In this document we will be using jq to parse JSON, available from Homebrew using
brew install jq.
brew provides commands for getting common types of information out of the system.
brew list shows installed formulae.
brew deps foo shows the dependencies that
Additional commands, including external commands, can of course be written to provide more detailed information. There are a couple of disadvantages here. First, it means writing Ruby against a possibly changing Homebrew codebase. There will be more code to touch during refactors, and Homebrew can't guarantee that external commands will continue to work. Second, it means designing the commands themselves, specifying input parameters and output formats.
To enable users to do rich queries without the problems above, Homebrew provides the
brew info command.
brew info --json
brew info outputs JSON-formatted information about formulae. This JSON can then be parsed using your tools of choice.
From the manpage:
info --json=<version> (--all|--installed|<formulae>): Print a JSON representation of
<formulae>. Currently the only accepted value for
--allto get information on all formulae, or
--installedto get information on all installed formulae.
The current schema version is
v1. Note that fields may be added to the schema as needed without incrementing the schema. Any significant breaking changes will cause a change to the schema version.
The schema itself is not currently documented outside of the code in
formula.rb that generates it.
The top-level element of the JSON output is always an array, so the
map operator is used to act on the data.
Pretty-print a single formula's info
brew info --json=v1 tig | jq .
To show full JSON information about all installed formulae:
brew info --json=v1 --all | jq "map(select(.installed != ))"
You'll note that processing all formulae can be slow; it's quicker to let
brew do this:
brew info --json=v1 --installed
Linked keg-only formulae
Some formulae are marked as "keg-only", meaning that installed files are not linked to the shared
lib, etc. directories, as doing so can cause conflicts. Such formulae can be forced to link to the shared directories, but doing so is not recommended (and will cause
brew doctor to complain.)
To find the names of linked keg-only formulae:
brew info --json=v1 --installed | jq "map(select(.keg_only == true and .linked_keg != null) | .name)"
Unlinked normal formulae
To find the names of normal (not keg-only) formulae that are installed, but not linked to the shared directories:
brew info --json=v1 --installed | jq "map(select(.keg_only == false and .linked_keg == null) | .name)"
Using the JSON output, queries can be made against Homebrew with less risk of being broken due to Homebrew code changes, and without needing to understand Homebrew's Ruby internals.
If the JSON output does not provide some information that it ought to, please submit a request, preferably with a patch to add the desired information.