* to allocate it). The end product of this is that most of the
* physical address space, and most of RAM can be used.
*
* Future directions include:
* - allocating a page table with the control code buffer identity
* mapped, to simplify machine_kexec and make kexec_on_panic more
* reliable.
*/
/*
* KIMAGE_NO_DEST is an impossible destination address..., for
* allocating pages whose destination address we do not care about.
*/
#define KIMAGE_NO_DEST (-1UL)
static int kimage_is_destination_range(struct kimage *image,
unsigned long start, unsigned long end);
static struct page *kimage_alloc_page(struct kimage *image,
gfp_t gfp_mask,
unsigned long dest);
static int do_kimage_alloc(struct kimage **rimage, unsigned long entry,
unsigned long nr_segments,
struct kexec_segment __user *segments)
{
size_t segment_bytes;
struct kimage *image;
unsigned long i;
int result;
/* Allocate a controlling structure */
result = -ENOMEM;
image = kzalloc(sizeof(*image), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!image)
goto out;
image->head = 0;
image->entry = &image->head;
image->last_entry = &image->head;
image->control_page = ~0; /* By default this does not apply */
image->start = entry;
image->type = KEXEC_TYPE_DEFAULT;
/* Initialize the list of control pages */
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&image->control_pages);
/* Initialize the list of destination pages */
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&image->dest_pages);
/* Initialize the list of unusable pages */
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&image->unuseable_pages);
/* Read in the segments */
image->nr_segments = nr_segments;
segment_bytes = nr_segments * sizeof(*segments);
result = copy_from_user(image->segment, segments, segment_bytes);
if (result) {
result = -EFAULT;
goto out;
}
/*
* Verify we have good destination addresses. The caller is
* responsible for making certain we don't attempt to load
* the new image into invalid or reserved areas of RAM. This
* just verifies it is an address we can use.
*
* Since the kernel does everything in page size chunks ensure
* the destination addresses are page aligned. Too many
* special cases crop of when we don't do this. The most
* insidious is getting overlapping destination addresses
* simply because addresses are changed to page size
* granularity.
*/
result = -EADDRNOTAVAIL;
for (i = 0; i < nr_segments; i++) {
unsigned long mstart, mend;
mstart = image->segment[i].mem;
mend = mstart + image->segment[i].memsz;
if ((mstart & ~PAGE_MASK) || (mend & ~PAGE_MASK))
goto out;
if (mend >= KEXEC_DESTINATION_MEMORY_LIMIT)
goto out;
}
/* Verify our destination addresses do not overlap.
* If we alloed overlapping destination addresses
* through very weird things can happen with no
* easy explanation as one segment stops on another.
*/
result = -EINVAL;
for (i = 0; i < nr_segments; i++) {
unsigned long mstart, mend;
unsigned long j;
mstart = image->segment[i].mem;
mend = mstart + image->segment[i].memsz;
for (j = 0; j < i; j++) {
unsigned long pstart, pend;
pstart = image->segment[j].mem;
pend = pstart + image->segment[j].memsz;
/* Do the segments overlap ? */
if ((mend > pstart) && (mstart < pend))
goto out;
}
}
/* Ensure our buffer sizes are strictly less than
* our memory sizes. This should always be the case,
* and it is easier to check up front than to be surprised
* later on.
*/
result = -EINVAL;
for (i = 0; i < nr_segments; i++) {
if (image->segment[i].bufsz > image->segment[i].memsz)
goto out;
}
result = 0;
out:
if (result == 0)
*rimage = image;
else
kfree(image);
return result;
}
static int kimage_normal_alloc(struct kimage **rimage, unsigned long entry,
unsigned long nr_segments,
struct kexec_segment __user *segments)
{
int result;
struct kimage *image;
/* Allocate and initialize a controlling structure */
image = NULL;
result = do_kimage_alloc(&image, entry, nr_segments, segments);
if (result)
goto out;
*rimage = image;
/*
* Find a location for the control code buffer, and add it
* the vector of segments so that it's pages will also be
* counted as destination pages.
*/
result = -ENOMEM;
image->control_code_page = kimage_alloc_control_pages(image,
get_order(KEXEC_CONTROL_PAGE_SIZE));
if (!image->control_code_page) {
printk(KERN_ERR "Could not allocate control_code_buffer\n");
goto out;
}
image->swap_page = kimage_alloc_control_pages(image, 0);
if (!image->swap_page) {
printk(KERN_ERR "Could not allocate swap buffer\n");
goto out;
}
result = 0;
out:
if (result == 0)
*rimage = image;
else
kfree(image);
return result;
}
static int kimage_crash_alloc(struct kimage **rimage, unsigned long entry,
unsigned long nr_segments,
struct kexec_segment __user *segments)
{
int result;
struct kimage *image;
unsigned long i;
image = NULL;
/* Verify we have a valid entry point */
if ((entry < crashk_res.start) || (entry > crashk_res.end)) {
result = -EADDRNOTAVAIL;
goto out;
}
/* Allocate and initialize a controlling structure */
result = do_kimage_alloc(&image, entry, nr_segments, segments);
if (result)
goto out;
/* Enable the special crash kernel control page
* allocation policy.
*/
image->control_page = crashk_res.start;
image->type = KEXEC_TYPE_CRASH;
/*
* Verify we have good destination addresses. Normally
* the caller is responsible for making certain we don't
* attempt to load the new image into invalid or reserved
* areas of RAM. But crash kernels are preloaded into a
* reserved area of ram. We must ensure the addresses
* are in the reserved area otherwise preloading the
* kernel could corrupt things.
*/
result = -EADDRNOTAVAIL;
for (i = 0; i < nr_segments; i++) {
unsigned long mstart, mend;
mstart = image->segment[i].mem;
mend = mstart + image->segment[i].memsz - 1;
/* Ensure we are within the crash kernel limits */
if ((mstart < crashk_res.start) || (mend > crashk_res.end))
goto out;
}
/*
* Find a location for the control code buffer, and add
* the vector of segments so that it's pages will also be
* counted as destination pages.
*/
result = -ENOMEM;
image->control_code_page = kimage_alloc_control_pages(image,
get_order(KEXEC_CONTROL_PAGE_SIZE));
if (!image->control_code_page) {
printk(KERN_ERR "Could not allocate control_code_buffer\n");
goto out;
}
result = 0;
out:
if (result == 0)
*rimage = image;
else
kfree(image);
return result;
}
static int kimage_is_destination_range(struct kimage *image,
unsigned long start,
unsigned long end)
{
unsigned long i;
for (i = 0; i < image->nr_segments; i++) {
unsigned long mstart, mend;
mstart = image->segment[i].mem;
mend = mstart + image->segment[i].memsz;
if ((end > mstart) && (start < mend))
return 1;
}
return 0;
}
static struct page *kimage_alloc_pages(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order)
{
struct page *pages;
pages = alloc_pages(gfp_mask, order);
if (pages) {
unsigned int count, i;
pages->mapping = NULL;
set_page_private(pages, order);
count = 1 << order;
for (i = 0; i < count; i++)
SetPageReserved(pages + i);
}
return pages;
}
static void kimage_free_pages(struct page *page)
{
unsigned int order, count, i;
order = page_private(page);
count = 1 << order;
for (i = 0; i < count; i++)
ClearPageReserved(page + i);
__free_pages(page, order);
}
static void kimage_free_page_list(struct list_head *list)
{
struct list_head *pos, *next;
list_for_each_safe(pos, next, list) {
struct page *page;
page = list_entry(pos, struct page, lru);
list_del(&page->lru);
kimage_free_pages(page);
}
}
static struct page *kimage_alloc_normal_control_pages(struct kimage *image,
unsigned int order)
{
/* Control pages are special, they are the intermediaries
* that are needed while we copy the rest of the pages
* to their final resting place. As such they must
* not conflict with either the destination addresses
* or memory the kernel is already using.
*
* The only case where we really need more than one of
* these are for architectures where we cannot disable
* the MMU and must instead generate an identity mapped
* page table for all of the memory.
*
* At worst this runs in O(N) of the image size.
*/
struct list_head extra_pages;
struct page *pages;
unsigned int count;
count = 1 << order;
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&extra_pages);
/* Loop while I can allocate a page and the page allocated
* is a destination page.
*/
do {
unsigned long pfn, epfn, addr, eaddr;
pages = kimage_alloc_pages(GFP_KERNEL, order);
if (!pages)
break;
pfn = page_to_pfn(pages);
epfn = pfn + count;
addr = pfn << PAGE_SHIFT;
eaddr = epfn << PAGE_SHIFT;
if ((epfn >= (KEXEC_CONTROL_MEMORY_LIMIT >> PAGE_SHIFT)) ||
kimage_is_destination_range(image, addr, eaddr)) {
list_add(&pages->lru, &extra_pages);
pages = NULL;
}
} while (!pages);
if (pages) {
/* Remember the allocated page... */
list_add(&pages->lru, &image->control_pages);
/* Because the page is already in it's destination
* location we will never allocate another page at
* that address. Therefore kimage_alloc_pages
* will not return it (again) and we don't need
* to give it an entry in image->segment[].
*/
}
/* Deal with the destination pages I have inadvertently allocated.
*
* Ideally I would convert multi-page allocations into single
* page allocations, and add everything to image->dest_pages.
*
* For now it is simpler to just free the pages.
*/
kimage_free_page_list(&extra_pages);
return pages;
}
static struct page *kimage_alloc_crash_control_pages(struct kimage *image,
unsigned int order)
{
/* Control pages are special, they are the intermediaries
* that are needed while we copy the rest of the pages
* to their final resting place. As such they must
* not conflict with either the destination addresses
* or memory the kernel is already using.
*
* Control pages are also the only pags we must allocate
* when loading a crash kernel. All of the other pages
* are specified by the segments and we just memcpy
* into them directly.
*
* The only case where we really need more than one of
* these are for architectures where we cannot disable
* the MMU and must instead generate an identity mapped
* page table for all of the memory.
*
* Given the low demand this implements a very simple
* allocator that finds the first hole of the appropriate
* size in the reserved memory region, and allocates all
* of the memory up to and including the hole.
*/
unsigned long hole_start, hole_end, size;
struct page *pages;
pages = NULL;
size = (1 << order) << PAGE_SHIFT;
hole_start = (image->control_page + (size - 1)) & ~(size - 1);
hole_end = hole_start + size - 1;
while (hole_end <= crashk_res.end) {
unsigned long i;
if (hole_end > KEXEC_CRASH_CONTROL_MEMORY_LIMIT)
break;
if (hole_end > crashk_res.end)
break;
/* See if I overlap any of the segments */
for (i = 0; i < image->nr_segments; i++) {
unsigned long mstart, mend;
mstart = image->segment[i].mem;
mend = mstart + image->segment[i].memsz - 1;
if ((hole_end >= mstart) && (hole_start <= mend)) {
/* Advance the hole to the end of the segment */
hole_start = (mend + (size - 1)) & ~(size - 1);
hole_end = hole_start + size - 1;
break;
}
}
/* If I don't overlap any segments I have found my hole! */
if (i == image->nr_segments) {
pages = pfn_to_page(hole_start >> PAGE_SHIFT);
break;
}
}
if (pages)
image->control_page = hole_end;
return pages;
}
struct page *kimage_alloc_control_pages(struct kimage *image,
unsigned int order)
{
struct page *pages = NULL;
switch (image->type) {
case KEXEC_TYPE_DEFAULT:
pages = kimage_alloc_normal_control_pages(image, order);
break;
case KEXEC_TYPE_CRASH:
pages = kimage_alloc_crash_control_pages(image, order);
break;
}
return pages;
}
static int kimage_add_entry(struct kimage *image, kimage_entry_t entry)
{
if (*image->entry != 0)
image->entry++;
if (image->entry == image->last_entry) {
kimage_entry_t *ind_page;
struct page *page;
page = kimage_alloc_page(image, GFP_KERNEL, KIMAGE_NO_DEST);
if (!page)
return -ENOMEM;
ind_page = page_address(page);
*image->entry = virt_to_phys(ind_page) | IND_INDIRECTION;
image->entry = ind_page;
image->last_entry = ind_page +
((PAGE_SIZE/sizeof(kimage_entry_t)) - 1);
}
*image->entry = entry;
image->entry++;
*image->entry = 0;
return 0;
}
static int kimage_set_destination(struct kimage *image,
unsigned long destination)
{
int result;
destination &= PAGE_MASK;
result = kimage_add_entry(image, destination | IND_DESTINATION);
if (result == 0)
image->destination = destination;
return result;
}
static int kimage_add_page(struct kimage *image, unsigned long page)
{
int result;
page &= PAGE_MASK;
result = kimage_add_entry(image, page | IND_SOURCE);
if (result == 0)
image->destination += PAGE_SIZE;
return result;
}
static void kimage_free_extra_pages(struct kimage *image)
{
/* Walk through and free any extra destination pages I may have */
kimage_free_page_list(&image->dest_pages);
/* Walk through and free any unusable pages I have cached */
kimage_free_page_list(&image->unuseable_pages);
}
static void kimage_terminate(struct kimage *image)
{
if (*image->entry != 0)
image->entry++;
*image->entry = IND_DONE;
}
#define for_each_kimage_entry(image, ptr, entry) \
for (ptr = &image->head; (entry = *ptr) && !(entry & IND_DONE); \
ptr = (entry & IND_INDIRECTION)? \
phys_to_virt((entry & PAGE_MASK)): ptr +1)
static void kimage_free_entry(kimage_entry_t entry)
{
struct page *page;
page = pfn_to_page(entry >> PAGE_SHIFT);
kimage_free_pages(page);
}
static void kimage_free(struct kimage *image)
{
kimage_entry_t *ptr, entry;
kimage_entry_t ind = 0;
if (!image)
return;
kimage_free_extra_pages(image);
for_each_kimage_entry(image, ptr, entry) {
if (entry & IND_INDIRECTION) {
/* Free the previous indirection page */
if (ind & IND_INDIRECTION)
kimage_free_entry(ind);
/* Save this indirection page until we are
* done with it.
*/
ind = entry;
}
else if (entry & IND_SOURCE)
kimage_free_entry(entry);
}
/* Free the final indirection page */
if (ind & IND_INDIRECTION)
kimage_free_entry(ind);
/* Handle any machine specific cleanup */
machine_kexec_cleanup(image);
/* Free the kexec control pages... */
kimage_free_page_list(&image->control_pages);
kfree(image);
}
static kimage_entry_t *kimage_dst_used(struct kimage *image,
unsigned long page)
{
kimage_entry_t *ptr, entry;
unsigned long destination = 0;
for_each_kimage_entry(image, ptr, entry) {
if (entry & IND_DESTINATION)
destination = entry & PAGE_MASK;
else if (entry & IND_SOURCE) {
if (page == destination)
return ptr;
destination += PAGE_SIZE;
}
}
return NULL;
}
static struct page *kimage_alloc_page(struct kimage *image,
gfp_t gfp_mask,
unsigned long destination)
{
/*
* Here we implement safeguards to ensure that a source page
* is not copied to its destination page before the data on
* the destination page is no longer useful.
*
* To do this we maintain the invariant that a source page is
* either its own destination page, or it is not a
* destination page at all.
*
* That is slightly stronger than required, but the proof
* that no problems will not occur is trivial, and the
* implementation is simply to verify.
*
* When allocating all pages normally this algorithm will run
* in O(N) time, but in the worst case it will run in O(N^2)
* time. If the runtime is a problem the data structures can
* be fixed.
*/
struct page *page;
unsigned long addr;
/*
* Walk through the list of destination pages, and see if I
* have a match.
*/
list_for_each_entry(page, &image->dest_pages, lru) {
addr = page_to_pfn(page) << PAGE_SHIFT;
if (addr == destination) {
list_del(&page->lru);
return page;
}
}
page = NULL;
while (1) {
kimage_entry_t *old;
/* Allocate a page, if we run out of memory give up */
page = kimage_alloc_pages(gfp_mask, 0);
if (!page)
return NULL;
/* If the page cannot be used file it away */
if (page_to_pfn(page) >
(KEXEC_SOURCE_MEMORY_LIMIT >> PAGE_SHIFT)) {
list_add(&page->lru, &image->unuseable_pages);
continue;
}
addr = page_to_pfn(page) << PAGE_SHIFT;
/* If it is the destination page we want use it */
if (addr == destination)
break;
/* If the page is not a destination page use it */
if (!kimage_is_destination_range(image, addr,
addr + PAGE_SIZE))
break;
/*
* I know that the page is someones destination page.
* See if there is already a source page for this
* destination page. And if so swap the source pages.
*/
old = kimage_dst_used(image, addr);
if (old) {
/* If so move it */
unsigned long old_addr;
struct page *old_page;
old_addr = *old & PAGE_MASK;
old_page = pfn_to_page(old_addr >> PAGE_SHIFT);
copy_highpage(page, old_page);
*old = addr | (*old & ~PAGE_MASK);
/* The old page I have found cannot be a
* destination page, so return it if it's
* gfp_flags honor the ones passed in.
*/
if (!(gfp_mask & __GFP_HIGHMEM) &&
PageHighMem(old_page)) {
kimage_free_pages(old_page);
continue;
}
addr = old_addr;
page = old_page;
break;
}
else {
/* Place the page on the destination list I
* will use it later.
*/
list_add(&page->lru, &image->dest_pages);
}
}
return page;
}
static int kimage_load_normal_segment(struct kimage *image,
struct kexec_segment *segment)
{
unsigned long maddr;
unsigned long ubytes, mbytes;
int result;
unsigned char __user *buf;
result = 0;
buf = segment->buf;
ubytes = segment->bufsz;
mbytes = segment->memsz;
maddr = segment->mem;
result = kimage_set_destination(image, maddr);
if (result < 0)
goto out;
while (mbytes) {
struct page *page;
char *ptr;
size_t uchunk, mchunk;
page = kimage_alloc_page(image, GFP_HIGHUSER, maddr);
if (!page) {
result = -ENOMEM;
goto out;
}
result = kimage_add_page(image, page_to_pfn(page)
<< PAGE_SHIFT);
if (result < 0)
goto out;
ptr = kmap(page);
/* Start with a clear page */
clear_page(ptr);
ptr += maddr & ~PAGE_MASK;
mchunk = PAGE_SIZE - (maddr & ~PAGE_MASK);
if (mchunk > mbytes)
mchunk = mbytes;
uchunk = mchunk;
if (uchunk > ubytes)
uchunk = ubytes;
result = copy_from_user(ptr, buf, uchunk);
kunmap(page);
if (result) {
result = -EFAULT;
goto out;
}
ubytes -= uchunk;
maddr += mchunk;
buf += mchunk;
mbytes -= mchunk;
}
out:
return result;
}
static int kimage_load_crash_segment(struct kimage *image,
struct kexec_segment *segment)
{
/* For crash dumps kernels we simply copy the data from
* user space to it's destination.
* We do things a page at a time for the sake of kmap.
*/
unsigned long maddr;
unsigned long ubytes, mbytes;
int result;
unsigned char __user *buf;
result = 0;
buf = segment->buf;
ubytes = segment->bufsz;
mbytes = segment->memsz;
maddr = segment->mem;
while (mbytes) {
struct page *page;
char *ptr;
size_t uchunk, mchunk;
page = pfn_to_page(maddr >> PAGE_SHIFT);
if (!page) {
result = -ENOMEM;
goto out;
}
ptr = kmap(page);
ptr += maddr & ~PAGE_MASK;
mchunk = PAGE_SIZE - (maddr & ~PAGE_MASK);
if (mchunk > mbytes)
mchunk = mbytes;
uchunk = mchunk;
if (uchunk > ubytes) {
uchunk = ubytes;
/* Zero the trailing part of the page */
memset(ptr + uchunk, 0, mchunk - uchunk);
}
result = copy_from_user(ptr, buf, uchunk);
kexec_flush_icache_page(page);
kunmap(page);
if (result) {
result = -EFAULT;
goto out;
}
ubytes -= uchunk;
maddr += mchunk;
buf += mchunk;
mbytes -= mchunk;
}
out:
return result;
}
static int kimage_load_segment(struct kimage *image,
struct kexec_segment *segment)
{
int result = -ENOMEM;
switch (image->type) {
case KEXEC_TYPE_DEFAULT:
result = kimage_load_normal_segment(image, segment);
break;
case KEXEC_TYPE_CRASH:
result = kimage_load_crash_segment(image, segment);
break;
}
return result;
}
/*
* Exec Kernel system call: for obvious reasons only root may call it.
*
* This call breaks up into three pieces.
* - A generic part which loads the new kernel from the current
* address space, and very carefully places the data in the
* allocated pages.
*
* - A generic part that interacts with the kernel and tells all of
* the devices to shut down. Preventing on-going dmas, and placing
* the devices in a consistent state so a later kernel can
* reinitialize them.
*
* - A machine specific part that includes the syscall number
* and the copies the image to it's final destination. And
* jumps into the image at entry.
*
* kexec does not sync, or unmount filesystems so if you need
* that to happen you need to do that yourself.
*/
struct kimage *kexec_image;
struct kimage *kexec_crash_image;
static DEFINE_MUTEX(kexec_mutex);
SYSCALL_DEFINE4(kexec_load, unsigned long, entry, unsigned long, nr_segments,
struct kexec_segment __user *, segments, unsigned long, flags)
{
struct kimage **dest_image, *image;
int result;
/* We only trust the superuser with rebooting the system. */
if (!capable(CAP_SYS_BOOT))
return -EPERM;
/*
* Verify we have a legal set of flags
* This leaves us room for future extensions.
*/
if ((flags & KEXEC_FLAGS) != (flags & ~KEXEC_ARCH_MASK))
return -EINVAL;
/* Verify we are on the appropriate architecture */
if (((flags & KEXEC_ARCH_MASK) != KEXEC_ARCH) &&
((flags & KEXEC_ARCH_MASK) != KEXEC_ARCH_DEFAULT))
return -EINVAL;
/* Put an artificial cap on the number
* of segments passed to kexec_load.
*/
if (nr_segments > KEXEC_SEGMENT_MAX)
return -EINVAL;
image = NULL;
result = 0;
/* Because we write directly to the reserved memory
* region when loading crash kernels we need a mutex here to
* prevent multiple crash kernels from attempting to load
* simultaneously, and to prevent a crash kernel from loading
* over the top of a in use crash kernel.
*
* KISS: always take the mutex.
*/
if (!mutex_trylock(&kexec_mutex))
return -EBUSY;
dest_image = &kexec_image;
if (flags & KEXEC_ON_CRASH)
dest_image = &kexec_crash_image;
if (nr_segments > 0) {
unsigned long i;
/* Loading another kernel to reboot into */
if ((flags & KEXEC_ON_CRASH) == 0)
result = kimage_normal_alloc(&image, entry,
nr_segments, segments);
/* Loading another kernel to switch to if this one crashes */
else if (flags & KEXEC_ON_CRASH) {
/* Free any current crash dump kernel before
* we corrupt it.
*/
kimage_free(xchg(&kexec_crash_image, NULL));
result = kimage_crash_alloc(&image, entry,
nr_segments, segments);
crash_map_reserved_pages();
}
if (result)
goto out;
if (flags & KEXEC_PRESERVE_CONTEXT)
image->preserve_context = 1;
result = machine_kexec_prepare(image);
if (result)
goto out;
for (i = 0; i < nr_segments; i++) {
result = kimage_load_segment(image, &image->segment[i]);
if (result)
goto out;
}
kimage_terminate(image);
if (flags & KEXEC_ON_CRASH)
crash_unmap_reserved_pages();
}
/* Install the new kernel, and Uninstall the old */
image = xchg(dest_image, image);
out:
mutex_unlock(&kexec_mutex);
kimage_free(image);
return result;
}
/*
* Add and remove page tables for crashkernel memory
*
* Provide an empty default implementation here -- architecture
* code may override this
*/
void __weak crash_map_reserved_pages(void)
{}
void __weak crash_unmap_reserved_pages(void)
{}
#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
asmlinkage long compat_sys_kexec_load(unsigned long entry,
unsigned long nr_segments,
struct compat_kexec_segment __user *segments,
unsigned long flags)
{
struct compat_kexec_segment in;
struct kexec_segment out, __user *ksegments;
unsigned long i, result;
/* Don't allow clients that don't understand the native
* architecture to do anything.
*/
if ((flags & KEXEC_ARCH_MASK) == KEXEC_ARCH_DEFAULT)
return -EINVAL;
if (nr_segments > KEXEC_SEGMENT_MAX)
return -EINVAL;
ksegments = compat_alloc_user_space(nr_segments * sizeof(out));
for (i=0; i < nr_segments; i++) {
result = copy_from_user(&in, &segments[i], sizeof(in));
if (result)
return -EFAULT;
out.buf = compat_ptr(in.buf);
out.bufsz = in.bufsz;
out.mem = in.mem;
out.memsz = in.memsz;
result = copy_to_user(&ksegments[i], &out, sizeof(out));
if (result)
return -EFAULT;
}
return sys_kexec_load(entry, nr_segments, ksegments, flags);
}
#endif
void crash_kexec(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
/* Take the kexec_mutex here to prevent sys_kexec_load
* running on one cpu from replacing the crash kernel
* we are using after a panic on a different cpu.
*
* If the crash kernel was not located in a fixed area
* of memory the xchg(&kexec_crash_image) would be
* sufficient. But since I reuse the memory...
*/
if (mutex_trylock(&kexec_mutex)) {
if (kexec_crash_image) {
struct pt_regs fixed_regs;
kmsg_dump(KMSG_DUMP_KEXEC);
crash_setup_regs(&fixed_regs, regs);
crash_save_vmcoreinfo();
machine_crash_shutdown(&fixed_regs);
machine_kexec(kexec_crash_image);
}
mutex_unlock(&kexec_mutex);
}
}
size_t crash_get_memory_size(void)
{
size_t size = 0;
mutex_lock(&kexec_mutex);
if (crashk_res.end != crashk_res.start)
size = resource_size(&crashk_res);
mutex_unlock(&kexec_mutex);
return size;
}
void __weak crash_free_reserved_phys_range(unsigned long begin,
unsigned long end)
{
unsigned long addr;
for (addr = begin; addr < end; addr += PAGE_SIZE) {
ClearPageReserved(pfn_to_page(addr >> PAGE_SHIFT));
init_page_count(pfn_to_page(addr >> PAGE_SHIFT));
free_page((unsigned long)__va(addr));
totalram_pages++;
}
}
int crash_shrink_memory(unsigned long new_size)
{
int ret = 0;
unsigned long start, end;
mutex_lock(&kexec_mutex);
if (kexec_crash_image) {
ret = -ENOENT;
goto unlock;
}
start = crashk_res.start;
end = crashk_res.end;
if (new_size >= end - start + 1) {
ret = -EINVAL;
if (new_size == end - start + 1)
ret = 0;
goto unlock;
}
start = roundup(start, KEXEC_CRASH_MEM_ALIGN);
end = roundup(start + new_size, KEXEC_CRASH_MEM_ALIGN);
crash_map_reserved_pages();
crash_free_reserved_phys_range(end, crashk_res.end);
if ((start == end) && (crashk_res.parent != NULL))
release_resource(&crashk_res);
crashk_res.end = end - 1;
crash_unmap_reserved_pages();
unlock:
mutex_unlock(&kexec_mutex);
return ret;
}
static u32 *append_elf_note(u32 *buf, char *name, unsigned type, void *data,
size_t data_len)
{
struct elf_note note;
note.n_namesz = strlen(name) + 1;
note.n_descsz = data_len;
note.n_type = type;
memcpy(buf, &note, sizeof(note));
buf += (sizeof(note) + 3)/4;
memcpy(buf, name, note.n_namesz);
buf += (note.n_namesz + 3)/4;
memcpy(buf, data, note.n_descsz);
buf += (note.n_descsz + 3)/4;
return buf;
}
static void final_note(u32 *buf)
{
struct elf_note note;
note.n_namesz = 0;
note.n_descsz = 0;
note.n_type = 0;
memcpy(buf, &note, sizeof(note));
}
void crash_save_cpu(struct pt_regs *regs, int cpu)
{
struct elf_prstatus prstatus;
u32 *buf;
if ((cpu < 0) || (cpu >= nr_cpu_ids))
return;
/* Using ELF notes here is opportunistic.
* I need a well defined structure format
* for the data I pass, and I need tags
* on the data to indicate what information I have
* squirrelled away. ELF notes happen to provide
* all of that, so there is no need to invent something new.
*/
buf = (u32*)per_cpu_ptr(crash_notes, cpu);
if (!buf)
return;
memset(&prstatus, 0, sizeof(prstatus));
prstatus.pr_pid = current->pid;
elf_core_copy_kernel_regs(&prstatus.pr_reg, regs);
buf = append_elf_note(buf, KEXEC_CORE_NOTE_NAME, NT_PRSTATUS,
&prstatus, sizeof(prstatus));
final_note(buf);
}
static int __init crash_notes_memory_init(void)
{
/* Allocate memory for saving cpu registers. */
crash_notes = alloc_percpu(note_buf_t);
if (!crash_notes) {
printk("Kexec: Memory allocation for saving cpu register"
" states failed\n");
return -ENOMEM;
}
return 0;
}
module_init(crash_notes_memory_init)
/*
* parsing the "crashkernel" commandline
*
* this code is intended to be called from architecture specific code
*/
/*
* This function parses command lines in the format
*
* crashkernel=ramsize-range:size[,...][@offset]
*
* The function returns 0 on success and -EINVAL on failure.
*/
static int __init parse_crashkernel_mem(char *cmdline,
unsigned long long system_ram,
unsigned long long *crash_size,
unsigned long long *crash_base)
{
char *cur = cmdline, *tmp;
/* for each entry of the comma-separated list */
do {
unsigned long long start, end = ULLONG_MAX, size;
/* get the start of the range */
start = memparse(cur, &tmp);
if (cur == tmp) {
pr_warning("crashkernel: Memory value expected\n");
return -EINVAL;
}
cur = tmp;
if (*cur != '-') {
pr_warning("crashkernel: '-' expected\n");
return -EINVAL;
}
cur++;
/* if no ':' is here, than we read the end */
if (*cur != ':') {
end = memparse(cur, &tmp);
if (cur == tmp) {
pr_warning("crashkernel: Memory "
"value expected\n");
return -EINVAL;
}
cur = tmp;
if (end <= start) {
pr_warning("crashkernel: end <= start\n");
return -EINVAL;
}
}
if (*cur != ':') {
pr_warning("crashkernel: ':' expected\n");
return -EINVAL;
}
cur++;
size = memparse(cur, &tmp);
if (cur == tmp) {
pr_warning("Memory value expected\n");
return -EINVAL;
}
cur = tmp;
if (size >= system_ram) {
pr_warning("crashkernel: invalid size\n");
return -EINVAL;
}
/* match ? */
if (system_ram >= start && system_ram < end) {
*crash_size = size;
break;
}
} while (*cur++ == ',');
if (*crash_size > 0) {
while (*cur && *cur != ' ' && *cur != '@')
cur++;
if (*cur == '@') {
cur++;
*crash_base = memparse(cur, &tmp);
if (cur == tmp) {
pr_warning("Memory value expected "
"after '@'\n");
return -EINVAL;
}
}
}
return 0;
}
/*
* That function parses "simple" (old) crashkernel command lines like
*
* crashkernel=size[@offset]
*
* It returns 0 on success and -EINVAL on failure.
*/
static int __init parse_crashkernel_simple(char *cmdline,
unsigned long long *crash_size,
unsigned long long *crash_base)
{
char *cur = cmdline;
*crash_size = memparse(cmdline, &cur);
if (cmdline == cur) {
pr_warning("crashkernel: memory value expected\n");
return -EINVAL;
}
if (*cur == '@')
*crash_base = memparse(cur+1, &cur);
return 0;
}
/*
* That function is the entry point for command line parsing and should be
* called from the arch-specific code.
*/
int __init parse_crashkernel(char *cmdline,
unsigned long long system_ram,
unsigned long long *crash_size,
unsigned long long *crash_base)
{
char *p = cmdline, *ck_cmdline = NULL;
char *first_colon, *first_space;
BUG_ON(!crash_size || !crash_base);
*crash_size = 0;
*crash_base = 0;
/* find crashkernel and use the last one if there are more */
p = strstr(p, "crashkernel=");
while (p) {
ck_cmdline = p;
p = strstr(p+1, "crashkernel=");
}
if (!ck_cmdline)
return -EINVAL;
ck_cmdline += 12; /* strlen("crashkernel=") */
/*
* if the commandline contains a ':', then that's the extended
* syntax -- if not, it must be the classic syntax
*/
first_colon = strchr(ck_cmdline, ':');
first_space = strchr(ck_cmdline, ' ');
if (first_colon && (!first_space || first_colon < first_space))
return parse_crashkernel_mem(ck_cmdline, system_ram,
crash_size, crash_base);
else
return parse_crashkernel_simple(ck_cmdline, crash_size,
crash_base);
return 0;
}
static void update_vmcoreinfo_note(void)
{
u32 *buf = vmcoreinfo_note;
if (!vmcoreinfo_size)
return;
buf = append_elf_note(buf, VMCOREINFO_NOTE_NAME, 0, vmcoreinfo_data,
vmcoreinfo_size);
final_note(buf);
}
void crash_save_vmcoreinfo(void)
{
vmcoreinfo_append_str("CRASHTIME=%ld", get_seconds());
update_vmcoreinfo_note();
}
void vmcoreinfo_append_str(const char *fmt, ...)
{
va_list args;
char buf[0x50];
int r;
va_start(args, fmt);
r = vsnprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), fmt, args);
va_end(args);
if (r + vmcoreinfo_size > vmcoreinfo_max_size)
r = vmcoreinfo_max_size - vmcoreinfo_size;
memcpy(&vmcoreinfo_data[vmcoreinfo_size], buf, r);
vmcoreinfo_size += r;
}
/*
* provide an empty default implementation here -- architecture
* code may override this
*/
void __attribute__ ((weak)) arch_crash_save_vmcoreinfo(void)
{}
unsigned long __attribute__ ((weak)) paddr_vmcoreinfo_note(void)
{
return __pa((unsigned long)(char *)&vmcoreinfo_note);
}
static int __init crash_save_vmcoreinfo_init(void)
{
VMCOREINFO_OSRELEASE(init_uts_ns.name.release);
VMCOREINFO_PAGESIZE(PAGE_SIZE);
VMCOREINFO_SYMBOL(init_uts_ns);
VMCOREINFO_SYMBOL(node_online_map);
VMCOREINFO_SYMBOL(swapper_pg_dir);
VMCOREINFO_SYMBOL(_stext);
VMCOREINFO_SYMBOL(vmlist);
#ifndef CONFIG_NEED_MULTIPLE_NODES
VMCOREINFO_SYMBOL(mem_map);
VMCOREINFO_SYMBOL(contig_page_data);
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM
VMCOREINFO_SYMBOL(mem_section);
VMCOREINFO_LENGTH(mem_section, NR_SECTION_ROOTS);
VMCOREINFO_STRUCT_SIZE(mem_section);
VMCOREINFO_OFFSET(mem_section, section_mem_map);
#endif
VMCOREINFO_STRUCT_SIZE(page);
VMCOREINFO_STRUCT_SIZE(pglist_data);
VMCOREINFO_STRUCT_SIZE(zone);
VMCOREINFO_STRUCT_SIZE(free_area);
VMCOREINFO_STRUCT_SIZE(list_head);
VMCOREINFO_SIZE(nodemask_t);
VMCOREINFO_OFFSET(page, flags);
VMCOREINFO_OFFSET(page, _count);
VMCOREINFO_OFFSET(page, mapping);
VMCOREINFO_OFFSET(page, lru);
VMCOREINFO_OFFSET(pglist_data, node_zones);
VMCOREINFO_OFFSET(pglist_data, nr_zones);
#ifdef CONFIG_FLAT_NODE_MEM_MAP
VMCOREINFO_OFFSET(pglist_data, node_mem_map);
#endif
VMCOREINFO_OFFSET(pglist_data, node_start_pfn);
VMCOREINFO_OFFSET(pglist_data, node_spanned_pages);
VMCOREINFO_OFFSET(pglist_data, node_id);
VMCOREINFO_OFFSET(zone, free_area);
VMCOREINFO_OFFSET(zone, vm_stat);
VMCOREINFO_OFFSET(zone, spanned_pages);
VMCOREINFO_OFFSET(free_area, free_list);
VMCOREINFO_OFFSET(list_head, next);
VMCOREINFO_OFFSET(list_head, prev);
VMCOREINFO_OFFSET(vm_struct, addr);
VMCOREINFO_LENGTH(zone.free_area, MAX_ORDER);
log_buf_kexec_setup();
VMCOREINFO_LENGTH(free_area.free_list, MIGRATE_TYPES);
VMCOREINFO_NUMBER(NR_FREE_PAGES);
VMCOREINFO_NUMBER(PG_lru);
VMCOREINFO_NUMBER(PG_private);
VMCOREINFO_NUMBER(PG_swapcache);
arch_crash_save_vmcoreinfo();
update_vmcoreinfo_note();
return 0;
}
module_init(crash_save_vmcoreinfo_init)
/*
* Move into place and start executing a preloaded standalone
* executable. If nothing was preloaded return an error.
*/
int kernel_kexec(void)
{
int error = 0;
if (!mutex_trylock(&kexec_mutex))
return -EBUSY;
if (!kexec_image) {
error = -EINVAL;
goto Unlock;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_JUMP
if (kexec_image->preserve_context) {
mutex_lock(&pm_mutex);
pm_prepare_console();
error = freeze_processes();
if (error) {
error = -EBUSY;
goto Restore_console;
}
suspend_console();
error = dpm_suspend_start(PMSG_FREEZE);
if (error)
goto Resume_console;
/* At this point, dpm_suspend_start() has been called,
* but *not* dpm_suspend_noirq(). We *must* call
* dpm_suspend_noirq() now. Otherwise, drivers for
* some devices (e.g. interrupt controllers) become
* desynchronized with the actual state of the
* hardware at resume time, and evil weirdness ensues.
*/
error = dpm_suspend_noirq(PMSG_FREEZE);
if (error)
goto Resume_devices;
error = disable_nonboot_cpus();
if (error)
goto Enable_cpus;
local_irq_disable();
error = syscore_suspend();
if (error)
goto Enable_irqs;
} else
#endif
{
kernel_restart_prepare(NULL);
printk(KERN_EMERG "Starting new kernel\n");
machine_shutdown();
}
machine_kexec(kexec_image);
#ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_JUMP
if (kexec_image->preserve_context) {
syscore_resume();
Enable_irqs:
local_irq_enable();
Enable_cpus:
enable_nonboot_cpus();
dpm_resume_noirq(PMSG_RESTORE);
Resume_devices:
dpm_resume_end(PMSG_RESTORE);
Resume_console:
resume_console();
thaw_processes();
Restore_console:
pm_restore_console();
mutex_unlock(&pm_mutex);
}
#endif
Unlock:
mutex_unlock(&kexec_mutex);
return error;
}
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