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DFTTest filter for VapourSynth
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2D/3D frequency domain denoiser.

Requires libfftw3f-3.dll to be in the search path.

Ported from AviSynth plugin


dfttest.DFTTest(clip clip[, int ftype=0, float sigma=8.0, float sigma2=8.0, float pmin=0.0, float pmax=500.0, int sbsize=16, int smode=1, int sosize=12, int tbsize=3, int tmode=0, int tosize=0, int swin=0, int twin=7, float sbeta=2.5, float tbeta=2.5, bint zmean=True, float f0beta=1.0, string nstring='', string sstring='', string ssx='', string ssy='', string sst='', int[] planes, int opt=0])
clip -

    Clip to process. Any planar format with either integer sample type of 8-16 bit depth or float sample type of 32 bit depth is supported.

ftype -

    Controls the filter type. Possible settings are:

        0 - generalized wiener filter

            mult = max((psd - sigma) / psd, 0) ^ f0beta

        1 - hard threshold

            mult = psd < sigma ? 0.0 : 1.0

        2 - multiplier

            mult = sigma

        3 - multiplier switched based on psd value

            mult = (psd >= pmin && psd <= pmax) ? sigma : sigma2

        4 - multiplier modified based on psd value and range

            mult = sigma * sqrt((psd * pmax) / ((psd + pmin) * (psd + pmax)))

    The real and imaginary parts of each complex dft coefficient are multiplied
    by the corresponding 'mult' value.

    ** psd = magnitude squared = real*real + imag*imag

sigma,sigma2 -

    Value of sigma and sigma2 (used as described in ftype parameter description).
    If using the sstring parameter then the sigma parameter is ignored.

pmin,pmax -

    Used as described in the ftype parameter description.

sbsize -

    Sets the length of the sides of the spatial window. Must be 1 or greater.
    Must be odd if using smode=0.

smode -

    Sets the mode for spatial operation. There are two possible settings:

        0 - process every pixel independently... center the spatial window
            on the current pixel, filter, move to the next pixel, repeat.
            Spatial overlapping 'sosize' not used.

        1 - process the spatial dimension in blocks of sbsize. Spatial
            overlapping 'sosize' used.

sosize -

    Sets the spatial overlap amount. Must be in the range 0 to sbsize-1 (inclusive).
    If sosize is greater than sbsize>>1, then sbsize%(sbsize-sosize) must equal 0.
    In other words, overlap greater than 50% requires that sbsize-sosize be a divisor
    of sbsize.

tbsize -

    Sets the length of the temporal dimension (i.e. number of frames). Must be at
    least 1. Must be odd if using tmode=0.

tmode -

    Sets the mode for temporal operation. There are two possible settings:

        0 - process every frame independently... center the temporal window
            on the current frame, filter, move to the next frame, repeat.
            Temporal overlapping 'tosize' not used.

        1 - process the temporal dimension in blocks of tbsize. Temporal
            overlapping 'tosize' used.

    Currently only tmode=0 is implemented.

tosize -

    Sets the temporal overlap amount. Must be in the range 0 to tbsize-1 (inclusive).
    If tosize is greater than tbsize>>1, then tbsize%(tbsize-tosize) must equal 0.
    In other words, overlap greater than 50% requires that tbsize-tosize be a divisor
    of tbsize.

swin,twin -

    Sets the type of analysis/synthesis window to be used for spatial (swin) and
    temporal (twin) processing. Possible settings:

        0: hanning
        1: hamming
        2: blackman
        3: 4 term blackman-harris
        4: kaiser-bessel
        5: 7 term blackman-harris
        6: flat top
        7: rectangular
        8: Bartlett
        9: Bartlett-Hann
       10: Nuttall
       11: Blackman-Nuttall

sbeta,tbeta -

    Sets the beta value for kaiser-bessel window type. sbeta goes with swin,
    tbeta goes with twin. Not used unless the corresponding window value
    is set to 4.

zmean -

    Controls whether the window mean is subtracted out (zero'd) prior to
    filtering in the frequency domain.

f0beta -

    Power term in ftype=0. The ftype=0 formula is:


    For f0beta=1, this equation corresponds to the wiener filter with
    spectral subtraction as the estimate of the signal power. For f0beta=0.5,
    the equation corresponds to spectral subtraction. The 1.0 and 0.5 cases
    are separated from the general routine in the code to allow for fast
    operation. Other values will result in the general routine being used,
    which has to perform a pow() computation, and is therefore much slower.

nstring -

    When ftype<2, nstring can be used to specify block locations in the video
    from which dfttest will estimate the noise power spectrum (sigma) to
    be used for filtering.

    When the noise to be removed is not white (i.e. doesn't have a flat power
    spectrum), specifying only a single sigma value is not adequate.

    The nstring should list locations in the video that consist of noise on
    a flat background, separated by a space. The line syntax is:

        frame_number,plane,ypos,xpos   e.g.  0,0,20,20

    plane:  (0=Y,1=U,2=V)
    ypos/xpos:  the upper left position of the block
                (0,0 is the upper left of the frame)

    dfttest positions a window (of the type defined by sbsize/tbsize/swin/twin)
    at the specified location, and estimates the power using fft magnitude^2.
    When tbsize>1, frame_number specifies the first frame of the temporal block.
    Make sure that the window size is large enough to capture the full noise

    If you list multiple blocks, then the estimates obtained at each block are
    averaged to form the final estimate. Having more block locations to use
    lowers the variance of the estimate. The more block locations you specify the
    closer the true noise spectrum will be estimated, resulting in better
    denoising. When listing multiple block locations, it is best/preferred if the
    locations do not overlap.

    Typically, subtracting out the noise power spectrum is not adequate becase
    it is only the average. In any one block the noise spectrum has the potential
    to exceed the average in a frequency bin. Therefore, one typically over
    subtracts based on some multiple of the noise spectrum (usually in the range
    of 3-8). The default used in dfttest is 5 if ftype=0 and 7 if ftype=1. If you
    want to use another value, then put the following as the first entry in the

        a=over_subtraction_factor   e.g.  a=3.5

    An example:

        nstring="a:4.0 35,0,45,68 28,0,23,87"

sstring/ssx/ssy/sst -

    Used to specify functions of sigma based on frequency. If you want sigma to vary
    based on frequency, then use 'sstring' instead of the 'sigma' parameter. sstring
    allows you to enter values of sigma for different normalized [0.0,1.0] frequency
    locations. Values for locations between the ones you explicitly specify are computed
    via linear interpolation. The frequency range, which is dependent on sbsize/tbsize,
    is normalized to [0.0,1.0] with 0.0 being the lowest frequency and 1.0 being the
    highest frequency. You MUST specify sigma values for those end point locations
    (0.0 and 1.0)! You can specify as many other locations as you wish, and they don't
    have to be in any particular order. Each frequency/sigma pair is given as "f.f:s.s".
    The list of frequency/sigma pairs is saved as a string, with each pair separated by
    a space.

    For example, if you want a linear ramp of sigma from 1.0 for the lowest frequency
    to 10.0 for the highest frequency use:

        sstring = "0.0:1.0 1.0:10.0"

        "0.0:1.0"  =>  this means sigma=1.0 at frequency 0.0

        "1.0:10.0"  => this means sigma=10.0 at frequency 1.0

        Sigma values for frequencies between 0.0 and 1.0 will be computed via
        linear interpolation.

    Or if you want a band-stop filter that passes low and high frequencies (filters
    middle frequencies) use something like:

        sstring = "0.0:0.0 0.15:10.0 0.85:10.0 1.0:0.0"

    There are two methods for computing sigma values for a given frequency bin based on
    sstring. The first computes the normalized frequency location of each dimension 
    (horizontal,vertical,temporal), interpolates sigma for each of those dimensions, 
    and then multiples the individual sigmas to obtain the final sigma value. So that
    everything scales correctly, all sigma values entered in sstring are first raised to
    the 1/#_dimensions power before performing linear interpolation and multiplying.
    The second method (based on fft3dfilter's system) works by computing a single location
    from the seperate dimension locations (x,y,z) as:

        new = sqrt((x*x+y*y+z*z)/3.0)

    sigma is then interpolated to this location. By default the first system is used.
    To use the second system simply put a '$' sign at the beginning of sstring as shown

        sstring = "$ 0.0:1.0 1.0:10.0"

    ---------------- ssx/ssy/sst explanation -------------------------------

    sstring breaks the 1D (sbsize=1), 2D (for tbsize=1), or 3D (for sbsize>1 and tbsize>1) 
    frequency spectrum into chunks by normalizing each dimension to [0.0,1.0]... i.e. the
    frequency range [0.0,0.25] is a cube covering the first 1/4 of each dimension. This works
    fine if you want to treat all dimensions the same in terms of how sigma should vary.
    However, if you wanted to ramp sigma based only on temporal frequency or horizontal
    frequency, this is too limited. This is where ssx/ssy/sst come in!
    ssx/ssy/sst allow you to specify sigma as a function of horizontal (ssx), vertical (ssy),
    and temporal (sst) frequency only. The syntax is exactly the same as that of sstring. To
    get the final sigma value for a frequency location, the three separate values (one for
    each dimension) are computed and then multiplied together. As with sstring the sigma values
    are first raised to the 1/#_dimensions power before performing linear interpolation and
    multiplying. If you don't specify all three strings, then a flat function equal to the
    'sigma' parameter is used for the missing dimensions. For dimensions of size one (the
    spatial dimenions if sbsize=1 or the temporal dimension for tbsize=1) the corresponding
    string is ignored.

    For example:

        ssx="0.0:1.0 1.0:10.0",ssy="0.0:1.0 1.0:10.0",sst="0.0:1.0 1.0:10.0"

    will give the same result as

        sstring="0.0:1.0 1.0:10.0"

    Or if you want to ramp sigma based on temporal frequency:

        sigma=10.0,sst="0.0:1.0 1.0:10.0"

        This will use 10.0 for the horizontal/vertical dimensions, and ramp
        sigma from 1.0 to 10.0 in the temporal dimension.

    If 'sstring' is specified, it takes precedence over ssx/ssy/sst.

planes -

    A list of the planes to process. By default all planes are processed.

opt -

    Sets which cpu optimizations to use.

        0 - auto detect
        1 - use c
        2 - use sse2
        3 - use avx2


Requires fftw3f.

meson build
ninja -C build


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